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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 6-K

 

REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER

PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-16 OR 15D-16

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the month of December 2020

 

Commission File Number: 001-39240

 

GFL Environmental
Inc.

(Translation of registrant’s name
into English)

 

100 New Park Place, Suite 500

Vaughan, Ontario, Canada L4K 0H9

(Address of principal executive office)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will
file annual reports under cover Form 20-F or Form 40-F.

 

Form
20-F  x
  Form 40-F  ¨

 

Indicate
by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1):  ¨

 

Indicate
by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7):  ¨

 

 

On December 21, 2020, GFL Environmental Inc. (the “Company”)
completed its previously announced offering of US$750.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 3.500% Senior Secured Notes due
2028 (the “Notes”). The Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture dated as of December 21, 2020 (the “Indenture”)
among the Company, the guarantors from time to time party thereto and Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as trustee and as collateral
agent. The maturity date of the Notes is September 1, 2028. The Notes were offered and sold in the United States only to persons
reasonably believed to be qualified institutional buyers pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the
“Securities Act”), and outside the United States pursuant to Regulation S under the Securities Act.

 

The information provided herein is qualified in its
entirety by the terms of the Indenture and Notes. A copy of the Indenture (including the form of Notes) is filed as Exhibit
4.1 hereto, and is incorporated herein by reference. 

 

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

The following exhibit as furnished as part of this
Current Report on Form 6-K:

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act
of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  GFL Environmental Inc.
     
  By: /s/ Mindy Gilbert
  Name:   Mindy Gilbert
  Title: Executive Vice President and General Counsel

 

Date: December 23, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 4.1

  


GFL ENVIRONMENTAL INC.

 

3.500% Senior Secured
Notes due 2028

INDENTURE

Dated as of December 21, 2020

Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as Trustee and Notes Collateral Agent

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

 

Article I Definitions and Incorporation by Reference 1
Section 1.1.   Definitions 1
Section 1.2.   Other Definitions 58
Section 1.3.   Rules of Construction 60
Article II THE NOTES 60
Section 2.1.   Form and Dating 60
Section 2.2.   Execution and Authentication 61
Section 2.3.   Registrar and Paying Agent 62
Section 2.4.   Paying Agent to Hold Money in Trust 63
Section 2.5.   Holder Lists 63
Section 2.6.   Transfer and Exchange 63
Section 2.7.   Replacement Notes 77
Section 2.8.   Outstanding Notes 78
Section 2.9.   Temporary Notes 78
Section 2.10.   Cancellation 79
Section 2.11.   Defaulted Interest. 79
Section 2.12.   CUSIP Numbers 79
Section 2.13.   Calculations 79
Article III REDEMPTION 80
Section 3.1.   Notices to Trustee 80
Section 3.2.   Selection of Notes to Be Redeemed 80
Section 3.3.   Notice of Redemption 80
Section 3.4.   Effect of Notice of Redemption 81
Section 3.5.   Deposit of Redemption Price 82
Section 3.6.   Notes Redeemed in Part 82
Section 3.7.   Optional Redemption 82
Section 3.8.   Tax Redemption 83
Section 3.9.   Mandatory Redemption 84

 

 

Article IV COVENANTS 84
Section 4.1.   Payment of Notes 84
Section 4.2.   Reports 84
Section 4.3.   Limitation on Liens 86
Section 4.4.   Limitation on Sale and Lease-Back Transactions 87
Section 4.5.   Asset Sales of Collateral 87
Section 4.6.   Issuance of Note Guarantees 91
Section 4.7.   Change of Control Triggering Event 92
Section 4.8.   Maintenance of Office or Agency for Registration of Transfer, Exchange and Payment of Notes 94
Section 4.9.   Appointment to Fill a Vacancy in the Office of Trustee 95
Section 4.10.   Provision as to Paying Agent 95
Section 4.11.   Maintenance of Corporate Existence 96
Section 4.12.   Compliance Certificate 96
Section 4.13.   Taxes 96
Section 4.14.   Stay, Extension and Usury Laws 97
Section 4.15.   Additional Amounts 97
Section 4.16.   After-Acquired Property 100
Article V SUCCESSOR COMPANY 101
Section 5.1.   Amalgamation, Merger, Consolidation or Sale of Assets 101
Section 5.2.   Successor Substituted 104
Article VI DEFAULTS AND REMEDIES 104
Section 6.1.   Events of Default 104
Section 6.2.   Acceleration of Maturity; Rescission and Annulment 107
Section 6.3.   Other Remedies 107
Section 6.4.   Waiver of Past Defaults 107
Section 6.5.   Control by Majority 107
Section 6.6.   Limitation on Suits 108
Section 6.7.   Rights of Holders to Receive Payment 108

 

 

Section 6.8.   Collection Suit by Trustee 108
Section 6.9.   Trustee May File Proofs of Claim 109
Section 6.10.   Priorities 109
Section 6.11.   Undertaking for Costs 109
Article VII TRUSTEE 110
Section 7.1.   Duties of Trustee 110
Section 7.2.   Rights of Trustee 111
Section 7.3.   Individual Rights of Trustee 112
Section 7.4.   Trustee’s Disclaimer 112
Section 7.5.   Notice of Defaults 113
Section 7.6.   Compensation and Indemnity 113
Section 7.7.   Replacement of Trustee 114
Section 7.8.   Successor Trustee by Merger 114
Section 7.9.   Eligibility; Disqualification 115
Section 7.10.   Preferential Collection of Claims Against Company 115
Section 7.11.   Collateral Documents; First Lien Intercreditor Agreement 115
Article VIII DISCHARGE OF INDENTURE; DEFEASANCE 116
Section 8.1.   Discharge of Liability on Notes; Defeasance 116
Section 8.2.   Conditions to Defeasance 117
Section 8.3.   Delivery and Application of Trust Money 118
Section 8.4.   Repayment to Company 119
Section 8.5.   Indemnity for Government Securities 119
Section 8.6.   Reinstatement 119
Article IX AMENDMENTS 120
Section 9.1.   Without Consent of Holders 120
Section 9.2.   With Consent of Holders 121
Section 9.3.   Revocation and Effect of Consents 122
Section 9.4.   Notation on or Exchange of Notes 123
Section 9.5.   Trustee to Sign Amendments 123

 

 

Article X NOTE GUARANTEES 123
Section 10.1.   Note Guarantees 123
Section 10.2.   Limitation on Liability 125
Section 10.3.   Execution and Delivery of Note Guarantee 125
Section 10.4.   Successors and Assigns 126
Section 10.5.   No Waiver 126
Section 10.6.   Right of Contribution 126
Section 10.7.   No Subrogation 126
Section 10.8.   Benefits Acknowledged 127
Section 10.9.   Modification 127
Section 10.10.   Release of Note Guarantees 127
Article XI COLLATERAL 128
Section 11.1.   Collateral Documents 128
Section 11.2.   Release of Collateral 129
Section 11.3.   Suits to Protect the Collateral 130
Section 11.4.   Authorization of Receipt of Funds by the Trustee Under the Collateral Documents 130
Section 11.5.   Purchaser Protected 130
Section 11.6.   Powers Exercisable by Receiver or Trustee 131
Section 11.7.   [Reserved] 131
Section 11.8.   Notes Collateral Agent 131
Article XII MISCELLANEOUS 139
Section 12.1.   Notices. 139
Section 12.2.   Communication by Holders with Other Holders 140
Section 12.3.   Certificate and Opinion as to Conditions Precedent 140
Section 12.4.   Statements Required in Certificate or Opinion 140
Section 12.5.   When Notes Disregarded 141
Section 12.6.   Legal Holidays 141
Section 12.7.   Governing Law; Submission to Jurisdiction 141
Section 12.8.   Waiver of Jury Trial 142
Section 12.9.   Force Majeure 142

 

 

Section 12.10.   No Personal Liability of Directors, Officers, Employees and Shareholders 142
Section 12.11.   Successors 143
Section 12.12.   Multiple Originals; Counterparts 143
Section 12.13.   Severability 143
Section 12.14.   Table of Contents; Headings 143
Section 12.15.   No Adverse Interpretation of Other Agreements 143
Section 12.16.   Acts of Holders 143
Section 12.17.   Indemnification for Non-U.S. Dollar Currency Judgments 145
Section 12.18.   Interest Act (Canada) 145

 

EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit A   Form of Note
for the Issuer’s 3.500% Senior Secured Notes due 2028

 

Exhibit B   Form of Certificate
of Transfer

 

Exhibit C   Form of Certificate
of Exchange

 

Exhibit D   Form of Supplemental
Indenture to be Delivered by Subsequent Guarantors

 

 

THIS INDENTURE, dated as of December 21,
2020, is among GFL Environmental Inc., a corporation organized under the laws of the Province of Ontario (the “Issuer”),
the Guarantors (as defined herein) from time to time party hereto, and Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as trustee (in such capacity,
the “Trustee”) and as collateral agent (in such capacity, the “Notes Collateral Agent”).

 

WHEREAS, the Issuer has duly authorized
the creation of an issue of US$750,000,000 aggregate principal amount of 3.500% Senior Secured Notes due 2028 (the “Initial
Notes
”);

 

WHEREAS, the Issuer has duly authorized
the execution and delivery of this Indenture; and

 

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the
premises and the purchase of the Notes by the Holders (as defined herein), it is mutually covenanted and agreed, for the equal
and proportionate benefit of all Holders, as follows:

 

Article
I

Definitions and Incorporation by Reference

 

Section 1.1.         
Definitions.

 

144A Global Note” means
a Global Note substantially in the form of Exhibit A bearing the Global Note Legend, the Private Placement Legend and (unless
such legend is no longer required by the provisions of this Indenture) the Canadian Legend, that has the “Schedule of
Exchanges of Interests in the Global Note
” attached thereto, and that is deposited with or on behalf of, and registered
in the name of, the Depositary or its nominee, issued in a denomination equal to the outstanding principal amount of the Notes
initially sold in reliance on Rule 144A.

 

1933 Act” means the
U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations of the Commission promulgated thereunder.

 

1934 Act” means the
U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations of the Commission promulgated thereunder.

 

3.750% 2025 Secured Notes
means the Issuer’s 3.750% Senior Secured Notes due 2025 outstanding as of the Issue Date and issued under the 3.750% 2025
Secured Notes Indenture.

 

3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Collateral
Agent
” means Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as collateral agent for the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes.

 

3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Collateral
Documents
” means “Collateral Documents” as defined in the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Indenture.

 

3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Indenture
means the Indenture, dated as of August 24, 2020, among the Issuer, the guarantors party thereto and Computershare Trust Company,
N.A., as the trustee and as the notes collateral agent.

 

 

3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Obligations
means obligations in respect of the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes, the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Indenture (including the guarantees
set forth therein) and the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Collateral Documents relating to the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes.

 

3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Secured
Parties
” means “Notes Secured Parties” as defined in the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Indenture.

 

4.250% 2025 Secured Notes
means the Issuer’s 4.250% Senior Secured Notes due 2025 outstanding as of the Issue Date and issued under the 4.250% 2025
Secured Notes Indenture.

 

4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Collateral
Agent
” means Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as collateral agent for the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes.

 

4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Collateral
Documents
” means “Collateral Documents” as defined in the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Indenture.

 

4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Indenture
means the Indenture, dated as of April 29, 2020, among the Issuer, the guarantors party thereto and Computershare Trust Company,
N.A., as the trustee and as the notes collateral agent.

 

4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Obligations
means obligations in respect of the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes, the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Indenture (including the guarantees
set forth therein) and the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Collateral Documents relating to the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes.

 

4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Secured
Parties
” means “Notes Secured Parties” as defined in the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Indenture.

 

2026 Secured Notes
means the Issuer’s 5.125% Senior Secured Notes due 2026 outstanding as of the Issue Date and issued under the 2026 Secured
Notes Indenture.

 

2026 Secured Notes Collateral
Agent
” means Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as collateral agent for the 2026 Secured Notes.

 

 

2026 Secured Notes Collateral
Documents
” means “Collateral Documents” as defined in the 2026 Secured Notes Indenture.

 

2026 Secured Notes Indenture
means the Indenture, dated as of December 16, 2019, among the Issuer, the guarantors party thereto and Computershare Trust Company,
N.A., as the trustee and as the notes collateral agent, as supplemented from time to time.

 

2026 Secured Notes Obligations
means obligations in respect of the 2026 Secured Notes, the 2026 Secured Notes Indenture (including the guarantees set forth therein)
and the 2026 Secured Notes Collateral Documents relating to the 2026 Secured Notes.

 

2026 Secured Notes Secured Parties
means “Notes Secured Parties” as defined in the 2026 Secured Notes Indenture.

 

2027 Unsecured Notes
means the Issuer’s 8.500% Senior Notes due 2027 outstanding as of the Issue Date and issued under the 2027 Unsecured Notes
Indenture.

 

2027 Unsecured Notes Indenture”
means the Indenture, dated as of April 23, 2019, among the Issuer, the guarantors party thereto and Computershare Trust Company,
N.A., as the trustee, as supplemented from time to time.

 

2028 Unsecured Notes
means the Issuer’s 4.000% Senior Notes due 2028 outstanding as of the Issue Date and issued under the 2028 Unsecured Notes
Indenture.

 

2028 Unsecured Notes Indenture
means the Indenture, dated as of November 23, 2020, among the Issuer, the guarantors party thereto and Computershare Trust Company,
N.A., as the trustee, as supplemented from time to time.

 

Additional First Lien Collateral
Agent
” means the Authorized Representative for the Series of Additional First Lien Obligations that constitutes the largest
outstanding principal amount of any then outstanding Series of Additional First Lien Obligations.

 

Additional First Lien Documents
means, with respect to any Additional First Lien Obligations, the notes, indentures, credit agreements, note purchase agreements,
security documents and other operative agreements evidencing or governing such Indebtedness and the Liens securing such Indebtedness,
including the Additional First Lien Security Documents and each other agreement entered into for the purpose of securing the Additional
First Lien Obligations.

 

Additional First Lien Obligations
means collectively all amounts owing pursuant to the terms of any Series of Additional Senior Class Debt designated as Additional
First Lien Obligations (each such term, as defined in the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement) pursuant to the First Lien Intercreditor
Agreement, including, without limitation, the obligation (including guarantee obligations) to pay principal, premium, interest
(including interest that accrues after the commencement of a case under any bankruptcy law, regardless of whether such interest
is an allowed claim under such bankruptcy case), letter of credit commissions, reimbursement obligations, charges, expenses, fees,
attorneys costs, indemnities, penalties, reimbursements, damages and other amounts payable by a Grantor under any Additional First
Lien Document.

 

Additional First Lien Secured
Party
” means the holders of any Additional First Lien Obligations and any Authorized Representative with respect thereto.

 

Additional First Lien Security
Document
” means any collateral agreement, security agreement or any other document now existing or entered into after
the date hereof that creates Liens on any assets or properties of any Grantor to secure the Additional First Lien Obligations.

 

Additional Notes” means
any Notes (other than the Initial Notes) issued under this Indenture in accordance with Section 2.2, as part of the same series
as the Initial Notes, to the extent outstanding.

 

 

Additional Senior Class Debt
means additional Indebtedness the Issuer may incur pursuant to the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement, First Lien Term Loan
Agreement, the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Indenture, the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Indenture, the 2026 Secured Notes Indenture and
this Indenture that is secured on an equal and ratable basis by the Liens securing the First Lien Obligations.

 

Affiliate” of any specified
Person means any other Person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by or under direct or indirect common control with
such specified Person. For purposes of this definition, “control,” as used with respect to any Person, means
the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of such Person,
whether through the ownership of voting securities, by agreement or otherwise. For purposes of this definition, the terms “controlling,
controlled by” and “under common control with” have correlative meanings.

 

Agent” means any Registrar
or Paying Agent, as the case may be.

 

Applicable Authorized Representative
means, with respect to any Shared Collateral, (i) until the earlier of (x) the Discharge of First Lien Credit Agreement Obligations
and (y) the Non-Controlling Authorized Representative Enforcement Date, the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Collateral Agent
acting on the written instructions of the Required First Lien Credit Agreement Secured Parties (or, after the Discharge of the
First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Obligations, the First Lien Term Loan Collateral Agent acting on the written instructions
of the Required First Lien Term Loan Lenders), (ii) from and after the earlier of (x) the Discharge of First Lien Revolving Credit
Agreement Obligations and (y) the Non-Controlling Authorized Representative Enforcement Date, the First Lien Term Loan Collateral
Agent acting on the written instructions of the Required First Lien Term Loan Agreement Secured Parties, and (iii) from and after
the earlier of (x) the Discharge of First Lien Credit Agreement Obligations and (y) the Non-Controlling Authorized Representative
Enforcement Date, the Major Non-Controlling Authorized Representative.

 

Applicable Procedures
means, with respect to any transfer or exchange of or for beneficial interests in any Global Note, the rules and procedures of
the Depositary, Euroclear or Clearstream that apply to such transfer or exchange.

 

Approved Rating Organization
means (1) each of Moody’s and S&P and (2) if Moody’s or S&P ceases to rate the Notes for reasons outside of
the Issuer’s control, a “nationally recognized statistical rating organization” within the meaning of
Section 3(a)(62) under the 1934 Act selected by the Issuer or any direct or indirect parent of the Issuer as a replacement agency
for Moody’s or S&P, as the case may be.

 

Asset Sale” means any
of the foregoing:

 

(1) the sale, lease, conveyance or other disposition of any assets or rights (including the sale by the Issuer or any Restricted
Subsidiary of Equity Interests in any of the Issuer’s Subsidiaries, but excluding the sale of directors’ qualifying
shares or shares required to be owned by other Persons pursuant to applicable law); and

 

 

(2) the issuance of Equity Interests by any of the Issuer’s Restricted Subsidiaries (but for greater certainty excluding
any issuance of Equity Interests by the Issuer).

 

Notwithstanding the preceding, the following items will be deemed
not to be an Asset Sale:

 

(1) any single transaction or series of related transactions that involves assets having a Fair Market Value of less than $30.0
million;

 

(2) a sale, lease, conveyance or other disposition of assets between or among the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries;

 

(3) an issuance or sale of Equity Interests by a Restricted Subsidiary to the Issuer or to another Restricted Subsidiary;

 

(4) any disposition of worn-out, obsolete, retired or otherwise unsuitable or excess assets or equipment or facilities or of assets
or equipment no longer used or useful (including intellectual property), in each case, in the ordinary course of business;

 

(5) the sale, lease, conveyance or other disposition of equipment, inventory, accounts receivable or other assets in the ordinary
course of business (including transfers of assets, revenues or liabilities between or among the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries
in the ordinary course of business for the Fair Market Value thereof);

 

(6) the sale or other disposition of cash or Cash Equivalents;

 

(7) any sale, assignment, transfer, conveyance, lease or other disposition of all or substantially all of the properties or assets
of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries taken as a whole, in one or more related transactions, to another Person, pursuant
to Section 5.1;

 

 

(9) the creation or perfection of a Lien (but not the sale or other disposition of any asset subject to such Lien);

 

(10) the surrender or waiver of contract rights or the settlement, release or surrender of contract, tort or other claims of any
kind;

 

(11) dispositions of receivables owing to the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries in connection with the compromise, settlement
or collection thereof in the ordinary course of business or in bankruptcy or similar proceedings of the account debtor and exclusive
of factoring or similar arrangements;

 

(12) the licensing or sublicensing of intellectual property or other general intangibles and licenses, leases or subleases of other
property in the ordinary course of business and which do not materially interfere with the business of the Issuer and its Restricted
Subsidiaries;

 

 

(13) any sale of assets received by the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries upon foreclosure of a Lien;

 

(14) any sale, issuance or other disposition of Equity Interests in, or Indebtedness or other securities of, an Unrestricted Subsidiary;

 

(15) a sale, transfer or other disposition of assets by the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries in connection with a corporate
reorganization that is carried out as a step transaction if:

 

(a) the step transaction is completed within five Business Days; and

 

(b) at the completion of the step transaction, such assets are owned by the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries;

 

(16) the sale or discount (with or without recourse)(including by way of assignment or participation) of receivables (including,
without limitation, accounts, trade and lease receivables) or participations therein and related assets pursuant to any Permitted
Receivables Financing; and

 

(17) sales, conveyances, transfers and other dispositions of Investments in joint ventures to the extent required by, or made pursuant
to, customary buy/sell or put/call arrangements between the joint venture parties set forth in joint venture arrangements or similar
binding arrangements.

 

Attributable Debt” in
respect of a Sale and Lease-Back Transaction means, at the time of determination, the lesser of (a) the fair market value of property
or assets involved in the Sale and Lease-Back Transaction, (b) the present value of the total net amount of rent required to be
paid under such lease during the remaining term of the lease included in such Sale and Lease-Back Transaction (including any renewal
term or period for which such lease has been extended), calculated by discounting from the respective due dates to such date such
total net amount of rent at the rate of interest set forth or implicit in the terms of such lease or, if not practicable to determine
such rate, the rate per annum equal to the weighted average interest rate per annum borne by the Notes outstanding pursuant to
this Indenture compounded semi-annually, or (c) if the obligation with respect to such Sale and Lease-Back Transaction constitutes
a Financing Lease Obligation, the amount equal to the capitalized amount of such obligation determined in accordance with the definition
of Financing Lease Obligation. For purposes of the foregoing definition, rent shall not include amounts required to be paid by
the lessee, whether or not designated as rent or additional rent, on account of or contingent upon maintenance and repairs, insurance,
taxes, assessments, water rates and similar charges. In the case of any lease that is terminable by the lessee upon the payment
of a penalty, such net amount shall be the lesser of the net amount determined assuming termination upon the first date such lease
may be terminated (in which case the net amount shall also include the amount of the penalty), but no rent shall be considered
as required to be paid under such lease subsequent to the first date upon which it may be so terminated or the net amount determined
assuming no such termination.

 

 

Authorized Representative
means, at any time, (i) in the case of any First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Obligations or the First Lien Revolving Credit
Agreement Secured Parties, the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Collateral Agent, (ii) in the case of the First Lien Term
Loan Obligations or the First Lien Term Loan Secured Parties, the First Lien Term Loan Collateral Agent, (iii) in the case of the
2026 Secured Notes Obligations or the 2026 Secured Notes Secured Parties, the 2026 Secured Notes Collateral Agent, (iv) in the
case of the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Obligations or the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Secured Parties, the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes
Collateral Agent, (v) in the case of the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Obligations or the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Secured Parties,
the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Collateral Agent, (vi) in the case of the Notes Obligations or the Notes Secured Parties, the Notes
Collateral Agent and (vii) in the case of any other Series of Additional First Lien Obligations or Additional First Lien Secured
Parties that become subject to the Intercreditor Agreement after its execution, the collateral agent (or equivalent) named as authorized
representative for such Series in the applicable Joinder Agreement.

 

Bankruptcy Law” means
the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (Canada), the Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act (Canada), the Winding-Up and
Restructuring Act
(Canada), Title 11 of the United States Code, or any other federal, state, provincial or foreign law for
the relief of debtors that are insolvent or bankrupt.

 

Beneficial Holders
means any person who holds a beneficial interest in Global Notes as shown on the books of the Depositary or a Participant of such
Depositary.

 

Board of Directors
means:

 

(1) with respect to a corporation, the board of directors of the corporation (or any duly authorized committee thereof);

 

(2) with respect to a partnership, the board of directors of the corporation (or the managers or managing members of a limited
liability company) that is the general partner or managing partner of the partnership;

 

(3) with respect to a limited liability company, the managing member or members or any controlling committee of managing members
thereof; and

 

(4) with respect to any other Person, the board or committee of such Person serving a similar function.

 

Board Resolution” means
a copy of a resolution certified by any Officer of the applicable Person to have been duly adopted by the Board of Directors of
such Person and to be in full force and effect on the date of such certification, and delivered to the Trustee.

 

Business Day” means
a day other than a Saturday, Sunday or other day on which banking institutions or trust companies in New York, New York or the
Province of Ontario are authorized or required by law to close.

 

Canadian Pledge Agreement
means that certain Canadian Pledge Agreement, dated as of the Issue Date, among the Issuer, the Guarantors that are organized under
the laws of Canada or a province thereof and the Notes Collateral Agent, as amended, restated, amended and restated, supplemented
or otherwise modified from the time to time.

 

 

Canadian Securities Legislation
means the securities laws of each of the provinces and territories of Canada and the respective regulations, rules, rulings, decisions
and orders made thereunder, together with the multilateral or national instruments and notices issued or adopted by the securities
commissions or securities regulatory authorities in such provinces or territories.

 

Canadian Security Agreement
means that certain Canadian General Security Agreement, dated as of the Issue Date, among the Issuer, the Guarantors that are organized
under the laws of Canada or a province thereof and the Notes Collateral Agent, as amended, restated, amended and restated, supplemented
or otherwise modified from the time to time.

 

Canadian Subsidiary
means any Subsidiary that is organized under the laws of Canada or any province thereof.

 

Capital Stock” means:

 

(1) in the case of a corporation, association or other business entity, any and all shares, interests, participations, rights or
other equivalents (however designated and whether or not voting) of corporate stock;

 

(2) in the case of a partnership or limited liability company, partnership or membership interests (whether general or limited);
and

 

(3) any other interest or participation that confers on a Person rights in, or other equivalents of or interests in, the equity
of the issuing Person or otherwise confers the right to receive a share of the profits and losses of, or distributions of assets
of, the issuing Person,

 

but excluding from all of the foregoing
any debt securities including debt securities convertible into or exchangeable for Capital Stock, whether or not such debt securities
have any right of participation with Capital Stock.

 

Capitalized Software Expenditures
means, for any period, the aggregate of all expenditures (whether paid in cash or accrued as liabilities) by the Issuer and the
Restricted Subsidiaries during such period in respect of purchased software or internally developed software and software enhancements
that, in conformity with GAAP, are or are required to be reflected as capitalized costs on the consolidated balance sheet (excluding
the footnotes thereto) of the Issuer and the Restricted Subsidiaries.

 

Captive Insurance Subsidiary
means any Subsidiary of the Issuer that is subject to regulation as an insurance company (or any Subsidiary thereof).

 

Cash Equivalents” means:

 

 

 

(1) Canadian or U.S. dollars, and such other currencies as may be held by the Issuer or the Restricted Subsidiaries from time to
time in the ordinary course of business;

 

(2) securities issued by or directly and fully guaranteed or insured by the federal government of Canada, the U.S., or any member
state of the European Union (provided that such member state has a rating of “A” or higher from S&P,
A2” or higher from Moody’s, “A” or higher from Fitch or “A” or
higher from DBRS) or any agency or instrumentality thereof (provided that the full faith and credit of the federal government
of Canada, the United States or the relevant member state of the European Union is pledged in support of those securities) having
maturities of not more than two years from the date of acquisition;

 

(3) demand accounts, time deposit accounts, bearer deposit notes, certificates of deposit and eurodollar time deposits with maturities
of one year or less from the date of acquisition, bankers’ acceptances with maturities not exceeding one year, demand and
overnight bank deposits and other similar types of investments routinely offered by commercial banks or trust companies, in each
case, with any bank or trust company that has a rating of “A” or higher from S&P, “A2
or higher from Moody’s, “A” or higher from Fitch or “A” or higher from DBRS;

 

(4) repurchase obligations for underlying securities of the types described in clauses (2) and (3) above entered into with any
financial institution meeting the qualifications specified in clause (3) above;

 

(5) commercial paper having a rating of “P-1” from Moody’s, “A-1” or higher from S&P,
F-1” or higher from Fitch (or, if at any time none of Moody’s, S&P or Fitch shall be rating such
obligations, an equivalent rating from another Approved Rating Organization) or “R-1 (low)” or higher from DBRS
and in each case maturing within two years after the date of acquisition;

 

(6) readily marketable direct obligations issued by a state of the United States or a province of Canada or any political subdivision
thereof having a rating of “A” or higher from S&P, “A2” or higher from Moody’s
or “A” or higher from Fitch in each case with maturities not exceeding two years from the date of acquisition;

 

(7) Investments with average maturities of 24 months or less from the date of acquisition in money market funds rated “AAA−
(or the equivalent thereof) or better by S&P or “Aaa3” (or the equivalent thereof) or better by Moody’s
or “AAA-” (or the equivalent thereof) or better from Fitch (or, if at any time none of Moody’s, S&P
or Fitch shall be rating such obligations, an equivalent rating from another Approved Rating Organization); and

 

(8) money market or investment funds at least 95% of the assets of which constitute Cash Equivalents of the kinds described in
clauses (1) through (7) of this definition. In the case of Investments made in a country outside the United States, Cash Equivalents
will also include investments of the type and maturity described in clauses (1) through (8) of this definition of foreign obligors,
which Investments or obligors (or the parents of such obligors) have ratings described in such clauses or equivalent ratings from
comparable foreign rating agencies.

 

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, Cash Equivalents
will include amounts denominated in currencies other than those set forth in clauses (1) and (2) above; provided that such
amounts are converted into any currency listed in clauses (1) and (2) as promptly as practicable and in any event within ten Business
Days following the receipt of such amounts.

 

Cash Management Obligations
means obligations in respect of cash management services consisting of automated clearing house transactions, controlled disbursement
services, treasury, depositary, overdraft and electronic funds transfer services, foreign exchange facilities, currency exchange
transactions or agreements and options with respect thereto, credit card processing services, credit or debit cards, purchase cards
and any indemnity given in connection with any of the foregoing.

 

CFC” means a “controlled
foreign corporation” within the meaning of Section 957 of the Code.

 

CFC Holdco” means any
Subsidiary that has no material assets other than Equity Interests in (or Equity Interests and Indebtedness of) one or more Subsidiaries
that are CFCs.

 

Change of Control” means
the occurrence of any of the following events:

 

(1) the direct or indirect sale, lease, transfer, conveyance or other disposition (other than by way of plan of arrangement, merger,
amalgamation or consolidation), in one or a series of related transactions, of all or substantially all of the properties or assets
(including Equity Interests of the Issuer’s Restricted Subsidiaries) of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries, taken
as a whole, to any Person or group of Persons acting jointly or in concert (any such group, a “Group”) other
than a Person or Group that is a Permitted Holder; or

 

(2) the consummation of any transaction (including, without limitation, any plan of arrangement, merger, amalgamation or consolidation)
the result of which is that any Person or Group (other than a Person or Group that is a Permitted Holder) beneficially owns, directly
or indirectly, more than 50% of the Voting Stock of the Issuer, measured by voting power rather than number of shares.

 

For purposes of this definition, (i) a beneficial
owner of a security includes any Person or Group who, directly or indirectly, through any contract, arrangement, understanding,
relationship, or otherwise has or shares: (A) voting power, which includes the power to vote, or to direct the voting of, such
security; and/or (B) investment power, which includes the power to dispose of, or to direct the disposition of, such security;
(ii) a Person or Group shall not be deemed to have beneficial ownership of securities subject to a stock purchase agreement, merger
agreement or similar agreement until the consummation of the transactions contemplated by such agreement; and (iii) to the extent
that one or more regulatory approvals are required for any of the transactions or circumstances described in clauses (1) or (2)
above to become effective under applicable law and such approvals have not been received before such transactions or circumstances
have occurred, such transactions or circumstances shall be deemed to have occurred at the time such approvals have been obtained
and become effective under applicable law.

 

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, a transaction
will not be deemed to involve a Change of Control if (1) the Issuer becomes a direct or indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of a holding
company and (2)(A) the direct or indirect beneficial owners of the Voting Stock of such holding company immediately following that
transaction are substantially the same as the beneficial owners of the Voting Stock of the Issuer immediately prior to that transaction
or (B) immediately following that transaction no person (other than a holding company satisfying the requirements of this sentence)
is the beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of more than 50% of the Voting Stock of such holding company.

 

Change of Control Triggering Event
means the occurrence of both a Change of Control and a Rating Decline with respect to the Notes.

 

Clearstream” means Clearstream
Banking, société anonyme, or any successor securities clearance agency.

 

Collateral” means all
of the assets and property of the Issuer or any Guarantor, whether real, personal or mixed or the subject matter of Liens granted
under the Collateral Documents securing or purported to secure any Notes Obligations, other than the Excluded Assets.

 

Collateral Agents” mean,
collectively, the Notes Collateral Agent, the First Lien Term Loan Collateral Agent, the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement
Collateral Agent, the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Collateral Agent, the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Collateral Agent, the 2026 Secured
Notes Collateral Agent and any Additional First Lien Collateral Agent.

 

Collateral Documents
means collectively, the Intercreditor Agreements, the U.S. Security Agreement, the Canadian Security Agreement, the U.S. Pledge
Agreement, the Canadian Pledge Agreement, the Intellectual Property Security Agreements, the Mortgages (if any), the Deed of Hypothec,
dated on or after the Issue Date, between the Notes Collateral Agent and the Issuer, each of the mortgages, debentures, charges,
collateral assignments, security agreements, pledge agreements or other similar agreements relating to the Collateral and the Mortgages
and instruments filed and recorded in appropriate jurisdictions to preserve and protect the Liens on the Collateral (including,
without limitation, financing statements under the Uniform Commercial Code of the relevant states and PPSA of the applicable provinces)
applicable to the Collateral, each for the benefit of the Notes Collateral Agent, each as amended, amended and restated, modified,
renewed or replaced from time to time.

