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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 8-K

CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of report (Date of earliest event reported): September 14, 2020

SPHERE 3D CORP.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter)

Ontario, Canada

001-36532

98-1220792

(State or Other Jurisdiction

(Commission

(IRS Employer

of Incorporation)

File Number)

Identification No.)

895 Don Mills Road,

Bldg. 2, Suite 900

Toronto, Ontario

 

M3C 1W3

(Address of principle executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (858) 571-5555

Not Applicable

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below):

[X]  Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

[  ]  Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

[  ]  Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

[  ]  Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

     

Common Shares

ANY

NASDAQ Capital Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company [  ]

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [  ]


Item 1.01. Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.

Share Purchase Agreement

On September 14, 2020, Sphere 3D Corp. (the “Company” or “Sphere”) entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “SPA”) with an investor relating to the issuance and sale to the investor of 3,000 shares (the “Shares”) of the Company’s to-be-established Series E Convertible Preferred Stock, no par value (the “Series E Preferred Stock”) in a private placement transaction, for proceeds of $3 million.  The sale of the Shares to the investor is expected to close on or about September 30, 2020, subject to regulatory and NASDAQ approvals. A copy of the SPA is attached hereto as Exhibit 10.1 and incorporated herein by reference. The Form of Certificate of Designation for the Series E Preferred Stock (the “Certificate of Designation”) is attached hereto as Exhibit 10.2 and incorporated by reference herein.

Under the SPA, the Company has made certain customary representations, warranties and covenants.

Pursuant to the Certificate of Designation, each share of Series E Preferred Stock shall have a stated value of $1,000.00 and is convertible into the Company’s common shares at a conversion price equal to the lower of (1) 80% of the average of the three (3) lowest VWAPs of the common stock during the ten (10) trading days immediately preceding, but not including, the conversion date and (2) $2.00; however, in no event shall the conversion price be lower than $1.00 per share.  The Series E Preferred Stock is non-voting and pays dividends at a rate of 8% per annum.

The Shares have not been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and may not be offered or sold in the United States absent registration or an applicable exemption from the registration requirements under the Securities Act and state securities laws. This Current Report on Form 8-K shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy nor shall there be any sale of the Shares in any state in which such offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful.

The Shares are being offered and sold to an accredited investor without registration under the Securities Act or any state securities laws. The Company is relying upon the exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act provided by Section 4(2) of the Securities Act and Rule 506 of Regulation D promulgated thereunder. This Current Report on Form 8-K shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy nor shall there be any sale of the Shares in any state in which such offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful.

The foregoing summary of the terms of the SPA and the Certificate of Designation do not purport to be complete and are qualified in their entirety by reference to the full text of such documents, copies of which are filed hereto as Exhibit 10.1 and Exhibit 10.2, respectively, to this Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.

Amendment No. 1 to Agreement and Plan of Merger

On July 14, 2020, Rainmaker Worldwide Inc., a Nevada corporation (“Rainmaker”), entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with Sphere, an Ontario corporation and S3D Nevada Inc., a Nevada corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of Parent (“Merger Sub”) (“collectively the “Parties”). The Merger Agreement provides for a business combination whereby Merger Sub will merge with and into Rainmaker (the “Merger”), and as a result Rainmaker will continue as the surviving operating corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of Sphere.

On September 14, 2020, the Parties entered into Amendment No. 1 to Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Amendment”). Under the Amendment, the ratio of Sphere stock to be received by Rainmaker shareholders has changed from 1/3rd of a share of Sphere per common or preferred share of Rainmaker to 1/15th of a share. Under the Amendment, the Company has also agreed to loan $1,850,000 to Rainmaker as described below under New Rainmaker Promissory Note.

The foregoing summary of the terms of the Amendment are subject to, and qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the Amendment, a copy of which is filed hereto as Exhibit 10.3 to this Current Report on Form 8-K.


New Rainmaker Promissory Note

On September 14, 2020, Sphere entered into a Senior Secured Convertible Promissory Note (the “New Note”) with Rainmaker, pursuant to which Sphere loaned  Rainmaker the principal amount of  $3,105,896.72 comprised of: (a) a new advance of $1,850,000, (b) the principal and any interest owing under existing promissory notes issued by Rainmaker to two investors on April 2, 2020 in the aggregate amount of $1,105,896.72, which indebtedness was assigned to Sphere on May 4, 2020 (the “Assigned Notes”), and (c) a promissory note in the principal amount of $150,000 issued to Sphere on August 4, 2020 (the “Original Note”). The Assigned Notes and the Original Note are included in the principal amount of the New Note and therefore, the Assigned Notes and the Original Notes are deemed cancelled. The New Note shall be secured as a registered lien under the Uniform Commercial Code and the Personal Property Security Act (Ontario) against the assets of Rainmaker and shall bear interest at the rate of 10% per annum.  The principal and interest shall accrue monthly and be due and payable in full on the three-year anniversary date of the funding advance of $1,850,000.  The New Note will fund on or about the closing date of the SPA transaction described above.

Subject to certain limitations, the New Note is convertible at any time for common shares of Sphere.  The conversion price shall be equal to 85% multiplied by the average of the five closing prices of Sphere common stock immediately preceding the trading day that the Company receives a notice of conversion; however, the conversion price shall not be less than $0.15 per share.

The foregoing summary of the terms of the New Note are subject to, and qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the New Note, a copy of which is filed hereto as Exhibit 4.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K.

Item 2.03

Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant.

The information set forth under Item 1.01 above with respect to the New Note is incorporated herein by reference into this Item 2.03.

Item 3.02. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities.

The information set forth under Item 1.01 above with respect to the SPA is incorporated herein by reference into this Item 3.02.

A copy of the press release issued by the Company on September 14, 2020, is attached as Exhibit 99.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(d) Exhibits


All references in this 8-K to dollars, unless otherwise specifically indicated, are expressed in United States currency.

No Offer or Solicitation

This communication shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any securities, nor shall there be any sale of securities in any jurisdiction in which the offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful prior to the registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such jurisdiction. No offering of securities shall be made except by means of a prospectus meeting the requirements of Section 10 of the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

Additional Information and Where to Find It

In connection with the proposed transaction, Sphere and Rainmaker intend to file with the SEC a registration statement on Form S-4 or F-4, as applicable, which will contain an information statement of Rainmaker and a proxy statement/prospectus of Sphere (the “Proxy Statement/Prospectus“), and intend to mail the definitive proxy statement/prospectus to the Company’s stockholders when available. SECURITY HOLDERS OF SPHERE AND RAINMAKER ARE URGED TO READ THE PROXY STATEMENT/PROSPECTUS, AND ANY RELATED AMENDMENTS, SUPPLEMENTS AND OTHER RELEVANT DOCUMENTS FILED WITH THE SEC CAREFULLY WHEN THEY BECOME AVAILABLE BECAUSE THEY WILL CONTAIN IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT SPHERE, RAINMAKER, THE PROPOSED TRANSACTION AND RELATED MATTERS. Security holders may obtain free copies of the Proxy Statement/Prospectus and other documents (when available) that Sphere and Rainmaker file with the SEC through the website maintained by the SEC at www.sec.gov.

Participants in the Solicitation

Sphere, Rainmaker and certain of their respective directors, executive officers and employees may be considered participants in the solicitation of proxies in connection with the proposed transaction. Information regarding the persons who may, under the rules of the SEC, be deemed participants in the solicitation of the shareholders of Rainmaker in connection with the transaction, including a description of their respective direct or indirect interests, by security holdings or otherwise, will be included in the definitive Proxy Statement/Prospectus when it is filed with the SEC. Information regarding Sphere’s executive officers and directors is included in Sphere’s proxy statement for its 2019 annual meeting of stockholders, which was filed with the SEC on December 6, 2019 and in Sphere’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, which was filed with the SEC on May 14, 2020 and amended on May 15, 2020 (“Annual Report“). Changes in the director or indirect interests of Sphere’s directors and executive officers are set forth in Forms 3, 4 and 5 as filed with the SEC. These documents are available free of charge as described above.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This communication contains “forward-looking statements” as defined in the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The reader is cautioned not to rely on these forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current expectations of future events and these include statements using the words such as will and expected, and similar statements. If underlying assumptions prove inaccurate or known or unknown risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results could vary materially from the expectations of Sphere. Risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: (i) the risk that the transaction may not be completed in a timely manner or at all, which may adversely affect Sphere’s business and the price of its common stock, (ii) the failure to satisfy the conditions to the consummation of the transaction, including the adoption of the Merger Agreement by the stockholders of Rainmaker, and the receipt of certain governmental and regulatory approvals, (iii) the failure of Sphere and Merger Sub to obtain the necessary financing, (iv) the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstance that could give rise to the termination of the Merger Agreement, (v) the effect of the announcement or pendency of the transaction on Sphere’s or Rainmaker’s business relationships, operating results, and business generally, (vi) risks that the proposed transaction disrupts Sphere’s or Rainmaker’s current plans and operations, (vii) risks related to diverting management’s attention from Sphere’s or Rainmaker’s ongoing business operations, and (viii) the outcome of any legal proceedings that may be instituted against Sphere, Rainmaker or Merger Sub related to the Merger Agreement or the transaction contemplated thereby. The foregoing list of factors is not exhaustive. You should carefully consider the foregoing factors and the other risks and uncertainties that affect the businesses of Sphere described in the “Risk Factors” section of Sphere’s Annual Report and other reports and documents filed from time to time with the SEC. These filings identify and address other important risks and uncertainties that could cause actual events and results to differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made. Readers are cautioned not to put undue reliance on forward-looking statements, and Sphere assumes no obligation and does not intend to update or revise these forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise. Sphere does not give any assurance that it will achieve its expectations.


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

Date: September 18, 2020

SPHERE 3D Corp.

By: /s/ Peter Tassiopoulos
          Name:  Peter Tassiopoulos
          Title:    Chief Executive Officer


EXHIBIT INDEX 

Form 8-K 



Exhibit 4.1

NEITHER THE ISSUANCE AND SALE OF THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE NOR THE SECURITIES INTO WHICH THESE SECURITIES ARE CONVERTIBLE HAVE BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED, OR APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS. THE SECURITIES MAY NOT BE OFFERED FOR SALE, SOLD, TRANSFERRED OR ASSIGNED (I) IN THE ABSENCE OF (A) AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT FOR THE SECURITIES UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED, OR (B) AN OPINION OF COUNSEL (WHICH MAY BE THE LEGAL COUNSEL OPINION (AS DEFINED IN THE PURCHASE AGREEMENT)), IN A GENERALLY ACCEPTABLE FORM, THAT REGISTRATION IS NOT REQUIRED UNDER SAID ACT OR (II) UNLESS SOLD PURSUANT  TO RULE 144, RULE 144A OR REGULATION S UNDER SAID ACT.

SENIOR SECURED CONVERTIBLE PROMISSORY NOTE

FOR VALUE RECEIVED, Rainmaker Worldwide Inc., a Nevada corporation (hereinafter called the “Borrower” or the “Company“), hereby promises to pay to the order of Sphere 3D Corp., an Ontario corporation or its registered assigns (the “Holder“), in the form of lawful money of the United States of America, the principal sum of $3,105,896.72 (the “Principal Amount“) and to pay interest on the unpaid Principal Amount hereof at the rate of ten percent (10%) (the “Interest Rate“) per annum from the date hereof (the “Issue Date“) until such amount becomes due and payable, whether at maturity or upon acceleration or by prepayment or otherwise, as further provided herein. The maturity date for this Note shall be September [__], 2023 (the “Maturity Date“), being the three (3) year anniversary date of the funding advance of $1,850,000, and is the date upon which the Principal Amount, as well as any accrued and unpaid interest shall be due and payable.

The Principal Amount of $3,105,896.72 shall be comprised of: (a) an advance of $1,850,000 to be provided by the Holder contemporaneous with the execution and delivery of this Note, (b) the principal and any interest owing under existing promissory notes issued by the Borrower to Gora Consulting Group and Southvale Global Acquisitions on April 2, 2020 in the aggregate amount of $1,105,896.72, which indebtedness was assigned to the Holder on May 4, 2020 (the “Assigned Notes”), and (c) a promissory note in the principal amount of $150,000 issued to the Holder on August 4, 2020 (the “Original Note“). The Holder acknowledges and agrees that the Assigned Notes and the Original Note are included in the Principal Amount of this Note and that the Assigned Notes and the Original Note are hereby deemed to be cancelled.

This Note may be prepaid or repaid in whole or in part except as otherwise explicitly set forth herein.

Interest shall commence accruing on the date that the Note is fully funded and shall be computed on the basis of a 365-day year and the actual number of days elapsed. Any Principal Amount or interest on this Note which is not paid when due shall bear interest at the rate of the lesser of (i) fifteen percent (15%) per annum and (ii) the maximum amount permitted by law from the due date thereof until the same is paid (“Default Interest“).

All payments due hereunder (to the extent not converted into shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, of the Borrower (the “Common Stock“) in accordance with the terms hereof) shall be made in lawful money of the United States of America. All payments shall be made at such address as the Holder shall hereafter give to the Borrower by written notice made in accordance with the provisions of this Note. Whenever any amount expressed to be due by the terms of this Note is due on any day which is not a business day, the same shall instead be due on the next succeeding day which is a business day and, in the case of any interest payment date which is not the date on which this Note is paid in full, the extension of the due date thereof shall not be taken into account for purposes of determining the amount of interest due on such date.


As used in this Note, the term “business day” shall mean any day other than a Saturday, Sunday or a day on which commercial banks in the city of New York, New York are authorized or required by law or executive order to remain closed. As used herein, the term “Trading Day” means any day that shares of Common Stock are listed for trading or quotation on the OTC Markets, any tier of the NASDAQ Stock Market, the New York Stock Exchange or the NYSE American.

This Note is free from all taxes, liens, claims and encumbrances with respect to the issue thereof and shall not be subject to preemptive rights or other similar rights of shareholders of the Borrower and will not impose personal liability upon the holder thereof.

The following terms shall apply to this Note:

ARTICLE I. CONVERSION RIGHTS

1.1 Conversion Right. The Holder shall have the right, at any time from the Issue Date, to convert all or any portion of the then outstanding and unpaid Principal Amount and interest (including any Default Interest) into fully paid and non-assessable shares of Common Stock, as such Common Stock exists on the Issue Date, or any shares of capital stock or other securities of the Borrower into which such Common Stock shall hereafter be changed or reclassified, at the Conversion Price (as defined below) determined as provided herein (a “Conversion”); provided, however, that in no event shall the Holder be entitled to convert any portion of this Note in excess of that portion of this Note upon conversion of which the sum of (1) the number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by the Holder and its affiliates (other than shares of Common Stock which may be deemed beneficially owned through the ownership of the unconverted portion of this Note or the unexercised or unconverted portion of any other security of the Borrower subject to a limitation on conversion or exercise analogous to the limitations contained herein) and (2) the number of Conversion Shares issuable upon the conversion of the portion of this Note with respect to which the determination of this proviso is being made, would result in beneficial ownership by the Holder and its affiliates of more than 4.99% of the then outstanding shares of Common Stock. For purposes of the proviso set forth in the immediately preceding sentence, beneficial ownership shall be determined in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “1934 Act”), and Regulations 13D-G thereunder, except as otherwise provided in clause (1) of such proviso, provided, however, that the limitations on conversion may be mutually waived by the Holder and the Company upon, at the election of the Holder and the agreement of the Company not less than 61 days’ prior notice to the Borrower, and the provisions of the conversion limitation shall continue to apply until such 61st day (or such later date, as determined by the Holder, as may be specified in such notice of waiver). The number of Conversion Shares to be issued upon each conversion of this Note shall be determined by dividing the Conversion Amount (as defined below) by the applicable Conversion Price then in effect on the date specified in the notice of conversion, in the form attached hereto as Exhibit B (the “Notice of Conversion”), delivered to the Borrower by the Holder in accordance with Section 1.4 below; provided that the Notice of Conversion is submitted by facsimile or e- mail (or by other means resulting in, or reasonably expected to result in, notice) to the Borrower before 4:00 p.m., New York, New York time on such conversion date (the “Conversion Date”). The term “Conversion Amount” means, with respect to any conversion of this Note, the sum of (1) the Principal Amount of this Note to be converted in such conversion plus (2) at the Holder’s option, accrued and unpaid interest, if any, on such Principal Amount at the Interest Rate to the Conversion Date, plus (3) at the Holder’s option, Default Interest, if any, on the amounts referred to in the immediately preceding clauses (1) and/or (2). 

1.2 Calculation of Conversion Price.  The per share conversion price into which Principal Amount and interest (including any Default Interest) under this Note shall be convertible into shares of Common Stock hereunder shall be equal to 85% multiplied by the average of the five (5) closing prices of the Common Stock  immediately preceding the Trading Day that the Company receives a Notice of Conversion (the “Conversion Price”).  Notwithstanding anything contained herein to the contrary, the Conversion Price shall not be less than $0.15 per share (the “Floor Price”), provided, however, that the Floor Price shall no longer apply if (i) an Event of Default (as defined in this Note) occurs under the Note and has not been cured at the time of conversion or (ii) any tranche funded under this Note is not repaid in full prior to the Maturity Date of the respective tranche. 


1.3 Authorized and Reserved Shares. The Borrower covenants that at all times until the Note is satisfied in full, the Borrower will reserve from its authorized and unissued Common Stock a sufficient number of shares, free from preemptive rights, to provide for the issuance of a number of Conversion Shares equal to the sum of (i) the number of Conversion Shares issuable upon the full conversion of this Note (assuming no payment of Principal Amount or interest) as of any issue date (taking into consideration any adjustments to the Conversion Price pursuant to Section 2 hereof or otherwise) multiplied by (ii) one (the “Reserved Amount”). In the event that the Borrower shall be unable to reserve the entirety of the Reserved Amount (the “Reserve Amount Failure”), the Borrower shall promptly take all actions necessary to increase its authorized share capital to accommodate the Reserved Amount (the “Authorized Share Increase”), including without limitation, all board of directors actions and approvals and promptly (but no less than 60 days following the calling and holding a special meeting of its shareholders no more than 60 days following the Reserve Amount Failure to seek approval of the Authorized Share Increase via the solicitation of proxies. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall the Reserved Amount be lower than the initial Reserved Amount, regardless of any prior conversions. The Borrower represents that upon issuance, the Conversion Shares will be duly and validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable. In addition, if the Borrower shall issue any securities or make any change to its capital structure which would change the number of Conversion Shares into which this Note shall be convertible at the then current Conversion Price, the Borrower shall at the same time make proper provision so that thereafter there shall be a sufficient number of shares of Common Stock authorized and reserved, free from preemptive rights, for conversion of this Note.

If, at any time the Borrower does not maintain the Reserved Amount it will be considered an Event of Default under this Note.

1.4 Method of Conversion.

(a) Mechanics of Conversion. This Note may be converted by the Holder in whole or in part, on any Trading Day, at any time on or after the Issue Date, by submitting to the Borrower a Notice of Conversion (by facsimile, e-mail or other reasonable means of communication dispatched on the Conversion Date prior to 4:00 p.m., New York, New York time). Any Notice of Conversion submitted after 4:00 p.m., New York, New York time, shall be deemed to have been delivered and received on the next Trading Day.

(b) Surrender of Note Upon Conversion. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth herein, upon conversion of this Note in accordance with the terms hereof, the Holder shall not be required to physically surrender this Note to the Borrower unless the entire unpaid Principal Amount is so converted. The Holder and the Borrower shall maintain records showing the Principal Amount so converted and the dates of such conversions or shall use such other method, reasonably satisfactory to the Holder and the Borrower, so as not to require physical surrender of this Note upon each such conversion. In the event of any dispute or discrepancy, such records of the Borrower shall, prima facie, be controlling and determinative in the absence of manifest error. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if any portion of this Note is converted as aforesaid, the Holder may not transfer this Note unless the Holder first physically surrenders this Note to the Borrower, whereupon the Borrower will forthwith issue and deliver upon the order of the Holder a new Note of like tenor, registered as the Holder (upon payment by the Holder of any applicable transfer taxes) may request, representing in the aggregate the remaining unpaid Principal Amount of this Note. The Holder and any assignee, by acceptance of this Note, acknowledge and agree that, by reason of the provisions of this paragraph, following conversion of a portion of this Note, the unpaid and unconverted Principal Amount of this Note represented by this Note may be less than the amount stated on the face hereof.


(c) Payment of Taxes. The Borrower shall not be required to pay any tax which may be payable in respect of any transfer involved in the issue and delivery of shares of Common Stock or other securities or property on conversion of this Note in a name other than that of the Holder (or in street name), and the Borrower shall not be required to issue or deliver any such shares or other securities or property unless and until the person or persons (other than the Holder or the custodian in whose street name such shares are to be held for the Holder’s account) requesting the issuance thereof shall have paid to the Borrower the amount of any such tax or shall have established to the satisfaction of the Borrower that such tax has been paid.

