This research report was produced byThe REIT Forum with assistance from Big Dog Investments.

Following reader feedback, we’ve enhanced the layout for this series. Your continued feedback is greatly appreciated, so please leave a comment with suggestions.

This article will be heavy on charts because we like to communicate with images, rather than words, whenever possible. Likewise, we will use several tables to more efficiently structure the data. Enjoy!

Mortgage REITs and Preferred Shares

We’ve consistently incorporated a significant allocation to preferred shares in our portfolio. We could simply hold the positions for income, but we take advantage of trading opportunities as well. Our goal is to maximize total returns and this technique has worked wonderfully.

We also trade positions in the mortgage REIT common shares. We find this sector is particularly attractive because it can be so inefficient. Long term, share prices revolve around book value. In the short term, the price-to-book ratios can deviate materially. Simply by understanding that, you can put yourself in a better position.

Our other major source of allocations is equity REITs. While an investor might occasionally choose to trade an equity REIT position, the sector is a great fit for buy-and-hold investors.

We compare our performance against four ETFs that investors might use for exposure to our sectors:

Source: The REIT Forum

The four ETFs we use for comparison are:

Ticker

Exposure

MORT

One of the largest mortgage REIT ETFs

PFF

One of the largest preferred share ETFs

VNQ

Largest equity REIT ETF

KBYW

The high-yield equity REIT ETF. Yes, it has been dreadful.

When investors think it isn’t possible to earn solid returns in preferred shares or mortgage REITs, we politely disagree. The sector has plenty of opportunities, but investors still need to be wary of the risks. We can’t simply reach for yield and hope for the best. When it comes to common shares, we need to be even more vigilant to protect our principal by regularly watching prices and updating estimates for book value and price targets.

Mortgage REITs

Price-to-Book Value – Using Q2 2020 Book Value

Let the images begin!

Chart

Source: The REIT Forum

Remember that these are price-to-trailing-book ratios. They are not using estimates of current book value. Book values have changed during Q3 2020 and to a lesser degree during Q4 2020.

Repeated Note: There are three mortgage REITs we need to highlight here:

  • Two Harbors – We are using Q2 2020 book value adjusted to add back the $.54 per share as a result of terminating the management agreement for cause. If this decision was made prior to the end of Q2 2020, it would’ve raised BV accordingly. This is equivalent to GAAP book value excluding the $.54 charge recorded during Q2 2020.
  • AG Mortgage Investment Trust – We are using the Q2 2020 book value reported by management, which does not deduct the value of accrued dividends for preferred shares. If the preferred dividends were paid, it would reduce common book value under these calculations. This method is accepted under GAAP.
  • MFA Financial reports “GAAP book value” and “economic book value.” We’ve chosen to use the GAAP book value to remain consistent.

Unfortunately, we have to repeat those bullet points every time we publish because it regularly comes up if we don’t mention it.

Price-to-Book Value – Using Q3 2020 Book Value

Some mortgage REITs already have reported Q3 book values, if so, you can find them in the price-to-book chart below. If a company has reported their book value within 24 hours prior to public release of this article, please cut us a little slack.

Chart

Source: The REIT Forum

Book values will have changed some already during Q4 2020. We aren’t including that in our public articles (except for index cards). Scott Kennedy provides frequent updates on estimated book value, ratings, and price targets through The REIT Forum.

Dividend Yields

Dividend yields often comes up in the comments, but picking based on dividend yield is dumb and regularly results in terrible performance. Don’t do it.

Chart

Source: The REIT Forum

This chart is still in the same order as the prior charts. Consequently, you know the highest price-to-book ratios (using trailing GAAP book value) for each segment will be at the top. If you see a mistake, please feel free to say something. Occasionally the data for dividend rates requires a manual update.

Earning Yields

One of the next things investors may ask about is the yield using core earnings. This chart puts together the core earnings based on the consensus analyst estimate. Beware that the consensus estimate may not always be the best estimate.