 

Collateral
Requirement
” means, at any time, the requirement that:

 

(a)              
the Notes Collateral Agent shall have received each Collateral Document required to be delivered (i) on the Issue Date pursuant
to the terms of this Indenture or (ii) on such other dates as required pursuant to Section 4.16 or Section 11.1 or the Collateral
Documents, duly executed by the Issuer and each Guarantor party thereto;

 

 

(b)           the Notes Obligations shall have been secured by a first-priority security interest (subject to Liens permitted by Section
4.3) in (i) all Equity Interests of each Restricted Subsidiary that is a Wholly Owned Canadian Subsidiary or U.S. Subsidiary (other
than any such Subsidiary (x) that is an Immaterial Subsidiary, or (y) described in the following clause (ii)(B)) directly owned
by the Issuer or any Guarantor and (ii) 65% of the issued and outstanding voting Equity Interests (and 100% of the issued and outstanding
non-voting Equity Interests) of, (A) each Restricted Subsidiary that is a CFC and is directly owned by the Issuer or any Guarantor
and (B) each Restricted Subsidiary that is a CFC Holdco (in the case of clauses (A) and (B), other than a Subsidiary that is an
Immaterial Subsidiary);

 

(c)            except
to the extent otherwise provided hereunder or under any Collateral Document, and subject to Liens permitted by Section 4.3 or
under any Collateral Document, the Notes Obligations shall have been secured by a valid and perfected security interest in substantially
all tangible and intangible assets of the Issuer and each Guarantor (including accounts receivable, inventory, equipment, investment
property, contract rights, registered intellectual property (including applications for registered intellectual property, but
excluding any “intent-to-use” application for registration of a trademark or service mark filed pursuant to Section
1(b) of the Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1051, prior to the filing of a “Statement of Use” pursuant to Section 1(d),
or an “Amendment to Allege Use” pursuant to Section 1(c), of the Lanham Act, to the extent, if any, that, and solely
during the period, if any, in which, the grant of a security interest therein would impair the validity or enforceability of such
application under applicable federal laws), other general intangibles, and solely to the extent required by Section 4.16, Mortgages
on Material Real Property and, in each case, proceeds of the foregoing), in each case, with the priority required by the Collateral
Documents (to the extent such security interest may be perfected by delivering certificated securities and or debt instruments,
filing any Mortgages in the appropriate filing or land registry office of the county or municipality where the respective mortgaged
property is located, filing financing statements under the Uniform Commercial Code or PPSA or making any necessary filings with
the United States Patent and Trademark Office or United States Copyright Office or the Canadian Intellectual Property Office);
and

 

(d)           the
Notes Collateral Agent shall have received counterparts of a Mortgage and other documentation required to be delivered, with respect
to each Material Real Property, if any, pursuant to Section 4.16.

 

The foregoing definition
shall not require, and the Collateral Documents shall not contain any requirements as to, the creation or perfection of pledges
of or security interests in, mortgages on, or the obtaining of title insurance, surveys, abstracts or appraisals or taking other
actions with respect to, any Excluded Assets. The Notes Collateral Agent may grant extensions of time for the perfection of security
interests in or the delivery of the Mortgages and the obtaining of title insurance, surveys and abstracts with respect to particular
assets and the delivery of assets (including extensions beyond the Issue Date for the perfection of security interests in the assets
of the Issuer and Guarantors) where it reasonably determines, in consultation with the Issuer, that perfection cannot be accomplished
without undue effort or expense by the time or times at which it would otherwise be required by this Indenture or the Collateral
Documents; provided that the Notes Collateral Agent shall be deemed to have made such a reasonable determination if such
a determination has already been made by either the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Collateral Agent or the First Lien Term
Loan Collateral Agent (with respect to the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement or the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement,
respectively).

 

 

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary,
there shall be no requirement for (and no default or event of default under the Collateral Documents shall arise out of the lack
of) (A) actions in, or required by the laws of, any jurisdiction other than the United States (or any state thereof or the
District of Columbia) or Canada (or any province thereof) in order to create, perfect or maintain any security interests in any
assets (including, without limitation, any intellectual property registered outside the United States or Canada and all real property
located outside the United States or Canada) (it being understood that there shall be no security agreements, pledge agreements
or similar security documents governed by the laws of any jurisdiction outside the United States or Canada) and (B) actions required
to be taken to perfect by “control” with respect to any Collateral (other than delivery of certificated securities
required to be pledged in accordance with clause (c) of this definition), including control agreements or similar agreements in
respect of any deposit accounts, securities accounts, commodities accounts or other bank accounts.

 

Commission” means the
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Commodity Hedging Contracts
means any transaction, arrangement or agreement entered into between a Person (or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries) and a counterparty
on a case by case basis, including any futures contract, a commodity option, a swap, a forward sale or otherwise, the purpose of
which is to mitigate, manage or eliminate its exposure to fluctuations in commodity prices, transportation or basis costs or differentials
or other similar financial factors including contracts settled by physical delivery of the commodity not settled within 60 days
of the date of any such contract.

 

Comparable Treasury Issue
means the United States Treasury security selected by the Quotation Agent as having a maturity comparable to the remaining term
of the Notes to be redeemed (assuming for this purpose, that the Notes to be redeemed mature on the Par Call Date) that would be
utilized, at the time of selection and in accordance with customary financial practice, in pricing new issues of corporate debt
securities of comparable maturity to the remaining term of the Notes.

 

Comparable Treasury Price
means, with respect to any Redemption Date, (i) the average of four Reference Treasury Dealer Quotations for such Redemption Date,
after excluding the highest and lowest such Reference Treasury Dealer Quotations, or (ii) if the Quotation Agent obtains fewer
than four such Reference Treasury Dealer Quotations, the average of all such quotations, or (iii) if only one Reference Treasury
Dealer Quotation is received, such quotation.

 

Consolidated Depreciation and
Amortization Expense
” means, with respect to any Person for any period, the total amount of depreciation, amortization
and depletion and accretion expense, including amortization or write-off of intangibles and non-cash organization costs and of
deferred financing fees or costs and Capitalized Software Expenditures, of such Person, including the amortization of deferred
financing fees or costs for such period on a consolidated basis and otherwise determined in accordance with GAAP and the amortization
of original issue discount resulting from the issuance of Indebtedness at less than par, and any write down of assets or asset
value carried on the balance sheet.

 

 

Consolidated EBITDA
means, with respect to any Person for any period, Consolidated Net Income for such period:

 

(a)          increased
by (without duplication, and as determined in accordance with GAAP to the extent applicable):

 

(1) solely to the extent such amounts were deducted in computing Consolidated Net Income, provision for taxes based on income or
profits or capital, plus state, provincial, franchise, property or similar taxes and foreign withholding taxes and foreign unreimbursed
value added taxes, of such Person for such period (including, in each case, penalties and interest related to such taxes or arising
from tax examinations) deducted in computing Consolidated Net Income; plus

 

(2) (A) total interest expense of such Person and, to the extent not reflected in such total interest expense, any net losses on
hedging obligations or other derivative instruments entered into for the purpose of hedging interest rate risk, and (B) bank fees
and costs owed with respect to letters of credit, bankers acceptances and surety bonds, in each case under this clause (B), in
connection with financing activities and, in each case under clauses (A) and (B), to the extent the same were deducted in computing
Consolidated Net Income; plus

 

(3) Consolidated Depreciation and Amortization Expense of such Person for such period to the extent such expenses were deducted
in computing Consolidated Net Income; plus

 

(4) any (A) transaction expenses and (B)(I) reasonable fees, costs, expenses or charges incurred in connection with (x) any issuance
or offering of Equity Interests (including any initial public offering), Investment, acquisition (including any costs incurred
in connection with any acquisition or any other Investment permitted under this Indenture whether occurring before or after the
Issue Date), non-ordinary course disposition, recapitalization or the issuance, incurrence, redemption, exchange or repayment of
Indebtedness (including, with respect to Indebtedness, a refinancing thereof), including any costs and expenses relating to any
registration statement, or registered exchange offer, in respect of any Indebtedness permitted hereunder, (y) any amendment, waiver,
consent or modification to any documentation governing the terms of any transaction described in the immediately preceding subclause
(x) or (z) any amendment, waiver, consent or modification to any document governing any Indebtedness, in each case under subclauses
(x), (y) and (z), whether or not such transaction or amendment, waiver, consent or modification is successful and (II) fees, costs,
expenses and charges to the extent payable or reimbursable by third parties, pursuant to indemnification provisions, in each case,
deducted in computing Consolidated Net Income; plus

 

 

(5) to the extent deducted in calculating Consolidated Net Income, any charges, losses or expenses related to signing, retention,
relocation, recruiting or completion bonuses or recruiting costs, severance costs, transition costs, curtailments or modifications
to pension and post-retirement employee benefit plans (including any settlement of pension liabilities), pre-opening, opening,
closing and consolidation costs and expenses with respect to any New Projects, facilities, facility start-up costs, costs and expenses
relating to implementation of operational and reporting systems and technology initiatives, costs incurred in connection with product
and intellectual property development and new systems design, project start-up costs, integration and systems establishment costs,
business optimization expenses or costs (including costs and expenses relating to intellectual property restructurings) and cash
restructuring charges, expenses and reserves and expenses attributable to the implementation of cost savings initiatives, costs
associated with tax projects/audits and costs consisting of professional consulting or other fees relating to any of the foregoing;
plus

 

(6) accretion of asset retirement obligations; plus

 

(7) any other non-cash charges, expenses, losses or items, including any write offs or write downs, reducing such Consolidated
Net Income for such period (provided that if any such non-cash charges represent an accrual or reserve for potential cash
items in any future period, (1) the Issuer may determine not to add back such non-cash charge in the current period and (2) to
the extent the Issuer does decide to add back such non-cash charge, the cash payment in respect thereof in such future period shall
be subtracted from Consolidated EBITDA to such extent, and excluding amortization of a prepaid cash item that was paid in a prior
period); plus

 

(8) the amount of any minority interest expense or non-controlling interest consisting of Subsidiary income attributable to minority
equity interests of third parties in any non-Wholly Owned Subsidiary deducted in calculating Consolidated Net Income; plus

 

(9) the amount of fees, out-of-pocket costs, indemnities and expenses paid or accrued in such period to any Permitted Holder or
any of their Affiliates and deducted in such period in computing Consolidated Net Income; plus

 

(10) the amount of any net loss from operations expected to be disposed of, abandoned or discontinued within twelve months after
the end of such period; plus

 

(11) the amount of “run rate” cost savings, operating expense reductions and synergies related to the Waste Industries
Transactions, any Specified Transactions, any restructurings, cost savings initiatives and other initiatives (without duplication
of any pro forma amounts added back in connection with a Specified Transaction or entry into an Municipal Waste Contract
or Put-or-Pay Agreement) projected by the Issuer in good faith to result from actions taken, committed to be taken or expected
to be taken no later than twenty-four (24) months after the end of such period (which “run rate” cost savings, operating
expense reductions and synergies shall be calculated on a pro forma basis as though such “run rate” cost savings,
operating expense reductions and synergies had been realized on the first day of the period for which Consolidated EBITDA is being
determined and realized during the entirety of such period and each subsequent period through the period ending on the last day
of the eighth fiscal quarter commencing after the end of the fiscal quarter in which such pro forma adjustment was originally
made, and without duplication of any pro forma adjustment for any such subsequent period that would otherwise be permitted
under this clause (11) with respect to the same cost savings, operating expense reductions and synergies), net of the amount of
actual benefits realized during such period from such actions; provided that such “run rate” cost savings, operating
expense reductions and synergies are reasonably identifiable and factually supportable (in the good faith determination of the
Issuer) (it being understood that pro forma adjustments need not be prepared in compliance with Regulation S-X); plus

 

 

(12) to the extent reducing such Consolidated Net Income, any costs or expenses incurred by the Issuer or a Restricted Subsidiary
pursuant to any management equity plan or stock option plan or any other management or employee benefit plan or agreement or any
stock subscription or stockholders agreement, to the extent that such costs or expenses are funded with cash proceeds contributed
to the capital of the Issuer or net cash proceeds of issuance of Equity Interests of the Issuer (other than Disqualified Stock);
plus

 

(13) the amount of any loss attributable to a New Project, until the date that is 12 months after the date of completing the construction,
acquisition, assembling or creation of such New Project, as the case may be; provided that (a) such losses are reasonably
identifiable and factually supportable and certified by a responsible officer of the Issuer and (b) losses attributable to such
New Project after 12 months from the date of completing such construction, acquisition, assembling or creation, as the case may
be, shall not be included in this clause (13); plus

 

(14) to the extent deducted in calculating Consolidated Net Income, Specified Legal Expenses in an amount not to exceed $5.0 million
for the applicable four-quarter period; plus

 

(15) accruals and reserves that are established or adjusted within 12 months after the closing of any acquisition that are so required
as a result of such acquisition in accordance with GAAP, or changes as a result of the adoption or modification of accounting policies,
whether effected through a cumulative effect adjustment, restatement or a retroactive application; plus

 

(16) without duplication, adjustments of the nature used in connection with the calculation of “Adjusted EBITDA
or “Run-Rate EBITDA” as set forth in footnote 3 of “Summary— Summary Historical and As Adjusted
Financial Information
” contained in the Offering Memorandum applied in good faith to the extent such adjustments continue
to be applicable during the period in which Consolidated EBITDA is being calculated; and

 

 

(b) decreased by (without duplication,
and as determined in accordance with GAAP to the extent applicable) any non-cash gains increasing Consolidated Net Income of such
Person for such period, excluding any gains that represent the reversal of any accrual of, or cash reserve for, anticipated cash
charges in any prior period (other than such cash charges that have been added back to Consolidated Net Income in calculating Consolidated
EBITDA in accordance with this definition).

 

For the avoidance of doubt, Consolidated EBITDA shall be calculated,
including pro forma adjustments.

 

Consolidated Interest Expense
means, for any period, the total interest expense of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries determined on a consolidated basis
in accordance with GAAP (excluding any accretion or accrual of discounted liabilities not constituting Indebtedness), plus, to
the extent not included in such total interest expense, and to the extent incurred by the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries
(determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP), without duplication:

 

(1) the amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs; plus

 

(2) the amortization of all fees (including, without limitation, fees with respect to Hedging Obligations) payable in connection
with the incurrence of Indebtedness; plus

 

(3) interest payable on Financing Lease Obligations; plus

 

(4) payments in the nature of interest pursuant to Hedging Obligations; plus

 

(5) interest accruing on any Indebtedness of any other Person, to the extent such Indebtedness is guaranteed by, or secured by
a Lien on any asset of, the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the interest
component of any lease that is a Non-Financing Lease Obligation will not be included in Consolidated Interest Expense. For purposes
of this definition, interest on a Financing Lease Obligation shall be deemed to accrue at an interest rate reasonably determined
by such Person to be the rate of interest implicit in such Financing Lease Obligation in accordance with GAAP.

 

 

Consolidated Net Income
means, with respect to any Person for any period, the aggregate of the Net Income of such Person and its Subsidiaries for such
period determined on a consolidated basis in conformity with GAAP; provided, however, that, without duplication:

 

(1) any net after-tax extraordinary, non-recurring or unusual gains or losses, charges or expenses, transaction expenses, severance
costs and expenses and one-time compensation charges shall be excluded;

 

(2) the Net Income for such period shall not include the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principles during such period,
whether effected through a cumulative effect adjustment or a retroactive application, in each case in accordance with GAAP;

 

(3) effects of adjustments (including the effects of such adjustments pushed down to the Issuer and its Subsidiaries) in such Person’s
consolidated financial statements pursuant to GAAP (including in the property and equipment, software, goodwill, intangible assets,
deferred revenue and debt line items thereof) resulting from the application of recapitalization accounting or purchase accounting,
as the case may be, in relation to any consummated acquisition or the amortization or write-off of any amounts thereof (including
any write-off of in process research and development), net of taxes, shall be excluded;

 

(4) any net after-tax income (loss) from disposed, abandoned, transferred, closed or discontinued operations and any net after-tax
gains or losses on disposal of disposed, abandoned, transferred, closed or discontinued operations shall be excluded;

 

(5) any net after-tax gains or losses (less all fees and expenses relating thereto) attributable to asset sales or other dispositions
or impairments or the sale or other disposition of any Equity Interests of any Person, in each case, other than in the ordinary
course of business, as determined in good faith by the Issuer, shall be excluded;

 

(6) the Net Income for such period of any Person that is not a Subsidiary, or is an Unrestricted Subsidiary, or that is accounted
for by the equity method of accounting, shall be excluded; provided that the Issuer’s or any Restricted Subsidiary’s
equity in the Net Income of such Person or Unrestricted Subsidiary shall be included in the Consolidated Net Income of the Issuer
or such Restricted Subsidiary up to the aggregate amount of dividends or distributions or other payments that are actually paid
in cash (or to the extent converted into cash) by such Person or Unrestricted Subsidiary to the Issuer or a Restricted Subsidiary
in respect of such period;

 

 

(8) (i) any net unrealized gain or loss (after any offset) resulting in such period from obligations in respect of Hedging Obligations
and the application of Accounting Standards for Private Enterprises, CPA Handbook—Part II, Section 3856 or any ineffectiveness
recognized in earnings related to qualifying hedge transactions or the fair value of changes therein recognized in earnings for
derivatives that do not qualify as hedge transactions, in each case, in respect of Hedging Obligations, (ii) any net gain or loss
resulting in such period from currency translation gains or losses related to currency re-measurements of Indebtedness (including
the net loss or gain resulting from Hedging Obligations for currency exchange risk) and all other foreign currency translation
gains or losses, and (iii) any net after-tax income (loss) for such period attributable to the early extinguishment or conversion
of (A) Indebtedness, (B) obligations under any Hedging Obligations or (C) other derivative instruments and all deferred financing
costs written off or amortized and premiums paid or other expenses incurred directly in connection therewith, shall be excluded;

 

 

(9) any goodwill or impairment charge or asset write-off or write-down, including impairment charges or asset write-offs or write-downs
related to intangible assets, long-lived assets, investments in debt and equity securities or as a result of a change in law or
regulation, in each case pursuant to GAAP, the amortization of intangibles arising pursuant to GAAP and the amortization of Capitalized
Software Expenditures, shall be excluded;

 

(10) any expenses, charges or losses that are covered by indemnification or other reimbursement provisions in connection with any
acquisition, Investment, acquisitions completed prior to the Issue Date or any sale, conveyance, transfer or other disposition
of assets permitted under this Indenture or that are consummated prior to the Issue Date, to the extent actually reimbursed, or,
so long as the Issuer has made a determination that a reasonable basis exists for indemnification or reimbursement and only to
the extent that such amount is in fact indemnified or reimbursed within 365 days of such determination (with a deduction in the
applicable future period for any amount so added back to the extent not so indemnified or reimbursed within such 365 days), shall
be excluded;

 

(11) to the extent covered by insurance and actually reimbursed, or, so long as the Issuer has made a determination that a reasonable
basis exists that such amount will in fact be reimbursed within 365 days of the date of such determination (with a deduction in
the applicable future period for any amount so added back to the extent not so reimbursed within such 365 days), expenses, charges
or losses with respect to liability or casualty events shall be excluded;

 

(12) any non-cash compensation charge or expense, including any such charge or expense arising from the grants of stock appreciation
or similar rights, stock options, restricted stock or other rights or equity incentive programs shall be excluded;

 

(13) any income (loss) attributable to deferred compensation plans or trusts and any non-cash deemed finance charges in respect
of any pension liabilities or other provisions or on the revaluation of any benefit plan obligation shall be excluded;

 

(14) proceeds from any business interruption insurance, to the extent not already included in Consolidated Net Income, shall be
included;

 

(15) the amount of any expense to the extent a corresponding amount relating to such expense is received in cash by the Issuer and
the Restricted Subsidiaries from a Person other than the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiaries; provided such amount received
has not been included in determining Consolidated Net Income, shall be excluded (it being understood that if the amounts received
in cash under any such agreement in any period exceed the amount of expense in respect of such period, such excess amounts received
may be carried forward and applied against expense in future periods);

 

 

(16) any adjustments resulting from the application of Accounting Standards for Private Enterprises, CPA Handbook—Part II,
Accounting Guideline 14, or any comparable regulation, shall be excluded; and

 

(17) earn-out and contingent consideration obligations (including adjustments thereof and purchase price adjustments) incurred in
connection with any acquisition or other Investment, and any acquisitions completed prior to the Issue Date, shall be excluded.

 

continuing” means, with
respect to any Default or Event of Default, that such Default or Event of Default has not been cured or waived.

 

“Controlling Collateral Agent
means, with respect to any Shared Collateral, (1) until the earlier of (a) the Discharge of First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement
Obligations and (b) the Non-Controlling Authorized Representative Enforcement Date, the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Collateral
Agent acting on the written instructions of the Required First Lien Credit Agreement Secured Parties, (2) from and after the earlier
of (a) the Discharge of First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Obligations and (b) the Non-Controlling Authorized Representative
Enforcement Date, the First Lien Term Loan Collateral Agent acting on the written instructions of the Required First Lien Term
Loan Lenders, and (3) from and after the earlier of (a) the Discharge of First Lien Credit Agreement Obligations and (b) the Non-Controlling
Authorized Representative Enforcement Date, the Controlling Collateral Agent will be the Collateral Agent (other than the First
Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Collateral Agent and the First Lien Term Loan Collateral Agent) of the Series of First Lien Obligations
that constitutes the largest outstanding principal amount of any then outstanding Series of First Lien Obligations (excluding the
Series of First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Obligations and the Series of First Lien Term Loan Obligations) with respect to
such Shared Collateral; provided, that if the Notes Collateral Agent is the Controlling Collateral Agent, it shall act pursuant
to instructions from the Holders of a majority of the Notes outstanding.

 

With respect to any Shared Collateral, no
Non-Controlling Authorized Representative (as defined in the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement) or other Non-Controlling Secured
Party (as defined in the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement) shall or shall instruct the Controlling Collateral Agent to, commence
any judicial or nonjudicial foreclosure proceedings with respect to, seek to have a trustee, receiver, liquidator or similar official
appointed for or over, attempt any action to take possession of, exercise any right, remedy or power with respect to, or otherwise
take any action to enforce its security interest in or realize upon, or take any other action available to it in respect of, any
Shared Collateral.

 

Corporate Trust Office
means the office of the Trustee at which its corporate trust business relating to this Indenture shall be administered, which office
at the date hereof is located at 6200 S. Quebec St., Greenwood Village, CO 80111, or such other address as the Trustee may designate
from time to time.

 

 

Credit Agreements” means
the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement and the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement.

 

Credit Facilities” means
one or more credit or debt facilities (including, without limitation, under the Credit Agreements, the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes,
the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes, the 2026 Secured Notes and the Notes), commercial paper facilities or Debt Issuances, in each case
with banks, investment banks, insurance companies, mutual funds, other institutional lenders or institutional investors providing
for, among other things, revolving credit loans, term loans, term debt, debt securities, receivables financing (including through
the sale of receivables to such lenders, other financiers or to special purpose entities formed to borrow from such lenders or
other financiers against such receivables), letters of credit or letter of credit guarantees, bankers’ acceptances, other
borrowings or Debt Issuances, in each case, as amended, supplemented, restated, modified, renewed, refunded, replaced, restructured,
repaid, refinanced or otherwise modified, in whole or in part, from time to time, and any agreements and related documents governing
Indebtedness or obligations incurred to refinance amounts then outstanding or permitted to be outstanding, whether or not with
the original administrative agent, lenders, investment banks, insurance companies, mutual funds, other institutional lenders or
institutional investors and whether provided under the original agreement, indenture or other documentation relating thereto.

 

Crown” means Her Majesty
in right of Canada or a province of Canada, and Her other realms and territories.

 

Currency Agreement
means any financial arrangement entered into between a Person (or its Restricted Subsidiaries) and a counterparty on a case by
case basis in connection with a foreign exchange futures contract, currency swap agreement, currency option or currency exchange
or other similar currency related transactions, the purpose of which is to mitigate or eliminate its exposure to fluctuations in
exchange rates and currency values.

 

Custodian” means any
receiver, receiver manager, trustee, assignee, liquidator, monitor, or similar official under any Bankruptcy Law.

 

DBRS” means DBRS Ltd.
or any successor to the rating agency business thereof.

 

Debt Issuances” means,
with respect to the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary of the Issuer, one or more issuances after the Issue Date of Indebtedness
evidenced by notes, debentures, bonds or other similar securities or instruments.

 

Default” means the occurrence
of any event that is, or with the passage of time or the giving of notice or both would be, an Event of Default under this Indenture.

 

Definitive Note” means
a certificated Note registered in the name of the Holder thereof and issued in accordance with Section 2.6 hereof, substantially
in the form of Exhibit A, except that such Note shall not bear the Global Note Legend and shall not have the “Schedule
of Exchanges of Interests in the Global Note
” attached thereto.

 

 

Depositary” means Cede
& Co. and such other Person as is designated in writing by the Issuer and acceptable to the Trustee to act as depositary in
respect of one or more Global Notes.

 

Designated Non-cash Consideration
means the Fair Market Value (as determined in good faith by the Issuer) of non-cash consideration received by the Issuer or a Restricted
Subsidiary in connection with an Asset Sale that is so designated as Designated Non-cash Consideration pursuant to an Officer’s
Certificate, setting forth such valuation, less the amount of Cash Equivalents received in connection with a subsequent sale of
such Designated Non-cash Consideration.

 

Discharge” means, with
respect to any Collateral and any Series of First Lien Obligations, the date on which such Series of First Lien Obligations is
no longer secured by such Collateral. The term “Discharged” shall have a corresponding meaning.

 

Discharge of First Lien Credit
Agreement Obligations
” means, with respect to any Collateral, both the Discharge of the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement
Obligations and the Discharge of the First Lien Term Loan Obligations with respect to such Collateral.

 

Discharge of First Lien Revolving
Credit Agreement Obligations
” means, with respect to any Collateral, the Discharge of the First Lien Revolving Credit
Agreement Obligations with respect to such Collateral; provided that the Discharge of First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement
Obligations shall not be deemed to have occurred in connection with a refinancing of such First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement
Obligations with Additional First Lien Obligations secured by such Collateral under an Additional First Lien Document which has
been designated in writing by the Collateral Agent (under the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement so refinanced) to the First
Lien Term Loan Collateral Agent, the Notes Collateral Agent and the Additional First Lien Collateral Agent and each other Authorized
Representative as the “First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement” for purposes of the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

 

Discharge of First Lien Term Loan
Obligations
” means, with respect to any Collateral, the Discharge of the First Lien Term Loan Obligations with respect
to such Collateral; provided that the Discharge of First Lien Term Loan Obligations shall not be deemed to have occurred
in connection with a refinancing of such First Lien Term Loan Obligations with Additional First Lien Obligations secured by such
Collateral under an Additional First Lien Document which has been designated in writing by the Collateral Agent (under the First
Lien Term Loan Agreement so refinanced) to the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Collateral Agent, the Notes Collateral Agent
and the Additional First Lien Collateral Agent and each other Authorized Representative as the “First Lien Term Loan Agreement”
for purposes of the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

 

 

Disqualified Stock
means, with respect to any Person, any Capital Stock that, by its terms (or by the terms of any security into which it is convertible,
or for which it is exchangeable, in each case at the option of the holder of the Capital Stock), or upon the happening of any event,
matures or is mandatorily redeemable pursuant to a sinking fund obligation or otherwise, or redeemable at the option of the holder
of the Capital Stock, in whole or in part, prior to the Stated Maturity of the principal of the Notes. Notwithstanding the preceding
sentence, any Capital Stock that would constitute Disqualified Stock solely because the holders of the Capital Stock have the right
to require the issuer thereof to repurchase such Capital Stock upon the occurrence of a change of control or an asset sale will
not constitute Disqualified Stock if the provisions applicable to such Capital Stock are no more favorable to the holders of such
Capital Stock than the provisions contained in Section 4.5 and Section 4.7 and such Capital Stock specifically provides that the
issuer will not repurchase or redeem any of such Capital Stock pursuant to such provisions prior to the Issuer’s repurchase
of such of the Notes as are required to be repurchased pursuant to Section 4.5 and Section 4.7.

 

Equity Interests” means
Capital Stock and all warrants, options or other rights to acquire Capital Stock (but excluding any debt security that is convertible
into, or exchangeable for, Capital Stock).

 

ERISA Legend” means
the legend set forth in Section 2.6(f)(3), which is required to be placed on all Notes issued under this Indenture.

 

Euroclear” means Euroclear
Bank S.A./N.V., or any successor securities clearance agency.

 

Event of Default” means
each event described under Section 6.1 and any other event defined as an “Event of Default” in this Indenture.

 

Excluded Assets” means
the following:

 

(1) (i) assets for which the grant of a security interest, therein (A) is prohibited by law (including, without limitation, financial
assistance laws, corporate benefit laws or otherwise), rule, regulation or requires Governmental Authority or similar third party
consent or (B) is prohibited by contract permitted hereunder and existing on the Issue Date (and not entered into in contemplation
thereof) or, in the case of any Subsidiary acquired after the Issue Date, at the time of acquisition of such Subsidiary (and not
entered into in contemplation thereof) or would trigger termination under any such permitted contract binding on such assets (in
each case, after giving effect to the applicable anti-assignment provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code, PPSA or other applicable
laws), or (ii) any lease, license, franchise, charter, authorization, contract or other agreement (including any purchase money
security interest, capital lease obligation or other similar arrangement) to the extent a security interest therein is prohibited
by or in violation of a term, provision or condition of, or would invalidate or give any other party thereto (other than the Issuer
or any Subsidiary) the right to terminate, any such lease, license, franchise, charter, authorization, contract or agreement (in
each case, after giving effect to the applicable anti-assignment provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code, the PPSA or other applicable
laws in any relevant jurisdiction); provided, however, that the Collateral shall include (and such security interest
shall attach) at such time as the contractual prohibition shall no longer be applicable and to the extent severable, shall attach
to any portion of any lease, license, franchise, charter, authorization, contract, agreement or other asset not subject to the
prohibitions specified above; provided, further, that the exclusions referred to in this clause (a) shall not include
any proceeds of any such lease, license, franchise, charter, authorization, contract or agreement the assignment of which is expressly
deemed effective under applicable law notwithstanding such prohibition (unless such proceeds or receivables would independently
constitute Excluded Assets);

 

 

(2) (i) Equity Interests in excess of 65% of the total issued and outstanding voting Equity Interests of (x) a CFC or (y) any CFC
Holdco, (ii) Equity Interests in any Person (other than any Guarantor, any Wholly Owned Restricted Subsidiaries of the Issuer or
any Guarantor that are Material Subsidiaries), (iii) Equity Interests in any Excluded Subsidiary (other than (A) any Subsidiary
that is not a U.S. Subsidiary or Canadian Subsidiary or (B) CFC Holdco or (C) any Subsidiary which is an Excluded Subsidiary solely
pursuant to clause (k) of the definition of Excluded Subsidiary), (iv) Equity Interests in partnerships, joint ventures or any
non-wholly owned Subsidiaries which cannot be pledged without the consent of one or more third-parties, (v) Equity Interests of
any Subsidiary of the Issuer that is a Subsidiary of an Excluded Subsidiary and (vi) Margin Stock (as defined in Regulation U of
the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the United States);

 

(3) any “intent-to-use” application for registration of a trademark or service mark filed pursuant to Section 1(b)
of the Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1051, prior to the filing of a “Statement of Use” pursuant to Section 1(d), or
an “Amendment to Allege Use” pursuant to Section 1(c), of the Lanham Act, or similar applications pursuant to any applicable
laws in any other applicable jurisdiction, to the extent, if any, that, and solely during the period, if any, in which, the grant
of a security interest therein would impair the validity or enforceability of such application under applicable laws;

 

(4) (i) any leasehold interest (including any ground lease interest) in real property; (provided, that none of the Issuer
or Guarantors shall be required to deliver landlord or other third party lien waivers, estoppels or collateral access letters),
(ii) any fee interest in owned real property (subject to Section 11.1 and Section 4.16 with respect to Material Real Property)
and (iii) any fixtures affixed to any real property to the extent a security interest in such fixtures may not be perfected by
a UCC-1 or PPSA financing statement in the jurisdiction of organization of the Issuer or applicable Guarantor or jurisdiction where
such real property is located, as applicable, or, solely in the case of fixtures affixed to any Material Real Property, to the
extent a security interest in such fixtures may not be perfected by the recording of a Mortgage or the filing of a fixture filing
in the jurisdiction where such Material Real Property is located; provided that Excluded Assets shall not include any real
property subject to a Mortgage or other Material Real Property for which the Notes Collateral Agent has requested a valid and perfected
Lien under Section 11.1 and Section 4.16;

 

(5) vehicles and other assets subject to certificates of title or ownership and aircraft;

 

(6) non-U.S. and non-Canadian intellectual property (to the extent a security interest therein cannot be perfected by filing a
Uniform Commercial Code or PPSA financing statement), in relation to U.S. Subsidiaries, letters of credit and letter of credit
rights that do not constitute supporting obligations in respect of other Collateral, except to the extent such letter of credit
rights may be perfected by the filing of a Uniform Commercial Code financing statement;

 

(7) in relation to U.S. Subsidiaries, commercial tort claims that, in the reasonable determination of the Issuer, are not expected
to result in a judgment (or settlement) in excess of $5,000,000;

 

(8) assets for which the grant of security interest therein would result in material adverse tax or regulatory costs or consequences
as reasonably determined by the Issuer in consultation with the Notes Collateral Agent; provided, that the Notes Collateral
Agent shall be deemed to have made such a reasonable determination if such a determination has already been made by either the
First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Collateral Agent or the First Lien Term Loan Collateral Agent (with respect to the First
Lien Revolving Credit Agreement or the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement, respectively);

 

(9) any preferred stock issued by GFL Holdco (US), LLC; and

 

(10) particular assets as agreed between the Issuer and the Notes Collateral Agent if and for so long as, in the reasonable judgment
of the Notes Collateral Agent and the Issuer, the cost, difficulty, burden or consequences of obtaining, perfecting or maintaining
a security interest in such assets exceeds the practical benefits to the Holders afforded thereby; provided, however,
that Excluded Assets shall not include any proceeds of any Excluded Assets referred to in clauses (a) through and including (i)
above (unless such proceeds would constitute Excluded Assets referred to in any such clause); provided further, that the
Notes Collateral Agent shall be deemed to have made such a reasonable determination if such a determination has already been made
by either the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Collateral Agent or the First Lien Term Loan Collateral Agent (with respect
to the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement or the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement, respectively).