(d) Delivery of Common Stock Upon Conversion. Upon receipt by the Borrower from the Holder of a facsimile transmission or e-mail (or other reasonable means of communication) of a Notice of Conversion meeting the requirements for conversion as provided in this Section 1.4, the Borrower shall issue and deliver or cause to be issued and delivered to or upon the order of the Holder certificates for the Conversion Shares (or cause the electronic delivery of the Conversion Shares as contemplated by Section 1.4(f) hereof) within two (2) Trading Days after such receipt (the “Deadline”) (and, solely in the case of conversion of the entire unpaid Principal Amount and interest (including any Default Interest) under this Note, surrender of this Note). If the Holder presents proper documentation for a 144 opinion to be issued and the Company shall fail for any reason, except for the failure to present proper 144 documentation, or for no reason to issue to the Holder on or prior to the Deadline a certificate for the number of Conversion Shares or to which the Holder is entitled hereunder and register such Conversion Shares on the Company’s share register or to credit the Holder’s balance account with DTC (as defined below) for such number of Conversion Shares to which the Holder is entitled upon the Holder’s conversion of this Note (a “Conversion Failure”), then, in addition to all other remedies available to the Holder, (i) the Company shall pay in cash to the Holder on each day after the Deadline and during such Conversion Failure an amount equal to 1.0% of the product of (A) the sum of the number of Conversion Shares not issued to the Holder on or prior to the Deadline and to which the Holder is entitled and (B) the closing sale price of the Common Stock on the Trading Day immediately preceding the last possible date which the Company could have issued such Conversion Shares to the Holder without violating this Section 1.4(d); and (ii) the Holder, upon written notice to the Company, may void its Notice of Conversion with respect to, and retain or have returned, as the case may be, any portion of this Note that has not been converted pursuant to such Notice of Conversion; provided that the voiding of an Notice of Conversion shall not affect the Company’s obligations to make any payments which have accrued prior to the date of such notice. In addition to the foregoing, if on or prior to the Deadline the Company shall fail to issue and deliver a certificate to the Holder and register such Conversion Shares on the Company’s share register or credit the Holder’s balance account with DTC for the number of Conversion Shares to which the Holder is entitled upon the Holder’s exercise hereunder or pursuant to the Company’s obligation pursuant to clause (ii) below, and if on or after such Trading Day the Holder purchases (in an open market transaction or otherwise) shares of Common Stock to deliver in satisfaction of a sale by the Holder of shares of Common Stock issuable upon such exercise that the Holder anticipated receiving from the Company, then the Company shall, within two (2) Trading Days after the Holder’s request and in the Holder’s discretion, either (i) pay cash to the Holder in an amount equal to the Holder’s total purchase price (including brokerage commissions and other reasonable and customary out-of-pocket expenses, if any) for the shares of Common Stock so purchased (the “Buy-In Price”), at which point the Company’s obligation to deliver such certificate (and to issue such Conversion Shares) or credit such Holder’s balance account with DTC for such Conversion Shares shall terminate, or (ii) promptly honor its obligation to deliver to the Holder a certificate or certificates representing such Conversion Shares or credit such Holder’s balance account with DTC and pay cash to the Holder in an amount equal to the excess (if any) of the Buy-In Price over the product of (A) such number of shares of Common Stock, times (B) the closing sales price of the Common Stock on the date of exercise. Nothing shall limit the Holder’s right to pursue any other remedies available to it hereunder, at law or in equity, including, without limitation, a decree of specific performance and/or injunctive relief with respect to the Company’s failure to timely deliver certificates representing the Conversion Shares (or to electronically deliver such Conversion Shares) upon the conversion of this Note as required pursuant to the terms hereof.


(e) Obligation of Borrower to Deliver Common Stock. Upon receipt by the Borrower of a Notice of Conversion, the Holder shall be deemed to be the holder of record of the Conversion Shares issuable upon such conversion, the outstanding Principal Amount and the amount of accrued and unpaid interest (including any Default Interest) under this Note shall be reduced to reflect such conversion, and, unless the Borrower defaults on its obligations under this Article I, all rights with respect to the portion of this Note being so converted shall forthwith terminate except the right to receive the Common Stock or other securities, cash or other assets, as herein provided, on such conversion. If the Holder shall have given a Notice of Conversion as provided herein, the Borrower’s obligation to issue and deliver the certificates for the Conversion Shares (or cause the electronic delivery of the Conversion Shares as contemplated by Section 1.4(f) hereof) shall be absolute and unconditional, irrespective of the absence of any action by the Holder to enforce the same, any waiver or consent with respect to any provision thereof, the recovery of any judgment against any person or any action to enforce the same, any failure or delay in the enforcement of any other obligation of the Borrower to the holder of record, or any setoff, counterclaim, recoupment, limitation or termination, or any breach or alleged breach by the Holder of any obligation to the Borrower, and irrespective of any other circumstance which might otherwise limit such obligation of the Borrower to the Holder in connection with such conversion. The Conversion Date specified in the Notice of Conversion shall be the Conversion Date so long as the Notice of Conversion is received by the Borrower before 6:00 p.m., New York, New York time, on such date.

(f) Delivery of Conversion Shares by Electronic Transfer.  In lieu of delivering physical certificates representing the Conversion Shares issuable upon conversion hereof, provided the Borrower is participating in the Depository Trust Company (“DTC”) Fast Automated Securities Transfer or Deposit/Withdrawal at Custodian programs, upon request of the Holder and its compliance with the provisions contained in Section 1.1 and in this Section 1.4, the Borrower shall use its best efforts to cause its transfer agent to electronically transmit the Conversion Shares issuable upon conversion hereof to the Holder by crediting the account of Holder’s Prime Broker with DTC through its Deposit Withdrawal Agent Commission system.

1.5 Concerning the Shares. The Conversion Shares issuable upon conversion of this Note may not be sold or transferred unless (i) such shares are sold pursuant to an effective registration statement under the 1933 Act or (ii) the Borrower or its transfer agent shall have been furnished with an opinion of counsel (which opinion shall be satisfactory to the Company and its counsel to the effect that the shares to be sold or transferred may be sold or transferred pursuant to an exemption from such registration or (iii) such shares are sold or transferred pursuant to Rule 144 or (iv) such shares are transferred to an “affiliate” (as defined in Rule 144) of the Borrower who agrees to sell or otherwise transfer the shares only in accordance with this Section 1.5 and who is an Accredited Investor (as defined in Regulation D of the 1933 Act).  Subject to the removal provisions set forth below, until such time as the Conversion Shares have been registered under the 1933 Act, each certificate for the Conversion Shares that has not been so included in an effective registration statement or that has not been sold pursuant to an effective registration statement or an exemption that permits removal of the legend, shall bear a legend substantially in the following form, as appropriate:

“NEITHER THE ISSUANCE AND SALE OF THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE NOR THE SECURITIES INTO WHICH THESE SECURITIES ARE EXERCISABLE HAVE BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED, OR APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS. THE SECURITIES MAY NOT BE OFFERED FOR SALE, SOLD, TRANSFERRED OR ASSIGNED (I) IN THE ABSENCE OF (A) AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT FOR THE SECURITIES UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED, OR (B) AN OPINION OF COUNSEL (WHICH MAY BE THE LEGAL COUNSEL OPINION (AS DEFINED IN THE PURCHASE AGREEMENT)), IN A GENERALLY ACCEPTABLE FORM, THAT REGISTRATION IS NOT REQUIRED UNDER SAID ACT OR (II) UNLESS SOLD PURSUANT TO RULE 144 UNDER SAID ACT.


The legend set forth above shall be removed and the Company shall issue to the Holder a certificate for the applicable Conversion Shares without such legend upon which it is stamped or (as requested by the Holder) issue the applicable Conversion Shares by electronic delivery by crediting the account of such holder’s broker with DTC, if, unless otherwise required by applicable state securities laws: (a) such Conversion Shares are registered for sale under an effective registration statement filed under the 1933 Act, or (b) the Company or the Holder provides the Legal Counsel Opinion  to the effect that a public sale or transfer of such Conversion Shares may be made without registration under the 1933 Act, which opinion shall be accepted by the Company so that the sale or transfer is effected. The Company shall be responsible for the fees of its transfer agent and all DTC fees associated with any such issuance. The Holder agrees to sell all Conversion Shares, including those represented by a certificate(s) from which the legend has been removed, in compliance with applicable prospectus delivery requirements, if any.

1.6 Effect of Certain Events.

(a) Effect of Merger, Consolidation, Etc. At the option of the Holder, the sale, conveyance or disposition of all or substantially all of the assets of the Borrower, or the consolidation, merger or other business combination of the Borrower with or into any other Person (as defined below) or Persons when the Borrower is not the survivor shall either: (i) be deemed to be an Event of Default, or (ii) be treated pursuant to Section 1.6(b) hereof. “Person” shall mean any individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, trust or other entity or organization. The effects of this Section shall not be triggered by a merger between the Company and the Holder or a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Holder. 

(b) Adjustment Due to Merger, Consolidation, Etc. If, at any time when this Note is issued and outstanding and prior to conversion of all of this Note, there shall be any merger, consolidation, exchange of shares, recapitalization, reorganization, or other similar event, as a result of which shares of Common Stock of the Borrower shall be changed into the same or a different number of shares of another class or classes of stock or securities of the Borrower or another entity, or in case of any sale or conveyance of all or substantially all of the assets of the Borrower other than in connection with a plan of complete liquidation of the Borrower, then the Holder of this Note shall thereafter have the right to receive upon conversion of this Note, upon the basis and  upon the terms and conditions specified herein and in lieu of the shares of Common Stock immediately theretofore issuable upon conversion, such stock, securities or assets which the Holder would have been entitled to receive in such transaction had this Note been converted in full immediately prior to such transaction (without regard to any limitations on conversion set forth herein), and in any such case appropriate provisions shall be made with respect  to the rights and interests of the Holder of this Note such that the provisions hereof (including, without limitation, provisions for adjustment of the Conversion Price and of the number of shares issuable upon conversion of the Note) shall thereafter be applicable as nearly as may be practicable in relation to any securities or assets thereafter deliverable upon the conversion hereof. The Borrower shall not effectuate any transaction described in  this Section 1.6(b) unless (a) it first gives, to the extent practicable, at least thirty (30) days prior written notice (but in any event at least fifteen (15) days prior written notice) of the record date of the special meeting of shareholders to approve, or if there is no such record date, the consummation of, such merger, consolidation,  exchange of  shares, recapitalization, reorganization or other similar event or sale of assets (during which time the Holder shall be entitled to convert this Note) and (b) the resulting successor or acquiring entity (if not the Borrower) assumes by written instrument the obligations of this Section 1.6(b). The above provisions shall similarly apply to successive consolidations, mergers, sales, transfers or share exchanges. The effects of this Section shall not be triggered by a merger between the Company and the Holder or a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Holder. 


(c) Adjustment Due to Distribution. If the Borrower shall declare or make any distribution of its assets (or rights to acquire its assets) to holders of Common Stock as a dividend, stock repurchase, by way of return of capital or otherwise (including any dividend or distribution to the Borrower’s shareholders in cash or shares (or rights to acquire shares) of capital stock of a subsidiary (i.e., a spin-off)) (a “Distribution”), then the Holder of this Note shall be entitled, upon any conversion of this Note after the date of record for determining shareholders entitled to such Distribution, to receive the amount of such assets which would have been payable to the Holder with respect to the shares of Common Stock issuable upon such conversion had such Holder been the holder of such shares of Common Stock on the record date for the determination of shareholders entitled to such Distribution.

(d) Purchase Rights. If, at any time when all or any portion of this Note is issued and outstanding, the Borrower issues any convertible securities or rights to purchase stock, warrants, securities or other property (the “Purchase Rights”) pro rata to all record holders of any class of Common Stock, then the Holder of this Note will be entitled to acquire, upon the terms applicable to such Purchase Rights, the aggregate Purchase Rights which such Holder could have acquired if such Holder had held the number of shares of Common Stock acquirable upon complete conversion of this Note (without regard to any limitations on conversion contained herein) immediately before the date on which a record is taken for the grant, issuance or sale of such Purchase Rights or, if no such record is taken, the date as of which the record holders of Common Stock are to be determined for the grant, issue or sale of such Purchase Rights.

(e) Notice of Adjustments. Upon the occurrence of each adjustment or readjustment of the Conversion Price as a result of the events described in this Section 1.6, the Borrower, at its expense, shall promptly compute such adjustment or readjustment and prepare and furnish to the Holder a certificate setting forth such adjustment or readjustment and showing in detail the facts upon which such adjustment or readjustment is based. The Borrower shall, upon the written request at any time of the Holder, furnish to such Holder a like certificate setting forth (i) such adjustment or readjustment, (ii) the Conversion Price at the time in effect and (iii)  the number of shares of Common Stock and the amount, if any, of other securities or property which at the time would be received upon conversion of the Note.

1.7 Status as Shareholder. Upon submission of a Notice of Conversion by a Holder, (i) the Conversion Shares covered thereby (other than the Conversion Shares, if any, which cannot be issued because their issuance would exceed such Holder’s allocated portion of the Reserved Amount) shall be deemed converted into shares of Common Stock and (ii) the Holder’s rights as a Holder of such converted portion of this Note shall cease and terminate, excepting only the right to receive certificates for such shares of Common Stock and to any remedies provided herein or otherwise available at law or in equity to such Holder because of a failure by the Borrower to comply with the terms of this Note. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if a Holder has not received certificates for all shares of Common Stock prior to the tenth (10th) business day after the expiration of the Deadline with respect to a conversion of any portion of this Note for any reason, then (unless the Holder otherwise elects to retain its status as a holder of Common Stock by so notifying the Borrower) the Holder shall regain the rights of a Holder of this Note with respect to such unconverted portions of this Note and the Borrower shall, as soon as practicable, return such unconverted Note to the Holder or, if the Note has not been surrendered, adjust its records to reflect that such portion of this Note has not been converted. In all cases, the Holder shall retain all of its rights and remedies for the Borrower’s failure to convert this Note.

1.8 Prepayment. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Note, at any time prior to the Maturity Date, the Borrower shall have the right to prepay the outstanding Principal Amount and interest (including any Default Interest) then due under this Note, in whole or in part, in accordance with this Section.


ARTICLE II.  COVENANTS

2.1 Other Indebtedness. So long as the Borrower shall have any obligation under this Note, the Borrower shall not (directly or indirectly through any subsidiary or affiliate) incur or suffer to exist or guarantee any Indebtedness that is senior to or pari passu with (in priority of payment and performance) the Borrower’s obligations hereunder or increase the existing security interests which are identified on Exhibit A hereto (the “Existing Security”). As used in this Section 2.1, the term “Borrower” means the Borrower and any subsidiary of the Borrower. As used herein, the term “Indebtedness” means (a) all indebtedness of the Borrower for borrowed money or for the deferred purchase price of property or services, including any type of letters of credit, but not including deferred purchase price obligations in place as of the Issue Date  or obligations to trade creditors incurred in the ordinary course of business, (b) all obligations of the Borrower evidenced by notes, bonds, debentures or other similar instruments, (c) purchase money indebtedness hereafter incurred by the Borrower to finance the purchase of fixed or capital assets, including all capital lease obligations of the Borrower which do not exceed the purchase price of the assets funded, (d) all guarantee obligations of the Borrower in respect of obligations of the kind referred to in clauses (a) through (c) above that the Borrower would not be permitted to incur or enter into, and (e) all obligations of the kind referred to in clauses (a) through (d) above that the Borrower is not permitted to incur or enter into that are secured and/or unsecured by (or for which the holder of such obligation has an existing right, contingent or otherwise, to be secured and/or unsecured by) any lien or encumbrance on property (including accounts and contract rights) owned by the Borrower, whether or not the Borrower has assumed or become liable for the payment of such obligation. 

2.2 Distributions on Capital Stock. So long as the Borrower shall have any obligation under this Note, the Borrower shall not without the Holder’s written consent (a) pay, declare or set apart for such payment, any dividend or other distribution (whether in cash, property or other securities) on shares of capital stock other than dividends on shares of Common Stock solely in the form of additional shares of Common Stock or (b) directly or indirectly or through any subsidiary make any other payment or distribution in respect of its capital stock except for distributions pursuant to any shareholders’ rights plan which is approved by a majority of the Borrower’s disinterested directors an except to the holders of the Company’s currently outstanding preferred stock.

2.3 Restriction on Stock Repurchases and Debt Repayments. So long as the Borrower shall have any obligation under this Note, the Borrower shall not without the Holder’s prior written consent redeem, repurchase or otherwise acquire (whether for cash or in exchange for property or other securities or otherwise) in any one transaction or series of related transactions any shares of capital stock of the Borrower or any warrants, rights or options to purchase or acquire any such shares, or repay any pari passu or subordinated indebtedness of Borrower.

2.4 Sale of Assets. So long as the Borrower shall have any obligation under this Note, the Borrower shall not, without the Holder’s written consent, sell, lease or otherwise dispose of any significant portion of its assets outside the ordinary course of business. Any consent to the disposition of any assets may be conditioned on a specified use of the proceeds of disposition.

2.5 Advances and Loans; Affiliate Transactions. So long as the Borrower shall have any obligation under this Note, the Borrower shall not, without the Holder’s written consent, lend money, give credit, make advances to or enter into any transaction with any person, firm, joint venture or corporation, including, without limitation, officers, directors, employees, subsidiaries and affiliates of the Borrower, except loans, credits or advances (a) in existence or committed on the Issue Date and which the Borrower has informed Holder in writing prior to the Issue Date, (b) in regard to transactions with unaffiliated third parties, made in the ordinary course of business, or (c) in regard to transactions with unaffiliated third parties, not in excess of $50,000. So long as the Borrower shall have any obligation under this Note, the Borrower shall not, without the Holder’s written consent, repay any affiliate (as defined in Rule 144) of the Borrower in connection with any indebtedness or accrued amounts owed to any such party.


2.6 Preservation of Business and Existence, etc. So long as the Borrower shall have any obligation under this Note, the Borrower shall not, without the Holder’s written consent, change the nature of its business or sell, divest, or change the structure of any material assets other than in the ordinary course of business. In addition, so long as the Borrower shall have any obligation under this Note, the Borrower shall maintain and preserve, and cause each of its subsidiaries to maintain and preserve, its existence, rights and privileges, and become or remain, and cause each of its subsidiaries (other than dormant subsidiaries that have no or minimum assets) to become or remain, duly qualified and in good standing in each jurisdiction in which the character of the properties owned or leased by it or in which the transaction of its business makes such qualification necessary. So long as the Borrower shall have any obligation under this Note, the Borrower shall use its reasonable best efforts to remain a registrant not in default of the requirements of the applicable securities laws in the United States and to ensure that the Borrower shall make all requisite filings under applicable securities legislation necessary to remain a registrant not in default.  Furthermore, so long as the Borrower shall have any obligation under this Note, the Borrower shall not, without the Holder’s written consent, solicit any offers for, respond to any unsolicited offers for, or conduct any negotiations with, any other person or entity with respect to any variable rate transaction or investment.

2.7 Noncircumvention. The Company hereby covenants and agrees that the Company will not, by amendment of its Certificate or Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws, or through any reorganization, transfer of assets, consolidation, merger, scheme of arrangement, dissolution, issue or sale of securities, or any other voluntary action or any kind, avoid or seek to avoid the observance or performance of any of the terms of this Note, and will at all times in good faith carry out all the provisions of this Note and take all action as may be required to protect the rights of the Holder.

2.8 Lost, Stolen or Mutilated Note. Upon receipt by the Company of evidence reasonably satisfactory to the Company of the loss, theft, destruction or mutilation of this Note, and, in the case of loss, theft or destruction, of any indemnification undertaking by the Holder to the Company in customary form and, in the case of mutilation, upon surrender and cancellation of this Note, the Company shall execute and deliver to the Holder a new Note.

2.9 Financial Information.  So long as the Borrower shall have any obligation under this Note, the Borrower will furnish to the Holder (a) a copy of all financial statements, whether annual or quarterly, of the Borrower and the report if any, of the Borrower’s auditors thereon at the same time as they are furnished to the shareholders after the date hereof and prior to the Maturity Date, and (b) such other financial information as is reasonably requested by Holder.

ARTICLE III. REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES

The Borrower represents and warrants to the Holder for the benefit of the Holder as of the date hereof :

3.1 Financial Information.  So long as the Borrower shall have any obligation under this Note, the Borrower will furnish to the Holder (a) a copy of all financial statements, whether annual or quarterly, of the Borrower.

3.2 Existence and Qualification. The Borrower and each of its subsidiaries: (a) has been duly formed, incorporated, amalgamated, merged, created or continued, as the case may be, and is validly subsisting and in good standing as a corporation under the laws of its jurisdiction of formation, amalgamation, merger or continuance, as the case may be, and (b) has all material licenses and, except as could not reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect, is duly qualified to carry on its business in each jurisdiction in which the nature of its business requires qualification.


3.3 Power and Authority.  The Borrower has the corporate power and authority to enter into, and to exercise its rights and perform its obligations under, the Note.  The Borrower and each of its subsidiaries has the corporate power and authority to own its property and carry on its business as currently conducted and as currently proposed to be conducted by it.

3.4 Execution, Delivery, Performance and Enforceability of Documents.  The execution, delivery and performance of the Note has been duly authorized by all corporate actions required, and this Note has been duly executed and delivered.  The Note constitutes the legal, valid and binding obligation of the Borrower, enforceable against it in accordance with its terms (except, in any case, as such enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or similar laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and by principles of equity).