Chart

Source: The REIT Forum

Consensus estimates aren’t always the best and there are ways to increase “Core Earnings” through accounting decisions or modifying hedges. Consequently, investors should still take these values cautiously. We do not depend on the consensus estimate to make decisions.

Preferred Shares

After testing out a series on preferred shares, we decided to try merging it into the series on common shares. After all, we are still talking about positions in mortgage REITs. We don’t have any desire to cover preferred shares without cumulative dividends, so any preferred shares you see in our column will have cumulative dividends. You can verify that by using Quantum Online. We’ve included the links in the table below:

Ticker

Recent Price

Bond or FTF

Stripped Yield

Current Yield

Coupon

Floating Yield On Price

Annualized YTC

Quantum Online Link

AGNCM

$22.15

FTF

7.81%

7.76%

6.88%

5.20%

11.6%

AGNCM

AGNCN

$22.90

FTF

7.69%

7.64%

7.00%

5.85%

12.5%

AGNCN

AGNCO

$22.11

FTF

7.39%

7.35%

6.50%

5.92%

10.7%

AGNCO

AGNCP

$21.60

FTF

7.13%

7.09%

6.13%

5.72%

10.7%

AGNCP

NLY-D

$25.22

7.53%

7.43%

7.50%

7.53%

3.2%

NLY-D

NLY-F

$22.44

FTF

7.84%

7.74%

6.95%

5.88%

14.0%

NLY-F

NLY-G

$20.89

FTF

7.88%

7.78%

6.50%

5.32%

16.2%

NLY-G

NLY-I

$22.45

FTF

7.61%

7.52%

6.75%

5.87%

10.8%

NLY-I

MFO

$23.70

Bond

8.47%

8.44%

8.00%

8.47%

1072.9%

MFO

ARR-C

$23.55

7.46%

7.43%

7.00%

7.46%

8.9%

ARR-C

DX-B

$24.85

7.72%

7.67%

7.63%

7.72%

21.5%

DX-B

DX-C

$21.98

FTF

7.90%

7.85%

6.90%

6.50%

11.0%

DX-C

CMO-E

$23.00

8.21%

8.15%

7.50%

8.21%

151.1%

CMO-E

EFC-A

$20.06

FTF

8.44%

8.41%

6.75%

6.76%

14.6%

EFC-A

NRZ-A

$20.32

FTF

9.26%

9.23%

7.50%

7.43%

15.2%

NRZ-A

NRZ-B

$19.25

FTF

9.29%

9.25%

7.13%

7.63%

17.0%

NRZ-B

NRZ-C

$17.69

FTF

9.05%

9.01%

6.38%

7.35%

18.5%

NRZ-C

AIC

$23.25

Bond

7.35%

7.26%

6.75%

7.35%

140.6%

AIC

AIW

$23.97

Bond

6.93%

6.91%

6.63%

6.93%

73.8%

AIW

ANH-A

$23.20

9.37%

9.29%

8.63%

9.37%

137.2%

ANH-A

ANH-C

$21.58

8.90%

8.83%

7.63%

8.90%

264.9%

ANH-C

CIM-A

$22.46

9.00%

8.90%

8.00%

9.00%

20.5%

CIM-A

CIM-B

$20.53

FTF

9.86%

9.74%

8.00%

7.40%

16.2%

CIM-B

CIM-C

$19.13

FTF

10.25%

10.13%

7.75%

6.56%

16.4%

CIM-C

CIM-D

$19.49

FTF

10.39%

10.26%

8.00%

7.26%

18.6%

CIM-D

PMT-A

$23.22

FTF

8.88%

8.75%

8.13%

6.60%

11.3%

PMT-A

PMT-B

$23.11

FTF

8.78%

8.65%

8.00%

6.81%

11.2%

PMT-B

TWO-A

$21.66

FTF

9.43%

9.38%

8.13%

6.82%

11.8%

TWO-A

TWO-B

$20.44

FTF

9.38%

9.33%

7.63%

6.85%

12.7%

TWO-B

TWO-C

$19.09

FTF

9.55%

9.49%

7.25%

6.88%

16.8%

TWO-C

TWO-D

$22.21

8.79%

8.72%

7.75%

8.79%

212.2%

TWO-D

TWO-E

$21.81

8.66%

8.60%

7.50%

8.66%

244.8%

TWO-E

CHMI-A

$22.83

9.05%

8.98%

8.20%

9.05%

14.3%

CHMI-A

CHMI-B

$19.96

FTF

10.42%

10.33%

8.25%

7.38%

17.6%

CHMI-B

IVR-A

$21.51

9.07%

9.01%

7.75%

9.07%

269.5%

IVR-A

IVR-B

$20.83

FTF

9.44%

9.30%

7.75%

6.57%

14.3%

IVR-B

IVR-C

$20.81