 

Certain security interest in the Collateral
securing the Notes will not be in place on the date of issuance of the Notes or will not be perfected on such date, but will be
required to be put in place as promptly as practicable thereafter and in any event no later than 90 days after the Issue Date.

 

 

Excluded Subsidiary
means (a) Immaterial Subsidiaries, (b) Unrestricted Subsidiaries, (c) any Subsidiary that is prohibited or restricted by law, rule,
regulation or contractual obligation (so long as, in respect to any such contractual obligation, such prohibition existed on the
Issue Date or, if later, on the date the applicable Subsidiary is acquired and is not incurred in contemplation of such acquisition)
from providing a guarantee or that would require a governmental (including regulatory) consent, approval, license or authorization
in order to provide a guarantee (including, in each case, under any financial assistance, corporate benefit or thin capitalization
rule), in each case, for so long as such prohibition or circumstance exists, (d) any Subsidiary that is not a Wholly Owned Restricted
Subsidiary of the Issuer or any Guarantor, (e) any Subsidiary that is neither a U.S. Subsidiary nor a Canadian Subsidiary, (f)
any U.S. Subsidiary that is a Subsidiary of a CFC, (g) any CFC Holdco, (h) any Subsidiary that is a not-for-profit organization,
(i) Captive Insurance Subsidiaries, (j) any Subsidiary that is a special purpose entity for a securitization transaction or a similar
special purpose, (k) any Subsidiary with respect to which providing a guarantee would result in material adverse tax consequences
(including as a result of Section 956 of the Code or any similar Law in any applicable jurisdiction) to the Issuer or any of its
Subsidiaries as reasonably determined by the Issuer (in consultation with the Notes Collateral Agent) and (l) any other Subsidiary
with respect to which, as reasonably determined by the Issuer and the Notes Collateral Agent, the burden or cost of providing a
guarantee outweighs the benefits afforded to the Holders thereby; provided, that the Notes Collateral Agent shall be deemed
to have made such a reasonable determination if such a determination has already been made by either the First Lien Revolving Credit
Agreement Collateral Agent or the First Lien Term Loan Collateral Agent (with respect to the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement
or the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement, respectively).

 

Existing Notes” means
the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes, the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes, the 2026 Secured Notes, the 2027 Unsecured Notes and the 2028 Unsecured
Notes.

 

Existing Secured Notes
means the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes, the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes and the 2026 Secured Notes.

 

Existing Unsecured Notes
means the 2027 Unsecured Notes and the 2028 Unsecured Notes.

 

Fair Market Value” means
the value that would be paid by a willing buyer to a willing seller that is not an Affiliate of the willing buyer in a transaction
not involving distress or necessity of either party; provided that, in the case of an Asset Sale where such value exceeds
$15.0 million, such determination shall be made in good faith by the Chief Executive Officer or Chief Financial Officer of the
Issuer.

 

FATCA” means (a) Sections
1471 through 1474 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time (the “Code”) (including
regulations and guidance thereunder), (b) any successor version thereof, (c) any intergovernmental agreement or any agreement entered
into pursuant to Section 1471(b)(1) of the Code or (d) any law, regulation, rule or other official guidance or practice implementing
the foregoing.

 

Financing Lease” means
a lease of an asset providing the right of use of such asset, that has the economic characteristics of asset ownership, with a
term of not less than 75% of the asset’s useful life, the present value of lease payments thereunder must be not less than
90% of the asset’s market value at the time of entering into the lease and the lessee must acquire, or have the right to
acquire, ownership of the asset at the end of the lease term.

 

 

 

Financing Lease Obligation
means, as to any Person, the obligations of such Person under a Financing Lease, provided that the amount of such obligations
shall be the capitalized amount thereof, determined in accordance with GAAP.

 

First Lien Intercreditor Agreement
means the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, dated as of September 30, 2016, among the Issuer, the grantors party thereto, Bank
of Montreal, as First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Collateral Agent for the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Secured Parties
and Barclays Bank PLC, as First Lien Term Loan Collateral Agent for the First Lien Term Loan Secured Parties, as may be amended
from time to time.

 

First Lien Obligations
means, collectively, (i) the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Obligations, (ii) the First Lien Term Loan Obligations, (iii)
the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Obligations, (iv) the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Obligations, (v) the 2026 Secured Notes Obligations,
(vi) the Notes Obligations and (vii) each Series of Additional First Lien Obligations.

 

First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement
means the credit agreement in effect on the Issue Date among the Issuer, the guarantors from time to time party thereto, the lenders
from time to time party thereto, and Bank of Montreal, as agent, including any related notes, debentures, pledges, guarantees,
security documents, instruments and agreements executed from time to time in connection therewith, and in each case as amended,
supplemented, restated, modified, renewed, refunded, replaced, restructured, repaid, refinanced or otherwise modified, in whole
or in part, from time to time, including any agreement extending the maturity of, refinancing, replacing or otherwise restructuring
or adding the Issuer or any of its Subsidiaries as replacement or additional borrowers or guarantors thereunder, and all or any
portion of the Indebtedness and other obligations under such agreement or agreements or any successor or replacement agreement
or any agreements, and whether by the same or any other agent, lender or group of lenders. For greater certainty, it is acknowledged
that Interest Rate Agreements, Currency Agreements and Commodity Hedging Contracts entered into with a Person that at that time
is a lender (or an Affiliate thereof) under the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement are separate from, are not included within
and do not form part of any above inclusions of, the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement.

 

First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement
Administrative Agent
” means the administrative agent under the “First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement” and
shall include any successor administrative agent; provided, that if the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement is refinanced
by a replacement First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement, then all references herein to the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement
Administrative Agent shall refer to the administrative agent (or trustee) under the replacement First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement.

 

First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement
Collateral Agent
” means the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Administrative Agent in its capacity as collateral
agent and administrative agent under the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement.

 

First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement
Obligations
” means all “Obligations” as defined in the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement that are required
to be secured on a first lien basis.

 

 

First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement
Secured Parties
” means the “Secured Parties” as defined in the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement.

 

First Lien Secured Parties
means (i) the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Secured Parties, (ii) the First Lien Term Loan Secured Parties, (iii) the 3.750%
2025 Secured Notes Secured Parties, (iv) the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Secured Parties, (v) the 2026 Secured Notes Secured Parties,
(vi) the Notes Secured Parties and (vii) the Additional First Lien Secured Parties with respect to each Series of Additional First
Lien Obligations.

 

First Lien Term Loan Administrative
Agent
” means the administrative agent under the “First Lien Term Loan Agreement” and shall include any successor
administrative agent; provided, that if the First Lien Term Loan Agreement is refinanced by a replacement First Lien Term
Loan Agreement, then all references herein to the First Lien Term Loan Administrative Agent shall refer to the administrative agent
(or trustee) under the replacement First Lien Term Loan Agreement.

 

First Lien Term Loan Collateral
Agent
” means the First Lien Term Loan Administrative Agent in its capacity as collateral agent and administrative agent
under the First Lien Term Loan Agreement.

 

First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement
means the credit agreement in effect on the Issue Date, among the Issuer, the guarantors from time to time party thereto, the lenders
from time to time party thereto, and Barclays Bank PLC, as agent, including any related notes, debentures, pledges, guarantees,
security documents, instruments and agreements executed from time to time in connection therewith, and in each case as amended,
supplemented, restated, modified, renewed, refunded, replaced, restructured, repaid, refinanced or otherwise modified, in whole
or in part, from time to time, including any agreement extending the maturity of, refinancing, replacing or otherwise restructuring
or adding the Issuer or any of its Subsidiaries as replacement or additional borrowers or guarantors thereunder, and all or any
portion of the Indebtedness and other obligations under such agreement or agreements or any successor or replacement agreement
or any agreements, and whether by the same or any other agent, lender or group of lenders. For greater certainty, it is acknowledged
that Interest Rate Agreements, Currency Agreements and Commodity Hedging Contracts entered into with a Person that at that time
is a lender (or an Affiliate thereof) under the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement are separate from, are not included within
and do not form part of any above inclusions of, the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement.

 

First Lien Term Loan Obligations
means all “Obligations” as such term is defined in the First Lien Term Loan Agreement that are required to be secured
on a first lien basis.

 

First Lien Term Loan Secured Parties
means the “Secured Parties” as defined in the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement.

 

Fitch” means Fitch Ratings
Inc., or any successor to the rating agency business thereof.

 

 

Fixed Charges” means,
for any period, the sum, without duplication, of:

 

(1) the Consolidated Interest Expense (excluding amortization or write-off of deferred financing costs or debt issuance costs which
have been paid) of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries for such period, whether paid or accrued; plus

 

(2) the amount of all dividends, whether paid or accrued and whether or not in cash, on any series of preferred stock of the Issuer
or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries, other than dividends on Equity Interests payable solely in Equity Interests of the Issuer
(other than Disqualified Stock) or to the Issuer or a Restricted Subsidiary of the Issuer.

 

GAAP” means (1) International
Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) or any accounting principles that are recognized as being generally accepted
in the United States; provided, however, that if any such accounting principle with respect to the accounting for leases
(including Financing Lease Obligations) changes after the Issue Date, the Issuer may, at its option, elect to employ such accounting
principle as in effect on the Issue Date or (2) if elected by the Issuer by written notice to the Trustee in connection with the
delivery of financial statements and information, any accounting principles that are recognized as being generally accepted in
Canada which are in effect from time to time, in each case as in effect on the first date of the period for which the Issuer is
making such an election and thereafter as in effect from time to time.

 

Global Notes” means
one or more Notes issued and outstanding and held by, or on behalf of, a Depositary.

 

Global Notes Legend
means the legend set forth in Section 2.6(f)(2), which is required to be placed on all Global Notes issued under this Indenture.

 

Government Securities
means securities that are:

 

(1) direct obligations of the United States for the timely payment of which its full faith and credit is pledged; or

 

(2) obligations of a Person controlled or supervised by and acting as an agency or instrumentality of the United States, the timely
payment of which is unconditionally guaranteed as a full faith and credit obligation by the United States,

 

which, in either case, are not
callable or redeemable at the option of the issuers thereof, and shall also include a depositary receipt issued by a bank (as
defined in Section 3(a)(2) of the 1933 Act), as custodian with respect to any such Government Securities or a specific payment
of principal of or interest on any such Government Securities held by such custodian for the account of the holder of such depositary
receipt; provided that (except as required by law) such custodian is not authorized to make any deduction from the amount
payable to the holder of such depositary receipt from any amount received by the custodian in respect of the Government Securities
or the specific payment of principal of or interest on the Government Securities evidenced by such depositary receipt.

 

 

Governmental Authority
means the government of the United States or Canada or any other nation, or of any political subdivision thereof, whether state,
local, county, provincial or otherwise and any agency, authority, instrumentality, regulatory body, court, central bank or other
entity exercising executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory or administrative powers or functions of or pertaining to
government (including any supra-national bodies such as the European Union or the European Central Bank and including a Minister
of the Crown, Superintendent of Financial Institutions or other comparable authority or agency).

 

Grantors” means the
Issuer and the Guarantors.

 

Guarantee” or “guarantee
means a guarantee other than by endorsement of negotiable instruments for collection in the ordinary course of business, direct
or indirect, in any manner including, without limitation, by way of a pledge of assets or through letters of credit or reimbursement
agreements in respect thereof, of all or any part of any Indebtedness or other obligations.

 

Guarantor” means each
Restricted Subsidiary of the Issuer that provided a Note Guarantee on the Issue Date and each other Restricted Subsidiary that
provides a Note Guarantee pursuant to Section 4.6 or otherwise.

 

Hedging Obligations
means, with respect to any specified Person, all obligations of such Person under all Currency Agreements, all Interest Rate Agreements
and all Commodity Hedging Contracts, with the amount of such obligations being equal to the net amount payable if such obligations
were terminated at that time due to default by such Person (after giving effect to any contractually permitted set-off).

 

Holder” means a Person
in whose name a Note is registered.

 

Immaterial Subsidiaries
means any Restricted Subsidiary with respect to which, as of the last day of the most recently ended test period on or prior to
the date of determination, Consolidated EBITDA or Total Assets attributable to such Restricted Subsidiary for the period of four
consecutive fiscal quarters ending on such date does not exceed 2.5% of the Consolidated EBITDA or Total Assets of the Issuer and
the Restricted Subsidiaries for such period; provided that if the aggregate Consolidated EBITDA or Total Assets attributable
to Restricted Subsidiaries that are Immaterial Subsidiaries shall exceed 5.0% of Consolidated EBITDA or Total Assets of the Issuer
and its Restricted Subsidiaries for such four-quarter period, then the Issuer shall re-designate one or more of such Restricted
Subsidiaries to not be Immaterial Subsidiaries within twenty (20) Business Days after delivery of the compliance certificate for
such fiscal quarter delivered to the First Lien Term Loan Administrative Agent such that only Restricted Subsidiaries as shall
then have aggregate Consolidated EBITDA and or Total Assets of 5.0% or less of the Consolidated EBITDA and Total Assets of the
Issuer and the Restricted Subsidiaries shall constitute Immaterial Subsidiaries.

 

 

Indebtedness” means
(without duplication), with respect to any specified Person, whether or not contingent:

 

(A) (1) all indebtedness of such Person in respect of borrowed money; (2) all obligations of such Person evidenced by bonds, notes,
debentures or similar instruments or letters of credit, letters of guarantee or tender checks (or reimbursement agreements in respect
thereof); (3) all obligations of such Person in respect of banker’s acceptances; (4) all Attributable Debt in respect of
Sale and Lease-Back Transactions entered into by such Person; (5) all obligations of such Person representing the balance deferred
and unpaid purchase price of any property (including Financing Lease Obligations, except any such balance that constitutes (x)
a trade payable or similar obligation to a trade creditor incurred in the ordinary course of business, (y) any earn-out obligations
until such obligation becomes a liability on the balance sheet of such Person in accordance with GAAP and (z) any purchase price
holdbacks in respect of a portion of the purchase price of an asset to satisfy warranty or other unperformed obligations of the
seller or any post-closing payment adjustments to which the seller may become entitled to the extent such payment is determined
by a final closing balance sheet; provided, however, that, at the time of closing, the amount of any such payment
is not determinable and, to the extent such payment thereafter becomes fixed and determined, the amount is paid within 120 days
thereafter), which purchase price is due more than 12 months after the date of placing the property in service or taking delivery
and title thereto; (6) all net obligations of such Person under Hedging Obligations; (7) all conditional sale obligations
of such Person and all obligations of such Person under title retention agreements, but excluding a title retention agreement to
the extent it constitutes an obligation under a Non-Financing Lease; (8) all obligations of such Person under an agreement or arrangement
that in substance provides financing pursuant to the factoring of accounts receivable; (9) all preferred stock issued by such Person,
if such Person is a Restricted Subsidiary of the Issuer and is not a Guarantor; and (10) all Indebtedness of others secured by
a Lien on any asset of the specified Person (whether or not such Indebtedness is assumed by the specified Person) and, to the extent
not otherwise included, a guarantee by the specified Person of any Indebtedness of any other Person; to the extent that any of
the foregoing indebtedness would appear as a liability on a consolidated balance sheet of such Person prepared in accordance with
GAAP;

 

(B) to the extent not otherwise included, any obligation of such Person to be liable for, or to pay, as obligor, guarantor or otherwise,
on the Indebtedness of another Person (other than by endorsement of negotiable instruments for collection in the ordinary course
of business); and

 

(C) to the extent not otherwise included, Indebtedness of another Person secured by a Lien on any asset owned by such Person (whether
or not such Indebtedness is assumed by such Person); provided, however, that the amount of such Indebtedness will
be the lesser of: (1) the Fair Market Value (as determined in good faith by the Issuer) of such asset at such date of determination
and (2) the amount of such Indebtedness of such other Person.

 

 

The amount of any Indebtedness issued at
a price that is less than the principal amount thereof shall be the accreted value of the Indebtedness.

 

The amount of any Indebtedness of another
Person secured by a Lien on the assets of the specified Person shall be the lesser of:

 

(a) the Fair Market Value of such assets at the date of determination; and

 

(b) the amount of such Indebtedness of such other Person.

 

For the avoidance of doubt, “Indebtedness
of any Person shall not include:

 

(1) trade payables and accrued liabilities incurred in the ordinary course of business and payable in accordance with customary
practice;

 

(2) deferred tax obligations;

 

 

(4) uncapitalized interest;

 

(5) in connection with a purchase by the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary of any business or assets, any post-closing payment
adjustment to which the seller may become entitled to the extent such adjustment is determined by a final closing balance sheet
or such adjustment depends on the performance of such business or assets after the closing; provided, however, that, at
the time of closing, the amount of any such payment is not determinable and, to the extent such payment thereafter becomes fixed
and determined, the amount is paid within 120 days thereafter;

 

(6) pension fund obligations or rehabilitation obligations that are classified as “indebtedness” under GAAP but that
would not otherwise constitute Indebtedness under clauses (A)(1) through (A)(9) of this definition;

 

(7) the amortizing note portion of any TEU; and

 

(8) Non-Financing Lease Obligations, obligations under or in respect of straight-line leases, operating leases or Sale and Lease-Back
Transactions (except any resulting Financing Lease Obligations).

 

Indenture” means this
Indenture, as amended or supplemented from time to time.

 

Indirect Participant
means a Person who holds a beneficial interest in a Global Note through a Participant.

 

Initial Purchasers
means Barclays Capital Inc., BMO Capital Markets Corp., CIBC World Markets Corp., RBC Capital Markets, LLC, Scotia Capital (USA)
Inc., Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC, J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, National Bank of Canada Financial Inc., Stifel, Nicolaus & Company,
Incorporated, TD Securities (USA) LLC and BC Partners Securities LLC.

 

 

Insolvency or Liquidation Proceeding
means:

 

(1) any case commenced by or against the Issuer or any other Grantor under any bankruptcy law, any other proceeding for the reorganization,
recapitalization, compromise or adjustment or marshalling of the assets or liabilities of the Issuer or any other Grantor, any
receivership or assignment for the benefit of creditors relating to the Issuer or any other Grantor or any similar case or proceeding
relative to the Issuer or any other Grantor or its creditors, as such, in each case whether or not voluntary;

 

(2) any liquidation, dissolution, marshalling of assets or liabilities or other winding up of or relating to the Issuer or any
other Guarantor, in each case whether or not voluntary and whether or not involving bankruptcy or insolvency; or

 

(3) any other proceeding of any type or nature in which substantially all claims of creditors of the Issuer or any other Guarantor
are determined and any payment or distribution is or may be made on account of such claims.

 

Intellectual Property Security
Agreements
” means one or more intellectual property security agreements contemplated to be executed and delivered pursuant
to the Collateral Requirements.

 

Intercreditor Agreements
means each First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and each comparable junior lien intercreditor agreement with respect to permitted
Indebtedness secured with a Junior Lien Priority.

 

Interest Payment Date
means March 1 and September 1 of each year that the Notes are outstanding, commencing (except in respect of any Additional Notes)
on September 1, 2021.

 

Interest Rate Agreement
means any financial arrangement entered into between a Person (or its Restricted Subsidiaries) and a counterparty on a case by
case basis in connection with interest rate swap transactions, interest rate options, cap transactions, floor transactions, collar
transactions and other similar interest rate protection related transactions, the purpose of which is to mitigate or eliminate
its exposure to fluctuations in interest rates.

 

Investment Grade” means
a rating equal to or higher than “Baa3” (or the equivalent) in the case of Moody’s, “BBB−
(or the equivalent) in the case of S&P, “BBB-” (or the equivalent) in the case of Fitch, “BBB (low)
(or the equivalent) in the case of DBRS, or any equivalent rating by any other Approved Rating Organization.

 

 

Investments” means,
with respect to any Person, all direct or indirect investments by such Person in other Persons (including Affiliates) in the form
of:

 

(1) any direct or indirect advance, loan or other extension of credit to another Person;

 

(2) any capital contribution to another Person, by means of any transfer of cash or other property in any form;

 

(3) any purchase or acquisition of Equity Interests, bonds, notes or other Indebtedness, or other instruments or securities, issued
by another Person, including the receipt of any of the above as consideration for the disposition of assets or rendering of services;

 

(4) any guarantee of any Indebtedness of another Person; and

 

(5) all other items that are or would be classified as investments on a balance sheet prepared in accordance with GAAP;

 

provided that “Investments” with respect
to any Person shall exclude extensions of trade credit in the ordinary course of business on commercially reasonable terms in accordance
with the normal trade practices of such Person.

 

Investor” means (i)
each of (a) BC Partners Advisors L.P. and its Affiliates (including BC European Capital X LP and the other funds, partnerships
or other vehicles managed, advised or controlled thereby, together with any entity (directly or indirectly) wholly owned by any
such fund, partnership or vehicle, but not including, however, any portfolio operating company of the foregoing), (b) Ontario Teachers’
Pension Plan Board and its Affiliates (including the funds, partnerships or other vehicles managed, advised or controlled thereby,
together with any entity (directly or indirectly) wholly owned by any such fund, partnership or vehicle, but not including, however,
any portfolio operating company of the foregoing), (c) Magny Cours Investment Pte. Ltd. and its Affiliates (including the funds,
partnerships or other vehicles managed, advised or controlled thereby, together with any entity (directly or indirectly) wholly
owned by any such fund, partnership or vehicle, but not including, however, any portfolio operating company of the foregoing) and
(d) Patrick Dovigi and his Affiliates and (ii) any successor of any Person identified in clause (i). For purposes of this definition,
a Person (first person) is considered to control another Person (second person) if: (a) the first person beneficially owns or directly
or indirectly exercises control or direction over securities of the second person carrying votes which, if exercised, would entitle
the first person to elect a majority of the directors of the second person, unless that first person holds the voting securities
only to secure an obligation; (b) the second person is a partnership, other than a limited partnership, and the first person holds
more than 50% of the interests of the partnership; or (c) the second person is a limited partnership and the general partner of
the limited partnership is the first person.

 

Issue Date” means December
21, 2020.

 

Issuer” means GFL Environmental
Inc. (and not any of its Subsidiaries or Affiliates), until a successor Person shall have become such pursuant to the applicable
provisions of this Indenture and thereafter “Issuer” shall mean such successor Person.

 

Issuer Order” means
a written request or order signed in the name of the Issuer by one Officer and delivered to the Trustee.

 

 

Joinder Agreement” means
a joinder to the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement substantially in the form set forth therein.

 

Junior Lien Priority
means Indebtedness that is secured by a Lien on the Collateral that is junior in priority to the Liens on the Collateral securing
the Notes and subject to a second lien intercreditor agreement (it being understood that junior Liens are not required to rank
equally and ratably with other junior Liens, and that Indebtedness secured by junior Liens may be secured by Liens that are senior
in priority to, or rank equally and ratably with, or junior in priority to, other Liens constituting junior Liens).

 

Lien” means any mortgage,
lien (statutory or otherwise), pledge, charge, security interest or encumbrance upon or with respect to any property of any kind,
whether or not filed, recorded or otherwise perfected under applicable law, including any conditional sale or other title retention
agreement; provided that in no event shall Non-Financing Lease Obligations be deemed to constitute a Lien.

 

Limited Condition Acquisition
means any acquisition or Investment, including by way of merger, amalgamation or consolidation, by the Issuer or one or more of
its Restricted Subsidiaries whose consummation is not conditional upon the availability of, or on obtaining, third party financing.

 

Major Non-Controlling Authorized
Representative
” means, with respect to any Collateral, (i) at any time when any of the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement
Collateral Agent, the First Lien Term Loan Collateral Agent, the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Collateral Agent, the 4.250% 2025 Secured
Notes Collateral Agent, the 2026 Secured Notes Collateral Agent or the Notes Collateral Agent is the Controlling Collateral Agent,
the Authorized Representative of the Series of First Lien Obligations, if any, that constitutes the largest outstanding principal
amount of any then outstanding Series of First Lien Obligations (including the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Obligations,
the First Lien Term Loan Obligations, the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Obligations, the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Obligations, the
2026 Secured Notes Obligations and the Notes Obligations) (provided, however, that if there are two outstanding Series
of Additional First Lien Obligations which have an equal outstanding principal amount, the Series of Additional First Lien Obligations
with the earlier maturity date shall be considered to have the larger outstanding principal amount for purposes of this clause
(i)) and (ii) at any time when the Additional First Lien Collateral Agent is the Controlling Collateral Agent, the Authorized Representative
of the Series of Additional First Lien Obligations that constitutes the largest outstanding principal amount of any then outstanding
Series of First Lien Obligations (other than First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Obligations, First Lien Term Loan Obligations,
the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Obligations, the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Obligations, the 2026 Secured Notes Obligations and Notes
Obligations, if any) with respect to such Shared Collateral (provided, however, that if there are two outstanding
Series of Additional First Lien Obligations which have an equal outstanding principal amount, the Series of Additional First Lien
Obligations with the earlier maturity date shall be considered to have the larger outstanding principal amount for purposes of
this clause (ii); provided, further, that if the Notes Collateral Agent is such Major Non-Controlling Authorized
Representative it shall act pursuant to instructions from the Holders of a majority of the Notes outstanding). Notwithstanding
the foregoing and for the avoidance of doubt, the Controlling Collateral Agent may not also act as the Major Non-Controlling Authorized
Representative (unless there is only one Series of First Lien Obligations outstanding at such time).

 

 

Material Real Property
means any fee-owned real property located in the United States or Canada that is owned by the Issuer or a Guarantor and (x) is
set forth in the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement or (y) is acquired after the closing date of the First Lien Term Loan Credit
Agreement with an individual book value in excess of $15,000,000 (as determined by the Issuer acting in good faith), except for
any such real property that is located in a mortgage tax jurisdiction.

 

Material Restricted Subsidiary
means each Restricted Subsidiary of the Issuer (a) whose proportionate share of the Total Assets (after intercompany eliminations)
exceeds 5.0% as of the end of the most recently completed fiscal quarter for which internal annual or quarterly financial statements
are available, or (b) which contributed in excess of 5.0% of Consolidated EBITDA for the most recently completed four fiscal quarters
for which internal annual or quarterly financial statements are available.

 

Material Subsidiary
means any Restricted Subsidiary that is not an Immaterial Subsidiary.

 

Moody’s” means
Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. or any successor to the rating agency business thereof.

 

Mortgages” means collectively,
the deeds of trust, trust deeds, deeds to secure debt, hypothecs, debentures and mortgages made by the Issuer and the Guarantors
in favor or for the benefit of the Notes Collateral Agent in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Notes Collateral
Agent, executed, delivered and filed, registered or recorded, as applicable, pursuant to Section 4.16.

 

Municipal Waste Contract
means any contract or franchise agreement with a municipality for waste management services, including collection, hauling, disposal
and/or processing services, or any local ordinance granting an exclusive waste management services franchise, including collection,
hauling disposal and/or processing services.

 

Net Cash Proceeds” means,
with respect to any issuance or sale of Equity Interests, the cash proceeds of such issuance or sale net of attorneys’ fees,
accountants’ fees, underwriters’ or placement agents’ fees, listing fees, discounts or commissions and brokerage,
consultant and other fees and charges actually incurred in connection with such issuance or sale and net of taxes paid or payable
as a result of such issuance or sale.

 

Net Income” means, with
respect to any Person, the net income (loss) of such Person, determined in accordance with GAAP.

 

 

Net Proceeds” means,
with respect to any Asset Sale, the proceeds therefrom in the form of cash or Cash Equivalents, including payments in respect of
deferred payment obligations when received in the form of cash or Cash Equivalents, or stock or other assets when disposed of for
cash or Cash Equivalents, received by the Issuer or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries from such Asset Sale, net of:

 

(1) all legal, title, engineering and environmental fees and expenses (including fees and expenses of legal counsel, advisors,
accountants, consultants and investment banks, sales commissions and relocation expenses) related to such Asset Sale;

 

(2) provisions for all cash taxes payable or required to be accrued in accordance with GAAP as a result of such Asset Sale;

 

(3) payments applied to the repayment of principal, premium (if any) and interest on Indebtedness where payment of such Indebtedness
is secured by a Lien on the assets or properties that are the subject of such Asset Sale;

 

(4) amounts required to be paid to any Person owning a beneficial interest in the assets or properties that are subject to the
Asset Sale; and

 

(5) appropriate amounts to be provided by the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary, as the case may be, as a reserve required in
accordance with GAAP against any liabilities associated with such Asset Sale and retained by the seller after such Asset Sale,
including pension and other post-employment benefit liabilities, liabilities related to environmental matters and liabilities under
any indemnification obligations associated with such Asset Sale;

 

provided that cash and/or Cash Equivalents in which the
Issuer or a Restricted Subsidiary has an individual beneficial ownership shall not be deemed to be received by the Issuer or a
Restricted Subsidiary until such time as such cash and/or Cash Equivalents are free from any restrictions under agreements with
the other beneficial owners of such cash and/or Cash Equivalents which prevent the Issuer or a Restricted Subsidiary from applying
such cash and/or Cash Equivalents to any use permitted by Section 4.5 or to purchase Notes.

 

New Project” means (x)
each plant, facility, branch, office, transfer station, landfill, convenience site which is either a new plant, facility, branch,
office, transfer station, landfill, convenience site or an expansion, relocation, remodeling, refurbishment or substantial modernization
of an existing plant, facility, branch, office, transfer station, landfill, convenience site owned by the Issuer or the Restricted
Subsidiaries which in fact commences operations and (y) each creation (in one or a series of related transactions) of a, business
unit, product line, line of operations or service offering to the extent such business unit, product line, line of operations or
service offering is offered or each expansion (in one or series of related transactions) of business into a new market or service
or through a new distribution method or channel.

 

Non-Controlling Authorized Representative
means, at any time with respect to any Collateral, any Authorized Representative that is not the Applicable Authorized Representative
at such time with respect to such Shared Collateral.

 

 

Non-Controlling Authorized Representative
Enforcement Date
” means, with respect to any Non-Controlling Authorized Representative, the date which is 180 days (throughout
which 180 day period such Non-Controlling Authorized Representative was the Major Non-Controlling Authorized Representative) after
the occurrence of both (1) an Event of Default (under and as defined in this Indenture or other debt facility for the applicable
Series of First Lien Obligations under which such Non-Controlling Authorized Representative is the Authorized Representative) and
(2) each Collateral Agent’s and each other Authorized Representative’s receipt of written notice from such Non-Controlling
Authorized Representative certifying that (a) such Non-Controlling Authorized Representative is the Major Non-Controlling Authorized
Representative and that an Event of Default (under and as defined in the Additional First Lien Document under which such Non-Controlling
Authorized Representative is the Authorized Representative) has occurred and is continuing and (b) the First Lien Obligations of
the Series with respect to which such Non-Controlling Authorized Representative is the Authorized Representative are currently
due and payable in full (whether as a result of acceleration thereof or otherwise) in accordance with the terms of this Indenture
or other debt facility for the applicable Series of First Lien Obligations; provided that the Non-Controlling Authorized
Representative Enforcement Date shall be stayed and shall not occur and shall be deemed not to have occurred with respect to any
Shared Collateral (x) at any time the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Administrative Agent, the First Lien Revolving Credit
Agreement Collateral Agent, the First Lien Term Loan Administrative Agent or the First Lien Term Loan Collateral Agent, as applicable,
has commenced and is diligently pursuing any enforcement action with respect to such Shared Collateral or (y) at any time the Issuer
or Guarantor which has granted a security interest in such Shared Collateral is then a debtor under or with respect to (or otherwise
subject to) any Insolvency or Liquidation Proceeding.

 

Non-Financing Lease
means any lease determined in accordance with GAAP other than (i) a Financing Lease and (ii) a lease that in accordance with GAAP
is an exempt or excluded lease.

 

Non-Financing Lease Obligation
means, as to any Person, the obligations of such Person under a Non-Financing Lease.

 

Note Guarantee” means
any guarantee of the obligations of the Issuer under this Indenture and the Notes by any Person in accordance with the provisions
of this Indenture.