3.5 Compliance with Applicable Laws, Organizational Documents and Contractual Obligations. None of the execution or delivery of, the consummation of the transactions contemplated in, or compliance with the terms, conditions and provisions of the Note or related documents by the Borrower, conflicts with or results in any breach of, or constitutes a default under or contravention of, any organizational documents of the Borrower, any applicable law, or any material contract or material license, except for any conflict, breach, default or contravention which could not reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect, or results or will result in the creation or imposition of any lien upon any of its property except for the Existing Security.

3.6 Consent Respecting Debenture Documents. The Borrower has obtained, made or taken all consents, approvals, authorizations, declarations, registrations, filings, notices and other actions whatsoever required by any governmental authority (except for registrations or filings which may be required in respect of the Collateral Documents) to enable it to execute and deliver the Note.

3.7 Taxes.  Except as disclosed in a schedule in  the Agreement and Plan of Merger between the Borrower and the Holder dated July 14, 2020 (the “Merger Agreement”) which disclosure schedules are hereby incorporated into this Section 3 in their entirety where applicable, the Borrower and each of its subsidiaries has paid or made adequate provision for the payment of all taxes which are due and payable by it, including interest and penalties, or has accrued such amounts in its financial statements for the payment of such taxes except for charges, fees or dues which are not material in amount, not delinquent or if delinquent are being contested in good faith, and in respect of which non-payment would not, individually or in the aggregate, have or reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect.

3.8 Absence of Litigation.  Except as disclosed in a schedule to the Merger Agreement, there are no actions, suits or proceedings pending or, to its knowledge, threatened against or affecting the Borrower or any of its subsidiaries which could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect. 

3.9 Title to Assets.  The Borrower and each of its subsidiaries has good title to, or the right to use, its assets, free and clear of all liens except for the Existing Security.

3.10 Insurance.  The Borrower and each of its subsidiaries that operate a business, has maintained and maintains insurance which is in full force and effect and complies with all of the requirements of this Note.


3.11 Compliance with Laws. Neither the Borrower nor any of its subsidiaries is in default under any applicable law, except where default thereunder, individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect.

3.12 No Default or Event of Default.  No default or Event of Default has occurred which is continuing.

3.13 Financial Statements.  All of the quarterly and annual financial statements which have been issued by the Borrower prior to the date hereof are complete in all material respects and such financial statements fairly present the results of operations and financial position of the Borrower and its subsidiaries as of the dates referred to therein and have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”).  The Borrower and its subsidiaries did not have any liabilities (contingent or other) or other obligations of the type required to be disclosed in accordance with GAAP which are not reflected in the financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2019 and for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2020, which are not fully disclosed on the financial statements recently prepared by the Company and audited by its independent public accounting firm in the case of the year end numbers and reviewed in the case of the six month numbers and reviewed by the auditors which financial statements  other than liabilities and obligations incurred in the ordinary course of its business.

3.14 No Material Adverse Effect.  Since the date of the Borrower’s most recent annual audited financial statements and its respective most recent unaudited financial statements, there has been no condition (financial or otherwise), event or change in its business, liabilities, operations, results of operations, or assets which constitutes or has, or could reasonably be expected to constitute or have, a material adverse effect.

3.15 Collateral Documents.  The Collateral Documents, upon execution and delivery thereof by the parties thereto, will create in favour of the Holders, a legal, valid and enforceable lien in the Collateral and when financing statements in appropriate form have been duly filed in the offices where such filing is required to perfect such liens created under the Collateral Documents, will constitute a fully perfected lien on and in, all right, title and interest of the Borrower to the extent perfection can be obtained by filing under the Uniform Commercial Code or the Personal Property Security Act (Ontario) or similar financing statements, in each case prior and superior in right to any other Person, other than with respect to the Existing Security.

ARTICLE IV. SECURITY

4.1  Security Interest.  Borrower hereby pledges and grants to Holder an irrevocable and continuing security interest in all of its right, title, and interest in and to the Collateral (as such term is defined below), to secure the prompt payment and performance of all of Borrower’s obligations arising from or relating to this Note. The security interest shall be junior and subordinate to all Existing Security. Borrower hereby authorizes the Holder to perfect its security interest in the Collateral including, without limitation, filing a UCC-1 Financing Statements and the filing of a security interest under the Personal Property Security Act (Ontario) and such other jurisdiction, if any, in which the Borrower’s assets are situate, continuation statements in respect thereof, and amendments thereto, relating to all or any part of the Collateral.  The Borrower hereby acknowledges that: (a) value has been given; (b) the Borrower has rights in its Collateral (other than after-acquired property); and (c) Borrower has not agreed to postpone the time of attachment of the security interest granted hereunder.

4.2  Collateral.  “Collateral” shall mean all of Borrower’s right, title and interest in and to all of the assets of Borrower, including without limitation, the following assets (whether now existing or hereafter arising or acquired, wherever located):


(a) All present and future income, accounts, accounts receivable, rights to payment and all forms of consideration and obligations owing to Borrower or in which the Borrower may have any interest, however created or arising and whether or not earned by performance;

(b) All deposit accounts, securities, securities entitlements, securities accounts, investment property and certificates of deposit now owned or hereafter acquired;

(c) All other real and personal property now owned or hereafter acquired, including, and all accessories, accessions, replacements, substitutions, additions, and improvements to any of the foregoing, wherever located; and

(d) All other contract rights, intellectual property (including know-how, trade secrets, patents, copyrights, trade and service marks, licenses; issued, pending, or planned; and registered or at common law), and general intangibles now owned or hereafter acquired, including, without limitation, income tax refunds, credits, deposits, payments of insurance and rights to payment of any kind.

4.3 Priority of Security.  The Holder’s interest in the collateral is subordinate to the Existing Security.

4.4 Supplemental Documents. The Borrower shall execute and deliver such further agreements supplemental hereto, which shall thereafter form part hereof, for the purpose of mortgaging, charging, pledging or securing in favour of the Holder any property now owned or hereafter acquired by the Borrower and falling within the description of the Collateral, for correcting or amplifying the description of any Collateral hereby charged or secured or intended so to be, for curing any defect in the execution or delivery of this Note, or for any other purpose not inconsistent with the terms of this Note.

4.5 Continuing Security.  Any and all payments made at any time in respect of the obligations under the Note and the proceeds realized from any securities held therefor (including moneys realized from the enforcement of this Note) may be applied (and reapplied from time to time notwithstanding any previous application) to such part or parts of the obligations under the Note.  The Borrower shall be accountable for any deficiency and the Holder shall be accountable for any surplus.

4.6 Additional Security. The Borrower shall deliver to the Holder any other security documentation, including any and all estoppels, acknowledgements, consents, subordinations, postponements or priority or inter-creditor agreements, as the Holder deems necessary, acting reasonably.

4.7 Negative Pledge.  The Borrower shall not be at liberty to and shall not, except in respect of the Existing Security, create or incur any security of any kind whatsoever upon the Collateral without granting to the Holder then outstanding additional security so that the Holder shall remain in the same position as if no further security had been created or incurred.

4.8 Obligation to Pay Not Impaired.  Nothing contained in this Section 4.8 or elsewhere in this Note is intended to or shall impair, as between the Borrower, its creditors other than the holders of the Existing Security, and the Holder, the obligation of the Borrower, which is absolute and unconditional, to pay to the Holder the principal of, premium, if any, and interest on the Note, as and when the same shall become due and payable in accordance with their terms, or affect the relative rights of the Holder and creditors of the Borrower other than the holder(s) of the Existing Security, nor shall anything herein or therein prevent the Holder from exercising all remedies otherwise permitted by applicable law or under the Note, subject to the rights, if any, of the holder(s) of Existing Security under this Section 4.8.

4.9 Payment on Debenture Permitted.  Nothing contained in this Section 4.9 or elsewhere in this Note, shall affect the obligation of the Borrower to make, or prevent the Borrower from making, any payment of principal of, premium, if any, or interest on the Note.


4.10 Registration.  The Borrower shall, from time to time, at the expense of the Borrower:

(a) record, file, enter or register or cause to be recorded, filed, entered or registered, this Note, all other agreements, instruments and documents, including financing statements, delivered from time to time to the Holder by the Borrower for the purpose of establishing, perfecting, preserving or protecting any liens granted to the Holder over the Collateral as security for the obligations of the Borrower with respect to the Note (the “Collateral Documents“), where necessary or advisable in perfecting the liens and the rights of the Holder hereunder for such action to be taken, and under the provisions of all applicable personal property security statutes;

(b) renew or cause to be renewed the recordings, filings or registrations made in respect of the Collateral Documents from time to time as and when required to maintain the perfection and priority of the liens granted pursuant to the Collateral Documents. The Borrower agrees that the Holder shall have the right to require the form of this Note be amended to reflect any changes in laws, whether arising as a result of statutory amendments, court decisions or otherwise, in order to confer upon the Holder, the liens intended to be created hereby; and

(c) deliver or exhibit to the Holder, on demand, certificates or other forms of confirmation acceptable to the Holder establishing such registration or recording, and renew the same from time to time, if such renewal is necessary in counsel’s opinion to preserve or protect the liens created pursuant to the Collateral Documents.

4.11 Defeasance.  Upon payment by the Borrower to the Holders of all amounts owing under the Note, including but not limited to principal and interest, and all other money secured by this Note and provided the security granted herein constituted shall not have become enforceable, then the Collateral shall revert and revest in the Borrower without any release, acquittance, reconveyance, re-entry or other act or formality whatsoever, but the Holder shall nevertheless, within thirty (30) days of being requested in writing by the Borrower, execute, acknowledge or deliver to the Borrower a full release and reconveyance of the Collateral or such parts thereof as shall not have been disposed under the powers herein contained and such further and other documents reasonably requested by the Borrower.

ARTICLE V. EVENTS OF DEFAULT

It shall be considered an event of default if any of the following events listed in this Article V (each, an “Event of Default“) shall occur:

5.1 Failure to Pay Principal or Interest. The Borrower fails to pay the Principal Amount hereof or interest thereon when due on this Note, whether at maturity, upon acceleration or otherwise.

5.2 Conversion and the Shares. The Borrower (i) fails to issue Conversion Shares to the Holder (or announces or threatens in writing that it will not honor its obligation to do so) upon exercise by the Holder of the conversion rights of the Holder in accordance with the terms of this Note, (ii) fails to transfer or cause its transfer agent to transfer (issue) (electronically or in certificated form) any certificate for the Conversion Shares issuable to the Holder upon conversion of or otherwise pursuant to this Note as and when required by this Note, (iii) reserve the Reserved Amount at all times, or (iv) the Borrower directs its transfer agent not to transfer or delays, impairs, and/or hinders its transfer agent in transferring (or issuing) (electronically or in certificated form) any certificate for the Conversion Shares issuable to the Holder upon conversion of or otherwise pursuant to this Note as and when required by this Note, or fails to remove (or directs its transfer agent not to remove or impairs, delays, and/or hinders its transfer agent from removing) any restrictive legend (or to withdraw any stop transfer instructions in respect thereof) on any certificate for any Conversion Shares issued to the Holder upon conversion of or otherwise pursuant to this Note as and when required by this Note (or makes any written announcement, statement or threat that it does not intend to honor the obligations described in this paragraph) and any such failure shall continue uncured (or any written announcement, statement or threat not to honor its obligations shall not be rescinded in writing) for two (2) Trading Days after the Holder shall have delivered a Notice of Conversion. It is an obligation of the Borrower to remain current in its obligations to its transfer agent. It shall be an Event of Default of this Note, if a conversion of this Note is delayed, hindered or frustrated due to a balance owed by the Borrower to its transfer agent. If at the option of the Holder, the Holder advances any funds to the Borrower’s transfer agent in order to process a conversion, such advanced funds shall be paid by the Borrower to the Holder within forty-eight (48) hours of a demand from the Holder.


5.3 Breach of Agreements and Covenants. The Borrower breaches any material agreement, covenant or other material term or condition contained in this Note or in any agreement, statement or certificate given in writing pursuant hereto or in connection herewith or therewith.

5.4 Breach of Representations and Warranties. Any representation or warranty of the Borrower made in  this Note,  or in any agreement, statement or certificate given in writing pursuant hereto or in connection herewith or therewith shall be false or misleading in any material respect when made and the breach of which has (or with the passage of time will have) a material adverse effect on the rights of the Holder with respect to this Note or the Purchase Agreement.

5.5 Termination of Merger Agreement. In the event that the Agreement and Plan of Merger dated July 14, 2020, as amended or as amended and restated from time to time (the “Merger Agreement“), between the Borrower, the Holder and S3D Nevada Inc., a Nevada corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of the holder is terminated as a result of Sections 8.1(b)(i) and (iii), 8.1(c) or 8.1(f) of the Merger Agreement unless the Parent is in default of a provision of the Merger Agreement and then such breach shall be considered mutual and the due date on the Note shall remain September14, 2023.

5.6 Receiver or Trustee. The Borrower or any subsidiary of the Borrower shall make an assignment for the benefit of creditors, or apply for or consent to the appointment of a receiver or trustee for it or for a substantial part of its property or business, or such a receiver or trustee shall otherwise be appointed.

5.7 Judgments. Any money judgment, writ or similar process shall be entered or filed against the Borrower or any subsidiary of the Borrower or any of its property or other assets for more than $250,000, and shall remain unvacated, unbonded or unstayed for a period of twenty (20) days unless as a result of a litigation  otherwise consented to by the Holder, which consent will not be unreasonably withheld. This Section shall not be applicable to any judgement currently outstanding against the Borrower.

5.8 Bankruptcy. Bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or liquidation proceedings or other proceedings, voluntary or involuntary, for relief under any bankruptcy law or any law for the relief of debtors shall be instituted by or against the Borrower or any subsidiary of the Borrower.

5.9 Delisting of Common Stock. The Borrower shall fail to maintain the listing of the Common Stock one of the levels of the OTC Markets.

5.10 Liquidation. Any dissolution, liquidation, or winding up of Borrower or any substantial portion of its business.

5.11 Cessation of Operations. Any cessation of operations by Borrower or Borrower admits it is otherwise generally unable to pay its debts as such debts become due, provided, however, that any disclosure of the Borrower’s ability to continue as a “going concern” shall not be an admission that the Borrower cannot pay its debts as they become due.


5.12 Maintenance of Assets. The failure by Borrower to maintain any material intellectual property rights, personal, real property or other assets which are necessary to conduct its business (whether now or in the future).

5.13 Illegality. Any court of competent jurisdiction issues an order declaring this Note, the Purchase Agreement or any provision hereunder or thereunder to be illegal.

5.14 Rights and Remedies Upon an Event of Default. Upon the occurrence and during the continuation of any Event of Default specified in this Article V, this Note shall become immediately due and payable and the Borrower shall pay to the Holder, in full satisfaction of its obligations hereunder, an amount (the “Default Amount”) equal to the Principal Amount then outstanding plus accrued interest (including any Default Interest) through the date of full repayment multiplied by 115%. Holder may, in its sole discretion, determine to accept payment part in Common Stock and part in cash. For purposes of payments in Common Stock, the conversion formula set forth in Section 1.2 shall apply. Upon an uncured Event of Default, all amounts payable hereunder shall immediately become due and payable, all without demand, presentment or notice, all of which hereby are expressly waived by the Borrower, together with all costs, including, without limitation, legal fees and expenses, of collection, and the Holder shall be entitled to exercise all other rights and remedies available at law or in equity.

ARTICLE VI. MISCELLANEOUS

6.1 Failure or Indulgence Not Waiver. No failure or delay on the part of the Holder in the exercise of any power, right or privilege hereunder shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any such power, right or privilege preclude other or further exercise thereof or of any other right, power or privileges. All rights and remedies of the Holder existing hereunder are cumulative to, and not exclusive of, any rights or remedies otherwise available.

6.2 Notices. All notices, demands, requests, consents, approvals, and other communications required or permitted hereunder shall be in writing and, unless otherwise specified herein, shall be (i) personally served, (ii) deposited in the mail, registered or certified, return receipt requested, postage prepaid, (iii) delivered by reputable air courier service with charges prepaid, or (iv) transmitted by hand delivery, telegram, e-mail or facsimile, addressed as set forth below or to such other address as such party shall have specified most recently by written notice. Any notice or other communication required or permitted to be given hereunder shall be deemed effective (a) upon hand delivery or delivery by e-mail or facsimile, with accurate confirmation generated by the transmitting facsimile machine, at the address or number designated below (if delivered on a business day during normal business hours where such notice is to be received), or the first business day following such delivery (if delivered other than on a business day during normal business hours where such notice is to be received) or (b) on the second business day following the date of mailing by express courier service, fully prepaid, addressed to such address, or upon actual receipt of such mailing, whichever shall first occur. The addresses for such communications shall be:

If to the Borrower, to:

RAINMAKER WORLWIDE INC.

271 Brock Street
Peterborough, Ontario
K9H 2P8

Attention: Michael O’Connor, Executive Chairman


Fax No: ___________________

Email: ____________________

If to the Holder:

       Sphere 3D Corp.

895 Don Mills Road

Building 2, Suite 900

Toronto, Ontario

M3C 1W3

 

Attention:  Peter Tassiopoulos, CEO

Fax No: (858) 495-4211

Email: Peter.Tassiopoulos@sphere3d.com

6.3 Amendments. This Note and any provision hereof may only be amended by an instrument in writing signed by the Borrower and the Holder. The term “Note” and all reference thereto, as used throughout this instrument, shall mean this instrument as originally executed, or if later amended or supplemented, then as so amended or supplemented.

6.4 Assignability. This Note shall be binding upon the Borrower and its successors and assigns, and shall inure to be the benefit of the Holder and its successors and assigns. Neither the Borrower nor the Holder shall assign this Note or any rights or obligations hereunder without the prior written consent of the other.

6.5 Cost of Collection. If default is made in the payment of this Note, the Borrower shall pay the Holder hereof costs of collection, including reasonable attorneys’ fees.

6.6 Governing Law; Venue; Attorney’s Fees. This Note  shall  be governed  by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York without regard to principles of conflicts of laws. Any action brought by either party against the other concerning the transactions contemplated by this Note or any other agreement, certificate, instrument or document contemplated hereby shall be brought only in the state courts or federal courts located in the state and county of New York situation in New York City.  The Borrower hereby irrevocably waives any objection to jurisdiction and venue of any action instituted hereunder and shall not assert any defense based on lack of jurisdiction or venue or based upon forum non conveniens. THE BORROWER HEREBY IRREVOCABLY WAIVES ANY RIGHT IT MAY HAVE, AND AGREES NOT TO REQUEST, A JURY TRIAL FOR THE ADJUDICATION OF ANY DISPUTE HEREUNDER OR IN CONNECTION WITH OR ARISING OUT OF THIS NOTE OR ANY TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED HEREBY. Each party hereby  irrevocably waives personal service of process and consents to process being served in any suit, action or proceeding in connection with this Note or any other agreement, certificate, instrument or document contemplated hereby or thereby by mailing a copy thereof via registered or certified mail or overnight delivery (with evidence of delivery) to such party at the address in effect for notices to it under this Note and agrees that such service shall constitute good and sufficient service of process and notice thereof. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to limit in any way any right to serve process in any other manner permitted by law. The prevailing party in any action or dispute brought in connection with this the Note or any other agreement, certificate, instrument or document contemplated hereby or thereby shall be entitled to recover from the other party its reasonable attorney’s fees and costs.

6.7 Certain Amounts. Whenever pursuant to this Note the Borrower is required to pay an amount in excess of the outstanding Principal Amount (or the portion thereof required to be paid at that time) plus accrued and unpaid interest plus Default Interest on such interest, the Borrower and the Holder agree that the actual damages to the Holder from the receipt of cash payment on this Note may be difficult to determine and the amount to be so paid by the Borrower represents stipulated damages and not a penalty and is intended to compensate the Holder in part for loss of the opportunity to convert this Note and to earn a return from the sale of shares of Common Stock acquired upon conversion of this Note at a price in excess of the price paid for such shares pursuant to this Note. The Borrower and the Holder hereby agree that such amount of stipulated damages is not plainly disproportionate to the possible loss to the Holder from the receipt of a cash payment without the opportunity to convert this Note into shares of Common Stock.


6.8 Notice of Corporate Events. Except as otherwise provided below, the Holder of this Note shall have no rights as a Holder of Common Stock unless and only to the extent that it converts this Note into Common Stock. The Borrower shall provide the Holder with prior notification of any meeting of the Borrower’s shareholders (and copies of proxy materials and other information sent to shareholders). In the event of any taking by the Borrower of a record of its shareholders for the purpose of determining shareholders who are entitled to receive payment of any dividend or other distribution, any right to subscribe for, purchase or otherwise acquire (including by way of merger, consolidation, reclassification or recapitalization) any share of any class or any other securities or property, or to receive any other right, or for the purpose of determining shareholders who are entitled to vote in connection with any Change in Control or any proposed liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Borrower, the Borrower shall mail a notice to the Holder, at least twenty (20) days prior to the record date specified therein (or thirty (30) days prior to the consummation of the transaction or event, whichever is earlier), of the date on which any such record is to be taken for the purpose of such dividend, distribution, right or other event, and a brief statement regarding the amount and character of such dividend, distribution, right or other event to the extent known at such time. The Borrower shall make a public announcement of any event requiring notification to the Holder hereunder substantially simultaneously with the notification to the Holder in accordance with the terms of this Section 6.8.