FTF

9.14%

9.01%

7.50%

6.70%

12.0%

IVR-C

NYMTM

$18.66

FTF

10.64%

10.55%

7.88%

8.98%

18.7%

NYMTM

NYMTN

$19.03

FTF

10.60%

10.51%

8.00%

7.83%

15.1%

NYMTN

NYMTO

$19.71

10.07%

9.99%

7.88%

10.07%

441.5%

NYMTO

NYMTP

$19.65

9.94%

9.86%

7.75%

9.94%

447.4%

NYMTP

AI-B

$18.00

9.84%

9.72%

7.00%

9.84%

35.4%

AI-B

AI-C

$18.92

FTF

11.05%

10.90%

8.25%

7.87%

20.4%

AI-C

MFA-B

$19.94

9.54%

9.40%

7.50%

9.54%

423.5%

MFA-B

MFA-C

$17.01

FTF

9.70%

9.55%

6.50%

8.29%

20.3%

MFA-C

MITT-A

$16.75

13.43%

12.31%

8.25%

13.43%

912.4%

MITT-A

MITT-B

$17.00

12.78%

11.76%

8.00%

12.78%

871.8%

MITT-B

MITT-C

$16.96

FTF

12.81%

11.79%

8.00%

10.71%

25.8%

MITT-C

There are a few things you should know at the start:

  • When a share can be called on short notice, the annualized yield-to-call reaches absurd levels. Investors shouldn’t put too much weight on it. On the other hand, a negative number can be a significant concern. Consequently, we decided to include it in the chart.
  • The last preferred shares in this group with a suspended preferred share dividend are from AG Mortgage Investment Trust (MITT).
  • We sort our spreadsheet for subscribers by risk ratings within each sector. We decided to use the same technique for this series since it communicates more information to readers. You’ll notice a general correlation where lower risk correlates with a higher price and lower yield, though this link isn’t absolute.

For each metric, we have two charts. Why use two charts? Because it’s much more convenient for readers who want to enlarge the charts. We simply can’t fit 40-plus shares into a single chart and still have it show up well on a mobile device.

Share Prices

We will start with the prices:

Chart

Source: The REIT Forum

Chart

Source: The REIT Forum

That chart gives you a pretty quick feel for which shares are trading at a discount to call value. Each of these preferred shares has a call value of $25.00, but that doesn’t mean a share will be called. The company decides if they want to issue a call or not.

Dividend Yield

Let’s move onto the stripped yield. This is the way dividend yields should be handled for preferred shares:

Chart

Source: The REIT Forum

Chart

Source: The REIT Forum

Stripped yields are vastly more useful than “current” yields for preferred shares. The stripped yield uses the stripped price. That’s different from using the current price because it means we already adjusted for dividend accrual. This makes the process easier for investors.

We can talk about shares using “regular prices.” Those are the prices an investor would actually use when entering an order.

However, we will provide the stripped yield to adjust for the dividend accrual. In the spreadsheets we host for subscribers, we include the actual ex-dividend date, or the projected ex-dividend date if the actual date isn’t yet known. If you’re planning to buy a share, it’s always wise to check if the shares just went ex-dividend so you can adjust your targets accordingly.