 

Notes” means notes issued
under this Indenture. The Initial Notes and any Additional Notes shall be treated as a single class for all purposes under this
Indenture, including waivers, amendments, redemptions and offers to purchase (except that if the Additional Notes are not fungible
with the Initial Notes for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the Additional Notes will have a separate CUSIP number), and unless
otherwise provided or the context otherwise requires, all references to the Notes shall include the Initial Notes and any Additional
Notes.

 

Notes Custodian” means
the custodian with respect to a Global Note (as appointed by the Depositary) or any successor Person, and shall initially be Computershare
Trust Company, N.A.

 

Notes Obligations” means
the Obligations and all other obligations in respect of the Notes, this Indenture, the Note Guarantees and the other Collateral
Documents relating to the Notes.

 

 

 

Notes Secured Parties
means the Trustee, the Notes Collateral Agent and the Holders of the Notes.

 

Offering Memorandum
means the offering memorandum, dated December 14, 2020, relating to the offering of the Initial Notes.

 

Officer” means any of
the Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, the President, the Chief Financial Officer, the Treasurer, Executive Vice President,
Senior Vice President, the principal accounting officer, the Secretary or any Assistant Secretary, any Executive Vice President,
Senior Vice President or any Vice President of the Issuer.

 

Officer’s Certificate
means a certificate signed by any Officer, or the Corporate Secretary, of the Issuer and delivered to the Trustee.

 

Opinion of Counsel
means a written opinion from legal counsel that complies with Sections 12.3 and 12.4 of this Indenture and is delivered to the
Trustee. The counsel may be an employee of or counsel to the Issuer, and such counsel shall be acceptable to the Trustee. Any such
opinion may be subject to customary assumptions and exclusions.

 

Pari Passu Indebtedness
means: (a) with respect to the Issuer, the Notes and any Indebtedness that ranks pari passu in right of payment to the Notes; and
(b) with respect to any Guarantor, its Note Guarantee and any Indebtedness which ranks pari passu in right of payment to such Guarantor’s
Note Guarantee.

 

Participant” means,
with respect to the Depositary, Euroclear or Clearstream, a Person who has an account with the Depositary, Euroclear or Clearstream,
respectively (and, with respect to The Depository Trust Company, shall include Euroclear and Clearstream).

 

Permitted Assets” means
any and all properties or assets that are used or useful in a Permitted Business (including Capital Stock in a Person that is a
Restricted Subsidiary and Capital Stock in a Person whose primary business is a Permitted Business that shall become a Restricted
Subsidiary immediately upon the acquisition of such Capital Stock by the Issuer or by a Restricted Subsidiary, but excluding any
other securities).

 

Permitted Business
means any business conducted (as described in the Offering Memorandum) by the Issuer and the Restricted Subsidiaries on the Issue
Date, and other businesses reasonably related or ancillary thereto or that are a reasonable extension or development thereof.

 

Permitted Holder” means:

 

(1) each of the Investors and members of management of the Issuer who are holders of Equity Interests of the Issuer on the Issue
Date;

 

(2) any Group (as defined in the definition of Change of Control) of which any of the foregoing are members;

 

(3) any member of any such Group; and

 

 

(4) any other Person or Group; provided that in the case of this clause (4): (a) Patrick Dovigi and his Affiliates,
BC Partners Advisors L.P., Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan Board, GIC Private Ltd. and the members of management of the Issuer
who were holders of Equity Interests of the Issuer on the Issue Date continue to hold in the aggregate not less than 40% of the
Voting Stock of the Issuer, measured by voting power rather than number of shares; and (b) such Person or Group and the Persons
described in the foregoing subclause (a) are party to a shareholders’ agreement in respect of their respective Equity Interests
of the Issuer.

 

Permitted Liens” means,
as of any date:

 

(1) Liens securing (a) Indebtedness incurred under Credit Facilities not to exceed the sum of (i) the greater of (x) $4,350.0 million
and (y) the maximum amount such that after giving pro forma effect to the incurrence of such additional Indebtedness and
the application of the net proceeds therefrom, the Secured Net Leverage Ratio of the Issuer would be no greater than 5.50 to 1.00,
plus (ii) the greater of (x) $400.0 million and (y) 100% of Consolidated EBITDA for the most recently completed four fiscal
quarters for which internal annual or quarterly financial statements are available calculated in a manner consistent with any pro
forma
adjustments to Consolidated EBITDA set forth in the definition of Secured Net Leverage Ratio, at any one time outstanding;
provided that for the purposes of determining the amount that can be secured under clause (i)(y) hereof all Indebtedness
secured under clause (i)(y) shall be deemed to be Secured Indebtedness; and (b) Cash Management Obligations incurred by the Issuer
or a Restricted Subsidiary of the Issuer in the ordinary course of business;

 

(2) Liens in favor of the Issuer of any of its Restricted Subsidiaries;

 

(3) Liens on property, assets or shares of stock of a Person existing at the time such Person is acquired by or amalgamated or
merged with or into or consolidated with the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary; provided that such Liens were in existence
prior to, and were not created in contemplation of, such acquisition, amalgamation, merger or consolidation and do not extend to
any assets other than those of the Person acquired by or amalgamated or merged into or consolidated with the Issuer or the Restricted
Subsidiary (other than pursuant to after-acquired property clauses in effect with respect to such Lien at the time of acquisition
or property of the type that would have been subject to such Lien notwithstanding the occurrence of such acquisition);

 

(4) Liens securing Hedging Obligations incurred in the ordinary course of business and not for speculative purposes;

 

(5) Liens for any judgment rendered, or claim filed, against the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary which is being contested in
good faith by appropriate proceedings and that does not constitute an Event of Default if during such contestation a stay of enforcement
of such judgment or claim is in effect;

 

 

(6) Liens on property, assets or shares of stock existing at the time of acquisition of such property by the Issuer or any Restricted
Subsidiary (by a merger, consolidation, amalgamation or otherwise) or existing on the property or shares of stock or other assets
of any Person at the time such Person becomes a Subsidiary, in each case after the Issue Date (whether or not such existing Liens
thereon were given to secure the payment of all or any part of the purchase price thereof), so long as (A) such Lien extends only
to such property being acquired or the property or shares of stock or other assets of such Person that becomes a Subsidiary, as
the case may be, and accessions to such property and the proceeds and products thereof and customary security deposits in respect
thereof or (B) after giving pro forma effect to the incurrence or issuance of Indebtedness incurred or assumed in connection
with an acquisition of any assets (including Capital Stock), business or Person or Investment, the Secured Net Leverage Ratio would
be no greater than either (i) 5.50 to 1.00 or (ii) the Secured Net Leverage Ratio immediately prior to giving effect to such transaction;

 

(7) Liens (a) incurred under Credit Facilities or otherwise in connection with one or more standby letters of credit, bankers’
acceptances, completion guarantees, performance bonds, bid bonds, appeal bonds or surety bonds or other similar reimbursement obligations,
in each case, issued in the ordinary course of business (including for the purpose of providing security for workers’ compensation
claims, payment obligations in connection with self-insurance or similar statutory and other requirements) or (b) incurred or arising
or deposits made to secure the performance of or otherwise in connection with statutory obligations, environmental reclamation
obligations, bids, leases, government contracts, surety or appeal bonds, performance or return-of-money bonds or other obligations
of a like nature incurred in the ordinary course of business, including letters of credit, performance bonds and other reimbursement
obligations;

 

(8) Liens securing Indebtedness or Attributable Debt (including obligations represented by Financing Lease Obligations or Purchase
Money Obligations), in each case, incurred for the purpose of financing all or any part of the purchase price or cost of design,
lease, expansion, construction, maintenance, upgrade, installation, development, improvement, replacement or repair of property
(real or personal), plant or equipment or other assets used in the business of the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries,
whether through the direct purchase of assets or the purchase of Equity Interests of any Person owning such assets, in an aggregate
outstanding principal amount, including all outstanding Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness incurred to refund, refinance or replace
any Indebtedness permitted to be secured by this clause (8), not to exceed the greater of (i) $145.0 million and (ii) 5.0% of Total
Assets as of any date of incurrence (after giving effect to the incurrence of such Indebtedness and the application of the proceeds
therefrom); provided that Liens securing Indebtedness permitted to be secured pursuant to this clause (8) extend only to
the assets acquired, developed or improved with such Indebtedness and proceeds thereof;

 

 

(9) Liens securing Indebtedness incurred by the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries in an aggregate outstanding principal
amount (or accreted value, as applicable), including all outstanding Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness incurred to refund, refinance
or replace any Indebtedness permitted to be secured by this clause (9), not to exceed the greater of (i) $240.0 million and (ii)
60% of Consolidated EBITDA for the most recently completed four fiscal quarters for which internal annual or quarterly financial
statements are available calculated in a manner consistent with any pro forma adjustments to Consolidated EBITDA set forth
in the definition of Secured Net Leverage Ratio;

 

(10) Liens existing on the Issue Date (other than Liens described in clause (1) above);

 

(11) Liens for taxes, workers’ compensation, unemployment insurance and other types of social security, assessments or other
governmental charges or claims that are not yet due and payable or, if due and payable and delinquent for a period of more than
30 days, that are being contested by the Issuer or a Restricted Subsidiary in good faith by appropriate proceedings promptly instituted
and diligently conducted; provided that any reserve or other appropriate provision as is required in conformity with GAAP
has been made therefor;

 

(12) licenses, permits, reservations, covenants, servitudes, easements, rights-of-way and rights in the nature of easements (including,
without limiting the generality of the foregoing, in respect of sidewalks, public ways, sewers, drains, gas, steam and water mains
or electric light and power, or telephone and telegraph conduits, poles, wires and cables) and zoning, land use and building restrictions,
by-laws, regulations and ordinances of federal, provincial, regional, state, municipal and other governmental authorities;

 

(13) Liens imposed by law that are incurred in the ordinary course of business and do not secure Indebtedness for borrowed money,
such as carriers’, warehousemen’s, mechanics’, landlords’, materialmen’s, employees’, laborers’,
employers’, suppliers’, banks’, builders’, repairmen’s and other like Liens;

 

(14) easements, rights-of-way, zoning restrictions and other similar charges, restrictions or encumbrances in respect of real property
or immaterial imperfections of title that do not, in the aggregate, impair in any material respect the ordinary conduct of the
business of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries taken as a whole;

 

(15) Liens securing Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness in respect of Indebtedness that was secured by Permitted Liens; provided
that such Liens secure only the same property (including any after-acquired property to the extent it would have been subject to
the original Lien, plus improvements and accessions to, such property or proceeds or distributions thereof) as such Permitted Liens;

 

(16) Liens given to a public utility or any municipality or governmental or other public authority when required by such utility
or other authority in connection with the operation of the business or the ownership of the assets of the Issuer or any of its
Restricted Subsidiaries;

 

 

(17) Liens arising from precautionary Personal Property Security Act in effect in a Canadian jurisdiction or Uniform Commercial
Code (or its equivalent) financing statement filings regarding operating leases entered into by the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries
in the ordinary course of business;

 

(18) applicable municipal and other governmental restrictions, including municipal by laws and regulations, affecting the use of
land or the nature of any structures which may be erected thereon; provided such restrictions have been complied with;

 

(19) subdivision agreements, site plan control agreements, servicing agreements, development agreements, facilities sharing agreements,
cost sharing agreements and other similar agreements provided they do not materially impair the use of the affected property
for the purpose for which it is used by the Issuer or its Restricted Subsidiary, as the case may be, or materially impair the value
of the property subject thereto or interfere with the ordinary conduct of the business of such Person and provided the same are
complied with;

 

(20) landlord distraint rights and similar rights arising under the leasehold interests of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries
limited to the assets located at or about such leased properties;

 

(21) title defects, encroachments or irregularities which are of a minor nature;

 

(22) the reservations, limitations, provisos and conditions, if any, expressed in any original grant from the Crown of any real
property or any interest therein or in any comparable grant in jurisdictions other than Canada;

 

(23) Liens in favor of customs, revenue, and taxation authorities arising by operation of law;

 

(24) leases, subleases, licenses, sublicenses, occupancy agreements or assignments of or in respect of real or personal property;

 

(25) Liens on equipment of the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary granted in the ordinary course of business to the Issuer’s
or such Restricted Subsidiary’s client at which such equipment is located;

 

(26) (a) Liens solely on any cash earnest money deposits made by the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary in connection with any
letter of intent or other agreement in respect of any Investment and (b) Liens on advances of cash or Cash Equivalents in favor
of the seller of any property to be acquired to be applied against the purchase price for such Investment;

 

(27) Liens on the Equity Interests of Unrestricted Subsidiaries;

 

 

(28) other Liens securing related obligations in an aggregate outstanding principal amount not to exceed the greater of (i) $240.0
million and (ii) 60.0% of Consolidated EBITDA for the most recently completed four fiscal quarters for which internal annual or
quarterly financial statements are available calculated in a manner consistent with any pro forma adjustments to Consolidated
EBITDA set forth in the definition of Secured Net Leverage Ratio;

 

(29) Liens securing the Notes (other than any Additional Notes) and the related Note Guarantees;

 

(30) Liens in favor of landlords securing obligations under real property leases, provided that such liens only attach to
the movable property located on the premises subject to such real property leases and that such premises are located in the Province
of Quebec;

 

(31) Liens securing Indebtedness consisting of (i) the financing of insurance premiums in an amount not to exceed, at any time outstanding,
the greater of (a) $30.0 million and (b) 1.0% of Total Assets determined at the time of incurrence of such Indebtedness (after
giving effect to the incurrence of such Indebtedness and the application of the net proceeds therefrom) or (ii) take-or-pay obligations
contained in supply arrangements, in each case, in the ordinary course of business;

 

(32) Liens securing Indebtedness incurred by a Restricted Subsidiary that is not a Guarantor which, when aggregated with the principal
amount of all other Indebtedness secured by a Lien under this clause (32), at any time outstanding, does not exceed the greater
of (i) $45.0 million and (ii) 1.5% of Total Assets determined at the time of incurrence of such Indebtedness (after giving effect
to the incurrence of such Indebtedness and the application of the net proceeds therefrom);

 

(33) Liens securing Indebtedness such that, as of the date any such Indebtedness was incurred (after giving pro forma effect
to the incurrence of such Indebtedness and the application of the proceeds therefrom), the Secured Net Leverage Ratio of the Issuer
and its Restricted Subsidiaries would not exceed 5.50 to 1.00;

 

(34) Liens on receivables or related assets incurred in connection with Permitted Receivables Financings and Liens on Equity Interests
of Subsidiaries in connection therewith; and

 

(35) Liens securing Indebtedness with Junior Lien Priority on the Collateral relative to the Notes and the Guarantees.

 

 

For purposes of determining compliance with
this definition, (A) a Lien need not be incurred solely by reference to one category of Permitted Liens described in this definition
but is permitted to be incurred in part under any combination thereof and of any other available exemption, (B) in the event that
a Lien (or any portion thereof) meets the criteria of one or more of the categories of Permitted Liens, the Issuer will, in its
sole discretion, be entitled to divide, classify or reclassify, in whole or in part, any such Lien (or any portion thereof) among
one or more such categories or clauses in any manner that complies with this definition and (C) in the event that a portion of
Indebtedness secured by a Lien could be classified as secured in part pursuant to clause (1)(ii) above (giving pro forma
effect only to the incurrence of such portion of such Indebtedness), the Issuer, in its sole discretion, may classify such portion
of such Indebtedness (and any obligations in respect thereof) as having been secured pursuant to clause (1)(ii) above and thereafter
the remainder of the Indebtedness as having been secured pursuant to one or more of the other clauses of this definition.

 

In addition, (i) the outstanding principal
amount of any particular Indebtedness shall be counted only once, and any obligations arising under any guarantee, Lien, letter
of credit or similar instrument supporting such Indebtedness shall not be double counted; (ii) for purposes of determining compliance
with any Canadian dollar or other currency denominated restriction on the incurrence of Indebtedness, the Canadian dollar or other
currency-equivalent principal amount of Indebtedness denominated in a foreign currency shall be calculated based on the relevant
currency exchange rate in effect on the date such Indebtedness was incurred, in the case of term Indebtedness, or first committed
or first incurred (whichever yields the lower Canadian dollar or other currency-equivalent), in the case of revolving credit borrowings.
However, if the Indebtedness is incurred to refinance other Indebtedness denominated in a foreign currency, and the refinancing
would cause the applicable Canadian dollar or other currency denominated restriction to be exceeded if calculated at the relevant
currency exchange rate in effect on the date of such refinancing, such Canadian dollar or other currency denominated restriction
shall be deemed not to have been exceeded so long as the principal amount of the refinancing Indebtedness does not exceed the principal
amount of the Indebtedness being refinanced (except to the extent necessary to pay all fees, defeasance costs, expenses and premiums
(including tender premiums) incurred in connection therewith); and (iii) notwithstanding any other provision of this definition,
the maximum amount of Indebtedness that the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries may secure pursuant to this definition shall
not be deemed to be exceeded, with respect to any outstanding Indebtedness, solely as a result of fluctuations in the exchange
rate of currencies. The principal amount of any Indebtedness incurred to refinance other Indebtedness, if incurred in a different
currency from the Indebtedness being refinanced, will be calculated based on the currency exchange rate applicable to the currencies
in which the respective Indebtedness is denominated that is in effect on the date of such refinancing.

 

In the event that the Issuer or a Restricted
Subsidiary enters into or increases commitments under a revolving credit facility secured under clause (1) of this definition,
the Secured Net Leverage Ratio for borrowings and reborrowings thereunder (and including letters of guarantee, tender checks and
letters of credit thereunder) may be determined, at the election of the Issuer, on the date of such revolving credit facility or
on the date of such increase in commitments (assuming that the full amount thereof has been borrowed as of such date), and, if
the Secured Net Leverage Ratio test is satisfied with respect thereto at such time, any borrowing or reborrowing thereunder (and
including letters of guarantee, tender checks and letters of credit thereunder) will be permitted to be secured irrespective of
the Secured Net Leverage Ratio at the time of any borrowing or reborrowing (or and including letters of guarantee, tender checks
or letters of credit thereunder) (the committed amount permitted to be borrowed or reborrowed (and the issuance and creation of
letters of credit and bankers’ acceptances) on a date pursuant to the operation of this paragraph shall be the “Reserved
Indebtedness Amount
” as of such date for purposes of the Secured Net Leverage Ratio).

 

 

Permitted Receivables Financing
means, collectively, (i) with respect to receivables of the type constituting any term securitizations, receivables securitizations
or other receivables financing (including any factoring program), in each case that are non-recourse to the Issuer and the Restricted
Subsidiaries (except for any customary limited recourse that is applicable only to Subsidiaries that are not the Issuer or a Guarantor,
that is customary in the relevant local market, and reasonable extensions thereof) and (ii) with respect to receivables (including,
without limitation, account, trade and lease receivables) not otherwise constituting term securitizations, other receivables securitizations
or other similar financings (including any factoring program), in each case in an amount not to exceed 85% of the book value of
all accounts receivable of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries as of any date and that are non-recourse to the Issuer and
its Restricted Subsidiaries (except for any customary limited recourse that is applicable only to Subsidiaries that are not the
Issuer or a Guarantor, that is customary in the relevant local market); provided that with respect to Permitted Receivables
Financings incurred in the form of a factoring program under this clause (ii), the outstanding amount of such Permitted Receivables
Financings for the purposes of this definition shall be deemed to be equal to the Permitted Receivables Net Investment for the
most recently completed four consecutive fiscal quarters of the Issuer for which internal financial statements are available),
in each case of (i) and (ii), except for customary indemnification obligations, repurchase obligations and servicing obligations
customary in the local market that are applicable to the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries, including customary performance
guarantee obligations for servicing or originating.

 

Permitted Receivables Net Investment
means the aggregate cash amount paid by the purchasers under any Permitted Receivables Financing in the form of a factoring program
in connection with their purchase of accounts receivable and customary related assets or interests therein, as the same may be
reduced from time to time by collections with respect to such accounts receivable and related assets or otherwise in accordance
with the terms of such Permitted Receivables Financing (but excluding any such collections used to make payments of commissions,
discounts, yield and other fees and charges incurred in connection with any Permitted Receivables Financing in the form of a factoring
program which are payable to any Person other than the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries).

 

Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness
means any Indebtedness of the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries issued in exchange for, or the net proceeds of which
are used to extend, refinance, renew, replace, defease, discharge or refund other Indebtedness of the Issuer or any of its Restricted
Subsidiaries (other than intercompany Indebtedness); provided that:

 

(1) the principal amount (or accreted value, if applicable) of such Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness does not exceed the principal
amount of the Indebtedness extended, refinanced, renewed, replaced, defeased, discharged or refunded (plus all accrued interest
on the Indebtedness and the amount of all fees, defeasance costs, expenses and premiums (including tender premiums) incurred in
connection therewith);

 

 

(2) the Stated Maturity of the principal of such Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness is (i) no earlier than the Stated Maturity
of the principal of the Indebtedness being extended, refinanced, renewed, replaced, defeased, discharged or refunded, or (ii) at
least 91 days after the Stated Maturity of the principal of the Notes;

 

(3) the Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness has a Weighted Average Life to Maturity at the time such Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness
is incurred that is equal to or greater than the Weighted Average Life to Maturity of the Indebtedness being extended, refinanced,
renewed, replaced, deferred, discharged or refunded;

 

(4) if the Indebtedness being extended, refinanced, renewed, replaced, defeased, discharged or refunded is Subordinated Indebtedness
of the obligor thereon, such Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness is subordinated in right of payment to the Notes issued by, or
the Note Guarantee of, the obligor thereon, as the case may be, on terms at least as favorable, taken as a whole, to the Holders
of Notes as those contained in the documentation governing the Indebtedness being extended, refinanced, renewed, replaced, defeased,
discharged or refunded;

 

(5) if such Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness is secured, the Lien does not apply to any property or assets of the Issuer or any
of its Restricted Subsidiaries other than such property or assets securing the Indebtedness being extended, refinanced, renewed,
replaced, defeased, discharged or refunded (including any after-acquired property to the extent it would have been subject to the
original Lien, plus improvements and accessions to, such property or proceeds or distributions thereof); and

 

(6) such Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness is incurred by the Person that was the obligor on the Indebtedness being extended,
refinanced, renewed, replaced, defeased, discharged or refunded and is guaranteed only by Persons who were obligors on the Indebtedness
being extended, refinanced, renewed, replaced, defeased, discharged or refunded.

 

Person” means any individual,
corporation, partnership, joint venture, association, joint-stock company, trust, unincorporated organization, limited liability
company or government, government body or agency or other entity.

 

PPSA” means the Personal
Property Security Act (Ontario) in effect from time to time, provided however, that, at any time, if by reason of mandatory
provisions of law, any or all of the perfection or priority of the Notes Collateral Agent’s security interest in any item
or portion of the Collateral is governed by the PPSA as in effect in a Canadian jurisdiction other than the Province of Ontario,
the term “PPSA” shall mean the Personal Property Security Act or such other applicable legislation (including the Civil
Code of Quebec) as in effect, at such time, in such other jurisdiction for purposes of the provisions hereof relating to such perfection
or priority and for purposes of definitions relating to such provisions.

 

 

Private Placement Legend
means the legend set forth in Section 2.6(f)(1) to be placed on all Notes issued under this Indenture except where otherwise permitted
by the provisions of this Indenture.

 

Purchase Money Obligations
means Indebtedness of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries incurred for the purpose of financing all or any part of the purchase
price, or the cost of installation, construction or improvement, of Permitted Assets.

 

Put-or-Pay Agreement
means, with respect to the Issuer, any put-or-pay volume contract, entered into by the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary with
a counterparty, pursuant to which the counterparty retains the Issuer or the Issuer retains the counterparty, to provide waste
management services including collection, hauling, disposal or processing services and guarantees a minimum tonnage for such services
or payment in lieu of such services.

 

QIB” means any “qualified
institutional buyer
” (as defined in Rule 144A).

 

Quotation Agent” means
each Reference Treasury Dealer appointed by the Issuer.

 

Rating Agency” means
(1) S&P, Moody’s and Fitch or (2) if S&P, Moody’s or Fitch or each of them shall not make a corporate rating
with respect to the Issuer or a rating on the Notes publicly available, a nationally recognized statistical rating agency or agencies,
as the case may be, selected by the Issuer, which shall be substituted for any or all of S&P, Moody’s or Fitch, as the
case may be, with respect to such corporate rating or the rating of the Notes, as the case may be.

 

Rating Decline” means
the occurrence of a decrease in the rating of the Notes by one or more gradations by any two of three Rating Agencies (including
gradations within rating categories, as well as between categories), within 60 days after the earlier of (x) a Change of Control,
(y) the date of public notice of the occurrence of a Change of Control or (z) public notice of the intention of the Issuer to effect
a Change of Control (which 60-day period shall be extended so long as the rating of the Notes is under publicly announced ratings
review for possible downgrade by either of such two Rating Agencies, it being understood that a change in ratings outlook shall
not extend such 60-day period); provided, however, that a Rating Decline otherwise arising by virtue of a particular
reduction in rating will not be deemed to have occurred in respect of a particular Change of Control (and thus will not be deemed
a Rating Decline for purposes of the definition of Change of Control Triggering Event) unless each of such two Rating Agencies
making the reduction in rating to which this definition would otherwise apply announces or publicly confirms or informs the Trustee
in writing at the Issuer’s or its request that the reduction was the result, in whole or in part, of any event or circumstances
comprised of or arising as a result of, or in respect of, the applicable Change of Control (whether or not the applicable Change
of Control has occurred at the time of the Rating Decline); provided, further, that notwithstanding the foregoing,
a Ratings Decline shall not be deemed to have occurred so long as the Notes have an Investment Grade rating from at least two of
three Rating Agencies.

 

Record Date” means the
date specified for determining holders entitled to receive interest on the Notes on any Interest Payment Date.

 

 

 

Redemption Date,” when
used with respect to any Note to be redeemed, means the date fixed for such redemption by or pursuant to this Indenture.

 

Redemption Price,” when
used with respect to any Note to be redeemed, means the price at which it is to be redeemed pursuant to this Indenture.

 

Reference Treasury Dealer
means (i) Barclays Capital Inc., BMO Capital Markets Corp., RBC Capital Markets, LLC and Scotia Capital (USA) Inc. (or their respective
affiliates that are Primary Treasury Dealers); provided, however, that if the foregoing shall cease to be a primary U.S. Government
securities dealer in the United States (a “Primary Treasury Dealer”), the Issuer will substitute therefor another
Primary Treasury Dealer, and (ii) any other Primary Treasury Dealer selected by the Issuer.

 

Reference Treasury Dealer Quotations
means, with respect to each Reference Treasury Dealer and any Redemption Date, the average, as determined by the Quotation Agent,
of the bid and asked prices for the applicable Comparable Treasury Issue (expressed in each case as a percentage of its principal
amount) quoted in writing to the Quotation Agent by such Reference Treasury Dealer at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the third
Business Day preceding such Redemption Date.

 

Regulation S” means
Regulation S promulgated under the 1933 Act.

 

Regulation S Global Note
means a permanent Global Note substantially in the form of Exhibit A, bearing the Global Note Legend, the Private Placement
Legend and (unless such legend is no longer required by the provisions of this Indenture) the Canadian Legend, that has the “Schedule
of Exchanges of Interests in the Global Note
” attached thereto, and that is deposited with or on behalf of, and registered
in the name of, the Depositary or its nominee, issued in a denomination equal to the outstanding principal amount of the Notes
initially sold in reliance on Regulation S.

 

Repay” means, in respect
of any Indebtedness, to repay, prepay, repurchase, redeem, legally defease or otherwise retire such Indebtedness. “Repayment
and “Repaid” shall have correlative meanings.

 

Required First Lien Credit Agreement
Secured Parties
” means, at any time with respect to any matter, First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Secured Parties
and First Lien Term Loan Secured Parties (collectively) owed or holding a majority of the sum of (without duplication and subject
to any voting restrictions set forth in the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement and the First Lien Term Loan Agreement, as applicable)
the aggregate amount of outstanding loans, participations and letters of credit and unused commitments under the First Lien Revolving
Credit Agreement and the First Lien Term Loan Agreement at such time.

 

Required First Lien Term Loan
Lenders
” means the “Required Lenders” (or any similarly defined term) as defined in the First Lien Term Loan
Agreement.

 

 

Resale Restriction Termination
Date
” means (i) in the case of Notes initially sold in reliance on Rule 144A, the date that is one year after the later
of the Issue Date (or the date of original issue of any Additional Notes) and the last date on which the Issuer or any Affiliate
of the Issuer was the owner of such Notes (or any predecessor Notes) or (ii) in the case of Notes initially sold in reliance on
Regulation S, 40 days after the later of the Issue Date (or the date of original issue of any Additional Notes) and the date on
which Notes (or any predecessor Notes) were first offered to persons other than distributors (as defined in Rule 902 of Regulation
S) in reliance on Regulation S.

 

Restricted Definitive Note
means a Definitive Note bearing the Private Placement Legend.

 

Restricted Global Note
means a Global Note bearing the Private Placement Legend (including the Regulation S Global Note).

 

Restricted Note” means
either a Restricted Definitive Note or a Restricted Global Note.

 

Restricted Period” means
the 40-day distribution compliance period as defined in Regulation S.

 

Restricted Subsidiary
of a Person means any Subsidiary of such Person that is not an Unrestricted Subsidiary. Unless otherwise indicated in this Indenture,
a reference to a Restricted Subsidiary shall mean a Restricted Subsidiary of the Issuer.

 

Rule 144” means Rule
144 promulgated under the 1933 Act.

 

Rule 144A” means Rule
144A promulgated under the 1933 Act.

 

Rule 904” means Rule
904 promulgated under the 1933 Act.

 

S&P” means S&P
Global Ratings Inc., or any successor to the rating agency business thereof.

 

Sale and Lease-Back Transaction
means any arrangement with any Person providing for the leasing by an Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries of any property,
which property has been or is to be sold or transferred by such Issuer or such Restricted Subsidiary to such Person, other than
(1) any such transaction involving a lease for a term of not more than three years, (2) any such transaction between any Issuer
and any Subsidiary of any Issuer or between Subsidiaries of any Issuer, (3) any such transaction executed by the time of or within
365 days after the latest of the acquisition, the completion of construction or improvement or the commencement of commercial operation
of such property or (4) any such transaction entered into before the Issue Date or entered into by a Restricted Subsidiary before
the time it became a Restricted Subsidiary.

 

Secured Indebtedness
means any Indebtedness secured by a Lien.

 

 

Secured Net Leverage Ratio
means, as of any date of determination with respect to any Person, the ratio of (1)(i)(x) Secured Indebtedness (other than Indebtedness
secured by the Collateral with a Junior Lien Priority relative to the Notes and the Note Guarantees) of such Person and its Restricted
Subsidiaries as of such date of calculation (determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP) and (y) the Reserved Indebtedness
Amount applicable at such time to the calculation of the Secured Net Leverage Ratio with respect to commitments first obtained
as of such date but not utilized as of such date (but only to the extent such commitments are being obtained in reliance on a test
based on such ratio and the Issuer has so elected to test such ratios at such time) minus (ii) the sum of (x) cash and Cash
Equivalents of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries as of such date of calculation plus (y) any cash in a trust account of
counsel to the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries or counsel of a vendor in connection with the deposit of an amount
on account of the purchase price for an acquisition or investment and (2) Consolidated EBITDA of such Person and its Restricted
Subsidiaries for the period of the most recent four consecutive fiscal quarters ending prior to the date of such determination
for which financial statements prepared on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP are available. In the event that the Issuer
or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries incurs or redeems any Secured Indebtedness subsequent to the commencement of the period for
which the Secured Net Leverage Ratio is being calculated but prior to the event for which the calculation of the Secured Net Leverage
Ratio is made, then the Secured Net Leverage Ratio shall be calculated giving pro forma effect to such incurrence or redemption
of Indebtedness as if the same had occurred at the beginning of the applicable four fiscal quarter period; provided, however,
that the pro forma calculation of Secured Indebtedness shall not give effect to (i) any Secured Indebtedness incurred on
the Calculation Date (other than Secured Indebtedness permitted to be incurred pursuant to clause (1)(a)(i)(y) or clause (33) of
the definition of Permitted Liens) or (ii) any repayment, repurchase, redemption, defeasance or other discharge of Indebtedness
to the extent such repayment, retirement, extinguishment, defeasance or other discharge results from the proceeds of such Secured
Indebtedness referred to in clause (i). The Secured Net Leverage Ratio shall be calculated as set forth below, including any pro
forma
adjustments to Secured Indebtedness, cash and Cash Equivalents and Consolidated EBITDA as set forth therein (including
for acquisitions).