6.9 Remedies. The Borrower acknowledges that a breach by it of its obligations hereunder will cause irreparable harm to the Holder, by vitiating the intent and purpose of the transaction contemplated hereby. Accordingly, the Borrower acknowledges that the remedy at law for a breach of its obligations under this Note will be inadequate and agrees, in the event of a breach or threatened breach by the Borrower of the provisions of this Note, that the Holder shall be entitled, in addition to all other available remedies at law or in equity, and in addition to the penalties assessable herein, to an injunction or injunctions restraining, preventing or curing any breach of this Note and to enforce specifically the terms and provisions thereof, without the necessity of showing economic loss and without any bond or other security being required.

6.10 Construction; Headings. This Note shall be deemed to be jointly drafted by the Company and all the Holder and shall not be construed against any person as the drafter hereof. The headings of this Note are for convenience of reference and shall not form part of, or affect the interpretation of, this Note.

6.11 Usury. To the extent it may lawfully do so, the Company hereby agrees not to insist upon or plead or in any manner whatsoever claim, and will resist any and all efforts to be compelled to take the benefit or advantage of, usury laws wherever enacted, now or at any time hereafter in force, in connection with any action or proceeding that may be brought by the Holder in order to enforce any right or remedy under this Note. Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary contained in this Note, it is expressly agreed and provided that the total liability of the Company under this Note for payments which under the applicable law are in the nature of interest shall not exceed the maximum lawful rate authorized under applicable law (the “Maximum Rate”), and, without limiting the foregoing, in no event shall any rate of interest or default interest, or both of them, when aggregated with any other sums which under the applicable law in the nature of interest that the Company may be obligated to pay under this Note exceed such Maximum Rate. It is agreed that if the maximum contract rate of interest allowed by applicable law and applicable to this Note is increased or decreased by statute or any official governmental action subsequent to the Issue Date, the new maximum contract rate of interest allowed by law will be the Maximum Rate applicable to this Note from the effective date thereof forward, unless such application is precluded by applicable law. If under any circumstances whatsoever, interest in excess of the Maximum Rate is  paid by the Company to the Holder with respect to indebtedness evidenced by this the Note, such excess shall be applied by the Holder to the unpaid principal balance of any such indebtedness or be refunded to the Company, the manner of handling such excess to be at the Holder’s election.


6.12 Severability. In the event that any provision of this Note is invalid or unenforceable under any applicable statute or rule of law (including any judicial ruling), then such provision shall be deemed inoperative to the extent that it may conflict therewith and shall be deemed modified to conform with such statute or rule of law. Any such provision which may prove invalid or unenforceable under any law shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision of this Note.

[signature page follows]


IN WITNESS WHEREOF, Borrower has caused this Note to be signed in its name by its duly authorized officer as of the 14th day of September, 2020.

RAINMAKER WORLDWIDE INC.  
     
By: /s/ Michael O’Connor  
  Name: Michael O’Connor  
  Title: Executive Chairman  
     
AGREED AND ACCEPTED  
     
SPHERE 3D CORP.  
     
By: /s/ Peter Tassiopoulos  
  Title: Chief Executive Officer  
  Name: Peter Tassiopoulos  

 


EXHIBIT A – EXISTING SECURITY

The Borrower has no liens registered against it pursuant to the Uniform Commercial Code and the Personal Property Security Act (Ontario); however, the Borrower does have the following unperfected contractual liens:

1. Stadshavens Ontwikkelings Fonds voor Innovatie en Economie C.V. (aka SOFIE)

2. Icos Cleantech Early Stage Fund II B.V. & Dutch Technology Funds 1 B.V

3. Mr. M.J.C. Verkleij

4. D. Bruce Macdonald

5. Larchwood Management Partners Inc.

6. Kawartha Entertainment Group

7. 2420548 Ontario Limited

8. Goen Inc.

9. South Solutions

10. Hartland Corp.

11. Swilion Business Development B.V.

12. Descio Holding B.V.

13. Craftworks


EXHIBIT B — NOTICE OF CONVERSION

The undersigned hereby elects to convert $___________ principal amount of the Note (defined below) into that number of shares of Common Stock to be issued pursuant to the conversion of the Note (“Common Stock“) as set forth below, of Rainmaker Worldwide Inc., a Nevada corporation (the “Borrower“), according to the conditions of the Convertible Promissory Note of the Borrower dated as of September ______, 2020 (the “Note“), as of the date written below. No fee will be charged to the Holder for any conversion, except for transfer taxes, if any.

The undersigned hereby requests that the Borrower issue a certificate or certificates for the number of shares of Common Stock set forth below (which numbers are based on the Holder’s calculation attached hereto) in the name(s) specified immediately below or, if additional space is necessary, on an attachment hereto:

Date of Conversion:

 

 

 

 

$

 

Applicable Conversion Price:

 

$                                 

 

 

Number of Shares of Common Stock to be

Issued Pursuant to Conversion of the Note:
Amount of Principal Balance Due remaining
Under the Note after this conversion:

 

 

 

 

        ________________

SPHERE 3D CORP.  
     

By:

 

 

 

Name:

 

 

Title:

 

 

Date:

 

 

 

 

 



Exhibit 10.1

PURCHASE AGREEMENT

 THIS PURCHASE AGREEMENT (“Agreement“) is made as of September 14, 2020 by and among Sphere 3D Corp., an Ontario corporation (the “Company“), and the Investors set forth on the signature pages affixed hereto (each an “Investor” and collectively the “Investors“).

A. The Company and the Investors are executing and delivering this Agreement in reliance upon (i) the exemption from securities registration afforded by the provisions of Regulation D (“Regulation D“), as promulgated by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC“) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or (ii) the prospectus exemption provided by Section 2.3 of National Instrument 45-106 – Prospectus Exemptions (“NI 45 106“), in accordance with Schedule II hereto; and

B. The Investors wish to purchase from the Company, and the Company wishes to sell and issue to the Investors, upon the terms and conditions stated in this Agreement, up to an aggregate of 3,000 Preferred Stock (as defined below)(the “Transaction“).

 In consideration of the mutual promises made herein and for other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the parties hereto agree as follows:

 1. Definitions. In addition to those terms defined above and elsewhere in this Agreement, for the purposes of this Agreement, the following terms shall have the meanings set forth below:

 Affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person which directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries Controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such Person.

 Business Day” means a day, other than a Saturday or Sunday, on which banks in New York City are open for the general transaction of business.

 Canadian Investor” means an Investor that is resident in or otherwise subject to the securities laws of a jurisdiction of Canada.

 Canadian Securities Laws” means the securities laws, regulations and rules, and the blanket rulings, policies and written interpretations of and multilateral or national instruments adopted by the securities regulators in each of the provinces and territories of Canada.

 Common Share Equivalents” means any securities of the Company or the Subsidiaries which would entitle the holder thereof to acquire at any time Common Shares, including without limitation, any debt, preferred stock, rights, options, warrants or other instrument that is at any time convertible into or exchangeable for, or otherwise entitles the holder thereof to receive, Common Shares.

 Common Shares” means the common shares in the capital of the Company (no par value).

 Company’s Knowledge” means the actual knowledge of the executive officers (as defined in Rule 405 under the 1933 Act) of the Company, after due inquiry.


 Confidential Information” means trade secrets, confidential information and know-how (including but not limited to ideas, formulae, compositions, processes, procedures and techniques, research and development information, computer program code, performance specifications, support documentation, drawings, specifications, designs, business and marketing plans, and customer and supplier lists and related information).

 Control” (including the terms “controlling”, “controlled by” or “under common control with”) means the possession, direct or indirect, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise.

 Intellectual Property” means all of the following: (i) patents, patent applications, patent disclosures and inventions (whether or not patentable and whether or not reduced to practice); (ii) trademarks, service marks, trade dress, trade names, corporate names, logos, slogans and Internet domain names, together with all goodwill associated with each of the foregoing; (iii) copyrights and copyrightable works; (iv) registrations, applications and renewals for any of the foregoing; and (v) proprietary computer software (including but not limited to data, data bases and documentation).

 Material Adverse Effect” means a material adverse effect on (i) the assets, liabilities, results of operations, condition (financial or otherwise), business or prospects of the Company and its Subsidiaries taken as a whole, or (ii) the ability of the Company to perform its obligations under the Transaction Documents.

 Material Contract” means any contract, instrument or other agreement to which the Company or any Subsidiary is a party or by which it is bound which has been listed as an exhibit in the SEC Filings.

 Nasdaq” means The Nasdaq Capital Market.

 OSC” means the Ontario Securities Commission.

 Person” means an individual, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, trust, business trust, association, joint stock company, joint venture, sole proprietorship, unincorporated organization, governmental authority or any other form of entity not specifically listed herein.

 Preferred Shares” means the Common Shares issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Stock.

 Preferred Stock” means the shares of Series E Convertible Preferred Stock of the Company, convertible into Common Shares of the Company.

 Purchase Price” means $1,000 per share of Preferred Stock.

 SEC Filings” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.6.

 Securities” means the Preferred Stock and Preferred Shares.

 Short Sales” means all “short sales” as defined in Rule 200 of Regulation SHO under the 1934 Act.                           


 Subsidiary” of any Person means another Person, an amount of the voting securities, other voting ownership or voting partnership interests of which is sufficient to elect at least a majority of its Board of Directors or other governing body (or, if there are no such voting interests, 50% or more of the equity interests of which) is owned directly or indirectly by such first Person.

 Transaction Documents” means this Agreement.

 1933 Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or any successor statute, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 1934 Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or any successor statute, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 2. Purchase and Sale of the Preferred Stock. Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, each of the Investors shall severally, and not jointly, purchase, and the Company shall sell and issue to the Investors, the Preferred Stock in the respective amounts set forth on Schedule I attached hereto.

 3. Closings. Unless other arrangements have been made with a particular Investor, upon confirmation that the other conditions to closing specified herein have been satisfied or duly waived by the Investors, the Company shall deliver to Pryor Cashman LLP, in trust, a certificate or certificates, registered in such name or names as the Investors may designate, representing the Preferred Stock, with instructions that such certificates are to be held for release to the Investors only upon payment in full of the aggregate Purchase Price to the Company by the Investors. Unless other arrangements have been made with a particular Investor, upon such receipt by Pryor Cashman LLP of the certificates issuable to an Investor, such Investor shall promptly, but no more than one (1) Business Day thereafter, cause a wire transfer in same day funds to be sent to the account of the Company as instructed in writing by the Company, in an amount representing such Investor’s payment of the Purchase Price.  On the date the Company receives the Purchase Price, the certificates evidencing the Preferred Stock shall be released to the Investors (the “Closing”). The Closing of the purchase and sale of the Preferred Stock shall take place at the offices of Pryor Cashman LLP, 7 Times Square, New York, NY 10036, or at such other location and on such other date as the Company and the Investors shall mutually agree.

 4. Representations and Warranties of the Company. The Company hereby represents and warrants to each Investor that:

 4. 1 Organization, Good Standing and Qualification. Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries is a corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing (where such concept exists) under the laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation and has all requisite corporate power and authority to carry on its business as now conducted and to own or lease its properties, in each case as described in the SEC Filings. Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries is duly qualified to do business as a foreign corporation and is in good standing in each jurisdiction in which the conduct of its business or its ownership or leasing of property makes such qualification or leasing necessary unless the failure to so qualify has not had and could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 4.2 Authorization. The Company has the corporate power and authority to enter into this Agreement and has taken all requisite action on its part, its officers, directors and shareholders necessary for (i) the authorization, execution and delivery of the Transaction Documents, (ii) the authorization of the performance of all obligations of the Company hereunder or thereunder, and (iii) the authorization, issuance (or reservation for issuance) and delivery of the Securities. The Transaction Documents constitute the legal, valid and binding obligations of the Company, enforceable against the Company in accordance with their terms, subject to bankruptcy, insolvency, fraudulent transfer, reorganization, moratorium and similar laws of general applicability, relating to or affecting creditors’ rights generally and to general equitable principles.


 4.3 Capitalization. The authorized capital of the Company consists of an unlimited number of Common Shares, as set forth in the SEC Filings and in the Articles of Amalgamation of the Company, as amended and as in effect as of the date of this Agreement (the “Articles of Amalgamation“). All of the issued and outstanding Common Shares have been duly authorized and validly issued and are fully paid, nonassessable and free of pre-emptive rights and were issued in full compliance with applicable provincial, state and federal securities law and any rights of third parties. Except as described in the SEC Filings, all of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of each Subsidiary have been duly authorized and validly issued and are fully paid, nonassessable and free of pre-emptive rights, were issued in full compliance with applicable provincial, state and federal securities law and any rights of third parties and are owned by the Company, beneficially and of record, subject to no lien, encumbrance or other adverse claim. Except as described in the SEC Filings, no Person is entitled to pre-emptive or similar statutory or contractual rights with respect to any securities of the Company. Except as described in the SEC Filings, there are no outstanding warrants, options, convertible securities or other rights, agreements or arrangements of any character under which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is or may be obligated to issue any equity securities of any kind. Except as described or listed in the SEC Filings, there are no voting agreements, buy-sell agreements, option or right of first purchase agreements or other agreements of any kind among the Company and any of the security holders of the Company relating to the securities of the Company held by them. Except as described in the SEC Filings, no Person has the right to require the Company to register any securities of the Company under the 1933 Act, whether on a demand basis or in connection with the registration of securities of the Company for its own account or for the account of any other Person.  Except as described in the SEC Filings, the issuance and sale of the Securities hereunder will not obligate the Company to issue Common Shares or other securities to any other Person (other than the Investors) and will not result in the adjustment of the exercise, conversion, exchange or reset price of any outstanding security.  Except as described in the SEC Filings, the Company does not have outstanding shareholder purchase rights, a “poison pill” or any similar arrangement in effect giving any Person the right to purchase any equity interest in the Company upon the occurrence of certain events.

 4.4 Valid Issuance. The Preferred Stock has been duly and validly authorized and, when issued and paid for pursuant to this Agreement, will be validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable, and shall be free and clear of all encumbrances and restrictions, except for restrictions on transfer set forth in the Transaction Documents or imposed by applicable securities laws.

 4.5 Consents. The execution, delivery and performance by the Company of the Transaction Documents and the offer, issuance and sale of the Securities require no consent of, action by or in respect of, or filing with, any Person, governmental body, agency, or official other than filings that have been made pursuant to applicable provincial and state securities laws and post-sale filings pursuant to applicable provincial, state and federal securities laws which the Company undertakes to file within the applicable time periods. Subject to the accuracy of the representations and warranties of each Investor set forth in Section 5 hereof, and, in the case of each Canadian Investor, Schedule II hereto, the Company has taken all action necessary to exempt (i) the issuance and sale of the Securities, and (ii) the other transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents from the provisions of any shareholder rights plan or other “poison pill” arrangement, any anti-takeover, business combination or control share law or statute binding on the Company or to which the Company or any of its assets and properties may be subject and any provision of the Articles of Amalgamation or the Company’s Bylaws, as amended and as in effect as of the date of this Agreement (the “Bylaws“), that is or could reasonably be expected to become applicable to the Investors as a result of the transactions contemplated hereby, including, without limitation, the issuance of the Securities and the ownership, disposition or voting of the Securities by the Investors or the exercise of any right granted to the Investors pursuant to this Agreement or the other Transaction Documents.


 4.6 Delivery of SEC Filings; Business. The Company has made available to the Investors all reports filed or furnished by the Company pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(e), 14 and 15(d) of the 1934 Act since July 7, 2014 (collectively, the “SEC Filings“). The SEC Filings are the only filings required of the Company pursuant to the 1934 Act for such period. The Company and its Subsidiaries are engaged in all material respects only in the business described in the SEC Filings and the SEC Filings contain a complete and accurate description in all material respects of the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole.

 4.7 Use of Proceeds. The net proceeds of the sale of the Preferred Stock hereunder shall be used by the Company for working capital and general corporate purposes, to fund potential acquisitions of the stock or assets of other companies, and for an advance of approximately $1,850,000 to Rainmaker Worldwide Inc. (“Rainmaker“), in advance of the Company’s merger with Rainmaker.

 4.8 No Material Adverse Change. Since December 31, 2019, except as described in the SEC Filings, there has not been:

 (i) any change in the consolidated assets, liabilities, financial condition or operating results of the Company from that reflected in the financial statements included in the SEC Filings, except for changes in the ordinary course of business which have not had and could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, individually or in the aggregate;

 (ii) any declaration or payment of any dividend, or any authorization or payment of any distribution, on any of the capital stock of the Company, or any redemption or repurchase of any securities of the Company;

 (iii) any material damage, destruction or loss, whether or not covered by insurance to any assets or properties of the Company or its Subsidiaries;

 (iv) any waiver, not in the ordinary course of business, by the Company or any Subsidiary of a material right or of a material debt owed to it;

 (v) any satisfaction or discharge of any lien, claim or encumbrance or payment of any obligation by the Company or a Subsidiary, except in the ordinary course of business and which is not material to the assets, properties, financial condition, operating results or business of the Company and its Subsidiaries taken as a whole (as such business is presently conducted and as it is proposed to be conducted);

 (vi) any change or amendment to the Articles of Amalgamation (other than in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby) or Bylaws, or material change to any material contract or arrangement by which the Company or any Subsidiary is bound or to which any of their respective assets or properties is subject;

 (vii) any material labor difficulties or labor union organizing activities with respect to employees of the Company or any Subsidiary;

 (viii) any material transaction entered into by the Company or a Subsidiary other than in the ordinary course of business;


 (ix) the loss of the services of any key employee, or material change in the composition or duties of the senior management of the Company or any Subsidiary;

 (x) the loss or, to the Company’s Knowledge, threatened loss of any customer which has had or could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; or

 (xi) any other event or condition of any character that has had or could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 4.9 SEC Filings. At the time of filing thereof, the SEC Filings complied as to form in all material respects with the requirements of the 1934 Act and did not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements made therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.

 4.10 No Conflict, Breach, Violation or Default. The execution, delivery and performance of the Transaction Documents by the Company and the issuance and sale of the Securities will not (i) conflict with or result in a breach or violation of (a) any of the terms and provisions of, or constitute a default under the Articles of Amalgamation or the Bylaws (true and complete copies of which have been made available to the Investors through the EDGAR system), or (b) any statute, rule, regulation or order of any governmental agency or body or any court, domestic or foreign, having jurisdiction over the Company, any Subsidiary or any of their respective assets or properties, or (ii) conflict with, or constitute a default (or an event that with notice or lapse of time or both would become a default) under, result in the creation of any lien, encumbrance or other adverse claim upon any of the properties or assets of the Company or any Subsidiary or give to others any rights of termination, amendment, acceleration or cancellation (with or without notice, lapse of time or both) of, any Material Contract, except in the case of clauses (i)(b) and (ii) above, such as could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, individually or in the aggregate.

 4.11 Tax Matters. The Company and each Subsidiary has prepared and filed (or filed applicable extensions therefore) all tax returns required to have been filed by the Company or such Subsidiary with all appropriate governmental agencies and paid all taxes shown thereon or otherwise owed by it, other than any such taxes which the Company or any Subsidiary are contesting in good faith and for which adequate reserves have been provided and reflected in the Company’s financial statements included in the SEC Filings. The charges, accruals and reserves on the books of the Company in respect of taxes for all fiscal periods are adequate in all material respects, and there are no material unpaid assessments against the Company or any Subsidiary nor, to the Company’s Knowledge, any basis for the assessment of any additional taxes, penalties or interest for any fiscal period or audits by any federal, state or local taxing authority except for any assessment which is not material to the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole. All taxes and other assessments and levies that the Company or any Subsidiary is required to withhold or to collect for payment have been duly withheld and collected and paid to the proper governmental entity or third party when due, other than any such taxes which the Company or any Subsidiary are contesting in good faith and for which adequate reserves have been provided and reflected in the Company’s financial statements included in the SEC Filings. There are no tax liens or claims pending or, to the Company’s Knowledge, threatened in writing against the Company or any Subsidiary or any of their respective assets or property. Except as described in the SEC Filings, there are no outstanding tax sharing agreements or other such arrangements between the Company and any Subsidiary or other corporation or entity.


 4.12 Title to Properties. Except as disclosed in the SEC Filings, the Company and each Subsidiary has good and marketable title to all real properties and all other properties and assets (excluding Intellectual Property assets which are the subject of Section 4.15 hereof) owned by it, in each case free from liens, encumbrances and defects that would materially affect the value thereof or materially interfere with the use made or currently planned to be made thereof by them; and except as disclosed in the SEC Filings, the Company and each Subsidiary holds any leased real or personal property under valid and enforceable leases with no exceptions that would materially interfere with the use made or currently planned to be made thereof by them.