Floating Rate Dividend Yields

Since many of these shares switch over to floating rates, we also want to consider what the yield would be if the floating rate was in effect and shares were still at the current price. To demonstrate that, we use the “Floating Yield On Price.” If the share remains at a fixed rate indefinitely, then the value doesn’t change:

Chart

Source: The REIT Forum

Chart

Source: The REIT Forum

One point we need to emphasize here is that we are dealing with yields. A yield must involve the share price. We aren’t simply showing the new “rate” if the share began floating, we are adjusting the new rate for the stripped price.

Focusing On Individual Shares

With the broad view of the sector covered, we’re going to focus on a few individual shares.

We’re going to pick three shares. What do they have in common? Well, we own common and preferred shares in all three of them. Further, historically they have often traded at fairly high price-to-book ratios when compared to many of their sector peers. Prior to March 2020, investors wouldn’t believe a discount like this could exist.

Annaly Capital Management

The index card is shown below:

Source: The REIT Forum

There’s plenty to like about NLY. Shares trade at a large discount to book value. Their Q3 2020 earnings were high, though book value was a bit below our estimates. With such a large discount in place, the downside on NLY looks fairly small as long as book value is maintained. While it will change some quarter to quarter, a plunge looks like a pretty low probability. Consequently, risk/reward still looks quite positive.

Investors who are new to the sector may want to take notice of the company declaring much stronger net interest margins and higher normalized Core EPS.

PennyMac Mortgage Trust

The index card is shown below:

Source: The REIT Forum

PMT was the darling of the summer. It achieved the biggest bounce back from March 2020 lows as investors decided PMT was dramatically better than any other REIT with similar assets. They were too optimistic and they’ve been crushed since Q2 2020 earnings. However, we have a bargain price available again. For investors focused on value, instead of picking the REIT that already ran higher, PMT will be a logical choice.

New York Mortgage Trust

The index card is shown below:

Source: The REIT Forum

NYMT substantially reduced their leverage since March 2020. Investors are treating that as a negative factor, but it really means less risk. A large portion of the declines in NYMT’s book value comes from unrealized losses. As those unrealized losses shrink (stronger pricing on assets), it has been helping NYMT’s book value per share to recover. We were never a huge fan of NYMT, but we see the substantial upside here. We’re investing, not picking a date. This isn’t emotional, it’s logical.

Preferred Share from AGNC

We’re going to add a preferred share as well. This is one of our larger positions and the shares look pretty cheap right now.

Source: The REIT Forum

We’ve expanded on the index card for preferred shares so we can demonstrate a bit more of the math. Hopefully, this will help investors understand a bit more about how we reach the values we are using. One of the areas that generated the most confusing was the “Floating Yield on Price.” Now you can see how we reach that value. During March 2020, all of the preferred shares plunged. However, the AGNC preferred shares fell less than most of the others. Recent weakness in AGNCO makes shares attractive again.

Conclusion

You don’t have to follow us. You don’t have to care about our research. If you’re happy with a high dividend yield and a dwindling account value, there are plenty of authors who can cater to you. On the other hand, if you’re focused on generating total returns and want to use REITs to do it, you may love our research. Hit the “Follow” button beside my name to start seeing more of our research.

Make sure to leave a comment and let us know what you think of the layout.

Ratings:

  • Bullish rating on NLY, PMT, NYMT, and AGNCO (preferred share)

The REIT Forum utilizes over 5,000 hours per year in research. You can access that research for just pennies per hour.

To produce our research, we need to access several expensive data sources. Our total expenses now run over $100,000. If you want to duplicate our service, you’ll just need several decades of experience, 5,000 hours per year, and over $100,000 for your budget. We use the time and money to provide a superior experience:

It’s time to try our service.

Disclosure: I am/we are long NLY-F,NLY-I,AGNCO,TWO-E,TWO-A,NYMTP,NRZ-C,TWO-B,NRZ-B,TWO-C,NYMTM,NRZ,AGNC,NLY,NYMT,GPMT,PMT. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

Additional disclosure: As a reminder, Scott Kennedy also is an author for the REIT Forum. You may see his commentary featured in our articles and may notice an extremely high amount of overlap in our ratings, so subscribers reading this article should see Scott’s latest REIT Forum sector update for more detail.



Source Google News