 

For purposes of calculating the Secured
Net Leverage Ratio:

 

(1) in the event that the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries incurs, assumes, guarantees, repays, repurchases, redeems,
defeases or otherwise discharges any Indebtedness (other than ordinary working capital borrowings and borrowings pursuant to the
First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement) or issues, repurchases or redeems Disqualified Stock or preferred stock subsequent to the
commencement of the period for which the Secured Net Leverage Ratio is being calculated and on or prior to the date on which the
event for which the calculation of the Secured Net Leverage Ratio is made (the “Calculation Date”), then the
Secured Net Leverage Ratio will be calculated giving pro forma effect to such incurrence, assumption, guarantee, repayment,
repurchase, redemption, defeasance or other discharge of Indebtedness, or such issuance, repurchase or redemption of Disqualified
Stock or preferred stock, and the use of the proceeds therefrom, as if the same had occurred at the beginning of the applicable
four-quarter reference period;

 

(2) (A) acquisitions and Investments that have been made, customer contracts that have been entered into, by the Issuer or any
of its Restricted Subsidiaries, including through mergers or consolidations, or any Person or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries
acquired by the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries, and including any related financing transactions and including increases
in ownership of Restricted Subsidiaries, during the four-quarter reference period or subsequent to such reference period and on
or prior to the Calculation Date, will be given pro forma effect as if they had occurred on the first day of the four-quarter
reference period, and (B) Consolidated EBITDA for such reference period shall be calculated on a pro forma basis giving
effect to (i) any expense and cost reductions and other synergies related to such transaction referred to in clause (2)(A) above
and (ii) any other expense reductions and cost savings related to operational efficiencies, strategic initiatives or purchasing
improvements and other synergies (whether or not related to such transactions referred to in clause (2)(A) above), in each case
that have occurred prior to the Calculation Date or are reasonably expected to occur within 24 months of the Calculation Date,
in the reasonable judgment of the chief financial or accounting officer of the Issuer in good faith (regardless of whether those
cost savings or operating improvements could then be reflected in pro forma financial statements in accordance with Regulation
S-X promulgated under the 1933 Act or any other regulation or policy of the Commission related thereto); provided that such
net cost savings, initiatives, improvements and synergies are reasonably identifiable and quantifiable;

 

 

(3) the Consolidated EBITDA attributable to discontinued operations, as determined in accordance with GAAP, and operations or businesses
(and ownership interests therein) disposed of prior to the Calculation Date, will be excluded;

 

(4) the Fixed Charges attributable to discontinued operations, as determined in accordance with GAAP, and operations or businesses
(and ownership interests therein) disposed of prior to the Calculation Date, will be excluded, but only to the extent that the
obligations giving rise to such Fixed Charges will not be obligations of the specified Person or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries
following the Calculation Date;

 

(5) any Person that is a Restricted Subsidiary on the Calculation Date will be deemed to have been a Restricted Subsidiary at all
times during such four-quarter reference period;

 

(6) any Person that is not a Restricted Subsidiary on the Calculation Date will be deemed not to have been a Restricted Subsidiary
at any time during such four-quarter period;

 

(7) if the Issuer so elects, pro forma effect shall be given to any entity, division, plant, unit or line of business or
New Project that commenced and completed at least one full fiscal quarter of operations during such reference period as if such
entity, division, plant, unit, line of business or New Project had commenced commercial operations on the first day of such reference
period and such pro forma calculation shall be based on the annualized results of commercial operations of such entity,
plant, unit, division or line of business since the date it so commenced commercial operations;

 

 

(8) if any Indebtedness bears a floating rate of interest, the interest expense on such Indebtedness will be calculated as if the
weighted average interest rate during such period had been the rate of interest in effect on the Calculation Date and had been
the applicable rate for the entire period (taking into account any Hedging Obligation applicable to such Indebtedness if such Hedging
Obligation has a remaining term as at the Calculation Date in excess of 12 months or ends on the maturity date of such Indebtedness);
and

 

(9) when calculating the availability under any basket or ratio under this Indenture, in each case in connection with a Limited
Condition Acquisition or Investment, the Calculation Date of such basket or ratio and determination as to whether any Default or
Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing may, at the option of the Issuer (which election may be made on the date
of such acquisition), be the date the definitive agreements for such Limited Condition Acquisition or Investment are entered into
and, if the Issuer so elects, such baskets or ratios shall be calculated on a pro forma basis after giving effect to such
Limited Condition Acquisition or Investment and the other transactions to be entered into in connection therewith (including any
incurrence of Indebtedness and the use of proceeds thereof) as if they occurred at the beginning of the applicable reference period
for purposes of determining the ability to consummate any such Limited Condition Acquisition or Investment, and, for the avoidance
of doubt, (x) if any of such baskets or ratios are exceeded as a result of fluctuations in such basket or ratio (including due
to fluctuations in Consolidated EBITDA or Total Assets of the Issuer or the target company) subsequent to such Calculation Date
at or prior to the consummation of the relevant Limited Condition Acquisition or Investment, such baskets or ratios will not be
deemed to have been exceeded as a result of such fluctuations and (y) such baskets or ratios need not be tested at the time of
consummation of such Limited Condition Acquisition or Investment or related transactions; provided, however, that
(a) if any ratios improve or baskets increase as a result of such fluctuations, such improved ratios or baskets may be utilized
and (b) if the Issuer elects to have such Calculation Date and determination occur at the time of entry into such definitive agreement,
any such transactions (including any incurrence of Indebtedness and the use of proceeds thereof) shall be deemed to have occurred
on the date the definitive agreements are entered into and outstanding thereafter for purposes of calculating any baskets or ratios
under this Indenture after the date of such agreement and before the consummation of such Limited Condition Acquisition or Investment
and unless and until such Limited Condition Acquisition has been abandoned, as determined by the Issuer, prior to the consummation
thereof. For the avoidance of doubt, if the Issuer has exercised its option pursuant to the foregoing and any Default or Event
of Default occurs following the date on which the definitive acquisition agreements for the applicable Limited Condition Acquisition
were entered into and prior to or on the date of the consummation of such Limited Condition Acquisition, any such Default or Event
of Default shall be deemed to not have occurred or be continuing for purposes of determining whether any action being taken in
connection with such Limited Condition Acquisition is permitted under this Indenture.

 

 

Security Agreement
means each of the U.S. Security Agreement and the Canadian Security Agreement.

 

Series” means (a) with
respect to the First Lien Secured Parties, each of (i) the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Secured Parties (in their capacities
as such), (ii) the First Lien Term Loan Secured Parties (in their capacities as such), (iii) the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Secured
Parties, (iv) the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Secured Parties, (v) the 2026 Secured Notes Secured Parties, (vi) the Notes Secured
Parties and (vii) the Additional First Lien Secured Parties (in their capacities as such) that become subject to the First Lien
Intercreditor Agreement after the Issue Date that are represented by a common Authorized Representative (in its capacity as such
for such Additional First Lien Secured Parties) and (b) with respect to any First Lien Obligations, each of (i) the First Lien
Revolving Credit Agreement Obligations, (ii) the First Lien Term Loan Obligations, (iii) the 3.750% 2025 Secured Notes Obligations,
(iv) the 4.250% 2025 Secured Notes Obligations, (v) the 2026 Secured Notes Obligations, (vi) the Notes Obligations and (vii) the
Additional First Lien Obligations incurred after the date hereof pursuant to any Additional First Lien Document, which pursuant
to any Joinder Agreement, are to be represented hereunder by a common Authorized Representative (in its capacity as such for such
Additional First Lien Obligations).

 

Shared Collateral” means,
at any time, Collateral in which the holders of two or more Series of First Lien Obligations (or their respective Authorized Representatives
or Collateral Agents on behalf of such holders) hold a valid and perfected security interest at such time. If more than two Series
of First Lien Obligations are outstanding at any time and the holders of less than all Series of First Lien Obligations hold a
valid and perfected security interest in any Collateral at such time, then such Collateral shall constitute Shared Collateral for
those Series of First Lien Obligations that hold a valid security interest in such Collateral at such time and shall not constitute
Shared Collateral for any Series which does not have a valid and perfected security interest in such Collateral at such time.

 

Significant Subsidiary
means any Restricted Subsidiary that would be a “Significant Subsidiary” of the Issuer within the meaning of
Rule 1-02 under Regulation S-X promulgated by the Commission (or any successor provision).

 

Specified Legal Expenses
means, to the extent not constituting an extraordinary, non-recurring or unusual loss, charge or expense, all attorneys’
and experts’ fees and expenses and all other costs, liabilities (including all damages, penalties, fines and indemnification
and settlement payments) and expenses paid or payable in connection with any threatened, pending, completed or future claim, demand,
action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or investigation (whether civil, criminal, administrative, governmental or investigative).

 

Specified Transaction
means any Investment that results in a Person becoming a Restricted Subsidiary, any designation of a Subsidiary as a Restricted
Subsidiary or an Unrestricted Subsidiary, any acquisition, any disposition that results in a Restricted Subsidiary ceasing to be
a Subsidiary of the Issuer or constitutes a disposition of a line of business or division that has an identifiable earnings stream,
any Investment constituting an acquisition of assets constituting a business unit, line of business or division of another Person
or any disposition of a business unit, line of business or division of the Issuer or a Restricted Subsidiary, in each case, whether
by merger, consolidation, amalgamation or otherwise, or any incurrence or repayment of Indebtedness, any New Project or other event
(other than the incurrence or repayment of Indebtedness under any revolving credit facility in the ordinary course of business
for working capital purposes), that by the terms of this Indenture requires Consolidated EBITDA, Total Assets or a financial ratio
or test to be calculated on a pro forma basis or after giving pro forma effect.

 

 

Stated Maturity” means,
with respect to any instalment of interest or principal on any series of Indebtedness, the date on which the payment of interest
or principal was scheduled to be paid in the original documentation governing such Indebtedness (as amended, supplemented or otherwise
modified in any manner that is not prohibited by this Indenture), and will not include any contingent obligations to repay, redeem
or repurchase any such interest or principal prior to the date originally scheduled for the payment thereof.

 

Subordinated Indebtedness
means Indebtedness of the Issuer or a Guarantor that is subordinated in right of payment to the Notes or the Note Guarantee issued
by the Issuer or such Guarantor, as the case may be.

 

Subsidiary” means, with
respect to any specified Person:

 

(1) any corporation, association or other business entity of which more than 50% of the total voting power of shares of Capital
Stock entitled (without regard to the occurrence of any contingency) to vote in the election of directors, managers or trustees
of the corporation, association or other business entity is at the time owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by that Person
or one or more of the other Subsidiaries of that Person (or a combination thereof); and

 

(2) any partnership or limited liability company if (i) more than 50% of the capital accounts, distribution rights, total equity
and voting interests or general or limited partnership interests, as applicable, thereof are owned or controlled, directly or indirectly,
by that Person or one or more of the other Subsidiaries of that Person (or a combination thereof), whether in the form of membership,
general, special or limited partnership interests or otherwise, and (ii) the specified Person, or any Subsidiary of the specified
Person, is a controlling general partner of, or otherwise controls, such entity.

 

Tax Act” means the Income
Tax Act (Canada).

 

Taxes” means any present
or future tax, levy, impost, assessment or other government charge (including penalties, interest and any other liabilities related
thereto) imposed or levied by or on behalf of a Taxing Authority.

 

 

Taxing Authority” means
any government or any political subdivision or territory or possession of any government or any authority or agency therein or
thereof having power to tax.

 

TEU” means (i) the tangible
equity units issued by the Issuer on March 5, 2020, each of which are comprised of (a) a prepaid stock purchase contract; and (b)
a senior unsecured amortizing note; and (ii) tangible equity units issued by the Issuer, from time to time, on substantially similar
terms as the tangible equity units referenced in (i), provided that the aggregate dollar value (determined at the time of issuance)
of all outstanding tangible equity units referenced in items (i) and (ii) does not exceed, at any time, US$775.0 million.

 

Total Assets” means,
as of any date of determination, the total assets of the Issuer and the Restricted Subsidiaries without giving effect to any impairment
or amortization of the amount of intangible assets since the Issue Date, determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with
GAAP, as set forth on the consolidated balance sheet of the Issuer as of the last day of the fiscal quarter most recently ended
for which financial statements have been (or were required to be) delivered pursuant to Section 4.2(a)(1) and (a)(2) calculated
on a pro forma basis.

 

Treasury Rate” means,
with respect to any Redemption Date, the rate per annum equal to the semi-annual equivalent yield to maturity of the applicable
Comparable Treasury Issue, assuming a price for such Comparable Treasury Issue (expressed as a percentage of its principal amount)
equal to the applicable Comparable Treasury Price for such Redemption Date.

 

Trust Indenture Act
or “TIA” means the Trust Indenture Act of 1939 as in effect from time to time.

 

Trustee” means the Person
named as the “Trustee” in the first paragraph of this Indenture until a successor Trustee shall have become
such pursuant to the applicable provisions of this Indenture, and thereafter “Trustee” shall mean or include
each Person who is then a Trustee hereunder.

 

Trust Officer” means,
when used with respect to the Trustee, any officer within the corporate trust department of the Trustee, including any vice president,
assistant vice president, trust officer or any other officer of the Trustee who customarily performs functions similar to those
performed by the Persons who at the time shall be such officers, respectively, or to whom any corporate trust matter is referred
because of such Person’s knowledge of and familiarity with the particular subject and who shall have direct responsibility
for the administration of this Indenture.

 

Uniform Commercial Code
means the Uniform Commercial Code or any successor provision thereof as the same may from time to time be in effect in the State
of New York or the Uniform Commercial Code or any successor provision thereof (or similar code or statute) of another jurisdiction,
to the extent it may be required to apply to any item or items of Collateral.

 

U.S.” means the United
States of America.

 

Unrestricted Definitive Note
means one or more Definitive Notes that do not bear and are not required to bear the Private Placement Legend.

 

 

Unrestricted Global Note
means a permanent Global Note substantially in the form of Exhibit A, attached hereto that bears the Global Note Legend
and that has the “Schedule of Exchanges of Interests in the Global Note” attached thereto, and that is deposited with
or on behalf of and registered in the name of the Depositary, representing a series of Notes that do not bear the Private Placement
Legend.

 

Unrestricted Note” means
either an Unrestricted Definitive Note or an Unrestricted Global Note.

 

Unrestricted Subsidiary
means any Restricted Subsidiary (including a newly acquired or newly formed Subsidiary) of the Issuer that is designated as an
Unrestricted Subsidiary pursuant to the provisions of the 2026 Secured Notes Indenture, and includes any Subsidiary of an Unrestricted
Subsidiary.

 

U.S. Person” means any
U.S. person as defined for purposes of Regulation S.

 

U.S. Pledge
Agreement
” means that certain Securities Pledge Agreement, dated as of the Issue Date, among the Issuer, the Guarantors
that are U.S. persons and the Notes Collateral Agent, as amended, restated, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified
from the time to time.

 

U.S. Security Agreement
means that certain Security Agreement, dated as of the Issue Date, entered into by the Issuer and the Guarantors that are U.S.
persons in favor of the Notes Collateral Agent, as amended, restated, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified
from the time to time.

 

U.S. Subsidiary” means
any Subsidiary that is organized under the laws of the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia.

 

Voting Stock” of any
Person as of any date means the Capital Stock of such Person that is at the time entitled to vote in the election of the Board
of Directors of such Person.

 

Waste Industries Transactions
means the acquisition by GFL Environmental Inc. of Wrangler Super Holdco Corp. (as the indirect parent of Waste Industries USA,
LLC and its subsidiaries) pursuant to that certain Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of October 9, 2018, by and among Wrangler
Super Holdco Corp., GFL Environmental Holdings Inc., Betty Merger Sub Inc., GFL Environmental Inc., solely for purposes of Article
X thereof, and Wrangler Aggregator Holdings, L.P., solely in its capacity as the securityholder representative, and the related
financing transactions in connection therewith that were consummated on November 14, 2018.

 

Weighted Average Life to Maturity
means, when applied to any Indebtedness at any date, the number of years obtained by dividing:

 

(1) the sum of the products obtained by multiplying (a) the amount of each then remaining installment, sinking fund, serial maturity
or other required payments of principal, including payment at final maturity, in respect of the Indebtedness, by (b) the number
of years (calculated to the nearest one-twelfth) that will elapse between such date and the making of such payment; by

 

 

(2) the then-outstanding principal amount of such Indebtedness.

 

Wholly Owned Restricted Subsidiary
of the Issuer means any Restricted Subsidiary of which all of the outstanding Voting Stock (other than directors’ qualifying
shares or shares required to be owned by other Persons pursuant to applicable law) is owned directly or indirectly by the Issuer
or any other Wholly Owned Restricted Subsidiary.

 

Section 1.2.         
Other Definitions.

 

Act Section 12.16(a)
   
Acceptable Commitment Section 4.5(b)(4)
   
Accounting Change Section 1.3(2)
   
Action Section 11.8(v)
   
Additional Amounts Section 4.15(a)
   
Agreement Currency Section 12.17(a)
   
Asset Sale Offer Section 4.5(d)
   
Asset Sale Payment Date Section 4.5(f)
   
Authenticating Agent Section 2.2
   
Authorized Agent Section 12.7(c)
   
Calculation Date Section 1.1
   
Canadian Legend Section 2.6(f)(4)
   
Change of Control Offer Section 4.7(a)
   
Change of Control Payment Section 4.7(a)
   
Change of Control Payment Date Section 4.7(a)
   
Code Section 1.1
   
covenant defeasance option Section 8.1(b)
   
Defaulted Interest Section 2.11
   
EDGAR  Section 4.2(c)

 

 

Excess Proceeds Section 4.5(c)
   
Financial Reports Section 4.2
   
Foreign Guarantors Section 12.7(c)
   
IFRS Section 1.1
   
Initial Notes Preamble
   
Judgment Currency  Section 12.7(a)
   
legal defeasance option Section 8.1(b)
   
Legal Holiday Section 12.6
   
Obligations Section 10.1
   
Par Call Date Section 3.7
   
Paying Agent Section 2.3
   
Payment Default Section 6.1(4)
   
Payor  Section 4.15(a)
   
Primary Treasury Dealer Section 1.1
   
Redemption Price Deficit Section 8.1(a)
   
Registrar Section 2.3
   
Related Person Section 11.8(b)
   
Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction Section 4.15(a)
   
Reserved Indebtedness Amount Section 1.1
   
Second Change of Control Payment Date Section 4.7(i)
   
Second Commitment Section 4.5(b)(4)
   
SEDAR Section 4.2(c)
   
Successor Company Section 5.1(a)(1)(B)
   
Successor Person Section 5.1(c)(2)(A)

 

 

Section 1.3.       Rules of Construction.

 

Unless the context otherwise requires:

 

(1)           
a term has the meaning assigned to it;

 

(2)           
any accounting term used in this Indenture, unless otherwise defined therein, has the meaning assigned to it under GAAP
applied consistently throughout the relevant period and relevant prior periods. If there occurs a change in generally accepted
accounting principles, and such change would require disclosure under GAAP in the financial statements of the Issuer and would
cause a change in the method of calculation of financial covenants, standards or terms as determined in good faith by the Issuer
(an “Accounting Change”), then the Issuer may elect, as evidenced by a written notice of the Issuer to the Trustee,
that such financial covenants, standards or terms shall be calculated as if such Accounting Change had not occurred. Any such election
with respect to such Accounting Change may not thereafter be changed;

 

(3)           
“or” is not exclusive;

 

(4)           
“including” means including without limitation;

 

(5)           
words in the singular include the plural and words in the plural include the singular;

 

(6)           
unless otherwise indicated, all references to “Articles” or “Sections” are to Articles or Sections,
as the case may be, of this Indenture;

 

(7)           
references to sections of or rules or regulations under any legislation (including the 1933 Act, the 1934 Act or Canadian
Securities Legislation) shall be deemed to include any substitute, replacement or successor section, rule, regulation or instrument,
as applicable, issued, adopted or promulgated by the SEC, the applicable Canadian securities commission or securities regulatory
authority or any other applicable governmental authority from time to time;

 

(8)           
“herein,” “hereof” and other words of similar import refer to this Indenture as a whole (as amended
or supplemented from time to time) and not to any particular Article, Section or other subdivision; and

 

(9)           
all references to “US$” are to U.S. dollars and all references to “$” are to Canadian dollars. Notwithstanding
the foregoing, the Notes shall at all times be denominated, and principal and interest shall be payable only in U.S. dollars.

 

Article
II

THE NOTES

 

Section 2.1.       Form and Dating.

 

(a)                    
General. The Notes and the Trustee’s certificate of authentication shall be substantially in the form of Exhibit
A
hereto. The Notes may have notations, legends or endorsements required by law, stock exchange rule or usage (but which shall
not affect the rights, duties, obligations or immunities of the Trustee without the consent of the Trustee). Each Note shall be
dated the date of its authentication. The Notes shall be in minimum denominations of US$2,000 and integral multiples of US$1,000
in excess thereof. The terms and provisions contained in the Notes shall constitute, and are hereby expressly made, a part of
this Indenture and the Issuer, the Guarantors and the Trustee, by their execution and delivery of this Indenture, expressly agree
to such terms and provisions and to be bound thereby. However, to the extent any provision of any Note conflicts with the express
provisions of this Indenture, the provisions of this Indenture (to the extent permitted by law) shall govern and be controlling.

 

 

(b)                    
Global Notes. The Notes issued in global form shall be substantially in the form of Exhibit A attached hereto
(including the Global Note Legend thereon and the “Schedule of Exchanges of Interests in the Global Note” attached
thereto). The Notes issued in definitive form shall be substantially in the form of Exhibit A attached hereto (but without
the Global Note Legend thereon and without the “Schedule of Exchanges of Interests in the Global Note” attached thereto).
Each Global Note shall represent the amount of outstanding Notes specified therein, and each Global Note shall provide that it
shall represent the aggregate principal amount of outstanding Notes from time to time endorsed thereon and that the aggregate
principal amount of outstanding Notes represented thereby may from time to time be reduced or increased, as appropriate, to reflect
exchanges and redemptions. Any endorsement of a Global Note to reflect the amount of any increase or decrease in the aggregate
principal amount of outstanding Notes represented thereby shall be made by the Trustee or the Notes Custodian of the Issuer, at
the direction of the Trustee, in accordance with the instructions given by the Holder thereof as required by Section 2.6 hereof.

 

(c)                    
Regulation S Global Notes. Any Notes offered and sold in reliance on Regulation S shall be issued initially in the
form of a Regulation S Global Note, which shall be deposited on behalf of the purchasers of the Notes represented thereby with
the Notes Custodian, and registered in the name of the Depositary or the nominee of the Depositary for the accounts of designated
agents holding on behalf of Euroclear or Clearstream, duly executed by the Issuer and authenticated by the Trustee as hereinafter
provided. Prior to the expiration of the Restricted Period, any resale or transfer of beneficial interests in a Regulation S Global
Note to U.S. Persons shall not be permitted unless such resale or transfer is made pursuant to Rule 144A or Regulation S.

 

(d)                    
144A Global Notes. Any Notes offered and sold in reliance on Rule 144A shall be issued initially in the form of
a 144A Global Note, which shall be deposited on behalf of the purchasers of the Notes represented thereby with the Notes Custodian,
and registered in the name of the Depositary or the nominee of the Depositary, duly executed by the Issuer and authenticated by
the Trustee as hereinafter provided.

 

(e)                    
Definitive Notes. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Section 2.1, any issuance of Definitive Notes shall
be at the Issuer’s discretion, except in the circumstances set forth in Section 2.6(a) hereof.

 

Section 2.2.      Execution and Authentication.

 

An Officer shall sign the Notes for the
Issuer by manual, facsimile or electronically transmitted signature.

 

 

 

If an Officer whose signature is on a Note
no longer holds that office at the time the Trustee authenticates the Note, the Note shall be valid nevertheless.

 

A Note shall not be valid until an authorized
signatory of the Trustee manually or electronically authenticates the Note. The signature of the Trustee on a Note shall be conclusive
evidence that such Note has been duly and validly authenticated and issued under this Indenture.

 

The Trustee shall authenticate and deliver:
(i) Initial Notes for original issue in an aggregate principal amount of US$750,000,000 on the Issue Date, and (ii) if and when
issued, Additional Notes (which may be issued in either a registered or a private offering under the 1933 Act), in each case upon
an Issuer Order. Such Issuer Order shall specify the amount of the Notes to be authenticated and the date on which the original
issue of Notes is to be authenticated and whether the Notes are to be in global or definitive form and whether they are to bear
the Private Placement Legend or the Canadian Legend. The Issuer may issue Additional Notes under this Indenture subsequent to the
Issue Date. For the avoidance of any doubt, any Additional Notes that are issued hereunder, and in connection therewith the Issuer
delivered to the Trustee an Officer’s Certificate and Opinion of Counsel each stating that such issuance of Additional Notes
is authorized and permitted under this Indenture, shall be valid for all purposes and constitute Additional Notes hereunder, even
if subsequently it is determined that such issuance was not in compliance with the covenants of this Indenture.

 

The Trustee may appoint an agent (the “Authenticating
Agent
”) reasonably acceptable to the Issuer to authenticate the Notes. Unless limited by the terms of such appointment,
any such Authenticating Agent may authenticate Notes whenever the Trustee may do so. Each reference in this Indenture to authentication
by the Trustee includes authentication by such agent.

 

Section 2.3.         
Registrar and Paying Agent.

 

The Issuer shall at all times maintain in
the continental U.S. an office or agency where Notes may be presented for registration of transfer or for exchange (the “Registrar”),
and an office or agency where Notes may be presented for payment (the “Paying Agent”). The Registrar shall keep
a register of the Notes and of their transfer and exchange. The Issuer may have one or more co-registrars and one or more additional
paying agents. The term “Registrar” includes any co-registrar, and the term “Paying Agent
includes any such additional paying agent. The Issuer will give prompt written notice to the Trustee of any such co-registrar or
additional paying agents and of any change in the name or address of any such Registrar or Paying Agent.

 

The Issuer or any of its Subsidiaries may
act as Paying Agent, subject to the provisions of this Section 2.3 and Section 4.10. Any Paying Agent or Registrar may resign as
such upon 30 days’ prior written notice to the Issuer and the Trustee; upon resignation of any Paying Agent or Registrar,
the Issuer shall appoint a successor Paying Agent or Registrar, as the case may be, complying with the requirements of this Section
2.3, no later than 30 days thereafter and shall provide notice to the Trustee of such successor Paying Agent or Registrar.

 

If at any time there shall be Notes outstanding
that are not Global Notes and there shall be no Paying Agent with an office or agency in the City of New York, State of New York
(or as such office may be moved from time to time to any other location within the contiguous U.S.), where the Notes may be presented
or surrendered for payment, the Issuer shall forthwith designate such a Paying Agent in order that such Notes shall at all times
be payable in the City of New York, the State of New York (or as such office may be moved from time to time to any other location
within the contiguous U.S.).

 

 

The Issuer initially appoints Computershare
Trust Company, N.A., as Registrar and Paying Agent for the Notes. The immunities, protections and exculpations available to the
Trustee under this Indenture shall also be available to each Agent, and the Issuer’s obligations under Section 7.6 to compensate
and indemnify the Trustee shall extend likewise to each Agent.

 

Section 2.4.         
Paying Agent to Hold Money in Trust.

 

By at least 11:00 a.m. (New York City time)
on the date on which any principal, premium, if any, or interest on any Note is due and payable, the Issuer shall deposit with
the Paying Agent in immediately available funds a sum sufficient to pay such principal, premium, if any, and interest when due.
The Issuer shall require each Paying Agent (other than the Trustee) to agree in writing that such Paying Agent shall hold in trust
for the benefit of Holders or the Trustee all money held by such Paying Agent for the payment of principal, premium, if any, and
interest (if any) on the Notes and shall notify the Trustee of any default by the Issuer in making any such payment. If the Issuer
or a Subsidiary acts as Paying Agent, it shall segregate the money held by it as Paying Agent and hold it as a separate trust fund.
The Issuer at any time may require a Paying Agent (other than the Trustee) to pay all money held by it to the Trustee and to account
for any funds disbursed by such Paying Agent. Upon complying with this Section 2.4, the Paying Agent (if other than the Issuer
or a Subsidiary) shall have no further liability for the money delivered to the Trustee.

 

Section 2.5.         
Holder Lists.

 

The Trustee shall preserve in as current
a form as is reasonably practicable the most recent list available to it of the names and addresses of Holders. If the Trustee
is not the Registrar, the Issuer shall furnish to the Trustee, in writing at least seven (7) Business Days before each Interest
Payment Date and at such other times as the Trustee may request in writing, a list in such form and as of such date as the Trustee
may reasonably require of the names and addresses of Holders.

 

Section 2.6.         
Transfer and Exchange.

 

(a)                    
Transfer and Exchange of Global Notes. Except as set forth herein, a Global Note may not be transferred as a whole
except by the Depositary to a nominee of the Depositary, by a nominee of the Depositary to the Depositary or to another nominee
of the Depositary, or by the Depositary or any such nominee to a successor Depositary or a nominee of such successor Depositary.
Owners of beneficial interests in Global Notes shall not be entitled to receive Definitive Notes unless:

 

(1)           
the Depositary (A) notifies the Issuer that it is unwilling or unable to continue to act as Depositary or (B) that it is
no longer a clearing agency registered under the 1934 Act and, in either case, a successor Depositary is not appointed by the Issuer
within 90 days after the date of such notice from the Depositary;

 

 

(2)           
the Issuer, at its option, notifies the Trustee in writing that it elects to cause the issuance of the certificated Notes
and any Participant requests a certificated Note; provided that in no event shall the Regulation S Global Note be exchanged
by the Issuer for Definitive Notes prior to (a) the expiration of the Restricted Period and (b) the receipt of any certificates
required under the provisions of Regulation S;

 

(3)           
there has occurred and is continuing a Default or Event of Default with respect to the Notes and the Depositary notifies
the Issuer and the Trustee of its decision to exchange the Global Notes for Definitive Notes; or

 

(4)           
written notice is given to the Trustee by or on behalf of the Depositary in accordance with this Indenture.

 

Upon the occurrence of the preceding events
in clauses (1), (2), (3) or (4) above, Definitive Notes shall be issued in such names and in any approved denominations as the
Depositary shall instruct the Issuer, the Trustee and the Registrar. Global Notes also may be exchanged or replaced, in whole or
in part, as provided in Section 2.7 hereof. Every Note authenticated and delivered in exchange for, or in lieu of, a Global Note
or any portion thereof, pursuant to this Section 2.6 or Section 2.7 hereof, shall be authenticated and delivered in the form of,
and shall be, a Global Note. A Global Note may not be exchanged for another Note other than as provided in this Section 2.6(a);
however, beneficial interests in a Global Note may be transferred and exchanged as provided in Section 2.6(b) or (c).

 

(b)                    
Transfer and Exchange of Beneficial Interests in the Global Notes. The transfer and exchange of beneficial interests
in the Global Notes shall be effected through the Depositary, in accordance with the provisions of this Indenture and the Applicable
Procedures. Beneficial interests in the Restricted Global Notes shall be subject to restrictions on transfer comparable to those
set forth herein, including those set forth in the Private Placement Legend and the Canadian Legend (if applicable), to the extent
required by the 1933 Act and applicable Canadian Securities Legislation, and the U.S. transfers of beneficial interests in the
Global Notes also shall require compliance with either subparagraph (1) or (2) below, as applicable, as well as one or more of
the other following provisions of this Section 2.6, as applicable:

 

(1)           
Transfer of Beneficial Interests in the Same Global Note. Beneficial interests in any Restricted Global Note may
be transferred to Persons who take delivery thereof in the form of a beneficial interest in the same Restricted Global Note in
accordance with the transfer restrictions set forth in the Private Placement Legend; provided, however, that prior
to the expiration of the Restricted Period, (A) transfers of beneficial interests in the Regulation S Global Note may not be to
a U.S. Person or for the account or benefit of a U.S. Person (other than an Initial Purchaser) and (B) such beneficial interests
may be held only through Euroclear or Clearstream (as Indirect Participants in the Depositary). Beneficial interests in such Unrestricted
Global Note may be transferred to Persons who take delivery thereof in the form of a beneficial interest in an Unrestricted Global
Note. No written orders or instructions shall be required to be delivered to the Registrar to effect the transfers described in
the preceding sentence of this Section 2.6(b)(1).

 

 

(2)           
All Other Transfers and Exchanges of Beneficial Interests in Global Notes. In connection with all transfers and exchanges
of beneficial interests that are not subject to Section 2.6(b)(1) above, the transferor of such beneficial interest must deliver
to the Registrar either:

 

(A)            
(i)             
a written order from a Participant or an Indirect Participant given to the Depositary in accordance with the Applicable
Procedures directing the Depositary to credit or cause to be credited a beneficial interest in another Global Note in an amount
equal to the beneficial interest to be transferred or exchanged; and

 

(ii)           
instructions given in accordance with the Applicable Procedures containing information regarding the Participant account
to be credited with such increase; or

 

(B)            
(i)             
a written order from a Participant or an Indirect Participant given to the Depositary in accordance with the Applicable
Procedures directing the Depositary to cause to be issued a Definitive Note in an amount equal to the beneficial interest to be
transferred or exchanged; and

 

(ii)           
instructions given by the Depositary to the Registrar containing information regarding the Person in whose name such Definitive
Note shall be registered to effect the transfer or exchange referred to in Section 2.6(b) above; provided that in no event
shall Definitive Notes be issued upon the transfer or exchange of beneficial interests in the Regulation S Global Note prior to
(a) the expiration of the Restricted Period and (b) the receipt of any certificates required under the provisions of Regulation
S.