 4.13 Certificates, Authorities and Permits. The Company and each Subsidiary possess adequate certificates, authorities or permits issued by appropriate governmental agencies or bodies necessary to conduct the business now operated by it, except to the extent failure to possess such certificates, authorities or permits could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, individually or in the aggregate, and neither the Company nor any Subsidiary has received any notice of proceedings relating to the revocation or modification of any such certificate, authority or permit that, if determined adversely to the Company or such Subsidiary, could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, individually or in the aggregate.

 4.14 Labor Matters.

 (a) Except as set forth in the SEC Filings, the Company is not a party to or bound by any collective bargaining agreements or other agreements with labor organizations. The Company has not violated in any material respect any laws, regulations, orders or contract terms, affecting the collective bargaining rights of employees, labor organizations or any laws, regulations or orders affecting employment discrimination, equal opportunity employment, or employees’ health, safety, welfare, wages and hours.

 (b) (i) There are no labor complaint, grievance, disputes or arbitration existing, or to the Company’s Knowledge, threatened, involving strikes, slow-downs, work stoppages, job actions, disputes, lockouts or any other disruptions of or by the Company’s employees, (ii) there are no unfair labor practices or petitions for election pending or, to the Company’s Knowledge, threatened before the Ontario Labour Relations Board, the National Labor Relations Board or any other federal, provincial, state or local labor commission or tribunal relating to the Company’s employees, (iii) no demand for recognition or certification heretofore made by any labor organization or group of employees is pending with respect to the Company and (iv) to the Company’s Knowledge, the Company enjoys good labor and employee relations with its employees and labor organizations.

 (c) The Company is, and at all times has been, in compliance with all applicable laws respecting employment (including laws relating to classification of employees and independent contractors) and employment practices, terms and conditions of employment, wages and hours, and immigration and naturalization, except where the failure to so comply could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, individually or in the aggregate. There are no claims pending against the Company before the Human Rights Code, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission or any other administrative body or in any court asserting any violation of the Human Rights Code, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination Act of 1967, 42 U.S.C. §§ 1981 or 1983 or any other federal, provincial, state or local Law, statute or ordinance barring discrimination in employment.

 (d) To the Company’s Knowledge, the Company has no liability for the improper classification by the Company of its employees as independent contractors or leased employees prior to each Closing.


 4.15 Intellectual Property. The Company and the Subsidiaries own, or have obtained valid and enforceable licenses for, or other rights to use, the Intellectual Property necessary for the conduct of the business of the Company and the Subsidiaries as currently conducted and as described in the SEC Filings as being owned or licensed by them, except where the failure to own, license or have such rights could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, individually or in the aggregate. Except as described in the SEC Filings, (i) to the Company’s Knowledge, there are no third parties who have or will be able to establish rights to any Intellectual Property, except for the ownership rights of the owners of the Intellectual Property which is licensed to the Company as described in the SEC Filings or where such rights could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, individually or in the aggregate, (ii) there is no pending or, to the Company’s Knowledge, threat of any, action, suit, proceeding or claim by others challenging the Company’s or any Subsidiary’s rights in or to, or the validity, enforceability, or scope of, any Intellectual Property owned by or licensed to the Company or any Subsidiary or claiming that the use of any Intellectual Property by the Company or any Subsidiary in their respective businesses as currently conducted infringes, violates or otherwise conflicts with the intellectual property rights of any third party, and (iii) to the Company’s Knowledge, the use by the Company or any Subsidiary of any Intellectual Property by the Company or any Subsidiary in their respective businesses as currently conducted does not infringe, violate or otherwise conflict with the intellectual property rights of any third party.

 4.16 Environmental Matters. To the Company’s Knowledge, neither the Company nor any Subsidiary is in violation of any statute, rule, regulation, decision or order of any governmental agency or body or any court, domestic or foreign, relating to the use, disposal or release of hazardous or toxic substances or relating to the protection or restoration of the environment or human exposure to hazardous or toxic substances (collectively, “Environmental Laws“), owns or operates any real property contaminated with any substance that is subject to any Environmental Laws, is liable for any off-site disposal or contamination pursuant to any Environmental Laws, or is subject to any claim relating to any Environmental Laws, which violation, contamination, liability or claim has had or could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, individually or in the aggregate; and there is no pending or, to the Company’s Knowledge, threatened investigation that might lead to such a claim.

 4.17 Litigation. There are no pending actions, suits or proceedings against or affecting the Company, its Subsidiaries or any of its or their properties; and to the Company’s Knowledge, no such actions, suits or proceedings are threatened, except (i) as described in the SEC Filings or (ii) any such proceeding, which if resolved adversely to the Company or any Subsidiary, could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, individually or in the aggregate. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary, nor any director or officer thereof, is or since January 1, 2018 has been the subject of any action involving a claim of violation of or liability under federal, provincial, or state securities laws or a claim of breach of fiduciary duty. There has not been, and to the Company’s Knowledge, there is not pending or contemplated, any investigation by the OSC (or any other Canadian securities regulatory authority) or SEC involving the Company or any current or former director or officer of the Company. The SEC has not issued any stop order or other order suspending the effectiveness of any registration statement filed by the Company or any Subsidiary under the 1933 Act or the 1934 Act.

 4.18 Financial Statements. The financial statements included in each SEC Filing comply in all material respects with applicable accounting requirements and the rules and regulations of the SEC with respect thereto as in effect at the time of filing (or to the extent corrected by a subsequent restatement) and present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company as of the dates shown and its consolidated results of operations and cash flows for the periods shown, and such financial statements have been prepared in conformity with United States generally accepted accounting principles applied on a consistent basis (“GAAP“) (except as may be disclosed therein or in the notes thereto). Except as set forth in the SEC Filings filed prior to the date hereof, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has incurred any liabilities, contingent or otherwise, except those incurred in the ordinary course of business, consistent (as to amount and nature) with past practices since the date of such financial statements, none of which, individually or in the aggregate, have had or could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.


 4.19 Insurance Coverage. The Company and each Subsidiary maintain in full force and effect insurance coverage that is customary for comparably situated companies for the business being conducted and properties owned or leased by the Company and each Subsidiary.

 4.20 Brokers and Finders. No Person, including, without limitation, any Investor or any current holder of Common Shares, will have, as a result of the transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents, any valid right, interest or claim against or upon the Company, any Subsidiary or an Investor for any commission, fee or other compensation pursuant to any agreement, arrangement or understanding entered into by or on behalf of the Company.

 4.21 No Directed Selling Efforts or General Solicitation. Neither the Company nor any Person acting on its behalf has conducted any general solicitation or general advertising (as those terms are used in Regulation D) in connection with the offer or sale of any of the Securities.

 4.22 No Integrated Offering. Assuming the accuracy of the Investors’ representations and warranties set forth in Section 5 hereof, neither the Company nor any of its Affiliates, nor any Person acting on its or their behalf has, directly or indirectly, made any offers or sales of any Company security or solicited any offers to buy any security, which are or will be integrated with this offering of the Securities hereunder in a manner that would adversely affect reliance by the Company on Section 4(a)(2) for the exemption from registration for the transactions contemplated hereby or would require registration of the Securities under the 1933 Act.

 4.23 Private Placement. Assuming the accuracy of the Investors’ representations and warranties set forth in Section 5 hereof and, in the case of Canadian Investors, Schedule II hereto, the offer and sale of the Securities to the Investors as contemplated hereby is exempt from the registration requirements of the 1933 Act, and, in the case of Canadian Investors, is exempt from the prospectus requirement under applicable Canadian Securities Laws.

 4.24 Questionable Payments. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries nor, to the Company’s Knowledge, any of their respective current or former shareholders, directors, officers, employees, agents or other Persons acting on behalf of the Company or any Subsidiary, has, on behalf of the Company or any Subsidiary or in connection with their respective businesses, (i) used any corporate funds for unlawful contributions, gifts, entertainment or other unlawful expenses relating to political activity, (ii) made any direct or indirect unlawful payments to any governmental officials or employees from corporate funds, (iii) established or maintained any unlawful or unrecorded fund of corporate monies or other assets, (iv) made any false or fictitious entries on the books and records of the Company or any Subsidiary, or (v) made any unlawful bribe, rebate, payoff, influence payment, kickback or other unlawful payment of any nature.

 4.25 Transactions with Affiliates. Except as disclosed in the SEC Filings and except as would not be required to be disclosed in the SEC Filings, none of the officers or directors of the Company and, to the Company’s Knowledge, none of the employees of the Company is presently a party to any transaction with the Company or any Subsidiary (other than as holders of stock options and/or warrants, and for services as employees, officers and directors), including any contract, agreement or other arrangement providing for the furnishing of services to or by, providing for rental of real or personal property to or from, or otherwise requiring payments to or from any officer, director or such employee or, to the Company’s Knowledge, any entity in which any officer, director, or any such employee has a substantial interest or is an officer, director, trustee or partner.


 4.26 Internal Controls. The Company is in material compliance with the provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 currently applicable to the Company. The Company and the Subsidiaries maintain a system of internal accounting controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurance that (i) transactions are executed in accordance with management’s general or specific authorizations, (ii) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP and to maintain asset accountability, (iii) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with management’s general or specific authorization, and (iv) the recorded accountability for assets is compared with the existing assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences. The Company has established disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in 1934 Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) for the Company and designed such disclosure controls and procedures to ensure that material information relating to the Company, including the Subsidiaries, is made known to the certifying officers by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which the Company’s most recently filed periodic report under the 1934 Act, as the case may be, is being prepared. The Company’s certifying officers have evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by the most recently filed periodic report under the 1934 Act (such date, the “Evaluation Date“). The Company presented in its most recently filed periodic report under the 1934 Act the conclusions of the certifying officers about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures based on their evaluations as of the Evaluation Date. Since the Evaluation Date, there have been no significant changes in the Company’s internal controls (as such term is defined in Item 308 of Regulation S-K) or, to the Company’s Knowledge, in other factors that could significantly affect the Company’s internal controls. The Company maintains and will continue to maintain a standard system of accounting established and administered in accordance with GAAP and the applicable requirements of the 1934 Act.

 4.27 Investment Company. The Company is not required to be registered as, and is not an Affiliate of, and immediately following each of the Closings will not be required to register as, an “investment company” within the meaning of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.

Each of the Investors acknowledges and agrees that the Company has not made any representations or warranties with respect to the transactions contemplated hereby other than those specifically set forth in this Section 4. Each of the Investors further acknowledges and agrees that neither the Company nor any other Person has made any representation or warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of any information received by any such Investor which constitutes or may be deemed to constitute a projection, estimate or other forecast and certain business plan information, except that such information was prepared in good faith and based upon assumptions that the Company believes to have been reasonable at the time such information, if any, was provided to the applicable Investor.

 5. Representations and Warranties of the Investors. Each of the Investors hereby severally, and not jointly, represents and warrants to the Company that:

 5.1 Organization and Existence.  If such Investor is a corporation, limited partnership or limited liability company, it is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or organization and has all requisite corporate, partnership or limited liability company power and authority to enter into and to consummate the transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents and otherwise to carry out its obligations hereunder and thereunder.


 5.2 Authorization. The execution, delivery and performance by such Investor of the Transaction Documents to which such Investor is a party have been duly authorized and each will constitute the legal, valid and binding obligation of such Investor, enforceable against such Investor in accordance with their respective terms, subject to bankruptcy, insolvency, fraudulent transfer, reorganization, moratorium and similar laws of general applicability, relating to or affecting creditors’ rights generally.

 5.3 Consents. All consents, approvals, orders and authorizations required on the part of such Investor in connection with the execution, delivery or performance of each Transaction Document and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby have been obtained and are effective as of the date hereof.

 5.4 Purchase Entirely for Own Account. The Securities to be received by such Investor hereunder will be acquired for such Investor’s own account, not as nominee, trustee, representative or agent, and not with a view to the resale or distribution of any part thereof in violation of the 1933 Act, and such Investor has no present intention of selling, granting any participation in, or otherwise distributing the same and has no arrangement or understanding with any other Persons regarding the distribution of such Securities in violation of the 1933 Act or any applicable federal, provincial or state securities law without prejudice, however, to such Investor’s right at all times to sell or otherwise dispose of all or any part of such Securities in compliance with applicable federal, provincial and state securities laws. Such Investor is acquiring the Securities hereunder in the ordinary course of its business. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed a representation or warranty by such Investor to hold the Securities for any period of time. Such Investor is not a broker-dealer registered with the SEC under the 1934 Act or an entity engaged in a business that would require it to be so registered.

 5.5 Investment Experience. Such Investor acknowledges that it can bear the economic risk and complete loss of its investment in the Securities and has such knowledge and experience in financial or business matters that it is capable of evaluating the merits and risks of the investment contemplated hereby.

 5.6 Disclosure of Information. Such Investor has had an opportunity to receive all information related to the Company requested by it and to ask questions of and receive answers from the Company regarding the Company, its business and the terms and conditions of the offering of the Securities. Such Investor acknowledges receipt of copies of the SEC Filings. Neither such inquiries nor any other due diligence investigation conducted by such Investor shall modify, limit or otherwise affect such Investor’s right to rely on the Company’s representations and warranties contained in this Agreement.

 5.7 Restricted Securities. Such Investor understands that the Securities are characterized as “restricted securities” under the U.S. federal securities laws inasmuch as they are being acquired from the Company in a transaction not involving a public offering and that under such laws and applicable regulations such securities may be resold without registration under the 1933 Act only in certain limited circumstances.

 5.8 Legends. It is understood that, except as provided below, certificates evidencing the Securities and any record of a book entry or electronic issuance evidencing the Securities may bear the following or any similar legend:

 (a) “THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED HEREBY HAVE NOT BEEN REGISTERED WITH THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION OR THE SECURITIES COMMISSION OF ANY STATE IN RELIANCE UPON AN EXEMPTION FROM REGISTRATION UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE “SECURITIES ACT“), AND, ACCORDINGLY, MAY NOT BE TRANSFERRED UNLESS (I) SUCH SECURITIES HAVE BEEN REGISTERED FOR SALE PURSUANT TO THE SECURITIES ACT, (II) SUCH SECURITIES MAY BE SOLD PURSUANT TO RULE 144, OR (III) THE COMPANY HAS RECEIVED AN OPINION OF COUNSEL TO THE TRANSFEROR, THE SUBSTANCE OF WHICH OPINION SHALL BE REASONABLY SATISFACTORY TO THE COMPANY, THAT SUCH TRANSFER MAY LAWFULLY BE MADE WITHOUT REGISTRATION UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT.”


 (b) If required by the authorities of any state in connection with the issuance of sale of the Securities, the legend required by such state authority, including the legend set forth in Schedule II hereto.

 5.9 Accredited Investor. (i) In the case of a non-Canadian Investor, such Investor is an accredited investor as defined in Rule 501(a) of Regulation D, as amended, under the 1933 Act, or (ii) in the case of a Canadian investor, has completed, executed and delivered to the Company the form attached hereto as Schedule II. Such Investor was not organized for the specific purpose of acquiring the Securities and is not required to be registered as a broker-dealer under Section 15 of the Exchange Act. Each Canadian Investor shall complete, execute and deliver to the Company the form attached hereto as Schedule II.

 5.10 No General Solicitation. Such Investor did not learn of the investment in the Securities as a result of any general solicitation or general advertising.

 5.11 Brokers and Finders. No Person will have, as a result of the transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents, any valid right, interest or claim against or upon the Company, any Subsidiary or an Investor for any commission, fee or other compensation pursuant to any agreement, arrangement or understanding entered into by or on behalf of such Investor.

 5.12 Prohibited Transactions. Since the such time as such Investor was first contacted by the Company or any other Person acting on behalf of the Company regarding the transactions contemplated hereby through the public announcement of the Transaction, neither such Investor nor any Affiliate of such Investor which (a) had knowledge of the transactions contemplated hereby, (b) has or shares discretion relating to such Investor’s investments or trading or information concerning such Investor’s investments, including in respect of the Securities, or (c) is subject to such Investor’s review or input concerning such Affiliate’s investments or trading (collectively, “Trading Affiliates“) has, directly or indirectly, effected or agreed to effect, or will directly or indirectly effect, any short sale, whether or not against the box, established any “put equivalent position” (as defined in Rule 16a-1(h) under the 1934 Act) with respect to the Common Shares, granted any other right (including, without limitation, any put or call option) with respect to the Common Shares or with respect to any security that includes, relates to or derived any significant part of its value from the Common Shares or otherwise sought to hedge its position in the Securities (each, a “Prohibited Transaction“). Such Investor acknowledges that the representations, warranties and covenants contained in this Section 5.12 are being made for the benefit of the Investors as well as the Company and that each of the other Investors shall have an independent right to assert any claims against such Investor arising out of any breach or violation of the provisions of this Section 5.12.

The Company acknowledges and agrees that each Investor has not made any representations or warranties with respect to the transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents other than those specifically set forth in this Section 5 and, in the case of each Canadian investor, Schedule II hereto.

 6. Conditions to Closings.


 6.1 Conditions to the Investors’ Obligations. The obligation of each Investor to purchase the Preferred Stock is subject to the fulfillment to such Investor’s satisfaction, on or prior to the Closing Date, of the following conditions, any of which may be waived by such Investor (as to itself only):

 (a) The representations and warranties made by the Company in Section 4 hereof qualified as to materiality shall be true and correct at all times prior to and on the applicable Closing Date as so qualified, except to the extent any such representation or warranty expressly speaks as of an earlier date, in which case such representation or warranty shall be true and correct as of such earlier date as so qualified, and, the representations and warranties made by the Company in Section 4 hereof not qualified as to materiality shall be true and correct in all material respects at all times prior to and on the Closing Date, except to the extent any such representation or warranty expressly speaks as of an earlier date, in which case such representation or warranty shall be true and correct in all material respects as of such earlier date. The Company shall have performed in all material respects all obligations and covenants herein required to be performed by it on or prior to the Closing Date.

 (b) The Company shall have obtained any and all consents, permits, approvals, registrations and waivers necessary or appropriate for consummation of the purchase and sale of the Securities and the consummation of the other transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents, all of which shall be in full force and effect.

 (c) If applicable, the Company shall have filed with Nasdaq a Notification Form: Listing of Additional Shares for the listing of the Preferred Shares on Nasdaq.

 (d) No judgment, writ, order, injunction, award or decree of or by any court, or judge, justice or magistrate, including any bankruptcy court or judge, or any order of or by any governmental authority, shall have been issued, and no action or proceeding shall have been instituted by any governmental authority, enjoining or preventing the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or in the other Transaction Documents.

 (e) No stop order or suspension of trading shall have been imposed by Nasdaq, the SEC or any other governmental or regulatory body with respect to public trading in the Common Shares.

 6.2 Conditions to Obligations of the Company. The Company’s obligation to sell and issue the Preferred Stock is subject to the fulfillment to the satisfaction of the Company on or prior to the Closing Date of the following conditions, any of which may be waived by the Company:

 (a) The representations and warranties made by the Investors in Section 5 hereof and, in the case of Canadian Investors, Schedule II hereto, other than the representations and warranties contained in Sections 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7, 5.8, 5.9 and 5.10 (the “Investment Representations“), shall be true and correct in all material respects when made, and shall be true and correct in all material respects on the applicable Closing Date with the same force and effect as if they had been made on and as of said date. The Investment Representations shall be true and correct in all respects when made, and shall be true and correct in all respects on the applicable Closing Date with the same force and effect as if they had been made on and as of said date. The Investors shall have performed in all material respects all obligations and covenants herein required to be performed by them on or prior to the applicable Closing Date.

 (b) The Investors shall have delivered the Purchase Price to the Company.


 6.3 Termination of Obligations to Effect Closing; Effects.

 (a) The obligations of the Company, on the one hand, and the Investors, on the other hand, to effect the Closing shall terminate as follows:

 (i) Upon the mutual written consent of the Company and the Investors;

 (ii) By the Company if any of the conditions set forth in Section 6.2 shall have become incapable of fulfillment, and shall not have been waived by the Company;

 (iii) By an Investor (with respect to itself only) if any of the conditions set forth in Section 6.1 shall have become incapable of fulfillment, and shall not have been waived by the Investor; or

 (iv) By either the Company or any Investor (with respect to itself only) the Closing has not occurred on or prior to September 30, 2020;

provided, however, that, except in the case of clause (i) above, the party seeking to terminate its obligation to effect the Closing shall not then be in breach of any of its representations, warranties, covenants or agreements contained in this Agreement or the other Transaction Documents if such breach has resulted in the circumstances giving rise to such party’s seeking to terminate its obligation to effect the applicable Closing.

 (b) In the event of termination by the Company or any Investor of its obligations to effect the Closing pursuant to this Section 6.3, written notice thereof shall forthwith be given to the other Investors by the Company and the other Investors shall have the right to terminate their obligations to effect the Closing upon written notice to the Company and the other Investors. Nothing in this Section 6.3 shall be deemed to release any party from any liability for any breach by such party of the terms and provisions of this Agreement or the other Transaction Documents or to impair the right of any party to compel specific performance by any other party of its obligations under this Agreement or the other Transaction Documents.