 

Upon satisfaction of all of the requirements
for transfer or exchange of beneficial interests in Global Notes contained in this Indenture, the Notes or otherwise applicable
under the 1933 Act, the principal amount of the relevant Global Note(s) shall be adjusted pursuant to Section 2.6(g) hereof.

 

(3)           
Transfer of Beneficial Interests to Another Restricted Global Note. A beneficial interest in any Restricted Global
Note may be transferred to a Person who takes delivery thereof in the form of a beneficial interest in another Restricted Global
Note if the transfer complies with the requirements of Section 2.6(b)(2) above and the Registrar receives the following:

 

(A)           
if the transferee will take delivery in the form of a beneficial interest in the 144A Global Note, then the transferor must
deliver a certificate in the form of Exhibit B hereto, including the certifications in item (1) thereof; and

 

 

(B)           
if the transferee will take delivery in the form of a beneficial interest in the Regulation S Global Note, then the transferor
must deliver a certificate in the form of Exhibit B hereto, including the certifications in item (2) thereof, and if such
transfer occurs prior to the expiration of the Restricted Period, then the transferee must hold such beneficial interest through
either Euroclear or Clearstream (as Indirect Participants in the Depositary).

 

(4)           
Transfer and Exchange of Beneficial Interests in a Restricted Global Note for Beneficial Interests in the Unrestricted Global
Note. A beneficial interest in any Restricted Global Note may be exchanged by any holder thereof for a beneficial interest in an
Unrestricted Global Note or transferred to a Person who takes delivery thereof in the form of a beneficial interest in an Unrestricted
Global Note if the exchange or transfer complies with the requirements of Section 2.6(b)(2) above and the Registrar receives the
following:

 

(i)           
if the holder of such beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note proposes to exchange such beneficial interest for
a beneficial interest in an Unrestricted Global Note, a certificate from such holder in the form of Exhibit C hereto, including
the certifications in item (1)(a) thereof; or

 

(ii)           if the holder of such beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note proposes to transfer such beneficial interest to a
Person who shall take delivery thereof in the form of a beneficial interest in an Unrestricted Global Note, a certificate from
such holder in the form of Exhibit B hereto, including the certifications in item (4) thereof;

 

and, in each such case, if the Registrar or the Issuer so requests
or if the Applicable Procedures so require, an Opinion of Counsel to the effect that such exchange or transfer is in compliance
with the 1933 Act and state “blue sky” laws and that the restrictions on transfer contained herein and in the Private
Placement Legend are no longer required in order to maintain compliance with the 1933 Act.

 

If any such transfer is effected at a time
when an Unrestricted Global Note has not yet been issued, the Issuer shall issue and, upon receipt of an Issuer Order in accordance
with Section 2.2 hereof, the Trustee shall authenticate one or more Unrestricted Global Notes in an aggregate principal amount
equal to the aggregate principal amount of beneficial interests transferred.

 

Beneficial interests in an Unrestricted
Global Note cannot be exchanged for, or transferred to Persons who take delivery thereof in the form of, a beneficial interest
in a Restricted Global Note.

 

 

(c)                    
Transfer or Exchange of Beneficial Interests for Definitive Notes.

 

(1)           
Beneficial Interests in Restricted Global Notes to Restricted Definitive Notes. If, in accordance with Section 2.6(a),
any holder of a beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note proposes to exchange such beneficial interest for a Restricted
Definitive Note or to transfer such beneficial interest to a Person who takes delivery thereof in the form of a Restricted Definitive
Note, then, upon receipt by the Registrar of the following documentation:

 

(A)           
if the holder of such beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note proposes to exchange such beneficial interest for
a Restricted Definitive Note, a certificate from such holder in the form of Exhibit C hereto, including the certifications
in item (2)(a) thereof;

 

(B)           
if such beneficial interest is being transferred to a QIB in accordance with Rule 144A, a certificate to the effect set
forth in Exhibit B hereto, including the certifications in item (1) thereof; or

 

(C)           
if such beneficial interest is being transferred to a non-U.S. Person in an offshore transaction in accordance with Rule
903 or Rule 904, a certificate to the effect set forth in Exhibit B hereto, including the certifications in item (2) thereof,

 

the Registrar shall cause the aggregate principal amount of
the applicable Global Note to be reduced accordingly pursuant to Section 2.6(g) hereof, and the Issuer shall execute and the Trustee,
upon receipt of an Issuer Order, shall authenticate and deliver to the Person designated in the instructions a Definitive Note
in the appropriate principal amount. Any Definitive Note issued in exchange for a beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note
pursuant to this Section 2.6(c) shall be registered in such name or names and in such authorized denomination or denominations
as the holder of such beneficial interest shall instruct the Registrar through instructions from the Depositary and the Participant
or Indirect Participant. The Trustee shall deliver such Definitive Notes to the Persons in whose names such Notes are so registered.
Any Definitive Note issued in exchange for a beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note pursuant to this Section 2.6(c)(1)
shall bear the Private Placement Legend and shall be subject to all restrictions on transfer contained therein. Notwithstanding
Sections 2.6(c)(1)(A) and (C) hereof, a beneficial interest in the Regulation S Global Note may not be exchanged for a Definitive
Note or transferred to a Person who takes delivery thereof in the form of a Definitive Note prior to (a) the expiration of the
Restricted Period and (b) the receipt of any certificates required under the provisions of Regulation S, except in the case of
a transfer pursuant to an exemption from the registration requirements of the 1933 Act other than Rule 903 or Rule 904.

 

(2)           
Beneficial Interests in Restricted Global Notes to Unrestricted Definitive Notes. A holder of a beneficial interest
in a Restricted Global Note may exchange such beneficial interest for an Unrestricted Definitive Note or may transfer such beneficial
interest to a Person who takes delivery thereof in the form of an Unrestricted Definitive Note, in each case only pursuant to Section
2.6(a) and only if the Registrar receives the following:

 

(i)           
if the holder of such beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note proposes to exchange such beneficial interest for
an Unrestricted Definitive Note, a certificate from such holder in the form of Exhibit C hereto, including the certifications
in item (1)(b) thereof; or

 

 

(ii)           
if the holder of such beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note proposes to transfer such beneficial interest to a
Person who shall take delivery thereof in the form of an Unrestricted Definitive Note, a certificate from such holder in the form
of Exhibit B hereto, including the certifications in item (4) thereof;

 

and, in each such case, if the Registrar or the Issuer so requests
or if the Applicable Procedures so require, an Opinion of Counsel to the effect that such exchange or transfer is in compliance
with the 1933 Act and state “blue sky” laws and that the restrictions on transfer contained herein and in the Private
Placement Legend are no longer required in order to maintain compliance with the 1933 Act.

 

(3)           
Beneficial Interests in Unrestricted Global Notes to Unrestricted Definitive Notes. If any holder of a beneficial
interest in an Unrestricted Global Note proposes to exchange such beneficial interest for a Definitive Note or to transfer such
beneficial interest to a Person who takes delivery thereof in the form of a Definitive Note, then, upon satisfaction of the conditions
set forth in Section 2.6(b)(2) hereof, the Registrar shall cause the aggregate principal amount of the applicable Global Note to
be reduced accordingly pursuant to Section 2.6(g) hereof, and the Issuer shall execute and the Trustee, upon receipt of an Issuer
Order, shall authenticate and deliver to the Person designated in the instructions a Definitive Note in the appropriate principal
amount. Any Definitive Note issued in exchange for a beneficial interest pursuant to this Section 2.6(c)(3) shall be registered
in such name or names and in such authorized denomination or denominations as the holder of such beneficial interest shall instruct
the Registrar through instructions from the Depositary and the Participant or Indirect Participant. The Trustee shall deliver such
Definitive Notes to the Persons in whose names such Notes are so registered. Any Definitive Note issued in exchange for a beneficial
interest pursuant to this Section 2.6(c)(3) shall not bear the Private Placement Legend.

 

(d)                    
Transfer and Exchange of Definitive Notes for Beneficial Interests.

 

(1)           
Restricted Definitive Notes to Beneficial Interests in Restricted Global Notes. If any Holder of a Restricted Definitive
Note proposes to exchange such Note for a beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note or to transfer such Restricted Definitive
Note to a Person who takes delivery thereof in the form of a beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note, then, upon receipt
by the Registrar of the following documentation:

 

(A)           
if the Holder of such Restricted Definitive Note proposes to exchange such Note for a beneficial interest in a Restricted
Global Note, a certificate from such Holder in the form of Exhibit C hereto, including the certifications in item (2)(b)
thereof;

 

(B)           
if such Restricted Definitive Note is being transferred to a QIB in accordance with Rule 144A, a certificate to the effect
set forth in Exhibit B hereto, including the certifications in item (1) thereof; or

 

(C)           
if such Restricted Definitive Note is being transferred to a non-U.S. Person in an offshore transaction in accordance with
Rule 903 or Rule 904, a certificate to the effect set forth in Exhibit C hereto, including the certifications in item (2)
thereof,

 

 

the Trustee shall cancel the Restricted Definitive Note, the
Registrar shall increase or cause to be increased the aggregate principal amount of, in the case of clause (d)(1)(A) above, the
appropriate Restricted Global Note, in the case of clause (d)(1)(B) above, the 144A Global Note, and in the case of clause (d)(1)(C)
above, the Regulation S Global Note. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if there are no Global Notes outstanding prior to any such
transfer, Definitive Notes may be transferred for beneficial interests in a Global Note only if the Issuer so agrees and delivers
an Issuer Order to the Trustee.

 

(2)           
Restricted Definitive Notes to Beneficial Interests in Unrestricted Global Notes. A Holder of a Restricted Definitive
Note may exchange such Note for a beneficial interest in an Unrestricted Global Note or transfer such Restricted Definitive Note
to a Person who takes delivery thereof in the form of a beneficial interest in an Unrestricted Global Note only if the Registrar
receives the following:

 

(i)           
if the Holder of such Definitive Notes proposes to exchange such Notes for a beneficial interest in the Unrestricted Global
Note, a certificate from such Holder in the form of Exhibit C hereto, including the certifications in item (1)(c) thereof;
or

 

(ii)          
if the Holder of such Definitive Notes proposes to transfer such Notes to a Person who shall take delivery thereof in the
form of a beneficial interest in the Unrestricted Global Note, a certificate from such Holder in the form of Exhibit B hereto,
including the certifications in item (4) thereof;

 

and, in each such case, if the Registrar or the Issuer so requests
or if the Applicable Procedures so require, an Opinion of Counsel to the effect that such exchange or transfer is in compliance
with the 1933 Act and state “blue sky” laws and that the restrictions on transfer contained herein and in the Private
Placement Legend are no longer required in order to maintain compliance with the 1933 Act.

 

Upon satisfaction of the conditions of any
of the subparagraphs in this Section 2.6(d)(2), the Trustee shall cancel the Definitive Notes and the Registrar shall increase
or cause to be increased the aggregate principal amount of the Unrestricted Global Note. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if there
are no Global Notes outstanding prior to any such transfer, Definitive Notes may be transferred for beneficial interests in a Global
Note only if the Issuer so agrees and delivers an Issuer Order to the Trustee.

 

(3)           
Unrestricted Definitive Notes to Beneficial Interests in Unrestricted Global Notes. A Holder of an Unrestricted Definitive
Note may exchange such Note for a beneficial interest in an Unrestricted Global Note or transfer such Definitive Note to a Person
who takes delivery thereof in the form of a beneficial interest in an Unrestricted Global Note at any time. Upon receipt of a request
for such an exchange or transfer, the Trustee shall cancel the applicable Unrestricted Definitive Note and the Registrar shall
increase or cause to be increased the aggregate principal amount of one of the Unrestricted Global Notes.

 

 

If any such exchange or transfer from a
Definitive Note to a beneficial interest is effected pursuant to subparagraph (2)(ii) or (3) above at a time when an Unrestricted
Global Note has not yet been issued, the Issuer shall issue and, upon receipt of an Issuer Order in accordance with Section 2.2
hereof, the Trustee shall authenticate one or more Unrestricted Global Notes in an aggregate principal amount equal to the principal
amount of Definitive Notes so transferred.

 

(e)                    
Transfer and Exchange of Definitive Notes for Definitive Notes. Upon request by a Holder of Definitive Notes and
such Holder’s compliance with the provisions of this Section 2.6(e), the Registrar shall register the transfer or exchange
of Definitive Notes. Prior to such registration of transfer or exchange, the requesting Holder shall present or surrender to the
Registrar the Definitive Notes duly endorsed or accompanied by a written instruction of transfer in form satisfactory to the Registrar
duly executed by such Holder or by its attorney, duly authorized in writing. In addition, the requesting Holder shall provide any
additional certifications, documents and information, as applicable, required pursuant to the following provisions of this Section
2.6(e).

 

(1)           
Restricted Definitive Notes to Restricted Definitive Notes. Any Restricted Definitive Note may be transferred to
and registered in the name of Persons who take delivery thereof in the form of a Restricted Definitive Note if the Registrar receives
the following:

 

(A)           
if the transfer will be made pursuant to Rule 144A, then the transferor must deliver a certificate in the form of Exhibit
C
hereto, including the certifications in item (1) thereof;

 

(B)           
if the transfer will be made pursuant to Rule 903 or Rule 904, then the transferor must deliver a certificate in the form
of Exhibit B hereto, including the certifications in item (2) thereof; and

 

(C)           
if the transfer will be made pursuant to any other exemption must deliver a certificate in the form of Exhibit B
hereto, including the certifications required by item (3) thereof.

 

(2)           
Restricted Definitive Notes to Unrestricted Definitive Notes. Any Restricted Definitive Note may be exchanged by
the Holder thereof for an Unrestricted Definitive Note or transferred to a Person or Persons who take delivery thereof in the form
of an Unrestricted Definitive Note if the Registrar receives the following:

 

(i)           
if the Holder of such Restricted Definitive Notes proposes to exchange such Notes for an Unrestricted Definitive Note, a
certificate from such Holder in the form of Exhibit C hereto, including the certifications in item (1)(d) thereof; or

 

 

(ii)           
if the Holder of such Restricted Definitive Note proposes to transfer such Notes to a Person who shall take delivery thereof
in the form of an Unrestricted Definitive Note, a certificate from such Holder in the form of Exhibit B hereto, including
the certifications in item (4) thereof;

 

and, in each such case, if the Registrar or the Issuer so requests,
an Opinion of Counsel to the effect that such exchange or transfer is in compliance with the 1933 Act and state “blue
sky
” laws and that the restrictions on transfer contained herein and in the Private Placement Legend are no longer required
in order to maintain compliance with the 1933 Act.

 

(3)           
Unrestricted Definitive Notes to Unrestricted Definitive Notes. A Holder of Unrestricted Definitive Notes may transfer
such Notes to a Person who takes delivery thereof in the form of an Unrestricted Definitive Note. Upon receipt of a request to
register such a transfer, the Registrar shall register the Unrestricted Definitive Note pursuant to the instructions from the Holder
thereof.

 

(f)                    
Legends. The following legends shall appear on the face of all Global Notes and Definitive Notes issued under this
Indenture unless specifically stated otherwise in the applicable provisions of this Indenture.

 

(1)           
Private Placement Legend.

 

(A)           
Except as permitted by subparagraph (B) below or as otherwise agreed between the Issuer and the Holder, each Global Note
and each Definitive Note (and all Notes issued in exchange therefor or substitution thereof) shall bear a legend, until the Resale
Restriction Termination Date, in substantially the following form:

 

 

“THIS NOTE HAS NOT BEEN
REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE “1933 ACT”), OR THE SECURITIES LAWS OF ANY STATE OR OTHER
JURISDICTION. NEITHER THIS NOTE NOR ANY INTEREST OR PARTICIPATION HEREIN MAY BE REOFFERED, SOLD, ASSIGNED, TRANSFERRED, PLEDGED,
ENCUMBERED OR OTHERWISE DISPOSED OF IN THE ABSENCE OF SUCH REGISTRATION OR UNLESS SUCH TRANSACTION IS EXEMPT FROM, OR NOT SUBJECT
TO, SUCH REGISTRATION. THE HOLDER OF THIS NOTE, BY ITS ACCEPTANCE HEREOF, AGREES ON ITS OWN BEHALF AND ON BEHALF OF ANY INVESTOR
ACCOUNT FOR WHICH IT HAS PURCHASED NOTES, TO OFFER, SELL OR OTHERWISE TRANSFER SUCH NOTE, PRIOR TO THE DATE (THE “RESALE
RESTRICTION TERMINATION DATE”) THAT IS [IN THE CASE OF RULE 144A NOTES: ONE YEAR AFTER THE LATER OF THE ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE
HEREOF, THE ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE OF THE ISSUANCE OF ANY ADDITIONAL NOTES AND THE LAST DATE ON WHICH THE ISSUER OR ANY AFFILIATE
OF THE ISSUER WAS THE OWNER OF THIS NOTE (OR ANY PREDECESSOR OF SUCH NOTE),] [IN THE CASE OF REGULATION S NOTES: 40 DAYS AFTER
THE LATER OF THE ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE HEREOF, THE ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE OF THE ISSUANCE OF ANY ADDITIONAL NOTES AND THE DATE ON WHICH
THIS NOTE (OR ANY PREDECESSOR OF SUCH NOTE) WAS FIRST OFFERED TO PERSONS OTHER THAN DISTRIBUTORS (AS DEFINED IN RULE 902 OF REGULATION
S) IN RELIANCE ON REGULATION S], ONLY (A) TO THE ISSUER OR ANY SUBSIDIARY THEREOF, (B) PURSUANT TO A REGISTRATION STATEMENT THAT
HAS BEEN DECLARED EFFECTIVE UNDER THE 1933 ACT, (C) FOR SO LONG AS THE NOTES ARE ELIGIBLE FOR RESALE PURSUANT TO RULE 144A UNDER
THE 1933 ACT (“RULE 144A”), TO A PERSON IT REASONABLY BELIEVES IS A “QUALIFIED INSTITUTIONAL BUYER” AS
DEFINED IN RULE 144A THAT PURCHASES FOR ITS OWN ACCOUNT OR FOR THE ACCOUNT OF A QUALIFIED INSTITUTIONAL BUYER TO WHOM NOTICE IS
GIVEN THAT THE TRANSFER IS BEING MADE IN RELIANCE ON RULE 144A, (D) PURSUANT TO OFFERS AND SALES TO NON U.S. PERSONS THAT OCCUR
OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES WITHIN THE MEANING OF REGULATION S UNDER THE 1933 ACT, (E) TO AN INSTITUTIONAL “ACCREDITED INVESTOR”
WITHIN THE MEANING OF RULE 501(a)(1), (2), (3) OR (7) UNDER THE 1933 ACT THAT IS NOT A QUALIFIED INSTITUTIONAL BUYER AND THAT IS
PURCHASING FOR ITS OWN ACCOUNT OR FOR THE ACCOUNT OF ANOTHER INSTITUTIONAL ACCREDITED INVESTOR, IN EACH CASE IN A MINIMUM PRINCIPAL
AMOUNT OF NOTES OF US$250,000 OR (F) PURSUANT TO ANOTHER AVAILABLE EXEMPTION FROM THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE 1933 ACT,
SUBJECT TO THE ISSUER’S AND THE TRUSTEE’S RIGHT PRIOR TO ANY SUCH OFFER, SALE OR TRANSFER PURSUANT TO CLAUSES (D),
(E) OR (F) TO REQUIRE THE DELIVERY OF AN OPINION OF COUNSEL, CERTIFICATION AND/ OR OTHER INFORMATION SATISFACTORY TO EACH OF THEM.
THIS LEGEND WILL BE REMOVED UPON THE REQUEST OF THE HOLDER AFTER THE RESALE RESTRICTION TERMINATION DATE.

 

[IN THE CASE OF REGULATION S
NOTES: BY ITS ACQUISITION HEREOF, THE HOLDER HEREOF REPRESENTS THAT IT IS NOT A U.S. PERSON NOR IS IT PURCHASING FOR THE ACCOUNT
OF A U.S. PERSON AND IS ACQUIRING THIS NOTE IN AN OFFSHORE TRANSACTION IN ACCORDANCE WITH REGULATION S UNDER THE 1933 ACT.]”

 

 

(B)           
Notwithstanding the foregoing, any Global Note or Definitive Note issued pursuant to Sections 2.6(b)(4), (c)(2), (c)(3),
(d)(2), (d)(3), (e)(2) or (e)(3) (and all Notes issued in exchange therefor or substitution thereof) shall not bear the Private
Placement Legend. The Issuer, acting in its discretion, may remove the Private Placement Legend from any Restricted Note at any
time on or after the Resale Restriction Termination Date applicable to such Restricted Note. Without limiting the generality of
the preceding sentence, the Issuer may effect such removal by issuing and delivering, in exchange for such Restricted Note, an
Unrestricted Note, registered to the same Holder and in an equal principal amount, and, notwithstanding any other provision of
this Section 2.6, upon receipt of an Issuer Order given at least three (3) Business Days in advance of the proposed date of exchange
specified therein (which shall be no earlier than the Resale Restriction Termination Date), the Trustee shall authenticate and
deliver such Unrestricted Note as directed in such Issuer Order. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Trustee shall not be obligated
to authenticate and deliver any Note that it reasonably believes, on advice of counsel, does not comply with Applicable Procedures
or applicable law.

 

(2)           
Global Notes Legend. Each Global Note shall bear a legend in substantially the following form:

 

“THIS GLOBAL NOTE IS HELD
BY THE DEPOSITARY (AS DEFINED IN THE INDENTURE GOVERNING THIS NOTE) OR ITS NOMINEE IN CUSTODY FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE BENEFICIAL
OWNERS HEREOF, AND IS NOT TRANSFERABLE TO ANY PERSON UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES EXCEPT THAT (I) THE REGISTRAR MAY MAKE SUCH NOTATIONS
HEREON AS MAY BE REQUIRED PURSUANT TO SECTION 2.6 OF THE INDENTURE, (II) THIS GLOBAL NOTE MAY BE EXCHANGED IN WHOLE BUT NOT IN
PART PURSUANT TO SECTION 2.6(a) OF THE INDENTURE AND (III) THIS GLOBAL NOTE MAY BE DELIVERED TO THE TRUSTEE FOR CANCELLATION PURSUANT
TO SECTION 2.10 OF THE INDENTURE.

 

UNLESS AND UNTIL IT IS EXCHANGED
IN WHOLE OR IN PART FOR NOTES IN DEFINITIVE FORM, THIS NOTE MAY NOT BE TRANSFERRED EXCEPT AS A WHOLE BY THE DEPOSITARY TO A NOMINEE
OF THE DEPOSITARY OR BY A NOMINEE OF THE DEPOSITARY TO THE DEPOSITARY OR ANOTHER NOMINEE OF THE DEPOSITARY OR BY THE DEPOSITARY
OR ANY SUCH NOMINEE TO A SUCCESSOR DEPOSITARY OR A NOMINEE OF SUCH SUCCESSOR DEPOSITARY. UNLESS THIS CERTIFICATE IS PRESENTED BY
AN AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF THE DEPOSITORY TRUST COMPANY (55 WATER STREET, NEW YORK, NEW YORK) (“DTC”) TO THE ISSUER
OR ITS AGENT FOR REGISTRATION OF TRANSFER, EXCHANGE OR PAYMENT, AND ANY CERTIFICATE ISSUED IS REGISTERED IN THE NAME OF CEDE &
CO. OR SUCH OTHER NAME AS MAY BE REQUESTED BY AN AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF DTC (AND ANY PAYMENT IS MADE TO CEDE & CO. OR
SUCH OTHER ENTITY AS MAY BE REQUESTED BY AN AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF DTC), ANY TRANSFER, PLEDGE OR OTHER USE HEREOF FOR VALUE
OR OTHERWISE BY OR TO ANY PERSON IS WRONGFUL INASMUCH AS THE REGISTERED OWNER HEREOF, CEDE & CO., HAS AN INTEREST HEREIN.”

 

 

 

 

(3)           
ERISA Legend. Each Global Note and each Definitive Note (and all Notes issued in exchange therefor or substitution
thereof) shall bear a legend in substantially the following form:

 

“BY ITS ACQUISITION OF
THIS NOTE, THE HOLDER THEREOF WILL BE DEEMED TO HAVE REPRESENTED AND WARRANTED THAT EITHER (1) NO PORTION OF THE ASSETS USED BY
SUCH HOLDER TO ACQUIRE OR HOLD THIS NOTE CONSTITUTES THE ASSETS OF AN EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN THAT IS SUBJECT TO TITLE I OF THE U.S.
EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974, AS AMENDED (“ERISA”), OF A PLAN, INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNT OR
OTHER ARRANGEMENT THAT IS SUBJECT TO SECTION 4975 OF THE U.S. INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986, AS AMENDED (THE “CODE”)
OR PROVISIONS UNDER ANY OTHER FEDERAL, STATE, LOCAL, NON U.S. OR OTHER LAWS OR REGULATIONS THAT ARE SIMILAR TO SUCH PROVISIONS
OF ERISA OR THE CODE (“SIMILAR LAWS”), OR OF AN ENTITY WHOSE UNDERLYING ASSETS ARE CONSIDERED TO INCLUDE “PLAN
ASSETS
” (WITHIN THE MEANING OF 29 C.F.R. 2510.3-101, AS MODIFIED BY SECTION 3(42) OF ERISA OR ANY APPLICABLE SIMILAR
LAWS) OF ANY SUCH PLAN, ACCOUNT OR ARRANGEMENT, OR (2) THE ACQUISITION AND HOLDING OF THIS NOTE WILL NOT CONSTITUTE A NON EXEMPT
PROHIBITED TRANSACTION UNDER SECTION 406 OF ERISA OR SECTION 4975 OF THE CODE OR A SIMILAR VIOLATION UNDER ANY APPLICABLE SIMILAR
LAWS.

 

FURTHER, IF THE HOLDER IS A
PLAN SUBJECT TO TITLE I OF ERISA OR SECTION 4975 OF THE CODE (AN “ERISA PLAN”), SUCH HOLDER WILL BE DEEMED TO HAVE
REPRESENTED AND WARRANTED THAT (1) NONE OF THE ISSUER, GUARANTORS, THE INITIAL PURCHASERS AND ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AFFILIATES
(COLLECTIVELY, THE “TRANSACTION PARTIES”) HAS ACTED AS THE ERISA PLAN’S FIDUCIARY (WITHIN THE MEANING OF ERISA
OR THE CODE), OR HAS BEEN RELIED UPON FOR ANY ADVICE, WITH RESPECT TO THE HOLDER’S DECISION TO ACQUIRE AND HOLD THE NOTES,
AND NONE OF THE TRANSACTION PARTIES SHALL AT ANY TIME BE RELIED UPON AS THE ERISA PLAN’S FIDUCIARY WITH RESPECT TO ANY DECISION
TO ACQUIRE, CONTINUE TO HOLD OR TRANSFER THE NOTES, AND (2) THE DECISION TO PURCHASE THE NOTES HAS BEEN MADE BY A DULY AUTHORIZED
FIDUCIARY OF THE ERISA PLAN THAT (I) IS INDEPENDENT (AS THAT TERM IS USED IN 29 C.F.R. 2510.3-21(C)(1)) OF THE TRANSACTION PARTIES
AND THERE IS NO FINANCIAL INTEREST, OWNERSHIP INTEREST, OR OTHER RELATIONSHIP, AGREEMENT OR UNDERSTANDING OR OTHERWISE THAT WOULD
LIMIT ITS ABILITY TO CARRY OUT ITS FIDUCIARY RESPONSIBILITY TO THE ERISA PLAN; (II) IS A BANK, AN INSURANCE CARRIER, A REGISTERED
INVESTMENT ADVISER, A REGISTERED BROKER-DEALER, OR AN INDEPENDENT FIDUCIARY THAT HOLDS, OR HAS UNDER MANAGEMENT OR CONTROL, TOTAL
ASSETS OF AT LEAST $50 MILLION (IN EACH CASE, AS SPECIFIED IN 29 C.F.R. 2510.3-21(C)(1)(I)(A)-(E)); (III) IS CAPABLE OF EVALUATING
INVESTMENT RISKS INDEPENDENTLY, BOTH IN GENERAL AND WITH REGARD TO PARTICULAR TRANSACTIONS AND INVESTMENT STRATEGIES (INCLUDING,
WITHOUT LIMITATION, WITH RESPECT TO THE DECISION TO INVEST IN THE NOTES); (IV) HAS BEEN FAIRLY INFORMED THAT THE TRANSACTION PARTIES
HAVE NOT AND WILL NOT UNDERTAKE TO PROVIDE IMPARTIAL INVESTMENT ADVICE, OR TO GIVE ADVICE IN A FIDUCIARY CAPACITY, IN CONNECTION
WITH THE PURCHASE AND HOLDING OF THE NOTES; (V) HAS BEEN FAIRLY INFORMED THAT THE TRANSACTION PARTIES HAVE FINANCIAL INTERESTS
IN THE ERISA PLAN’S PURCHASE AND HOLDING OF THE NOTES, WHICH INTERESTS MAY CONFLICT WITH THE INTEREST OF THE ERISA PLAN;
(VI) IS A FIDUCIARY UNDER ERISA OR THE CODE, OR BOTH, WITH RESPECT TO THE DECISION TO PURCHASE AND HOLD THE NOTES AND IS RESPONSIBLE
FOR EXERCISING (AND HAS EXERCISED) INDEPENDENT JUDGMENT IN EVALUATING WHETHER TO INVEST THE ASSETS OF SUCH ERISA PLAN IN THE NOTES;
AND (VII) IS NOT PAYING ANY TRANSACTION PARTY ANY FEE OR OTHER COMPENSATION DIRECTLY FOR THE PROVISION OF INVESTMENT ADVICE (AS
OPPOSED TO OTHER SERVICES) IN CONNECTION WITH THE ERISA PLAN’S PURCHASE AND HOLDING OF THE NOTES.”

 

 

(4)           
Canadian Legend. Each Global Note and each Definitive Note (and all Notes issued in exchange therefor or substitution
thereof) shall bear a legend in substantially the following form:

 

(A)           
Each Note (whether a Global Note or a Definitive Note), and all Notes issued in exchange therefor or substitution thereof,
shall also bear a legend (the “Canadian Legend”) in substantially the following form until such time as (i)
a trade of such Note in any province or territory Canada would not be a “distribution” or a “primary distribution
to the public” (each within the meaning of applicable Canadian Securities Legislation) and (ii) such Note is not otherwise
required to carry the Canadian Legend under applicable Canadian Securities Legislation:

 

“EXCEPT IN THE PROVINCE
OF MANITOBA, UNLESS PERMITTED UNDER CANADIAN SECURITIES LEGISLATION, THE HOLDER OF THE SECURITY EVIDENCED HEREBY MUST NOT TRADE
THE SECURITY BEFORE THE DATE THAT IS FOUR MONTHS AND A DAY AFTER [INSERT DISTRIBUTION DATE].

 

IN THE PROVINCE OF MANITOBA,
UNLESS OTHERWISE PERMITTED UNDER APPLICABLE CANADIAN SECURITIES LEGISLATION OR WITH THE PRIOR WRITTEN CONSENT OF THE APPLICABLE
REGULATORS, THE HOLDER OF THE SECURITY EVIDENCED HEREBY MUST NOT TRADE THE SECURITY BEFORE THE DATE THAT IS TWELVE MONTHS AND A
DAY AFTER THE DATE THE PURCHASER ACQUIRED THE SECURITY.”

 

 

(B)           
The distribution date to be inserted into the Canadian Legend pursuant to subparagraph (A) above shall be, in the case of
the Initial Notes, the Issue Date or, in the case of any Additional Notes, the “distribution date” (within the meaning
of National Instrument 45-102 Resale of Securities) for such Additional Notes.

 

(g)                    
Cancellation and/or Adjustment of Global Notes. At such time as all beneficial interests in a particular Global Note
have been exchanged for Definitive Notes or a particular Global Note has been redeemed, repurchased or canceled in whole and not
in part, each such Global Note shall be returned to or retained and canceled by the Trustee in accordance with Section 2.10 hereof.
At any time prior to such cancellation, if any beneficial interest in a Global Note is exchanged for or transferred to a Person
who will take delivery thereof in the form of a beneficial interest in another Global Note or for Definitive Notes, the principal
amount of Notes represented by such Global Note shall be reduced accordingly and an endorsement shall be made on such Global Note
by the Trustee or by the Notes Custodian at the direction of the Trustee to reflect such reduction; and if the beneficial interest
is being exchanged for or transferred to a Person who will take delivery thereof in the form of a beneficial interest in another
Global Note, such other Global Note shall be increased accordingly and an endorsement shall be made on such Global Note by the
Trustee or by the Notes Custodian at the direction of the Trustee to reflect such increase.

 

(h)                    
General Provisions Relating to Transfers and Exchanges.

 

(1)           
To permit registrations of transfers and exchanges, the Issuer shall execute and the Trustee shall authenticate Global Notes
and Definitive Notes upon receipt of an Issuer Order.

 

(2)           
No service charge shall be made to a holder of a beneficial interest in a Global Note or to a Holder of a Definitive Note
for any registration of transfer or exchange, but the Issuer may require payment of a sum sufficient to cover any tax or similar
charge or other fee required by law and payable in connection therewith (other than any taxes or similar charge payable upon exchange
or transfer pursuant to Sections 2.9, 3.6, 3.7, 4.5 and 4.7 hereof).

 

(3)           
All Global Notes and Definitive Notes issued upon any registration of transfer or exchange of Global Notes or Definitive
Notes shall be the valid obligations of the Issuer, evidencing the same debt, and entitled to the same benefits under this Indenture,
as the Global Notes or Definitive Notes surrendered upon such registration of transfer or exchange.

 

(4)           
None of the Issuer, the Trustee or the Registrar shall be required (A) to issue, to register the transfer of or to exchange
any Notes during a period of 15 days before the day of any selection of Notes for redemption under Section 3.2 hereof and ending
at the close of business on the day of selection, (B) to register the transfer of or to exchange any Notes so selected for redemption
in whole or in part, except the unredeemed portion of any Note being redeemed in part or (C) to register the transfer of or to
exchange a Note between a record date and the next succeeding Interest Payment Date.

 

 

(5)           
Prior to the due presentation for registration of transfer of any Note, the Issuer, each Guarantor, the Trustee, the Paying
Agent or the Registrar may deem and treat the Person in whose name a Note is registered as the absolute owner of such Note for
the purpose of receiving payment of principal, interest and premium (if any) on such Note and for all other purposes whatsoever,
whether or not such Note is overdue, and none of the Issuer, the Trustee, the Paying Agent or the Registrar shall be affected by
notice to the contrary.

 

(6)           
The Trustee shall authenticate Global Notes and Definitive Notes upon receipt of an Issuer Order and in accordance with
the other provisions of Section 2.2 hereof.

 

(7)           
All certifications, certificates and Opinions of Counsel required to be submitted to the Registrar pursuant to this Section
2.6 to effect a registration of transfer or exchange may be submitted by facsimile.

 

(8)           
None of the Trustee or any Agent shall have any obligation or duty to monitor, determine or inquire as to compliance with
any restrictions on transfer imposed under this Indenture or under applicable law with respect to any transfer of any interest
in any Note (including any transfers between or among Depositary participants, members or beneficial owners in any Global Note)
other than to require delivery of such certificates and other documentation or evidence as are expressly required by, and to do
so if and when expressly required by the terms of, this Indenture, and to examine the same to determine substantial compliance
as to form with the express requirements hereof.

 

(9)           
None of the Trustee or any Agent shall have any responsibility or obligation to any beneficial owner of a Global Note, a
member of, or a participant in the Depositary or other Person with respect to the accuracy of the records of the Depositary or
its nominee or of any participant or member thereof, with respect to any ownership interest in the Notes or with respect to the
delivery to any participant, member, beneficial owner or other Person (other than the Depositary) of any notice (including any
notice of optional redemption) or the payment of any amount, under or with respect to such Notes.

 

Section 2.7.         
Replacement Notes.

 

If any mutilated Note is surrendered to
the Trustee, or the Issuer and the Trustee receive evidence to their satisfaction of the destruction, loss or theft of any Note,
the Issuer shall issue and the Trustee, upon receipt of an Issuer Order conforming to Section 2.2 hereof, will authenticate
a replacement Note of like tenor and principal amount if the Trustee’s and the Issuer’s reasonable requirements are
met. If required by the Trustee or the Issuer, an indemnity bond must be supplied by the Holder that is sufficient in the judgment
of the Trustee and the Issuer to protect the Issuer, the Trustee, any other Agent and any Authenticating Agent from any loss that
any of them may suffer if a Note is replaced. The Issuer may charge for its expenses (including any tax or charge that may be imposed
in connection therewith and the fees and expenses of the Trustee) in replacing a Note.

 

 

Every replacement Note is an additional
obligation of the Issuer and will be entitled to all of the benefits of this Indenture equally and proportionately with all other
Notes duly issued hereunder, provided it is held by a protected purchaser within the meaning of the Uniform Commercial Code.

 

Notwithstanding any other provision of this
Section 2.7, rather than authenticating and delivering a replacement Note for a mutilated, destroyed, loss or stolen Note which
has been redeemed or the principal of which has matured, the Issuer or the Paying Agent may make payment of the amount due on such
security to the Holder upon receipt of the above-described indemnity bond.

 

Section 2.8.         
Outstanding Notes.

 

The Notes outstanding at any time are all
the Notes authenticated by the Trustee except for those canceled by it, those delivered to it for cancellation, those reductions
in the interest in a Global Note effected by the Trustee in accordance with the provisions hereof, and those described in this
Section as not outstanding. Except as set forth in Section 12.5 hereof, a Note does not cease to be outstanding because the Issuer,
a Guarantor or an Affiliate of the Issuer or a Guarantor holds the Note.

 

If a Note is replaced pursuant to Section
2.7 hereof, it ceases to be outstanding unless the Trustee receives proof satisfactory to it that the replaced Note is held by
a protected purchaser.

 

If the principal amount of any Note is considered
paid under Section 4.1 hereof, it ceases to be outstanding and interest on it ceases to accrue.

 

If the Paying Agent (other than the Issuer,
a Subsidiary or an Affiliate of any thereof) holds, on a Redemption Date or maturity date, money sufficient to pay Notes payable
on that date, then on and after that date such Notes will be deemed to be no longer outstanding and will cease to accrue interest.

 

Section 2.9.         
Temporary Notes.

 

Until Definitive Notes are ready for delivery,
the Issuer may prepare and the Trustee shall, upon receipt of an Issuer Order, authenticate temporary Notes. Temporary Notes shall
be substantially in the form of Definitive Notes but may have variations that the Issuer considers appropriate for temporary Notes
and as shall be reasonably acceptable to the Trustee. Without unreasonable delay, the Issuer shall prepare and the Trustee, upon
receipt of an Issuer Order, shall authenticate Definitive Notes in exchange for temporary Notes. Holders of temporary Notes shall
in all respects be entitled to the same benefits under this Indenture as a holder of Definitive Notes.

  

 

Section 2.10.     
Cancellation.

 

The Issuer at any time may deliver Notes
to the Trustee or any Registrar for cancellation. The Registrar and the Paying Agent shall forward to the Trustee any Notes surrendered
to them for registration of transfer, exchange or payment. The Trustee or the Registrar (and no one else) shall cancel and destroy
(subject to the Trustee’s procedures and the record retention requirements of the 1934 Act) all Notes surrendered for registration
of transfer, exchange, payment, replacement or cancellation and deliver a certificate of such destruction to the Issuer (provided
that the Trustee or such Registrar shall deliver a copy of such cancelled Note to the Issuer upon request prior to destruction).
The Issuer may not issue new Notes to replace Notes it has redeemed, paid or delivered to the Trustee or the Registrar for cancellation.

 

Section 2.11.     
Defaulted Interest.

 

If the Issuer defaults in a payment of interest
(“Defaulted Interest”) on the Notes, the Issuer shall pay Defaulted Interest (as provided in Section 4.1) in
any lawful manner. The Issuer may pay the Defaulted Interest to the Persons who are Holders on a subsequent special record date.
The Issuer shall fix or cause to be fixed any such special record date and payment date, which special record date shall not be
less than 10 days prior to the payment date for such Defaulted Interest and the Issuer, or at the Issuer’s request, the Trustee,
shall promptly cause to be mailed (or in the case of Global Notes send electronically in accordance with the procedures of the
Depositary) to each Holder a notice that states the special record date, the payment date and the amount of Defaulted Interest
to be paid. The Issuer shall notify the Trustee in writing of the amount of Defaulted Interest proposed to be paid on each Note
and the date of the proposed payment, and at the same time the Issuer shall deposit with the Trustee an amount of money equal to
the aggregate amount proposed to be paid in respect of such Defaulted Interest or shall make arrangements satisfactory to the Trustee
for such deposit prior to the date of the proposed payment, such money when so deposited to be held in trust for the benefit of
the Persons entitled to such Defaulted Interest as provided in this Section 2.11.

 

Section 2.12.     
CUSIP Numbers.

 

The Issuer in issuing the Notes may use
“CUSIP,” “ISIN” or similar numbers (if then generally in use) and, if so, the Trustee shall use such numbers
in notices of redemption as a convenience to Holders; provided, however, that any such notice may state that no representation
is made as to the correctness of such numbers either as printed on the Notes or as contained in any notice of a redemption and
that reliance may be placed only on the other identification numbers printed on the Notes, and any such redemption shall not be
affected by any defect in or omission of such numbers. The Issuer will promptly notify the Trustee in writing of any change in
the “CUSIP”, “ISIN” or similar numbers.

 

Section 2.13.     
Calculations.

 

The Issuer will be responsible for making
all calculations called for under this Indenture or the Notes. The Issuer will make all such calculations in good faith and, absent
manifest error, its calculations will be final and binding on Holders. The Issuer will provide a schedule of its calculations to
the Trustee when reasonably requested by the Trustee, and the Trustee is entitled to rely conclusively upon the accuracy of such
calculations without independent verification. The Trustee will deliver a copy of any such schedule to any Holder upon the written
request of such Holder.

 

 

Article
III

REDEMPTION

 

Section 3.1.         
Notices to Trustee.

 

If the Issuer elects to redeem Notes pursuant
to Section 3.7 or Section 3.8 hereof, it shall notify the Trustee in writing of the Redemption Date and the principal amount of
Notes to be redeemed.

 

The Issuer shall give each notice to the
Trustee and the Registrar provided for in this Section 3.1 at least five (5) Business Days before the date of giving notice of
the redemption pursuant to Section 3.3, unless the Trustee consents to a shorter period. Such notice shall be accompanied by an
Officer’s Certificate stating that such redemption will comply with the conditions therein.

 

Section 3.2.         
Selection of Notes to Be Redeemed.

 

In the case of any partial redemption of
the Notes selection of the Notes for redemption will be made by the Trustee (i) if the Issuer gives written notice to the Trustee
that the Notes are listed in a national securities exchange, in compliance with the requirements of such exchange or (ii) if the
Issuer does not give written notice to the Trustee that the Notes are so listed, then on a pro rata basis (or, in the case of Notes
in global form, the Notes represented thereby will be selected in accordance with the Depositary’s prescribed method). The
Trustee will make the selection from outstanding Notes not previously called for redemption. The Trustee may select for redemption
portions of the principal of Notes that have denominations larger than US$1,000. Notes and portions of them the Trustee selects
will be in minimum amounts of US$2,000 or a whole multiple of US$1,000 in excess thereof. The Issuer shall notify the Trustee and
any Holder promptly of a change to the minimum denomination of any Notes. Provisions of this Indenture that apply to Notes called
for redemption also apply to portions of Notes called for redemption. The Trustee shall notify the Issuer promptly of the Notes
or portions of Notes to be redeemed. The Trustee may rely upon information provided by the Registrar for purposes of this Section
3.2. The Trustee shall not be liable for the selection made in accordance with this Section 3.2.

 

Section 3.3.         
Notice of Redemption.

 

At least 10 days but not more than 60 days
before a date for redemption of Notes, the Issuer shall mail a notice of redemption by first-class mail (or, in the case of Notes
in global form, delivered electronically in accordance with the Depositary’s procedures) to each Holder of Notes to be redeemed
at such Holder’s registered address or, with respect to Global Notes, otherwise give such notice in accordance with the Applicable
Procedures of the Depositary; provided, however, notices of redemption may be sent more than 60 days prior to a Redemption
Date if the notice is issued in connection with the Issuer’s exercise of its legal defeasance or its covenant defeasance
option in accordance with Section 8.1(b) or the satisfaction and discharge of this Indenture in accordance with Section 8.1(a).

 

 

The notice will identify the Notes to be
redeemed and will state:

 

(1)           
the Redemption Date;

 

(2)           
the Redemption Price (if then determined and otherwise the basis for its determination);

 

(3)           
the name and address of the Paying Agent where Notes are to be surrendered;

 

(4)           
that Notes called for redemption must be surrendered to the Paying Agent to collect the Redemption Price;

 

(5)           
if fewer than all the outstanding Notes are to be redeemed, the identification and principal amounts of the particular Notes
to be redeemed;

 

(6)           
that, unless the Issuer defaults in making such redemption payment, interest on Notes (or portion thereof) called for redemption
ceases to accrue on and after the Redemption Date;

 

(7)           
the CUSIP, ISIN or similar number, if any, printed on the Notes being redeemed;

 

(8)           
that no representation is made as to the correctness or accuracy of the CUSIP, ISIN or similar number, if any, listed in
such notice or printed on the Notes; and

 

(9)           
any conditions precedent to such redemption.

 

At the Issuer’s request, the Trustee
will give the notice of redemption in the Issuer’s name and at the Issuer’s expense; provided, however,
that the Issuer shall have delivered to the Trustee, at least five (5) Business Days prior to the giving of notice of redemption
(or such shorter period as is acceptable to the Trustee), an Officer’s Certificate requesting that the Trustee give such
notice and setting forth the information to be stated in the notice as provided in the preceding paragraph.

 

Section 3.4.         
Effect of Notice of Redemption.

 

Once notice of redemption is sent to Holders,
Notes (or portions thereof) called for redemption become irrevocably due and payable on the Redemption Date and at the Redemption
Price, subject to the satisfaction of any condition permitted below. A notice of redemption (including in connection with a transaction
(or series of related transactions) or an event that constitutes a Change of Control Triggering Event) may, at the Issuer’s
discretion, be given prior to the completion or the occurrence thereof and any such redemption or purchase may, at the Issuer’s
discretion, be subject to one or more conditions precedent, including, but not limited to, completion or occurrence of the related
transaction or event, as the case may be. In addition, if such redemption or purchase is subject to the satisfaction of one or
more conditions precedent, such notice shall describe each such condition, and if applicable, shall state that, in the Issuer’s
discretion, the redemption or purchase may be delayed until such time (including more than 60 days after the date the notice of
redemption or offer to purchase was mailed or delivered, including by electronic transmission) as any or all such conditions shall
be satisfied or waived, or such redemption or purchase may not occur and such notice may be rescinded in the event that any or
all such conditions shall not have been satisfied or waived by the redemption or purchase date, or by the redemption or purchase
date so delayed, or such notice or offer may be rescinded at any time in the Issuer’s discretion if in the good faith judgment
of the Issuer any or all of such conditions will not be satisfied or waived. In addition, the Issuer may provide in such notice
or offer that payment of the redemption or purchase price and performance of the Issuer’s obligations with respect to such
redemption or offer to purchase may be performed by another Person. In no event shall the Trustee be responsible for monitoring,
or charged with knowledge of, the maximum aggregate amount of the Notes eligible under this Indenture to be redeemed or the actual
amount of the Notes to be redeemed without notice thereof from the Issuer. Upon surrender to the Paying Agent, such Notes shall
be paid at the Redemption Price stated in the notice, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including, the Redemption Date;
provided that if the Redemption Date is after the taking of a record of the Holders on a record date and on or prior to
the related Interest Payment Date, the accrued and unpaid interest shall be payable to the Person in whose name the redeemed Notes
are registered on such record date. Failure to give notice or any defect in the notice to any Holder shall not affect the validity
of the notice to any other Holder.

 

 

Section 3.5.         
Deposit of Redemption Price.

 

No later than 11:00 a.m. (New York City
time) on the Redemption Date, the Issuer shall deposit with the Paying Agent (or, if the Issuer or a Subsidiary is the Paying Agent,
shall segregate and hold in trust) money sufficient to pay the Redemption Price of and accrued and unpaid interest on all Notes
to be redeemed on that date. If the Issuer complies with the provisions of this Section 3.5, then on and after the Redemption Date,
interest will cease to accrue on the Notes or the portions of Notes called for redemption.

 

Section 3.6.         
Notes Redeemed in Part.

 

Upon cancellation of a Note that is redeemed
in part, the Issuer shall issue and the Trustee shall, upon receipt of an Issuer Order, authenticate for the Holder (at the Issuer’s
expense) a new Note equal in principal amount to the unredeemed portion of the Note surrendered. The Trustee shall notify the Registrar
of the issuance of such new Note.

 

Section 3.7.         
Optional Redemption.

 

(a)                    
At any time prior to March 1, 2028 (the “Par Call Date”), the Issuer may on any one or more occasions
redeem all or a part of the Notes at a Redemption Price equal to the greater of (1) 100% of the principal amount of the Notes redeemed
and (2) the sum of the present values of the remaining scheduled payments of principal and interest thereon (not including any
portion of such payments of interest accrued as of the Redemption Date) that would be due if the Notes matured on the Par Call
Date, discounted to the Redemption Date for the Notes on a semi-annual basis (assuming a 360-day year consisting of twelve 30-day
months) at the Treasury Rate, plus 50 basis points, plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon to, but excluding, the Redemption
Date.

 

 

(b)                    
Notwithstanding Section 3.7(a), installments of interest on the Notes to be redeemed that are due and payable on Interest
Payment Dates falling on or prior to a Redemption Date will be payable on the Interest Payment Date to the registered Holders as
of the close of business on the relevant Record Date.

 

(c)                    
On or after the Par Call Date, the Issuer may, on any one or more occasions, redeem all or a part of the Notes at a Redemption
Price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Notes redeemed plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon to, but excluding, the
Redemption Date.

 

(d)                    
Any redemption pursuant to this Section 3.7 shall be made pursuant to the provisions of Section 3.1 through Section 3.6
hereof.

 

(e)                    
The Notes will not be redeemable at the option of the Issuer except as set forth in this Section 3.7, Section 3.8 and Section
4.7(i). The Issuer is not, however, prohibited from acquiring the Notes by means other than a redemption, whether pursuant to a
tender offer, open market transactions, by private purchase or otherwise, so long as the acquisition does not otherwise violate
the terms of this Indenture.

 

Unless the Issuer defaults in the payment
of the Redemption Price, interest will cease to accrue on the Notes or portions thereof called for redemption on the applicable
Redemption Date.

 

Section 3.8.         
Tax Redemption.

 

If, as a result of:

 

(1) any amendment to, or change in, the laws or treaties (or regulations or rulings promulgated thereunder) of any Relevant Taxing
Jurisdiction which is announced and becomes effective on or after the Issue Date (or, where a jurisdiction in question does not
become a Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction until a later date, such later date); or

 

(2) any amendment to, or change in, the existing official position or the introduction of an official position regarding the application,
interpretation, administration or assessing practices of any such laws, regulations or rulings of any Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction,
or a judicial decision rendered by a court of competent jurisdiction (whether or not made, taken or reached with respect to the
Issuer or any of the Guarantors) which is announced and becomes effective on or after the Issue Date (or, where a jurisdiction
in question does not become a Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction until a later date, such later date),

 

the Issuer or any Guarantor has become or
will become obligated to pay, on the next date on which any amount would be payable with respect to the Notes or a Note Guarantee,
as applicable, Additional Amounts or indemnification payments as described under Section 4.15 with respect to the Relevant Taxing
Jurisdiction, which payment the Issuer or the Guarantor cannot avoid with the use of reasonable measures available to it (including
making payment through a paying agent located in another jurisdiction), then the Issuer may, at its option, redeem all but not
less than all of the Notes, upon not more than 60 days’ notice prior to the earliest date on which the Issuer or a Guarantor,
as applicable, would be required to pay such Additional Amounts or indemnification payments, at a Redemption Price of 100% of their
principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the Redemption Date. Prior to the giving of any notice of redemption
described in this Section 3.8, the Issuer will deliver to the Trustee a written opinion of independent legal counsel to the Issuer
or the Guarantor, as applicable, of recognized standing to the effect that the Issuer or the Guarantor, as applicable, has or will
become obligated to pay such Additional Amounts or indemnification payments as a result of an amendment or change as set forth
in this Section 3.8.

 

 

Unless the Issuer defaults in the payment
of the Redemption Price, interest will cease to accrue on the Notes or portions thereof called for redemption on the applicable
Redemption Date.

 

Section 3.9.         
Mandatory Redemption.

 

The Issuer shall not be required to make
any mandatory redemption or sinking fund payments with respect to the Notes.

 

Article
IV

COVENANTS

 

Section 4.1.         
Payment of Notes.

 

The Issuer covenants and agrees for the
benefit of the Holders that it shall promptly pay the principal of, premium, if any, and interest on the Notes on the dates and
in the manner provided in the Notes and this Indenture. Payments of principal, premium, if any, and interest on the Notes shall
be deemed due for all purposes under this Indenture whether such payments are due at Stated Maturity, upon redemption, upon required
repurchase pursuant to Section 4.5 or 4.7 hereof, upon declaration or otherwise. Principal, premium, if any, and interest on the
Notes shall be considered paid on the date due if by 11:00 a.m. (New York City time) on such date the Paying Agent holds in accordance
with this Indenture money sufficient to pay all principal, premium, if any, and interest then due.

 

The Issuer will pay, to the extent lawful,
interest (including post-petition interest in any proceeding under any Bankruptcy Law) on overdue principal and premium, if any,
at the rate then in effect on the Notes; it will pay, to the extent lawful, interest (including post-petition interest in any proceeding
under any Bankruptcy Law) on overdue installments of interest (without regard to any applicable grace periods), from time to time
on demand at the same rate as on overdue principal.

 

Section 4.2.         
Reports.

 

(a)                    
The Issuer will provide to the Trustee, and the Trustee shall deliver to the Holders, the following:

 

 

(1)           
within 60 days after the end of each quarterly fiscal period in each fiscal year of the Issuer, other than the last quarterly
fiscal period of each such fiscal year, copies of:

 

(i)           
an unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Issuer as at the end of such quarterly fiscal period and unaudited consolidated
statements of income, cash flows and changes in shareholders’ equity of the Issuer for such quarterly fiscal period and,
in the case of the second and third quarters, for the portion of the fiscal year ending with such quarter; and

 

(ii)           
an associated “Management’s Discussion and Analysis” prepared on a basis substantially consistent with
the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis” included in the Offering Memorandum; and

 

(2)           
within 90 days after the end of each fiscal year of the Issuer, copies of:

 

(i)           
an audited consolidated balance sheet of the Issuer as at the end of such year and audited consolidated statements of income,
cash flows and changes in shareholders’ equity of the Issuer for such fiscal year, together with a report of the Issuer’s
auditors thereon; and

 

(ii)           
an associated “Management’s Discussion and Analysis” prepared on a basis substantially consistent with
the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis” included in the Offering Memorandum; and

 

(3)           
promptly from time to time after the occurrence of an event required to be therein reported (and in any event within the
time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and regulations), current reports that would be required to be filed with
the Commission on Form 8-K Items 1.03, 2.01, 4.01, 5.01, 5.02(b) (with respect to the Issuer’s chief executive officer or
chief financial officer only) and 5.02(c) (with respect to the Issuer’s chief executive officer or chief financial officer
only) if the Issuer were required to file such reports; provided that (a) no such current report will be required to be
provided if the Issuer determines in its good faith judgment that such event is not material to the business, assets, operations
or prospects of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, or if the Issuer determines in its good faith judgment
that such disclosure would otherwise cause competitive harm to the business, assets, operations, financial position or prospects
of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries, taken as a whole (in which event such nondisclosure shall be limited only to specific
provisions that would cause material harm and not the occurrence of the event itself) and (b) in no event will any financial statements
of an acquired business be required to be included in any such current report;

 

in the case of each of Sections 4.2(a)(1)
and 4.2(a)(2) prepared in accordance with GAAP. The reports referred to in Sections 4.2(a)(1) and 4.2(a)(2) are collectively referred
to as the “Financial Reports.”

 

(b)                    
The Issuer will, within 15 Business Days after providing to the Trustee any Financial Report, hold a conference call to
discuss such Financial Report and the results of operations for the applicable reporting period. If the Issuer does not file reports
with the SEC, then the Issuer will also maintain a website to which Holders, prospective investors and securities analysts are
given access, on which not later than the date by which the Financial Reports are required to be provided to the Trustee pursuant
to Section 4.2(a), the Issuer (i) makes available such Financial Reports and (ii) provides details about how to access on a toll-free
basis the quarterly conference calls described above.

 

 

(c)                    
Notwithstanding the foregoing, (1) all Financial Reports will be deemed to have been provided to the Trustee and to the
Holders to the extent filed (i) on the System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval (“SEDAR”) or any
successor system thereto or (ii) with the Commission via the Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval (“EDGAR”)
filing system or any successor system thereto, (2) the requirements of this Section 4.2 will be deemed satisfied by the posting
of reports that would be required to be provided to the Holders on the Issuer’s website (or that of any of the Issuer’s
parent companies), and (3) if the Issuer holds a quarterly conference call for its equity holders within 15 Business Days of filing
a Financial Report on SEDAR or any successor system thereto, the Issuer will no longer be required to hold a separate conference
call in respect of such Financial Report for the Holders as provided above. The Trustee will not be responsible for monitoring
compliance with filings on SEDAR or EDGAR.

 

(d)                    
In addition, for so long as any Notes remain outstanding during any period when the Issuer is not subject to Section 13
or 15(d) of the 1934 Act, or otherwise permitted to furnish the Commission with certain information pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b)
of the 1934 Act, the Issuer will furnish to Holders of Notes and to prospective investors, upon their request, the information
required to be delivered pursuant to Rule 144A(d)(4) under the 1933 Act.

 

(e)                    
Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Issuer will not be deemed to have failed to comply with any of its
obligations hereunder for purposes of Section 6.1(3) until 120 days after the date any report under this Section 4.2 is due.

 

Delivery of reports, information and documents
to the Trustee hereunder is for informational purposes only and the Trustee’s receipt of the foregoing shall not constitute
constructive notice of any information contained therein or determinable from information contained therein, including the Issuer’s
compliance with any of their covenants hereunder (as to which Trustee is entitled to rely exclusively on Officer’s Certificates).

 

Section 4.3.         
Limitation on Liens.

 

(a)                    
The Issuer will not, and will not permit any of the Guarantors to, directly or indirectly, create, incur or assume any Lien
(except Permitted Liens) on the Collateral or any property that secures Indebtedness, unless the Notes are equally and ratably
secured with (or, at the Issuer’s option on a senior basis to) the Indebtedness so secured.

 

(b)                    
Any Lien created for the benefit of the Holders pursuant to Section 4.3(a) shall provide by its terms that such Lien shall
be automatically and unconditionally released and discharged upon the release and discharge of the Lien that gave rise to the obligation
to secure the Notes.

 

 

 

Section 4.4.         
Limitation on Sale and Lease-Back Transactions.

 

The Issuer will not, and will not permit
any Guarantor to, enter into any Sale and Lease-Back Transaction with respect to any property unless (a) the Issuer or such Guarantor
would be entitled to incur Indebtedness secured by a Lien on the property involved in such transaction at least equal in amount
to the Attributable Debt with respect to such Sale and Lease-Back Transaction without equally and ratably securing the Notes pursuant
to Section 4.3(a) or (b) the Issuer shall apply an amount equal to the net proceeds of the Attributable Debt with respect to such
Sale and Lease-Back Transaction within 365 days after such Sale and Lease-Back Transaction to the defeasance or retirement of the
Notes or other indebtedness of the Issuer or a Guarantor or to the purchase, construction or development of other assets or property.

 

Section 4.5.         
Asset Sales of Collateral.

 

(a)                    
The Issuer will not, and will not permit any of its Restricted Subsidiaries to, consummate an Asset Sale of Collateral in
any single transaction or series of related transactions unless:

 

(1)           
the Issuer (or the Restricted Subsidiary, as the case may be) receives consideration at the time of the Asset Sale at least
equal to the Fair Market Value (measured as of the date of the definitive agreement relating to such Asset Sale) of the assets,
properties or Equity Interests issued, sold or otherwise disposed of in such Asset Sale;

 

(2)           
at least 75% of the consideration received for such Asset Sale (measured at the time of contractually agreeing to such Asset
Sale), together with all Asset Sales since February 1, 2016 (on a cumulative basis), received by the Issuer and its Restricted
Subsidiaries in the manner referred to in Section 4.5(a)(1) above is in the form of cash, Cash Equivalents, or Permitted Assets.
For purposes of this provision, each of the following will be deemed to be cash:

 

(A)           
any liabilities of the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary (other than contingent liabilities or liabilities that are by
their terms subordinated to the Notes or any Note Guarantee), as shown on the Issuer’s most recent internally available annual
or quarterly balance sheet, that are (i) assumed by the transferee of any such assets pursuant to a customary novation agreement
or similar agreement that releases the Issuer or such Restricted Subsidiary from further liability or (ii) otherwise canceled;

 

(B)           
any securities, notes or other obligations (including earn-outs and similar obligations) received by the Issuer or any such
Restricted Subsidiary from such transferee that are, within 180 days of the applicable Asset Sale, converted by the Issuer or such
Restricted Subsidiary into cash or Cash Equivalents, to the extent of the cash or Cash Equivalents received in that conversion;

 

(C)           
Indebtedness of any Restricted Subsidiary that is no longer a Restricted Subsidiary as a result of such Asset Sale, to the
extent that the Issuer and its other Restricted Subsidiaries are released from any guarantee of payment of such Indebtedness in
connection with the Asset Sale; and

 

 

(D)           
any Designated Non-cash Consideration received by the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary in such Asset Sale having an aggregate
Fair Market Value (with the Fair Market Value of such item of Designated Non-cash Consideration being measured at the time of contractually
agreeing to the related Asset Sale), taken together with all other Designated Non-cash Consideration received pursuant to this
clause (D) that is at that time outstanding, not to exceed the greater of (i) $90.0 million and (ii) 3.0% of Total Assets measured
at the time of contractually agreeing to such Asset Sale.

 

(b)                    
Within 455 days after the receipt of any Net Proceeds from an Asset Sale covered by this Section 4.5 (or, at the Issuer’s
option, any earlier date), the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary may apply those Net Proceeds for any combination of the following
purposes:

 

(1)           
to Repay (a) Obligations under the Notes or (b) First Lien Obligations (other than the Notes), and in the case of revolving
obligations (other than obligations in respect of any asset-backed credit facility), to correspondingly reduce commitments with
respect thereto; provided that in the case of any repayment pursuant to this clause (b), the Issuer or such Restricted Subsidiary
will either (1) reduce obligations under the Notes on an equal or ratable basis with any First Lien Obligations repaid pursuant
to this clause (b) by, at its option (A) redeeming Notes as described under “Optional Redemption” or (B) purchasing
Notes through open-market purchases or in arm’s length privately negotiated transactions or (2) make an offer (in accordance
with the procedures set forth below for an Asset Sale Offer) to all Holders to purchase their Notes for no less than 100% of the
principal amount thereof, plus the amount of accrued but unpaid interest, if any, thereon, to, but excluding, the date of purchase;

 

(2)           
to acquire all or substantially all of the assets of, or to acquire Capital Stock of, a Person that is engaged in a Permitted
Business and that, in the case of an acquisition of Capital Stock, is or becomes a Restricted Subsidiary of the Issuer;

 

(3)           
to make a capital expenditure; or

 

(4)           
to acquire other assets that are not classified as current assets under GAAP and that are used or useful in a Permitted
Business or that replace, in whole or in part, the properties or assets that are subject to the Asset Sale.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event
the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries enters into a binding agreement committing to make an acquisition, expenditure
or investment in compliance with clauses (2), (3) or (4) above within 455 days after the receipt of any Net Proceeds from an Asset
Sale (an “Acceptable Commitment”), such commitment will be treated as a permitted application of the Net Proceeds
from the date of the execution of such agreement until the earlier of (i) the date on which such acquisition or investment is consummated
or such expenditure made or such agreement is terminated, and (ii) the 180th day after the expiration of the aforementioned 455-day
period; provided that if any Acceptable Commitment is later canceled or terminated for any reason before such Net Proceeds
are applied, then such Net Proceeds shall constitute Excess Proceeds from and after the date of such cancelation or termination;
unless the Issuer or such Restricted Subsidiary enters into another Acceptable Commitment within 180 days of such cancellation
or termination (a “Second Commitment”) in which case such commitment will be treated as a permitted application
of the Net Proceeds from the date of the execution of such agreement until the earlier of (i) the date on which such acquisition
or investment is consummated or such expenditure made or such agreement is terminated, and (ii) the 180th day after the date of
the Second Commitment.

 

 

Pending the final application of any Net
Proceeds, the Issuer may temporarily reduce revolving credit borrowings or otherwise invest the Net Proceeds in any manner that
is not prohibited by this Indenture.

 

(c)                    
Any Net Proceeds from Asset Sales covered by this Section 4.5 that are not applied or invested as provided in Section 4.5(b)
(it being understood that any portion of such Net Proceeds used to make an offer to purchase Notes, as described in Section 4.5(b),
will be deemed to have been so applied whether or not such offer is accepted) will constitute “Excess Proceeds.

 

(d)                    
If the aggregate amount of Excess Proceeds from an Asset Sale of Collateral covered by this Section 4.5 (“Collateral
Excess Proceeds
”) exceeds $60.0 million, the Issuer will make a pro rata offer to all Holders of Notes (and, if required
or permitted by the terms of other First Lien Obligations or obligations secured by a Lien permitted under this Indenture on the
assets disposed of, which Lien is not subordinate to the Lien of the Notes with respect to the Collateral), to the holders of such
other First Lien Obligations or such other obligations (an “Asset Sale Offer”), to purchase the maximum aggregate
principal amount (or accreted value, as applicable) of Notes and such other First Lien Obligations or such other obligations, as
the case may be, that may be purchased out of the Excess Proceeds. The offer price, with respect to the Notes only, in any Asset
Sale Offer will be equal to 100% of the principal amount (or accreted value in the case of any such First Lien Obligations or such
other obligations, as the case may be, issued with a significant original issue discount) plus accrued and unpaid interest, if
any, to, but excluding, the date of purchase, and will be payable in cash. If the aggregate principal amount of Notes and other
First Lien Obligations or such other obligations, as the case may be, tendered into such Asset Sale Offer exceeds the amount of
Excess Proceeds, the Trustee will select the Notes and such other First Lien Obligations or such other obligations, as the case
may be, to be purchased on a pro rata basis (subject to the procedures of the relevant depositary), on the basis of the aggregate
principal amounts (or accreted values) tendered in round denominations (which, in the case of the Notes, will be minimum denominations
of US$2,000 principal amount and multiples of US$1,000 in excess thereof).