 7. Covenants and Agreements.

 7.1 Reports. The Company will furnish to the Investors and/or their assignees such information relating to the Company and its Subsidiaries as from time to time may reasonably be requested by the Investors and/or their assignees; provided, however, that the Company shall not disclose material nonpublic information to the Investors, or to advisors to or representatives of the Investors, in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement unless prior to disclosure of such information the Company identifies such information as being material nonpublic information and provides the Investors, such advisors and representatives with the opportunity to accept or refuse to accept such material nonpublic information for review and any Investor wishing to obtain such information enters into an appropriate confidentiality agreement with the Company with respect thereto.

 7.2 No Conflicting Agreements. The Company will not take any action, enter into any agreement or make any commitment that would conflict or interfere in any material respect with the Company’s obligations to the Investors under the Transaction Documents.


 7.3 Compliance with Laws. The Company will comply in all material respects with all applicable laws, rules, regulations, orders and decrees of all governmental authorities.

 7.4 Listing of Preferred Shares and Related Matters. Promptly following the date hereof, the Company shall take all necessary action to cause the Preferred Shares to be listed on Nasdaq no later than the Closing Date. Further, if the Company applies to have its Common Shares or other securities traded on any other principal stock exchange or market, it shall include in such application the Preferred Shares and will take such other action as is necessary to cause such Common Shares to be so listed. The Company will use commercially reasonable efforts to continue the listing and trading of its Common Shares on Nasdaq and, in accordance, therewith, will use commercially reasonable efforts to comply in all respects with the Company’s reporting, filing and other obligations under the bylaws or rules of such market or exchange, as applicable.

 7.5 Termination of Covenants. The provisions of Sections 7.2 through 7.4 shall terminate and be of no further force and effect on the earlier of (i) the sale or disposition of any Securities by an Investor pursuant to Rule 144 or pursuant to any other exemption under the 1933 Act such that the purchaser acquires freely tradable securities or (ii) any Securities of the Investor becoming eligible to be sold without restriction pursuant to Rule 144.

 7.6 Removal of Legends. Upon the earlier of (i) the sale or disposition of any Securities by an Investor pursuant to Rule 144 or pursuant to any other exemption under the 1933 Act such that the purchaser acquires freely tradable securities or (ii) any Securities of the Investor becoming eligible to be sold without restriction pursuant to Rule 144, upon the written request of such Investor, subject to any applicable Canadian Securities Laws, the Company shall or, in the case of Common Shares, shall cause the transfer agent for the Common Shares (the “Transfer Agent“) to issue replacement certificates representing such Securities or updated or replacement records of book entries or electronic issuances evidencing such Securities. From and after the earlier of such dates, upon an Investor’s written request, the Company shall promptly cause certificates or records of book-entries or electronic issuances evidencing the Investor’s Securities to be replaced with certificates or records of book-entries or electronic issuances, respectively, which do not bear such restrictive legends. In addition, upon the Preferred Shares becoming eligible to be sold without restriction pursuant to Rule 144, the Company shall (1) deliver to the Transfer Agent irrevocable instructions that the Transfer Agent shall reissue a certificate or a record of book entry or electronic issuance representing Common Shares without legends upon receipt by such Transfer Agent of the legended certificates or the appropriate ownership records of book-entry or electronically issued Common Shares bearing legends, as applicable, for such Common Shares, together with either (A) a customary representation by the Investor that Rule 144 applies to the Common Shares represented thereby or (B) a statement by the Investor that such Investor has sold the Common Shares represented thereby in accordance with the Plan of Distribution contained in the Registration Statement, and (2) cause its counsel to deliver to the Transfer Agent one or more blanket opinions to the effect that the removal of such legends in such circumstances may be effected under the 1933 Act.

 7.7 Short Sales.  Each Investor, severally and not jointly with the other Investors, represents and warrants and covenants that neither it, nor any affiliate acting on its behalf or pursuant to any understanding with it, has in the past executed, currently holds, or will execute, any Short Sales of any of the Company’s securities prior to the one-year anniversary of the Closing. 

 7.8 Subsequent Equity Sales.  From the date hereof until such time as the Investors in the aggregate hold less than 10% of the Preferred Stock issued at Closing, the Company shall not issue, enter into any agreement to issue or announce the issuance or proposed issuance of any shares of Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalents without the prior written consent of a majority-in-interest of the then outstanding Preferred Stock.


 7.9 Registration Rights.  On or prior to the fourteenth day following the Closing, the Company shall prepare and file with the SEC a registration statement covering the resale of all Preferred Shares (collectively, the “Registrable Securities“) not already covered by an existing and effective registration statement for an offering to be made on a continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 of the 1933 Act.  The Company shall cause each registration statement required to be filed under this Agreement to be declared effective under the 1933 Act as soon as possible, and shall use its reasonable best efforts to keep each such registration statement continuously effective during the period commencing on the date the SEC declares such registration statement effective, and ending on the earliest to occur of (a) the one year anniversary of such effective date and (b) such time as there shall cease to be any Registrable Securities covered by any such registration statement.  If for any reason other than due solely to an SEC restrictions, a registration statement is effective but not all outstanding Registrable Securities are registered for resale pursuant thereto, then the Company shall prepare and file an additional registration statement to register the resale of all such unregistered Registrable Securities for an offering to be made on a continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415.  In the event there is not an effective registration statement registering the resale of the Registrable Securities by the 90th day following the Closing Date, other than pursuant to an SEC restriction as provided in a comment from the SEC to the Company, then the definition of Conversion Price (as defined in the Certificate of Designation for the Preferred Stock) shall be deleted and replaced with the following: 

“The conversion price per share for the Preferred Stock shall be equal to the lower of (1) 70% of the average of the three (3) lowest VWAPs of the Common Stock during the ten (10) Trading Days immediately preceding, but not including, the Conversion Date and (2) $2.00, subject to adjustment as set forth herein, provided, however, that in no event shall the Conversion Price be lower than $1.00 per share, subject to adjustment as set forth herein (the “Conversion Price“).”

 8. Indemnification.

 8.1  Indemnification. The Company agrees to indemnify and hold harmless each Investor and its Affiliates and their respective directors, officers, trustees, members, managers, employees and agents, and their respective successors and assigns, from and against any and all losses, claims, damages, liabilities and expenses (including, without limitation, reasonable attorney fees and disbursements (subject to Section 8.2 below) and other expenses incurred in connection with investigating, preparing or defending any action, claim or proceeding, pending or threatened and the costs of enforcement thereof) (collectively, “Losses“) to which such Person may become subject as a result of any breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or agreement made by or to be performed on the part of the Company under the Transaction Documents, and will reimburse any such Person for all such amounts as they are incurred by such Person.

8.2 Conduct of Indemnification Proceedings. Any person entitled to indemnification hereunder shall (i) give prompt notice to the indemnifying party of any claim with respect to which it seeks indemnification and (ii) permit such indemnifying party to assume the defense of such claim with counsel reasonably satisfactory to the indemnified party; provided that any person entitled to indemnification hereunder shall have the right to employ separate counsel and to participate in the defense of such claim, but the fees and expenses of such counsel shall be at the expense of such person unless (a) the indemnifying party has agreed to pay such fees or expenses, (b) the indemnifying party shall have failed to assume the defense of such claim and employ counsel reasonably satisfactory to such person or (c) in the reasonable judgment of any such person, based upon written advice of its counsel, a conflict of interest exists between such person and the indemnifying party with respect to such claims (in which case, if the person notifies the indemnifying party in writing that such person elects to employ separate counsel at the expense of the indemnifying party, the indemnifying party shall not have the right to assume the defense of such claim on behalf of such person); and provided, further, that the failure of any indemnified party to give notice as provided herein shall not relieve the indemnifying party of its obligations hereunder, except to the extent that such failure to give notice shall materially adversely affect the indemnifying party in the defense of any such claim or litigation. It is understood that the indemnifying party shall not, in connection with any proceeding in the same jurisdiction, be liable for fees or expenses of more than one separate firm of attorneys at any time for all such indemnified parties. No indemnifying party will, except with the consent of the indemnified party, consent to entry of any judgment or enter into any settlement that does not include as an unconditional term thereof the giving by the claimant or plaintiff to such indemnified party of a release from all liability in respect of such claim or litigation. The Company will not be liable to any indemnified party under this Agreement (x) for any settlement by such indemnified party effected without the Company’s prior written consent, which shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed, or (y) for any Losses incurred by such indemnified party which a court of competent jurisdiction determines in a final judgment which is not subject to further appeal are solely attributable to (A) a breach of any of the representations, warranties, covenants or agreements made by such indemnified party under this Agreement or in any other Transaction Document or (B) the fraud, gross negligence or willful misconduct of such indemnified party.


 9. Miscellaneous.

 9.1 Successors and Assigns. This Agreement may not be assigned by a party hereto without the prior written consent of the Company or the Investors, as applicable, provided, however, that an Investor may assign its rights and delegate its duties hereunder in whole or in part to an Affiliate or to a third party acquiring some or all of its Securities in a transaction complying with applicable securities laws without the prior written consent of the Company or the other Investors. The provisions of this Agreement shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the respective permitted successors and assigns of the parties. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, in the event that the Company is a party to a merger, amalgamation, consolidation, share exchange or similar business combination transaction in which the Common Shares is converted into the equity securities of another Person, from and after the effective time of such transaction, such Person shall, by virtue of such transaction, be deemed to have assumed the obligations of the Company hereunder, the term “Company” shall be deemed to refer to such Person and the term “Common Shares” shall be deemed to refer to the securities received by the Investors in connection with such transaction. Nothing in this Agreement, express or implied, is intended to confer upon any party other than the parties hereto or their respective successors and assigns any rights, remedies, obligations, or liabilities under or by reason of this Agreement, except as expressly provided in this Agreement.

 9.2 Counterparts; Faxes. This Agreement may be executed in two or more counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, but all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument. This Agreement may also be executed via facsimile, which shall be deemed an original.

 9.3 Titles and Subtitles. The titles and subtitles used in this Agreement are used for convenience only and are not to be considered in construing or interpreting this Agreement.

 9.4 Notices. Unless otherwise provided, any notice required or permitted under this Agreement shall be given in writing and shall be deemed effectively given as hereinafter described (i) if given by personal delivery, then such notice shall be deemed given upon such delivery, (ii) if given by electronic mail, telex or telecopier, then such notice shall be deemed given upon receipt of confirmation of complete transmittal, (iii) if given by mail, then such notice shall be deemed given upon the earlier of (a) receipt of such notice by the recipient or (b) three days after such notice is deposited in first class mail, postage prepaid, and (iv) if given by an internationally recognized overnight air courier, then such notice shall be deemed given one Business Day after delivery to such carrier. All notices shall be addressed to the party to be notified at the address as follows, or at such other address as such party may designate by ten days’ advance written notice to the other party:


 If to the Company:

Sphere 3D Corp.

895 Don Mills Road, Building 2, Suite 900

Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3C 1W3

Attention:  Peter Tassiopoulos, Chief Executive Officer

Fax:  (858) 495-4267

 With a copy to:

Pryor Cashman LLP

7 Times Square

New York, New York 10036

Attention: M. Ali Panjwani, Esq.

Fax: (212) 326-0806

 If to the Investors:

 to the addresses set forth on the signature pages hereto.

 9.5 Expenses. The parties hereto shall pay their own costs and expenses in connection herewith, regardless of whether the transactions contemplated hereby are consummated, except that at Closing, the Investors shall be reimbursed for their reasonable, documented, out-of-pocket legal expenses associated with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, in an amount not to exceed $25,000 in the aggregate.  In the event that legal proceedings are commenced by any party to this Agreement against another party to this Agreement in connection with this Agreement or the other Transaction Documents, the party or parties which do not prevail in such proceedings shall severally, but not jointly, pay their pro rata share of the reasonable attorneys’ fees and other reasonable out-of-pocket costs and expenses incurred by the prevailing party in such proceedings.

 9.6 Amendments and Waivers. Any term of this Agreement may be amended and the observance of any term of this Agreement may be waived (either generally or in a particular instance and either retroactively or prospectively), only with the written consent of the Company and the Investors representing a majority of the Preferred Shares issued pursuant to this Agreement. Any amendment or waiver effected in accordance with this paragraph shall be binding upon each holder of any Securities purchased under this Agreement at the time outstanding, each future holder of all such Securities, and the Company.

 9.7 Publicity. Except as set forth below, no public release or announcement concerning the transactions contemplated hereby shall be issued by the Company or the Investors without the prior consent of the Company (in the case of a release or announcement by the Investors) or the Investors (in the case of a release or announcement by the Company) (which consents shall not be unreasonably withheld), except as such release or announcement may be required by law or the applicable rules or regulations of any securities exchange or securities market, in which case the Company or the Investors, as the case may be, shall allow the Investors or the Company, as applicable, to the extent reasonably practicable in the circumstances, reasonable time to comment on the portion of such release or announcement concerning the transactions contemplated hereby in advance of such issuance. The Company will make such filings and notices in the manner and time required by the OSC (or any other Canadian securities regulatory authority), the SEC or Nasdaq. The Company will disclose the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement no later than its next quarterly earnings release issued after the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.


 9.8 Severability. Any provision of this Agreement that is prohibited or unenforceable in any jurisdiction shall, as to such jurisdiction, be ineffective to the extent of such prohibition or unenforceability without invalidating the remaining provisions hereof but shall be interpreted as if it were written so as to be enforceable to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, and any such prohibition or unenforceability in any jurisdiction shall not invalidate or render unenforceable such provision in any other jurisdiction. To the extent permitted by applicable law, the parties hereby waive any provision of law which renders any provision hereof prohibited or unenforceable in any respect.

 9.9 Entire Agreement. This Agreement, including the Exhibits and the Schedules, and the other Transaction Documents constitute the entire agreement among the parties hereof with respect to the subject matter hereof and thereof and supersede all prior agreements and understandings, both oral and written, between the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof and thereof.

 9.10 Further Assurances. The parties shall execute and deliver all such further instruments and documents and take all such other actions as may reasonably be required to carry out the transactions contemplated hereby and to evidence the fulfillment of the agreements herein contained.

 9.11 Governing Law; Consent to Jurisdiction; Waiver of Jury Trial. This Agreement shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the internal laws of the State of New York applicable to agreements made and to be performed entirely within the State of New York (except to the extent the provisions of the Business Corporations Act (Ontario). Each of the parties hereto irrevocably submits to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of the State of New York located in New York County and the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York for the purpose of any suit, action, proceeding or judgment relating to or arising out of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby. Service of process in connection with any such suit, action or proceeding may be served on each party hereto anywhere in the world by the same methods as are specified for the giving of notices under this Agreement. Each of the parties hereto irrevocably consents to the jurisdiction of any such court in any such suit, action or proceeding and to the laying of venue in such court. Each party hereto irrevocably waives any objection to the laying of venue of any such suit, action or proceeding brought in such courts and irrevocably waives any claim that any such suit, action or proceeding brought in any such court has been brought in an inconvenient forum. TO THE EXTENT ALLOWABLE UNDER APPLICABLE LAW, EACH OF THE PARTIES HERETO WAIVES ANY RIGHT TO REQUEST A TRIAL BY JURY IN ANY LITIGATION WITH RESPECT TO THIS AGREEMENT AND REPRESENTS THAT COUNSEL HAS BEEN CONSULTED SPECIFICALLY AS TO THIS WAIVER.

 9.12 Independent Nature of Investors’ Obligations and Rights. The obligations of each Investor under any Transaction Document are several and not joint with the obligations of any other Investor, and no Investor shall be responsible in any way for the performance of the obligations of any other Investor under any Transaction Document. The decision of each Investor to purchase Securities pursuant to the Transaction Documents has been made by such Investor independently of any other Investor. Nothing contained herein or in any Transaction Document, and no action taken by any Investor pursuant thereto, shall be deemed to constitute the Investors as a partnership, an association, a joint venture or any other kind of entity, or create a presumption that the Investors are in any way acting in concert or as a group with respect to such obligations or the transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents. Each Investor acknowledges that no other Investor has acted as agent for such Investor in connection with making its investment hereunder and that no Investor will be acting as agent of such Investor in connection with monitoring its investment in the Securities or enforcing its rights under the Transaction Documents. Each Investor shall be entitled to independently protect and enforce its rights, including, without limitation, the rights arising out of this Agreement or out of the other Transaction Documents, and it shall not be necessary for any other Investor to be joined as an additional party in any proceeding for such purpose. Each Investor has been represented by its own separate legal counsel in their review and negotiation of the Transaction Documents. The Company acknowledges that each of the Investors has been provided with the same Transaction Documents for the purpose of closing a transaction with multiple Investors and not because it was required or requested to do so by any Investor.


[Signature page follows]


 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have executed this Agreement or caused their duly authorized officers to execute this Agreement as of the date first above written.

SPHERE 3D CORP.

By:_________________________

Name: Peter Tassiopoulos

Title: Chief Executive Officer


The Investors:  
   
  By: ______________________________________________
  Name: 
Title:
   
Address for Notice:  
   
   
   
  Fax: ______________________________________________
   
   
Investor Aggregate Purchase Price: US$________________________________

 

 


Schedule I

Purchase and Sale of Preferred Stock

Name

Number of Preferred Stock

Aggregate Purchase Price

 

 

 

US$



Exhibit 10.2

SPHERE 3D CORP.

CERTIFICATE OF DESIGNATION OF PREFERENCES,

RIGHTS AND LIMITATIONS

OF

SERIES E CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK

The undersigned, Peter Tassiopoulos, does hereby certify that:

1. He is the Chief Executive Officer of SPHERE 3D Corp., an Ontario, Canada corporation (the “Corporation“).

2. The Corporation is authorized to issue an unlimited number of preferred shares, no par value.

3. The following resolutions were duly adopted by the board of directors of the Corporation (the “Board of Directors“):

WHEREAS, the certificate of incorporation of the Corporation provides for a class of its authorized stock known as preferred stock, consisting of an unlimited number of shares, without par value, issuable from time to time in one or more series;

WHEREAS, the Board of Directors is authorized to fix the dividend rights, dividend rate, voting rights, conversion rights, rights and terms of redemption and liquidation preferences of any wholly unissued series of preferred stock and the number of shares constituting any series and the designation thereof, of any of them; and

WHEREAS, it is the desire of the Board of Directors, pursuant to its authority as aforesaid, to fix the rights, preferences, restrictions and other matters relating to a series of the preferred stock, which shall consist of an unlimited number of shares of the preferred stock which the Corporation has the authority to issue, as follows:

NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, that the Board of Directors does hereby provide for the issuance of a series of preferred stock for cash or exchange of other securities, rights or property and does hereby fix and determine the rights, preferences, restrictions and other matters relating to such series of preferred stock as follows:

TERMS OF PREFERRED STOCK

Section 1. Definitions. For the purposes hereof, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

Affiliate” means any Person that, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls or is controlled by or is under common control with a Person, as such terms are used in and construed under Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Beneficial Ownership Limitation” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 6(d).


Business Day” means any day except any Saturday, any Sunday, any day which is a federal legal holiday in the United States or any day on which banking institutions in the State of New York are authorized or required by law or other governmental action to close.

Buy-In” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 6(c)(iv).

Closing” means the closing of the purchase and sale of the Preferred Stock.

Closing Date” means the date on which the Closing occurs.

Commission” means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

Common Stock” means the Corporation’s common stock, without par value, and stock of any other class of securities into which such securities may hereafter be reclassified or changed.

Common Stock Equivalents” means any securities of the Corporation or the Subsidiaries which would entitle the holder thereof to acquire at any time Common Stock, including, without limitation, any debt, preferred stock, rights, options, warrants or other instrument that is at any time convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for, or otherwise entitles the holder thereof to receive, Common Stock.

Conversion Amount” means the sum of the Stated Value at issue.

Conversion Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 6(a).

Conversion Price” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 6(b).

Conversion Shares” means, collectively, the shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the shares of Preferred Stock in accordance with the terms hereof.

Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

GAAP” means United States generally accepted accounting principles.

Holder” shall have the meaning given such term in Section 2.

Liens” means a lien, charge, security interest, encumbrance, right of first refusal, preemptive right or other restriction.

Liquidation” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.

New York Courts” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 8(d).

Notice of Conversion” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 6(a).


Original Issue Date” means the date of the first issuance of any shares of the Preferred Stock regardless of the number of transfers of any particular shares of Preferred Stock and regardless of the number of certificates which may be issued to evidence such Preferred Stock.

Person” means an individual or corporation, partnership, trust, incorporated or unincorporated association, joint venture, limited liability company, joint stock company, government (or an agency or subdivision thereof) or other entity of any kind.

Preferred Stock” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.

Purchase Agreement” means the Securities Purchase Agreement, dated September 14, 2020.

Rule 144” means Rule 144 promulgated by the Commission pursuant to the Securities Act, as such Rule may be amended from time to time, or any similar rule or regulation hereafter adopted by the Commission having substantially the same effect as such Rule.

Rule 424” means Rule 424 promulgated by the Commission pursuant to the Securities Act, as such Rule may be amended or interpreted from time to time, or any similar rule or regulation hereafter adopted by the Commission having substantially the same purpose and effect as such Rule.

Securities” means the Preferred Stock and the Underlying Shares.

Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

Share Delivery Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 6(c).

Stated Value” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2, as the same may be increased pursuant to Section 3.

Subsidiary” means any subsidiary of the Corporation as set forth in the Purchase Agreement and shall, where applicable, also include any direct or indirect subsidiary of the Corporation formed or acquired after the date of the Purchase Agreement.

Trading Day” means a day on which the principal Trading Market is open for business.

Trading Market” means any of the following markets or exchanges on which the Common Stock is listed or quoted for trading on the date in question: the NYSE American, the Nasdaq Capital Market, the Nasdaq Global Market, the Nasdaq Global Select Market, the New York Stock Exchange, OTCQB or OTCQX (or any successors to any of the foregoing).

Transaction Documents” means this Certificate of Designation, the Purchase Agreement and all exhibits and schedules thereto and hereto and any other documents or agreements executed in connection with the transactions contemplated pursuant to the Purchase Agreement.

Transfer Agent” means TMX Equity Transfer, and any successor transfer agent of the Corporation.


Underlying Shares” means the shares of Common Stock issued and issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Stock.

VWAP” means, for any security as of any date, the dollar volume-weighted average price for such security on the Trading Market (or, if the Trading Market is not the principal trading market for such security, then on the principal securities exchange or securities market on which such security is then traded) during the period beginning at 9:30:01 a.m., New York time, and ending at 4:00:00 p.m., New York time, as reported by Bloomberg through its “HP” function (set to weighted average) or, if the foregoing does not apply, the dollar volume-weighted average price of such security in the over-the-counter market on the electronic bulletin board for such security during the period beginning at 9:30:01 a.m., New York time, and ending at 4:00:00 p.m., New York time, as reported by Bloomberg, or, if no dollar volume-weighted average price is reported for such security by Bloomberg for such hours, the average of the highest closing bid price and the lowest closing ask price of any of the market makers for such security as reported in the “pink sheets” by OTC Markets Group Inc. (formerly Pink Sheets LLC). If the VWAP cannot be calculated for such security on such date on any of the foregoing bases, the VWAP of such security on such date shall be the fair market value as mutually determined by the Corporation and a majority-in-interest of the Holders of the then outstanding shares of Preferred Stock.  All such determinations shall be appropriately adjusted for any stock dividend, stock split, stock combination, recapitalization or other similar transaction during such period.

Section 2. Designation, Amount and Par Value. The series of preferred stock shall be designated as its Series E Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Preferred Stock“) and the number of shares so designated shall be up to 3,000 (which shall not be subject to increase without the written consent of all of the holders of the Preferred Stock (each, a “Holder” and collectively, the “Holders“)). Each share of Preferred Stock is without par value and shall have a stated value equal to US$1,000.00, subject to increase set forth in Section 7 below (the “Stated Value“).

Section 3. Dividends.  Following the Issue Date, the holders of the Series E Convertible Preferred Stock shall be entitled to receive dividends at the rate of 8% per annum, payable quarterly. 

Section 4. Voting Rights. Except as otherwise provided herein or as otherwise required by law, the Preferred Stock shall have no voting rights.

Section 5. Liquidation.

Upon the occurrence of any liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Corporation, either voluntary or involuntary (a “Liquidation“), each holder of Series E Convertible Preferred Stock then outstanding shall be entitled to receive, any proceeds received by the Corporation with respect to funds previously advanced to Rainmaker Worldwide Inc., before any payment shall be made in respect of the Common Stock, or other series of preferred stock then in existence that is outstanding and junior to the Series E Convertible Preferred Stock upon liquidation, an amount per share of Series E Convertible Preferred Stock up to the Stated Value.  For purposes of this Section 5, a merger or consolidation involving the Corporation or sale of all or substantially all of the Corporation’s assets shall not be deemed a Liquidating Event.  Thereafter, the Holders shall be entitled to receive first, out of the assets, whether capital or surplus, of the Corporation the same amount that a holder of Common Stock would receive if the Preferred Stock were fully converted (disregarding for such purposes any conversion limitations hereunder) to Common Stock which amounts shall be paid pari passu with all holders of Common Stock. The Corporation shall mail written notice of any such Liquidation, not less than 45 days prior to the payment date stated therein, to each Holder.


Section 6. Conversion.

a) Conversions at Option of Holder. Each share of Preferred Stock shall be convertible, at any time and from time to time from and after the Original Issue Date at the option of the Holder thereof, into that number of shares of Common Stock (subject to the limitations set forth in Section 6(d)) determined by dividing the Stated Value of such share of Preferred Stock by the Conversion Price. Holders shall effect conversions by providing the Corporation with the form of conversion notice attached hereto as Annex A (a “Notice of Conversion“). Each Notice of Conversion shall specify the number of shares of Preferred Stock to be converted, the number of shares of Preferred Stock owned prior to the conversion at issue, the number of shares of Preferred Stock owned subsequent to the conversion at issue and the date on which such conversion is to be effected, which date may not be prior to the date the applicable Holder delivers by facsimile such Notice of Conversion to the Corporation (such date, the “Conversion Date“). If no Conversion Date is specified in a Notice of Conversion, the Conversion Date shall be the date that such Notice of Conversion to the Corporation is deemed delivered hereunder. No ink-original Notice of Conversion shall be required, nor shall any medallion guarantee (or other type of guarantee or notarization) of any Notice of Conversion form be required. The calculations and entries set forth in the Notice of Conversion shall control in the absence of manifest or mathematical error. To effect conversions of shares of Preferred Stock, a Holder shall not be required to surrender the certificate(s) representing the shares of Preferred Stock to the Corporation unless all of the shares of Preferred Stock represented thereby are so converted, in which case such Holder shall deliver the certificate representing such shares of Preferred Stock promptly following the Conversion Date at issue. Shares of Preferred Stock converted into Common Stock or redeemed in accordance with the terms hereof shall be canceled and shall not be reissued.

b) Conversion Price. The conversion price per share for the Preferred Stock shall be equal to the lower of (1) 80% of the average of the three (3) lowest VWAPs of the Common Stock during the ten (10) Trading Days immediately preceding, but not including, the Conversion Date and (2) US$2.00, subject to adjustment as set forth herein, provided, however, that in no event shall the Conversion Price be lower than US$1.00 per share, subject to adjustment as set forth herein (the “Conversion Price“).

c) Mechanics of Conversion.

i. Delivery of Conversion Shares Upon Conversion. Not later than two (2) Trading Days after each Conversion Date (the “Share Delivery Date“), the Corporation shall deliver, or cause to be delivered, to the converting Holder the number of Conversion Shares being acquired upon the conversion of the Preferred Stock which, on or after the earlier of (i) the twelve-month anniversary of the Original Issue Date or (ii) the Effective Date, shall be free of restrictive legends and trading restrictions (other than those which may then be required by the Purchase Agreement).

ii. Failure to Deliver Conversion Shares. If, in the case of any Notice of Conversion, such Conversion Shares are not delivered to or as directed by the applicable Holder by the Share Delivery Date, the Holder shall be entitled to elect by written notice to the Corporation at any time on or before its receipt of such Conversion Shares, to rescind such Conversion, in which event the Corporation shall promptly return to the Holder any original Preferred Stock certificate delivered to the Corporation and the Holder shall promptly return to the Corporation the Conversion Shares issued to such Holder pursuant to the rescinded Notice of Conversion.


iii. Obligation Absolute. The Corporation’s obligation to issue and deliver the Conversion Shares upon conversion of Preferred Stock in accordance with the terms hereof are absolute and unconditional, irrespective of any action or inaction by a Holder to enforce the same, any waiver or consent with respect to any provision hereof, the recovery of any judgment against any Person or any action to enforce the same, or any setoff, counterclaim, recoupment, limitation or termination, or any breach or alleged breach by such Holder or any other Person of any obligation to the Corporation or any violation or alleged violation of law by such Holder or any other person, and irrespective of any other circumstance which might otherwise limit such obligation of the Corporation to such Holder in connection with the issuance of such Conversion Shares; provided, however, that such delivery shall not operate as a waiver by the Corporation of any such action that the Corporation may have against such Holder. In the event a Holder shall elect to convert any or all of the Stated Value of its Preferred Stock, the Corporation may not refuse conversion based on any claim that such Holder or any one associated or affiliated with such Holder has been engaged in any violation of law, agreement or for any other reason, unless an injunction from a court, on notice to Holder, restraining and/or enjoining conversion of all or part of the Preferred Stock of such Holder shall have been sought and obtained.

iv. Compensation for Buy-In on Failure to Timely Deliver Conversion Shares Upon Conversion. In addition to any other rights available to the Holder, if the Corporation fails for any reason to deliver to a Holder the applicable Conversion Shares by the Share Delivery Date pursuant to Section 6(c)(i), and if after such Share Delivery Date such Holder is required by its brokerage firm to purchase (in an open market transaction or otherwise), or the Holder’s brokerage firm otherwise purchases, shares of Common Stock to deliver in satisfaction of a sale by such Holder of the Conversion Shares which such Holder was entitled to receive upon the conversion relating to such Share Delivery Date (a “Buy-In“), then the Corporation shall (A) pay in cash to such Holder (in addition to any other remedies available to or elected by such Holder) the amount, if any, by which (x) such Holder’s total purchase price (including any brokerage commissions) for the Common Stock so purchased exceeds (y) the product of (1) the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock that such Holder was entitled to receive from the conversion at issue multiplied by (2) the actual sale price at which the sell order giving rise to such purchase obligation was executed (including any brokerage commissions) and (B) at the option of such Holder, either reissue (if surrendered) the shares of Preferred Stock equal to the number of shares of Preferred Stock submitted for conversion (in which case, such conversion shall be deemed rescinded) or deliver to such Holder the number of shares of Common Stock that would have been issued if the Corporation had timely complied with its delivery requirements under Section 6(c)(i). For example, if a Holder purchases shares of Common Stock having a total purchase price of US$11,000 to cover a Buy-In with respect to an attempted conversion of shares of Preferred Stock with respect to which the actual sale price of the Conversion Shares (including any brokerage commissions) giving rise to such purchase obligation was a total of US$10,000 under clause (A) of the immediately preceding sentence, the Corporation shall be required to pay such Holder US$1,000. The Holder shall provide the Corporation written notice indicating the amounts payable to such Holder in respect of the Buy-In and, upon request of the Corporation, evidence of the amount of such loss. Nothing herein shall limit a Holder’s right to pursue any other remedies available to it hereunder, at law or in equity including, without limitation, a decree of specific performance and/or injunctive relief with respect to the Corporation’s failure to timely deliver the Conversion Shares upon conversion of the shares of Preferred Stock as required pursuant to the terms hereof.


v. Reservation of Shares Issuable Upon Conversion. The Corporation covenants that it will at all times reserve and keep available out of its authorized and unissued shares of Common Stock for the sole purpose of issuance upon conversion of the Preferred Stock, free from preemptive rights or any other actual contingent purchase rights of Persons other than the Holder (and the other holders of the Preferred Stock), not less than such aggregate number of shares of the Common Stock as shall (subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement) be issuable (taking into account the adjustments and restrictions of Section 7) upon the conversion of the then outstanding shares of Preferred Stock. The Corporation covenants that all shares of Common Stock that shall be so issuable shall, upon issue, be duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable.

vi. Fractional Shares. No fractional shares or scrip representing fractional shares shall be issued upon the conversion of the Preferred Stock. As to any fraction of a share which the Holder would otherwise be entitled to purchase upon such conversion, the Corporation shall at its election, either pay a cash adjustment in respect of such final fraction in an amount equal to such fraction multiplied by the Conversion Price or round up to the next whole share.

vii. Transfer Taxes and Expenses. The issuance of Conversion Shares on conversion of this Preferred Stock shall be made without charge to any Holder for any documentary stamp or similar taxes that may be payable in respect of the issue or delivery of such Conversion Shares, provided that the Corporation shall not be required to pay any tax that may be payable in respect of any transfer involved in the issuance and delivery of any such Conversion Shares upon conversion in a name other than that of the Holders of such shares of Preferred Stock and the Corporation shall not be required to issue or deliver such Conversion Shares unless or until the Person or Persons requesting the issuance thereof shall have paid to the Corporation the amount of such tax or shall have established to the satisfaction of the Corporation that such tax has been paid. The Corporation shall pay all Transfer Agent fees required for same-day processing of any Notice of Conversion and all fees to the Depository Trust Corporation (or another established clearing corporation performing similar functions) required for same-day electronic delivery of the Conversion Shares.

d) Beneficial Ownership Limitation. The Corporation shall not effect any conversion of the Preferred Stock, and a Holder shall not have the right to convert any portion of the Preferred Stock, to the extent that, after giving effect to the conversion set forth on the applicable Notice of Conversion, such Holder (together with such Holder’s Affiliates, and any Persons acting as a group together with such Holder or any of such Holder’s Affiliates (such Persons, “Attribution Parties”)) would beneficially own in excess of the Beneficial Ownership Limitation (as defined below). For purposes of the foregoing sentence, the number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by such Holder and its Affiliates and Attribution Parties shall include the number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Stock with respect to which such determination is being made, but shall exclude the number of shares of Common Stock which are issuable upon (i) conversion of the remaining, unconverted Stated Value of Preferred Stock beneficially owned by such Holder or any of its Affiliates or Attribution Parties and (ii) conversion of the unconverted portion of any other securities of the Corporation subject to a limitation on conversion analogous to the limitation contained herein (including, without limitation, the Preferred Stock) beneficially owned by such Holder or any of its Affiliates or Attribution Parties. Except as set forth in the preceding sentence, for purposes of this Section 6(d), beneficial ownership shall be calculated in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder. To the extent that the limitation contained in this Section 6(d) applies, the determination of whether the Preferred Stock is convertible (in relation to other securities owned by such Holder together with any Affiliates and Attribution Parties) and of how many shares of Preferred Stock are convertible shall be in the sole discretion of such Holder, and the submission of a Notice of Conversion shall be deemed to be such Holder’s determination of whether the shares of Preferred Stock may be converted (in relation to other securities owned by such Holder together with any Affiliates and Attribution Parties) and how many shares of the Preferred Stock are convertible, in each case subject to the Beneficial Ownership Limitation. To ensure compliance with this restriction, each Holder will be deemed to represent to the Corporation each time it delivers a Notice of Conversion that such Notice of Conversion has not violated the restrictions set forth in this paragraph and the Corporation shall have no obligation to verify or confirm the accuracy of such determination. In addition, a determination as to any group status as contemplated above shall be determined in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder. For purposes of this Section 6(d), in determining the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock, a Holder may rely on the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock as stated in the most recent of the following: (i) the Corporation’s most recent periodic or annual report filed with the Commission, as the case may be, (ii) a more recent public announcement by the Corporation or (iii) a more recent written notice by the Corporation or the Transfer Agent setting forth the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding. Upon the written or oral request of a Holder, the Corporation shall within two Trading Days confirm orally and in writing to such Holder the number of shares of Common Stock then outstanding. In any case, the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock shall be determined after giving effect to the conversion or exercise of securities of the Corporation, including the Preferred Stock, by such Holder or its Affiliates or Attribution Parties since the date as of which such number of outstanding shares of Common Stock was reported. The “Beneficial Ownership Limitation” shall be 4.99% of the number of shares of the Common Stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to the issuance of shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of Preferred Stock held by the applicable Holder. A Holder, upon notice to the Corporation, may increase or decrease the Beneficial Ownership Limitation provisions of this Section 6(d) applicable to its Preferred Stock provided that the Beneficial Ownership Limitation in no event exceeds 9.99% of the number of shares of the Common Stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to the issuance of shares of Common Stock upon conversion of this Preferred Stock held by the Holder and the provisions of this Section 6(d) shall continue to apply. Any such increase in the Beneficial Ownership Limitation will not be effective until the 61st day after such notice is delivered to the Corporation and shall only apply to such Holder and no other Holder. The provisions of this paragraph shall be construed and implemented in a manner otherwise than in strict conformity with the terms of this Section 6(d) to correct this paragraph (or any portion hereof) which may be defective or inconsistent with the intended Beneficial Ownership Limitation contained herein or to make changes or supplements necessary or desirable to properly give effect to such limitation. The limitations contained in this paragraph shall apply to a successor holder of Preferred Stock.


e) Exchange Cap. The Corporation shall not effect any conversion of the Preferred Stock, and a Holder shall not have the right to convert any portion of the Preferred Stock, to the extent that, after giving effect to the conversion set forth on the applicable Notice of Conversion, such Holder (together with the number of shares of Common Stock issued to the Holder pursuant to the Purchase Agreement) would exceed the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock which the Corporation may issue under the Purchase Agreement without breaching the Corporation’s obligations under the rules or regulations of the Nasdaq Capital Market (the number of shares which may be issued without violating such rules and regulations, the “Exchange Cap“). For the avoidance of doubt, the maximum number of shares of Common Stock that may be issued is 1,500,000. No Holder shall be issued in the aggregate, upon conversion of the Preferred Stock, Common Stock in an amount greater than the product of the Exchange Cap multiplied by such Holder’s pro rata share of Preferred Stock issued pursuant to the Purchase Agreement.

Section 7. Certain Adjustments.

a) Stock Dividends and Stock Splits. If the Corporation, at any time while this Preferred Stock is outstanding: (i) pays a stock dividend or otherwise makes a distribution or distributions payable in shares of Common Stock on shares of Common Stock or any other Common Stock Equivalents (which, for avoidance of doubt, shall not include any shares of Common Stock issued by the Corporation upon conversion of, or payment of a dividend on, this Preferred Stock), (ii) subdivides outstanding shares of Common Stock into a larger number of shares, (iii) combines (including by way of a reverse stock split) outstanding shares of Common Stock into a smaller number of shares, or (iv) issues, in the event of a reclassification of shares of the Common Stock, any shares of capital stock of the Corporation, then the Conversion Price shall be multiplied by a fraction of which the numerator shall be the number of shares of Common Stock (excluding any treasury shares of the Corporation) outstanding immediately before such event, and of which the denominator shall be the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after such event. Any adjustment made pursuant to this Section 7(a) shall become effective immediately after the record date for the determination of stockholders entitled to receive such dividend or distribution and shall become effective immediately after the effective date in the case of a subdivision, combination or re-classification.

b) Calculations. All calculations under this Section 7 shall be made to the nearest cent or the nearest 1/100th of a share, as the case may be. For purposes of this Section 7, the number of shares of Common Stock deemed to be issued and outstanding as of a given date shall be the sum of the number of shares of Common Stock (excluding any treasury shares of the Corporation) issued and outstanding.

c) Notice to the Holders.

i. Adjustment to Conversion Price. Whenever the Conversion Price is adjusted pursuant to any provision of this Section 7, the Corporation shall promptly deliver to each Holder by facsimile or email a notice setting forth the Conversion Price after such adjustment and setting forth a brief statement of the facts requiring such adjustment.

ii. Notice to Allow Conversion by Holder. If (A) the Corporation shall declare a dividend (or any other distribution in whatever form) on the Common Stock, (B) the Corporation shall declare a special nonrecurring cash dividend on or a redemption of the Common Stock, (C) the Corporation shall authorize the granting to all holders of the Common Stock of rights or warrants to subscribe for or purchase any shares of capital stock of any class or of any rights, (D) the approval of any stockholders of the Corporation shall be required in connection with any reclassification of the Common Stock, any consolidation or merger to which the Corporation is a party, any sale or transfer of all or substantially all of the assets of the Corporation, or any compulsory share exchange whereby the Common Stock is converted into other securities, cash or property or (E) the Corporation shall authorize the voluntary or involuntary dissolution, liquidation or winding up of the affairs of the Corporation, then, in each case, the Corporation shall cause to be filed at each office or agency maintained for the purpose of conversion of this Preferred Stock, and shall cause to be delivered by facsimile or email to each Holder at its last facsimile number or email address as it shall appear upon the stock books of the Corporation, at least twenty (20) calendar days prior to the applicable record or effective date hereinafter specified, a notice stating (x) the date on which a record is to be taken for the purpose of such dividend, distribution, redemption, rights or warrants, or if a record is not to be taken, the date as of which the holders of the Common Stock of record to be entitled to such dividend, distributions, redemption, rights or warrants are to be determined or (y) the date on which such reclassification, consolidation, merger, sale, transfer or share exchange is expected to become effective or close, and the date as of which it is expected that holders of the Common Stock of record shall be entitled to exchange their shares of the Common Stock for securities, cash or other property deliverable upon such reclassification, consolidation, merger, sale, transfer or share exchange, provided that the failure to deliver such notice or any defect therein or in the delivery thereof shall not affect the validity of the corporate action required to be specified in such notice. The Holder shall remain entitled to convert the Conversion Amount of this Preferred Stock (or any part hereof) during the 20-day period commencing on the date of such notice through the effective date of the event triggering such notice except as may otherwise be expressly set forth herein.


Section 8. Miscellaneous.

a) Notices. Any and all notices or other communications or deliveries to be provided by the Holders hereunder including, without limitation, any Notice of Conversion, shall be in writing and delivered personally, by facsimile, or sent by a nationally recognized overnight courier service, addressed to the Corporation, at the address set forth above Attention: Chief Executive Officer, at such facsimile number or address as the Corporation may specify for such purposes by notice to the Holders delivered in accordance with this Section 8 from time to time. Any and all notices or other communications or deliveries to be provided by the Corporation hereunder shall be in writing and delivered personally, by facsimile, or sent by a nationally recognized overnight courier service addressed to each Holder at the facsimile number or address of such Holder appearing on the books of the Corporation, or if no such facsimile number or address appears on the books of the Corporation, at the principal place of business of such Holder, as set forth in the Purchase Agreement. Any notice or other communication or deliveries hereunder shall be deemed given and effective on the earliest of (i) the date of transmission, if such notice or communication is delivered via facsimile at the facsimile number set forth in this Section prior to 5:30 p.m. (New York City time) on any date, (ii) the next Trading Day after the date of transmission, if such notice or communication is delivered via facsimile at the facsimile number set forth in this Section on a day that is not a Trading Day or later than 5:30 p.m. (New York City time) on any Trading Day, (iii) the second Trading Day following the date of mailing, if sent by U.S. nationally recognized overnight courier service, or (iv) upon actual receipt by the party to whom such notice is required to be given.


b) Absolute Obligation. Except as expressly provided herein, no provision of this Certificate of Designation shall alter or impair the obligation of the Corporation, which is absolute and unconditional, to pay liquidated damages, accrued dividends and accrued interest, as applicable, on the shares of Preferred Stock at the time, place, and rate, and in the coin or currency, herein prescribed.

c) Lost or Mutilated Preferred Stock Certificate. If a Holder’s Preferred Stock certificate shall be mutilated, lost, stolen or destroyed, the Corporation shall execute and deliver, in exchange and substitution for and upon cancellation of a mutilated certificate, or in lieu of or in substitution for a lost, stolen or destroyed certificate, a new certificate for the shares of Preferred Stock so mutilated, lost, stolen or destroyed, but only upon receipt of evidence of such loss, theft or destruction of such certificate, and of the ownership hereof reasonably satisfactory to the Corporation.

d) Governing Law. All questions concerning the construction, validity, enforcement and interpretation of this Certificate of Designation shall be governed by and construed and enforced in accordance with the internal laws of the State of New York, without regard to the principles of conflict of laws thereof. Each party agrees that all legal proceedings concerning the interpretation, enforcement and defense of the transactions contemplated by any of the Transaction Documents (whether brought against a party hereto or its respective Affiliates, directors, officers, shareholders, employees or agents) shall be commenced in the state and federal courts sitting in the City of New York, Borough of Manhattan (the “New York Courts“). Each party hereto hereby irrevocably submits to the exclusive jurisdiction of the New York Courts for the adjudication of any dispute hereunder or in connection herewith or with any transaction contemplated hereby or discussed herein (including with respect to the enforcement of any of the Transaction Documents), and hereby irrevocably waives, and agrees not to assert in any suit, action or proceeding, any claim that it is not personally subject to the jurisdiction of such New York Courts, or such New York Courts are improper or inconvenient venue for such proceeding. Each party hereby irrevocably waives personal service of process and consents to process being served in any such suit, action or proceeding by mailing a copy thereof via registered or certified mail or overnight delivery (with evidence of delivery) to such party at the address in effect for notices to it under this Certificate of Designation and agrees that such service shall constitute good and sufficient service of process and notice thereof. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to limit in any way any right to serve process in any other manner permitted by applicable law. Each party hereto hereby irrevocably waives, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, any and all right to trial by jury in any legal proceeding arising out of or relating to this Certificate of Designation or the transactions contemplated hereby. If any party shall commence an action or proceeding to enforce any provisions of this Certificate of Designation, then the prevailing party in such action or proceeding shall be reimbursed by the other party for its attorneys’ fees and other costs and expenses incurred in the investigation, preparation and prosecution of such action or proceeding.

e) Waiver. Any waiver by the Corporation or a Holder of a breach of any provision of this Certificate of Designation shall not operate as or be construed to be a waiver of any other breach of such provision or of any breach of any other provision of this Certificate of Designation or a waiver by any other Holders. The failure of the Corporation or a Holder to insist upon strict adherence to any term of this Certificate of Designation on one or more occasions shall not be considered a waiver or deprive that party (or any other Holder) of the right thereafter to insist upon strict adherence to that term or any other term of this Certificate of Designation on any other occasion. Any waiver by the Corporation or a Holder must be in writing.


f) Severability. If any provision of this Certificate of Designation is invalid, illegal or unenforceable, the balance of this Certificate of Designation shall remain in effect, and if any provision is inapplicable to any Person or circumstance, it shall nevertheless remain applicable to all other Persons and circumstances.

g) Next Business Day. Whenever any payment or other obligation hereunder shall be due on a day other than a Business Day, such payment shall be made on the next succeeding Business Day.

h) Headings. The headings contained herein are for convenience only, do not constitute a part of this Certificate of Designation and shall not be deemed to limit or affect any of the provisions hereof.

i) Status of Converted or Redeemed Preferred Stock. Shares of Preferred Stock may only be issued pursuant to the Purchase Agreement. If any shares of Preferred Stock shall be converted, redeemed or reacquired by the Corporation, such shares shall resume the status of authorized but unissued shares of preferred stock and shall no longer be designated as Series E Convertible Preferred Stock.

RESOLVED, FURTHER, that the Chief Executive Officer is hereby authorized and directed to prepare and file this Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitations in accordance with the foregoing resolution and the provisions of the Business Corporations Act (Ontario).


IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned have executed this Certificate this 14th day of September 2020.

 

/s/ Peter Tassiopoulos

 

Name: Peter Tassiopoulos

 

Title: Chief Executive Officer

 


ANNEX A

NOTICE OF CONVERSION

(TO BE EXECUTED BY THE REGISTERED HOLDER IN ORDER TO CONVERT SHARES

OF PREFERRED STOCK)

The undersigned hereby elects to convert the number of shares of Series E Convertible Preferred Stock indicated below into shares of common stock, without par value (the “Common Stock“), of SPHERE 3D CORP., an Ontario, Canada corporation (the “Corporation“), according to the conditions hereof, as of the date written below. If shares of Common Stock are to be issued in the name of a Person other than the undersigned, the undersigned will pay all transfer taxes payable with respect thereto and is delivering herewith such certificates and opinions as may be required by the Corporation in accordance with the Purchase Agreement. No fee will be charged to the Holders for any conversion, except for any such transfer taxes.

Conversion calculations:

Date to Effect Conversion: _____________________________________________

Number of shares of Preferred Stock owned prior to Conversion: _______________

Number of shares of Preferred Stock to be Converted: ________________________

Stated Value of shares of Preferred Stock to be Converted: ____________________

Number of shares of Common Stock to be Issued: ___________________________

Applicable Conversion Price: ____________________________________________

Number of shares of Preferred Stock subsequent to Conversion: ________________

Address for Delivery: __________________________________________________             

or

DWAC Instructions:

Broker no:  ________________________

Account no: _______________________



Exhibit 10.3

AMENDMENT NO. 1

TO AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER

This Amendment No. 1 to the Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Amendment“), dated September 14, 2020, is by and among Sphere 3D Corp., an Ontario  corporation (the “Parent“), Rainmaker Worldwide Inc. (the “Company“), and S3D Nevada Inc., a Nevada corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent (“Merger Sub“).  The Parent, the Company and the Merger Sub are collectively referred to as the “Parties” and individually, a “Party“). 

WHEREAS, the Parties entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger on July 14, 2020 (the “Merger Agreement“); and

WHEREAS, Section 2.1(a) of the Merger Agreement provides, inter alia, that “Every share of Company Common Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time shall automatically be converted into and represent the right to receive 1/3rd of one fully paid and nonassessable Parent Common Share (the “Common Exchange Ratio”).”  Section 2.1(a) of the Merger Agreement further states that “Each share of Company Preferred Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time shall automatically be converted into the right to receive 1/3rd of one fully paid and non-assessable Parent Preferred Share (the “Preferred Exchange Ratio”) and, together with the Common Exchange Ratio, the “Exchange Ratios”).“; and 

WHEREAS, the Parties wish to amend the Exchange Ratios from 1/3rd of one fully paid and nonassessable Parent Common Share or Preferred Share, as the case may be, to 1/15th of one fully paid and nonassessable share (the “New Exchange Ratio“); and 

WHEREAS, Section 2.1(d) of the Merger Agreement provides, inter alia, that “At the Effective Time, and in accordance with the terms of each warrant to purchase shares of Company Common Stock (“Company Warrants“) that are issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time, Parent shall issue a replacement warrant to each holder thereof providing that such replacement warrant shall be exercisable for a number of Parent Common Shares equal to the product of 1/3 the aggregate number of shares of Company Common Stock issuable in respect of such Company Warrant immediately prior to the Effective Time multiplied by the Exchange Ratio (the “Replacement Warrants“).”  Section 2.1(d) further states that: “Each Replacement Warrant shall contain appropriate provision such that the provisions of each Company Warrant (including the exercise period and the exercise price and provision for adjustment of the exercise price) shall thereafter be maintained in each such Replacement Warrant as nearly equivalent as may be practicable in relation to such Company Warrant except that the exercise price shall be multiplied by 3 to reflect the Exchange Ratio.“; and

WHEREAS, the Parties wish to amend Section 2.1(d) of the Merger Agreement to provide that such replacement warrant shall be exercisable for a number of Parent Common Shares equal to the product of the New Exchange Ratio by the aggregate number of shares of Parent Common Shares issuable in respect of such Company Stock, and to provide that the exercise price of such replacement warrant shall now be multiplied by 15. 


WHEREAS, the Parties wish to amend Section 7(f) to provide that the condition precedent to effect the Merger that the total indebtedness of the Company will not exceed the total indebtedness reflected on the Company’s most recent annual report published on the OTC Markets on or about May 12, 2020 (the “Annual Report“), will now reflect that the total indebtedness of the Company on Closing will not exceed the total indebtedness reflected on the Annual Report, excluding indebtedness owing between the Company (as borrower) and Parent (as lender) in the principal amount of $3,105,896.72; and

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the terms and conditions hereinafter set forth, the Parties hereto agree as follows:

1. All capitalized terms not otherwise defined herein shall have the meaning attributed to them in the Merger Agreement.

2. The first three sentences of 2.1(a) of the Merger Agreement shall be amended as follows: [Note: deletions are in strike through and additions are in bold and underline]

Company Stock.  Every share of Company Common Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time shall automatically be converted into and represent the right to receive 1/3rd 1/15th of one fully paid and nonassessable Parent Common Share (the “New Common Exchange Ratio“) upon surrender of the Common Certificate or Uncertificated Common Shares which immediately prior to the Effective Time represented such share of Company Common Stock in the manner provided in Section 2.2(b) (or, in the case of a lost, stolen or destroyed Common Certificate, Section 2.2(i)).  Each share of Company Preferred Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time shall automatically be converted into and represent the right to receive 1/3rd 1/15th of one fully paid and nonassessable Parent Preferred Share (the “New Preferred Exchange Ratio” and, together with the New Common Exchange Ratio, the “New Exchange Ratios” and each, a anNew Exchange Ratio“) upon surrender of the Preferred Certificate or Uncertificated Preferred Shares in the manner provided in Section 2.2(b) (or, in the case of a lost, stolen or destroyed Preferred Certificate, Section 2.2(i)).”

The remainder of Section 2.1(a) shall remain unchanged and continue to be operative.  All subsequent references to Exchange Ratio in the Merger Agreement shall be read to be “New Exchange Ratio” and shall have the meaning set forth above.

3. The first two sentences of 2.1(d) of the Merger Agreement shall be amended as follows: [Note: deletions are in strike through and additions are in bold and underline]

Company Warrants.  At the Effective Time, and in accordance with the terms of each warrant to purchase shares of Company Common Stock (“Company Warrants“) that are issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time, Parent shall issue a replacement warrant to each holder thereof providing that such replacement warrant shall be exercisable for a number of Parent Common Shares equal to the product of 1/3rd 1/15th the aggregate number of shares of Company Common Stock issuable in respect of such Company Warrant immediately prior to the Effective Time multiplied by the New Exchange Ratio (the “Replacement Warrants“).  Each Replacement Warrant shall contain appropriate provision such that the provisions of each Company Warrant (including the exercise period and the exercise price and provision for adjustment of the exercise price) shall thereafter be maintained in each such Replacement Warrant as nearly equivalent as may be practicable in relation to such Company Warrant except that the exercise price shall be multiplied by 3 15 to reflect the New Exchange Ratio. 


The remainder of Section 2.1(d) shall remain unchanged and continue to be operative. 

4. Section 7.2(f) [Conditions to Obligations of Parent and Merger Sub] of the Merger Agreement shall be amended as follows: [Note: deletions are in strike through and additions are in bold and underline]

“(f)  The total indebtedness of the Company will not exceed the total indebtedness reflected on the Company’s most recent 10K published on or about May 12, 2020 $5,000,000, excluding indebtedness owing between the Company (as borrower) and Parent (as lender) in the principal amount of $3,105,896.72.”

5. This Amendment is conditional upon the execution and delivery of a new secured loan to be issued by Parent to the Company in the principal amount of US$3,105,896.72, which will include, inter alia, the provision to the Company of a new cash advance of US$1,850,000, together with the inclusion of the existing debt owed by the Company to Parent of approximately US$1,255,896.72 (of which US$150,000 represents fresh capital and the balance of US$1,105,896.72 represents the purchase of existing indebtedness previously owing by the Company).  The Parent will wire the new advance of US$1,850,000 to the Company’s attorney’s trust account immediately following execution of a definitive loan agreement, to be mutually agreed, and corresponding security registration, and upon receipt thereof, this Amendment shall become operative and this condition precedent in Section 5 shall be deemed satisfied. 

6. Except as otherwise provided to the contrary in paragraphs 2, 3, 4 and 5 above, the terms and conditions of the Merger Agreement shall remain unchanged and in full force and effect.

7. The Parties shall sign such further and other documents, and do and perform and cause to be done and performed all such further and other acts and things, as may be necessary or desirable in order to give full effect to this Amendment and every part hereof.

8. This Amendment shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of Nevada, regardless of the laws that might otherwise govern under applicable principles of conflict of laws thereof.

9. This Amendment may be executed in several counterparts, each of which so executed shall be deemed to be an original and such counterparts together shall be but one and the same instrument.  Delivery by facsimile or by electronic transmission in portable document format (PDF) of an executed counterpart of this Amendment is as effective as delivery of an originally executed counterpart of this Amending Agreement.


10. This Amendment Agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the Parties with respect to all of the matters herein and its execution has not been induced by, nor do any of the Parties rely upon or regard as material, any representations or writings whatever not incorporated herein and made a part hereof.  This Amendment may not be amended or modified in any respect except by written instrument signed by all of the parties hereto.

11. This Amendment shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the Parties and their respective successors and assigns.

[Signature Page Follows]


IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties have executed this Amending Agreement as of the date first written above.

  RAINMAKER WORLDWIDE INC.
     
  Per: /s/ Michael O’Connor
    Name:  Michael O’Connor
    Title:    Executive Chairman

 

  SPHERE 3D CORP.
     
  Per: /s/ Peter Tassiopoulos  
    Name:  Peter Tassiopoulos
    Title:  Chief Executive Officer

 

  S3D NEVADA INC.
     
  Per: /s/ Peter Tassiopoulos
    Name: Peter Tassiopoulos
    Title:  Chief Executive Officer

 

[Signature Page to Amendment No. 1 to Purchase Agreement]



Exhibit 99.1

Sphere 3D Announces Developments in Rainmaker Merger

Companies Adjust Merger Exchange Ratio to Better Reflect Current Market Valuations

Sphere 3D enters into SPA for investment of $3 million

Sphere 3D to provide funding to Rainmaker to sustain Rainmaker Growth Initiatives

Toronto, Ontario and Peterborough, Ontario – September 14, 2020 – Sphere 3D Corp. (NASDAQ: ANY) (“Sphere 3D” or “the Company”) today announced a number of developments to the Rainmaker Merger.

Sphere 3D and Rainmaker Worldwide Inc. (OTC: RAKR) (“Rainmaker”) previously announced that they entered into a definitive merger agreement dated July 14, 2020, (the “Merger Agreement”) by and among Rainmaker, Sphere 3D and its wholly-owned subsidiary, S3D Nevada Inc., pursuant to which Sphere 3D will acquire all of the outstanding securities of Rainmaker. 

Sphere 3D announces that the Merger Agreement has been amended to change the ratio of Sphere 3D stock to be received by Rainmaker shareholders (the “Amendment”).  This change is intended to better reflect the current market values of the respective companies. At closing, holders of Rainmaker common shares and holders of Rainmaker preferred shares will each receive 1/15th of a share of Sphere 3D per common or preferred share that they hold, respectively, which is an adjustment from the prior exchange ratio of 1/3rd

As part of the Amendment, Sphere 3D has also agreed to advance US$1.85 million to Rainmaker by way of a secured convertible note (the “Note”) in order for Rainmaker to sustain multiple growth initiatives.  In particular, the funds will be used to fulfill recent contracts and expand its equipment production capacity.  Rainmaker uses its patented water production technology to supply clean, safe potable water to customers around the world under multi-year, recurring revenue Water-as-a-Service (“WaaS”) contracts.

Rainmaker CEO Michael Skinner commented, “Rainmaker is building significant business momentum as potential customers come to understand the economic and social benefits of our WaaS offering, versus traditional and expensive water delivery options.  Our upcoming merger with Sphere 3D is intended to give us the access to capital necessary to fund anticipated rapid growth.  As we work toward closing the merger, this advance will enable us to avoid any interruptions in our many marketing and production efforts.”

Sphere 3D CEO Peter Tassiopoulos commented, “We are excited about the transformation about to happen at Sphere 3D.  Together with Rainmaker, we intend to create meaningful value while performing the meaningful work of supplying affordable water to some of the most challenging regions on earth.  This advance enables Rainmaker to sustain its momentum as we move toward closing the merger.  Meanwhile, the new exchange ratio better reflects the value built by Sphere 3D over the years, which is demonstrated in our market valuation.”

Sphere 3D also reports it has entered into a stock purchase agreement (“SPA”) with an institutional investor for the issuance of US$3 million of convertible preferred shares. Under the SPA, Sphere 3D will issue 3,000 shares of Series E Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series E Preferred Stock”), each share having a stated value of US$1,000, for gross proceeds of US$3 million.  The Series E Preferred Stock is convertible into common shares at a conversion price equal to the lower of (1) 80% of the average of the three (3) lowest VWAPs of the common stock during the ten (10) trading days immediately preceding, but not including, the conversion date and (2) US$2.00; however, in no event shall the conversion price be lower than US$1.00 per share.  The Series E Preferred Stock accrues dividends at a rate of 8% per annum, and does not have voting rights. 


The offer and sale of the securities by Sphere 3D in the above transaction have not been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and have not been registered or qualified under any state securities laws, and therefore may not be offered or sold in the United States absent registration under the Securities Act or an applicable exemption from such registration requirements, and registration or qualification and under applicable state securities or “Blue Sky” laws or an applicable exemption from such registration or qualification requirements.

This press release does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy the securities, nor shall there be any sale of the securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful prior to the registration or qualification under the securities laws of such state.

For more details of the Amendment, the SPA and the Note, including the agreements themselves, see Sphere 3D’s Current Report on Form 8-k to be filed with the SEC within the applicable required time period. The closing of the Merger is subject to the approval of the respective shareholders of Sphere 3D and Rainmaker and approval of the NASDAQ Stock Market.

About Sphere 3D

Sphere 3D Corp. (NASDAQ: ANY) delivers containerization, virtualization, and data management solutions via hybrid cloud, cloud and on-premise implementations through its global reseller network and professional services organization.  Sphere 3D has a portfolio of brands, including HVE ConneXions, UCX ConneXions, and SnapServer® dedicated to helping customers achieve their IT goals.  For more information, visit www.sphere3d.com.  Follow us on Twitter @Sphere3D and @HVEconneXions.

About Rainmaker Worldwide

Rainmaker Worldwide Inc. (OTC: RAKR) is a leader in technology for the production of clean, affordable water.  Headquartered in Peterborough, Canada, with an innovation and manufacturing center in Rotterdam, Netherlands, the Company’s patented water technology provides economical drinking water at scale wherever it’s needed.  Rainmaker’s goal is to be a global leader in solving the worldwide water crisis.  For more information about Rainmaker, visit www.rainmakerww.com.

Safe Harbor Statement

This press release contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements as a result of risks and uncertainties including, without limitation, inability to obtain additional debt or equity financing; any increase in cash needs; Sphere 3D’s ability to maintain listing with the NASDAQ Capital Market; market adoption and performance of products; the level of success of collaborations and business partnerships; possible actions by customers, partners, suppliers, competitors or regulatory authorities; and other risks detailed from time to time in our periodic reports contained in filings with Canadian securities regulators (www.sedar.com) and the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (www.sec.gov).  Both Sphere 3D and Rainmaker undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, whether written or oral, that may be made from time to time, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as required by law.


Investor Contacts

Whitney Kukulka

Managing Director

+1 (415) 489-2188

investors@rainmakerww.com 

Sphere 3D

Kurt Kalbfleisch

Chief Financial Officer

+1 (858) 495-4211

Investor.relations@sphere3d.com

Rainmaker Worldwide Inc.

Michael Skinner

Chief Executive Officer

+1 (705) 201-1020

info@rainmakerww.com 




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