 

(e)                    
If any Excess Proceeds remain after consummation of an Asset Sale Offer, the Issuer may use those Excess Proceeds for any
purpose not otherwise prohibited by this Indenture. Upon completion of each Asset Sale Offer, the amount of Excess Proceeds will
be reset at zero. The Issuer may satisfy the foregoing obligations with respect to such Net Proceeds from an Asset Sale by making
an Asset Sale Offer with respect to such Net Cash Proceeds at any time prior to the expiration of the application period or by
electing to make an Asset Sale Offer with respect to such Net Proceeds before the aggregate amount of Excess Proceeds exceeds $60.0
million.

 

 

(f)                    
Within 30 days following the date when the Issuer becomes obligated to make an Asset Sale Offer, the Issuer will mail (or
in the case of Global Notes deliver electronically in accordance with the procedures of the Depositary) a notice to each Holder
describing the transaction or transactions that constitute the Asset Sale and offering to repurchase Notes on the date (the “Asset
Sale Payment Date
”) specified in such notice, which date will be no earlier than 30 days nor later than 60 days from
the date such notice is mailed, pursuant to the procedures required by this Indenture and described in such notice.

 

(g)                    
On the Asset Sale Payment Date, the Issuer will, to the extent lawful:

 

(1)           
accept for payment all Notes or portions thereof properly tendered pursuant to the Asset Sale Offer, subject to proration
based on the amount of Excess Proceeds pursuant to Section 4.5(c);

 

(2)           
deposit with the Paying Agent an amount equal to the amount of Excess Proceeds that, after giving effect to proration with
holders of Pari Passu Indebtedness pursuant to Section 4.5(c), is allocable to the Notes or portions thereof so tendered (or, if
less, the aggregate payment for all Notes validly tendered and not withdrawn); and

 

(3)           
deliver or cause to be delivered to the Trustee the Notes so accepted together with an Officer’s Certificate stating
the aggregate principal amount of Notes or portions thereof being purchased by the Issuer.

 

(h)                    
The Paying Agent will promptly mail (or cause to be transferred through the facilities of the Depositary) to each Holder
of Notes accepted for payment in accordance with this Section 4.5, the payment for such tendered Notes, and the Trustee will, upon
receipt of an Issuer Order, promptly authenticate and mail (or cause to be transferred by book entry) to each Holder a new Note
equal in principal amount to any unpurchased portion of the Notes surrendered, if any, by such Holder; provided that each
such new Note will be in a principal amount of US$1,000 or an integral multiple thereof.

 

(i)                    
To the extent that the aggregate amount of Notes and such other First Lien Obligations or Notes Obligations secured by a
Lien permitted under this Indenture (which Lien is not subordinate to the Lien of the Notes with respect to the Collateral) tendered
or otherwise surrendered in connection with an Asset Sale Offer made with Excess Proceeds is less than the amount offered in an
Asset Sale Offer, the Issuer may use any remaining Excess Proceeds for any purpose not otherwise prohibited by this Indenture.

 

(j)                    
If the Asset Sale Offer purchase date is after the taking of a record of the Holders on a Record Date and on or before the
related Interest Payment Date, any accrued and unpaid interest will be paid to the Person in whose name a purchased Note is registered
on such Record Date, and no other interest will be payable to Holders who tender Notes pursuant to the Asset Sale Offer.

 

(k)                    
The Issuer will comply with all applicable securities legislation of Canada and the United States, including, without limitation,
the requirements of Rule 14e-1 under the 1934 Act and any other applicable securities laws and regulations thereunder to the extent
those laws and regulations are applicable in connection with each repurchase of Notes pursuant to an Asset Sale Offer. To the extent
that the provisions of any applicable securities laws and regulations conflict with this Indenture, the Issuer will comply with
such laws and regulations and will not be deemed to have breached its obligations under this Indenture by virtue of such compliance.

 

 

(l)                    
The Issuer’s obligation to make an Asset Sale Offer may be waived or modified before or after the occurrence of an
Asset Sale with the written consent of Holders of at least a majority in principal amount of the Notes then outstanding. Notwithstanding
the foregoing, any sale, assignment, transfer, conveyance, lease or other disposition of all or substantially all of the properties
or assets of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries taken as a whole, in one or more related transactions, to another Person,
will be governed by Section 5.1 and will not be subject to the provisions described above in this Section 4.5.

 

Section 4.6.         
Issuance of Note Guarantees.

 

(a)                    
The Issuer will cause each Material Restricted Subsidiary that is not a Guarantor and that guarantees the obligations under
the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement or the Existing Secured Notes to become a Guarantor, execute and deliver a supplemental
indenture in the form of Exhibit D and joinders to the Collateral Documents or new Collateral Documents together with any
other filings and other agreements required by the Collateral Documents to create or perfect the security interests for the benefit
of the Notes Secured Parties in the Collateral of such Subsidiary, and deliver an Officer’s Certificate and Opinion of Counsel
reasonably satisfactory to the Trustee, in each case within 30 days of the date on which such Material Restricted Subsidiary was
acquired, created, qualified, designated or guaranteed the obligations under the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement, as applicable.
Thereafter, such Restricted Subsidiary will be a Guarantor for all purposes of this Indenture, subject to Article X.

 

 

Section 4.7.         
Change of Control Triggering Event.

 

(a)                    
If a Change of Control Triggering Event occurs, unless, prior to, or concurrently with, the time the Issuer is required
to make a Change of Control Offer (as defined below), the Issuer has previously or concurrently mailed or delivered, or otherwise
sent through electronic transmission, a redemption notice with respect to all the outstanding Notes as described under Section
3.7 or Article VIII, the Issuer will make an offer to purchase all of the Notes pursuant to the offer described below (the “Change
of Control Offer
”) at a price in cash (the “Change of Control Payment”) equal to 101% of the aggregate
principal amount thereof (or such higher amount as the Issuer may determine) plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but
excluding, the date of purchase, subject to the right of Holders of record on the relevant Record Date to receive interest due
on the relevant Interest Payment Date falling on or prior to the Change of Control Payment Date (as defined below). Within 30 days
following any Change of Control Triggering Event, the Issuer will send notice of such Change of Control Offer electronically or
by first-class mail, with a copy to the Trustee sent in the same manner, to each Holder to the address of such Holder appearing
in the security register or otherwise in accordance with the procedures of DTC, with the following information:

 

(1)           
that a Change of Control Offer is being made pursuant to this Section 4.7 and that all Notes properly tendered pursuant
to such Change of Control Offer will be accepted for payment by the Issuer;

 

(2)           
the purchase price and the purchase date, which will be no earlier than 10 days nor later than 60 days from the date such
notice is sent (the “Change of Control Payment Date”); provided that the Change of Control Payment Date
may be delayed, in the Issuer’s discretion, until such time (including more than 60 days after the date such notice. is sent)
as any or all such conditions referred to in Section 4.7(a)(8) shall be satisfied or waived;

 

(3)           
that any Note not properly tendered will remain outstanding and continue to accrue interest;

 

(4)           
that, unless the Issuer defaults in the payment of the Change of Control Payment, all Notes accepted for payment pursuant
to the Change of Control Offer will cease to accrue interest on the Change of Control Payment Date;

 

(5)           
that Holders electing to have any Notes purchased pursuant to a Change of Control Offer will be required to surrender such
Notes, with the form entitled “Option of Holder to Elect Purchase” on the reverse of such Notes completed or otherwise
in accordance with the procedures of DTC, to the paying agent specified in the notice at the address specified in the notice prior
to the close of business on the third Business Day preceding the Change of Control Payment Date;

 

(6)           
that Holders will be entitled to withdraw their tendered Notes and their election to require the Issuer to purchase such
Notes; provided that the paying agent receives, not later than the close of business on the second Business Day prior to
the expiration time of the Change of Control Offer, an electronic transmission (in PDF), a facsimile transmission or letter setting
forth the name of the Holder or otherwise in accordance with the procedures of DTC, the principal amount of the Notes tendered
for purchase, and a statement that such Holder is withdrawing its tendered Notes and its election to have such Notes purchased;

 

(7)           
that if less than all of such Holder’s Notes are tendered for purchase, such Holder will be issued new Notes and such
new Notes will be equal in principal amount to the unpurchased portion of the Notes surrendered; provided that the unpurchased
portion of the Notes must be equal to at least US$2,000 or an integral multiple of US$1,000 in excess of US$2,000;

 

(8)           
if such notice is sent prior to the occurrence of a Change of Control Triggering Event, stating that the Change of Control
Offer is conditional on the occurrence of such Change of Control Triggering Event and describing each such condition, and, if applicable,
stating that, in the Issuer’s discretion, the Change of Control Payment Date may be delayed until such time as any or all
such conditions shall be satisfied or waived, or that such purchase may not occur and such notice may be rescinded in the event
that the Issuer shall determine that any or all such conditions (including the occurrence of the Change of Control Triggering Event)
shall not have been satisfied or waived by the Change of Control Payment Date, or by the Change of Control Payment Date as so delayed;
and

 

 

(9)           
such other instructions, as determined by the Issuer, consistent with this covenant, that a Holder must follow.

 

(b)                    
While the Notes are in global form and the Issuer makes an offer to purchase all of the Notes pursuant to the Change of
Control Offer, a Holder may exercise its option to elect for the purchase of Notes through the facilities of DTC, subject to its
rules and regulations.

 

(c)                    
The Issuer will comply with all applicable securities legislation in Canada and the United States including, without limitation,
the requirements of Rule 14e-1 under the 1934 Act and any other securities laws and regulations thereunder to the extent those
laws and regulations are applicable in connection with the repurchase of the Notes as a result of a Change of Control Triggering
Event. To the extent that the provisions of any applicable securities laws and regulations conflict with the provisions of this
Section 4.7, the Issuer will comply with such laws and regulations and will not be deemed to have breached its obligations under
this Section 4.7 by virtue of such compliance.

 

(d)                    
On the Change of Control Payment Date, the Issuer or its designated agent will, to the extent lawful:

 

(1)           
accept for payment all Notes or portions of Notes properly tendered pursuant to the Change of Control Offer;

 

(2)           
deposit with the paying agent an amount equal to the Change of Control Payment in respect of all Notes or portions of Notes
properly tendered; and

 

(3)           
deliver or cause to be delivered to the Trustee the Notes accepted together with an Officer’s Certificate stating
the aggregate principal amount of Notes or portions of Notes being purchased by the Issuer.

 

(e)                    
On the Change of Control Payment Date, the paying agent will promptly transmit to each Holder of Notes properly tendered
and not withdrawn the Change of Control Payment for such tendered Notes, and the Trustee, upon an order of the Issuer, will promptly
authenticate and mail (or cause to be transferred by book entry) to each Holder a new Note equal in principal amount to any unpurchased
portion of the Notes surrendered, if any; provided that each new Note will be in a principal amount that is US$2,000 or
an integral multiple of US$1,000 in excess thereof. The Issuer will publicly announce the results of the Change of Control Offer
on or as soon as practicable after the Change of Control Payment Date.

 

(f)                    
If the Change of Control Payment Date is on or after a Record Date and on or before the related Interest Payment Date, any
accrued and unpaid interest will be paid to the Person in whose name a Note is registered at the close of business on such Record
Date, and no other interest will be payable to Holders who tender pursuant to the Change of Control Offer.

 

(g)                    
The provisions described above that require the Issuer to make a Change of Control Offer following a Change of Control Triggering
Event will be applicable whether or not any other provisions of this Indenture are applicable. Except as described above with respect
to a Change of Control Triggering Event, this Indenture does not contain provisions that permit the Holders to require that the
Issuer repurchase or redeem the Notes in the event of a takeover, recapitalization or similar transaction.

 

 

(h)                    
Notwithstanding the preceding paragraphs of this Section 4.7, the Issuer will not be required to make a Change of Control
Offer upon a Change of Control Triggering Event if a third party makes an offer to purchase the Notes in the manner, at the times
and otherwise in substantial compliance with the requirements set forth in this Indenture applicable to a Change of Control Offer
made by the Issuer and purchases all Notes validly tendered and not withdrawn under such Change of Control Offer, or a notice of
redemption has been given pursuant to Section 3.7, unless and until there is a default in payment of the applicable Redemption
Price. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, a Change of Control Offer by the Issuer or a third party may
be made in advance of a Change of Control Triggering Event, conditioned upon the consummation of such Change of Control Triggering
Event, if a definitive agreement is in place for the Change of Control at the time the Change of Control Offer is made.

 

(i)                    
In the event that Holders of not less than 90% of the aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Notes validly tender
and do not withdraw such Notes in a Change of Control Offer and the Issuer (or any third party making a Change of Control Offer
in lieu of the Issuer as described above) purchases all of the Notes validly tendered and not withdrawn by such Holders, the Issuer
or such third party, as applicable, will have the right, upon not less than 10 nor more than 60 days’ prior notice, given
not more than 30 days following the purchase pursuant the Change of Control Offer described above, to redeem (in the case of the
Issuer) or purchase (in the case of a third party offeror) all of the Notes that remain outstanding following such purchase on
a date (the “Second Change of Control Payment Date”) at a Redemption Price or purchase price, as the case may
be, in cash equal to the Change of Control Payment (excluding any early tender premium or similar premium and any accrued and unpaid
interest to any Holder in such Change of Control Payment) in respect of the Second Change of Control Payment Date, including, to
the extent not included in the Change of Control Payment, accrued and unpaid interest, if any, on the Notes that remain outstanding,
to, but excluding, the Second Change of Control Payment Date (subject to the right of Holders of record on the relevant Record
Date to receive interest due on an Interest Payment Date that is on or prior to the Second Change of Control Payment Date).

 

The Issuer’s obligation to make a
Change of Control Offer following a Change of Control Triggering Event may be waived or modified before or after the occurrence
of such Change of Control with the written consent of Holders of at least a majority in aggregate principal amount of the Notes
then outstanding.

 

Section 4.8.         
Maintenance of Office or Agency for Registration of Transfer, Exchange and Payment of Notes.

 

So long as any of the Notes shall remain
outstanding, the Issuer will, in accordance with Section 2.2 hereof, maintain an office or agency (which may be an office of the
Trustee or an affiliate of the Trustee, or the Registrar) in the continental U.S. where the Notes may be surrendered for exchange
or registration of transfer and where the Notes may be presented or surrendered for payment. If the Issuer shall fail to maintain
any such office or agency or shall fail to give such notice of the location or of any change in the location thereof, such surrenders
or presentations may be made at the designated Corporate Trust Office, and the Issuer hereby appoints the Trustee its agent to
receive at the aforesaid office all such surrenders or presentations. The Issuer may also from time to time designate one or more
other offices or agencies in the continental U.S. where Notes may be presented or surrendered for any and all such purposes and
may from time to time rescind such designations. The Issuer will give to Trustee prompt written notice of the location of any such
office or agency and of any change of location thereof.

 

 

Section 4.9.         
Appointment to Fill a Vacancy in the Office of Trustee.

 

The Issuer, whenever necessary to avoid
or fill a vacancy in the office of Trustee, will appoint, in the manner provided in Section 7.7, a Trustee, so that there shall
at all times be a Trustee hereunder.

 

Section 4.10.     
Provision as to Paying Agent.

 

(a)                    
If the Issuer will appoint a Paying Agent other than the Trustee, in accordance with the terms of this Indenture, it will
cause such Paying Agent to execute and deliver to the Trustee an instrument in which such Agent shall undertake, subject to the
provisions of this Section 4.10:

 

(1)           
that it will hold all sums held by it as such agent for the payment of the principal of, premium, if any, or interest on
the Notes (whether such sums have been paid to it by the Issuer or by any other obligor on the Notes) in trust for the benefit
of the Holders of the Notes and will notify the Trustee of the receipt of sums to be so held;

 

(2)           
that it will give the Trustee notice of any failure by the Issuer (or by any other obligor on the Notes) to make any payment
of the principal of, premium, if any, or interest on the Notes when the same shall be due and payable;

 

(3)           
that it will at any time during the continuance of any Event of Default specified in Section 6.1, upon the written request
of the Trustee, deliver to the Trustee all sums so held in trust by it; and

 

(4)           
that it will acknowledge, accept and agree to comply in all aspects with the provisions of this Indenture relating to the
duties, rights and liabilities of such Paying Agent.

 

(b)                    
If the Issuer shall not act as its own Paying Agent, it will, by 11:00 a.m. (New York City time) on the due date of the
principal of or premium, if any, or interest on any Notes, deposit with such Paying Agent a sum in same day funds sufficient to
pay the principal of, premium, if any, or interest so becoming due, such sum to be held in trust for the benefit of the Trustee
and the Holders of Notes entitled to such principal of or premium, if any, or interest, and (unless such Paying Agent is the Trustee)
the Issuer will promptly notify the Trustee of its failure so to act.

 

(c)                    
If the Issuer shall act as its own Paying Agent, it will, by 11:00 a.m., (New York City time) on each due date of the principal
of or premium, if any, or interest on the Notes, set aside, segregate and hold in trust for the benefit of the Persons entitled
thereto, a sum sufficient to pay such principal or premium or interest so becoming due and will notify the Trustee of any failure
to take such action.

 

 

(d)                    
Anything in this Section 4.10 to the contrary notwithstanding, the Issuer may, at any time, for the purpose of obtaining
a satisfaction and discharge of this Indenture, or for any other reason, pay or cause to be paid to the Paying Agent for delivery
to the Trustee all sums held in trust by it, as required by this Section 4.10, such sums to be delivered by the Paying Agent to
the Trustee to be held by the Trustee upon the trusts herein contained.

 

(e)                    
Anything in this Section 4.10 to the contrary notwithstanding, the agreement to hold sums in trust as provided in this Section
4.10 is subject to the provisions of Section 8.4 and Section 8.6.

 

(f)                    
Upon an Event of Default under Section 6.1(7), the Trustee shall be the Paying Agent.

 

Section 4.11.     
Maintenance of Corporate Existence.

 

So long as any of the Notes shall remain
outstanding, the Issuer will at all times (except as otherwise provided or permitted in Article V of this Indenture) do or cause
to be done all things necessary to preserve and keep in full force and effect its corporate existence.

 

Section 4.12.     
Compliance Certificate.

 

(a)                    
The Issuer and the Guarantors will deliver to the Trustee within 90 days after the end of each fiscal year of the Issuer,
beginning with the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, a statement (which need not be an Officer’s Certificate) signed by
the principal executive officer, the principal accounting officer or the principal financial officer of each of the Issuer and
the Guarantors, stating that a review of the activities of the Issuer and its Subsidiaries during the preceding fiscal year has
been made under the supervision of the signing Officers with a view to determining whether each of the Issuer and the Guarantors
has performed its obligations under this Indenture, and further stating whether or not, to the knowledge of the signers, the Issuer
is in default in the performance and observance of any of the terms, provisions and conditions hereof (without regard to any period
of grace or requirement of notice provided hereunder) and if any Default or Event of Default occurred during such period. In the
event of any such default, the certificate will describe such default, its status and what action the Issuer is taking or proposes
to take with respect thereto.

 

(b)                    
So long as any of the Notes are outstanding, the Issuer will deliver to the Trustee, promptly upon any Officer becoming
aware of any Default or Event of Default, an Officer’s Certificate specifying such Default or Event of Default and what action
the Issuer is taking or proposes to take with respect thereto.

 

Section 4.13.     
Taxes.

 

The Issuer will pay, and will cause each
of its Restricted Subsidiaries to pay, prior to delinquency, all material taxes, assessments and governmental levies except such
as are contested in good faith and by appropriate proceedings or where the failure to effect such payment would not have a material
adverse effect on the financial condition of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries, taken as a whole.

 

 

Section 4.14.     
Stay, Extension and Usury Laws.

 

The Issuer and each of the Guarantors covenants
(to the extent that it may lawfully do so) that it will not at any time insist upon, plead, or in any manner whatsoever claim or
take the benefit or advantage of, any stay, extension or usury law wherever enacted, now or at any time hereafter in force, that
may affect the covenants or the performance of this Indenture; and the Issuer and each of the Guarantors (to the extent that it
may lawfully do so) hereby expressly waives all benefit or advantage of any such law, and covenants that it will not, by resort
to any such law, hinder, delay or impede the execution of any power herein granted to the Trustee, but will suffer and permit the
execution of every such power as though no such law has been enacted.

 

Section 4.15.     
Additional Amounts.

 

(a)                    
All payments made by or on behalf of the Issuer or any Guarantor (each a “Payor”) under or with respect
to the Notes or any Note Guarantee will be made free and clear of and without withholding or deduction for or on account of any
present or future Taxes, unless such Payor is required to withhold or deduct Taxes by law or by the interpretation or administration
thereof. If a Payor is so required to withhold or deduct any amount for or on account of Taxes imposed or levied by or on behalf
of any jurisdiction in which such Payor is organized, resident or carrying on business for tax purposes or from or through which
such Payor makes any payment on the Notes or any Note Guarantee or any department or political subdivision thereof (each, a “Relevant
Taxing Jurisdiction
”) from any payment made under or with respect to the Notes or any Note Guarantee, such Payor, subject
to the exceptions stated below, will pay such additional amounts (“Additional Amounts”) as may be necessary
such that the net amount received in respect of such payment by each Holder or Beneficial Holder after such withholding or deduction
(including withholding or deduction attributable to Additional Amounts payable hereunder but excluding Taxes on net income) will
not be less than the amount the Holder or Beneficial Holder, as the case may be, would have received if such Taxes had not been
required to be so withheld or deducted.

 

(b)                    
A Payor will not, however, pay Additional Amounts to a Holder or Beneficial Holder with respect to:

 

(1)           
Canadian withholding Taxes imposed on a payment to a Holder or Beneficial Holder with which the Payor does not deal at arm’s
length for the purposes of the Tax Act at the time of making such payment (other than where the non-arm’s length relationship
arises as a result of the exercise or enforcement of rights under any Notes or any Note Guarantee);

 

(2)           
a debt or other obligation to pay an amount to a person with whom the applicable Payor is not dealing at arm’s length
within the meaning of the Tax Act (other than where the non-arm’s length relationship arises as a result of the exercise
or enforcement of rights under any Notes or any Note Guarantee);

 

 

(3)           
any Canadian withholding Taxes imposed on a payment or deemed payment to a Holder or Beneficial Holder by reason of such
Holder or Beneficial Holder being a “specified shareholder” of the Issuer (within the meaning of subsection 18(5) of
the Tax Act) at the time of payment or deemed payment, or by reason of such Holder or Beneficial Holder not dealing at arm’s
length for the purposes of the Tax Act with a “specified shareholder” of the Issuer at the time of payment or deemed
payment (other than where the Holder or Beneficial Holder is a “specified shareholder,” or does not deal at arm’s
length with a “specified shareholder,” as a result of the exercise or enforcement of rights under any Notes or any
Note Guarantee);

 

(4)           
Taxes giving rise to such Additional Amounts that would not have been imposed but for the existence of any present or former
connection between such Holder (or the Beneficial Holder of, or person ultimately entitled to obtain an interest in, such Notes,
including a fiduciary, settler, beneficiary, member, partner, shareholder or other equity interest owner of, or possessor of power
over, such Holder or Beneficial Holder, if such Holder or Beneficial Holder is an estate, trust, partnership, limited liability
company, corporation or other entity) and the Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction (including being a citizen or resident or national of,
or carrying on a business or maintaining a permanent establishment in, the Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction but not including any connection
resulting solely from the acquisition, ownership, or disposition of Notes, the receipt of payments thereunder and/or the exercise
or enforcement of rights under any Notes or any Note Guarantee);

 

(5)           
Taxes giving rise to such Additional Amounts that would not have been imposed but for the failure of such Holder or Beneficial
Holder, to the extent such Holder or Beneficial Holder is legally eligible to do so, to timely satisfy any certification, identification,
information, documentation or other reporting requirements concerning such Holder’s or Beneficial Holder’s nationality,
residence, identity or connection with the Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction or arm’s length relationship with the Payor or otherwise
establish the right to the benefit of an exemption from, or reduction in the rate of, withholding or deduction, if such compliance
is required by statute, treaty, regulation or administrative practice of a Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction as a precondition to exemption
from, or reduction in the rate of deduction or withholding of, such Taxes imposed by the Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction (including,
without limitation, a certification that the Holder or Beneficial Holder is not resident in the Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction);

 

(6)           
any estate, inheritance, gift, sales, transfer, personal property, excise or any similar Taxes or assessment;

 

(7)           
any Taxes that were imposed with respect to any payment on a Note to any Holder who is a fiduciary or partnership or person
other than the sole beneficial owner of such payment and to the extent the Taxes giving rise to such Additional Amounts would not
have been imposed on such payment had the Holder been the beneficiary, partner or sole beneficial owner, as the case may be, of
such Note;

 

(8)           
Taxes imposed on, or deducted or withheld from, payments in respect of the Notes if such payments could have been made without
such imposition, deduction or withholding of such Taxes had such Notes been presented for payment (where presentation is required)
within 30 days after the date on which such payments or such Notes became due and payable or the date on which payment thereof
is duly provided for, whichever is later (except to the extent such Holder or Beneficial Holder would have been entitled to such
Additional Amounts had such Notes been presented on the last day of such 30 day period);

 

 

(9)           
any Tax which is payable otherwise than by deduction or withholding from payments made under or with respect to the Notes
or any Note Guarantee;

 

(10)           
any Taxes that are imposed or withheld as a result of the presentation of any Note for payment by or on behalf of a Holder
or Beneficial Holder who would have been able to avoid such withholding or deduction by presenting the relevant Note to another
paying agent;

 

(11)           
any Taxes imposed under FATCA; or

 

(12)           
any combination of the foregoing subclauses (1) through (11).

 

(c)                    
At least 30 calendar days prior to each date on which any payment under or with respect to the Notes or any Note Guarantee
is due and payable, if a Payor will be obligated to pay Additional Amounts with respect to such payment (unless such obligation
to pay Additional Amounts arises after the 30th day prior to the date on which such payment is due and payable, in which case it
will be promptly thereafter), the Payor will deliver to the Trustee an Officer’s Certificate stating that such Additional
Amounts will be payable and the amounts so payable and will set forth such other information necessary to enable the Trustee to
pay such Additional Amounts to Holders and/or Beneficial Holders on the payment date.

 

(d)                    
The Issuer will indemnify and hold harmless the Holders and Beneficial Holders of the Notes for the amount of any Taxes
under Regulation 803 of the Tax Act, or any similar or successor provision (other than Taxes described in subclauses (1) through
(12) above (but including, notwithstanding subclause (9), any Taxes payable pursuant to Regulation 803 of the Tax Act) or Taxes
arising by reason of a transfer of the Note to a person resident in Canada with whom the transferor does not deal at arm’s
length for the purposes of the Tax Act except where such non-arm’s length relationship arises as a result of the exercise
or enforcement of rights under any Notes or any Note Guarantee) levied or imposed on and paid by such a Holder or Beneficial Holder
as a result of payments made under or with respect to the Notes or any Note Guarantee.

 

(e)                    
In addition, the Payor will pay any stamp, issue, registration, court, documentation, excise or other similar taxes, charges
and duties, including any interest, penalties and any similar liabilities with respect thereto, imposed by any Relevant Taxing
Jurisdiction at any time in respect of the execution, issuance, registration, delivery or enforcement of the Notes (other than
on or in connection with a transfer of the Notes other than the initial sale by an Initial Purchaser), any Note Guarantee or any
other document or instrument referred to thereunder and any such taxes, charges or duties imposed by any Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction
on any payments made pursuant to the Notes or any Note Guarantee and/or any other such document or instrument (limited, solely
in the case of taxes, charges or duties attributable to any payments with respect thereto, to any such taxes, charges or duties
imposed in a Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction that are not excluded under Sections 4.15(b)(5) through (8) and (10) and (11)).

 

 

(f)                    
The obligations under this Section 4.15 will survive any termination, defeasance or discharge of this Indenture and will
apply mutatis mutandis to any successor Person to any Payor and to any jurisdiction in which such successor is organized or is
otherwise resident or doing business for tax purposes or any jurisdiction from or through which payment is made by such successor
or its respective agents. Whenever this Indenture refers to, in any context, the payment of principal, premium, if any, interest
or any other amount payable under or with respect to any Note, such reference shall include the payment of Additional Amounts or
indemnification payments as described hereunder, if applicable.

 

Section 4.16.     
After-Acquired Property.

 

From and after the Issue Date, and subject
to the applicable limitations and exceptions set forth in the Collateral Documents and this Indenture (including with respect to
Excluded Assets), if the Issuer or any Guarantor acquires any property or rights which are of a type constituting Collateral under
any Collateral Document (excluding, for the avoidance of doubt, any Excluded Assets or assets not required to be Collateral pursuant
to the Collateral Documents), it will be required to execute and deliver such security instruments, financing statements and such
Officer’s Certificates and Opinions of Counsel as are required under this Indenture or any Collateral Document and to otherwise
comply with the requirements of the Collateral Requirement to provide to the Notes Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Notes
Secured Parties a perfected security interest (subject to Permitted Liens) in such after-acquired collateral and to take such actions
to add such after-acquired collateral to the Collateral, and thereupon all provisions of the this Indenture and the Collateral
Documents relating to the Collateral shall be deemed to relate to such after-acquired collateral to the same extent and with the
same force and effect, including, without limitation:

 

(a)               
(i) Any Subsidiary of the Issuer which becomes a Guarantor shall take all such actions necessary
to comply with the Collateral Requirement within sixty (60) days after the occurrence of such event causing such Subsidiary to
become a Guarantor (or such longer period as the Notes Collateral Agent may agree in its reasonable discretion), and (ii) the Issuer
shall within ninety (90) days after the acquisition of such property or rights cause such property (or such longer period as the
Notes Collateral Agent may agree in its reasonable discretion) to be subjected to a Lien to the extent required by the Collateral
Requirement and will take, or cause the relevant Guarantor to take, such actions as shall be necessary (as determined by the Issuer
in good faith) to grant and perfect or record such Lien, in each case in a manner consistent with the Collateral Requirement and
the procedures outlined in the Credit Facilities, to the extent applicable.

 

(b)               
(i) with respect to Material Real Property set forth on Schedule I, within ninety (90) days
after the Issue Date (or such longer period as the Notes Collateral Agent may agree in its reasonable discretion) and (ii) with
respect to Material Real Property acquired after the Issue Date, within ninety (90) days after the date of such acquisition (or
such longer period as the Notes Collateral Agent may agree in its reasonable discretion), the Issuer shall, in each case, take,
or cause the relevant Guarantor to take, the actions referred to in the Credit Agreement to provide a Mortgage in favor of the
Notes Collateral Agent with respect to such Material Real Property to the extent such Material Real Property shall not already
be subject to a valid and perfected Lien pursuant to the Collateral Requirement;

 

 

provided, that (i) the Notes Collateral
Agent shall be deemed to have made such a reasonable determination if such a determination has already been made by either the
First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement Collateral Agent or the First Lien Term Loan Collateral Agent (with respect to the First
Lien Revolving Credit Agreement or the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement, respectively) and (ii) with respect to the time periods
referred to in this Section 4.16 that are subject to extensions as the Notes Collateral Agent may agree, it is understood and agreed
that the administrative agent under the First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement or the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement may
grant extensions of time under the Credit Agreements for such actions necessary to comply with the Collateral and Guarantee Requirement,
and any such extension shall apply hereunder as if the Notes Collateral Agent had agreed to such extensions.

 

Article
V

SUCCESSOR COMPANY

 

Section 5.1.         
Amalgamation, Merger, Consolidation or Sale of Assets.

 

(a)                    
The Issuer may not, in any transaction or series of transactions: (I) amalgamate, merge or consolidate with or into another
Person (whether or not the Issuer is the surviving Person); or (II) sell, assign, transfer, convey, lease or otherwise dispose
of all or substantially all of the properties or assets of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries taken as a whole, in one
or more related transactions, to another Person; unless:

 

(1)           
either:

 

(A)           
the Issuer is the surviving entity; or

 

(B)           
the Person formed by or surviving any such amalgamation, merger or consolidation (if other than the Issuer) or to which
such sale, assignment, transfer, conveyance, lease or other disposition has been made is a Person organized or existing under the
laws of Canada or any province thereof or the United States, any state of the United States or the District of Columbia (in each
of clauses (A) and (B), the Issuer or such Person, as the case may be, being herein called the “Successor Company”);

 

(2)           
the Successor Company (if other than the Issuer) assumes all the obligations of the Issuer under the Notes, this Indenture
and the Collateral Documents either by operation of law or pursuant to an assumption agreement or other instrument reasonably satisfactory
to the Trustee;

 

(3)           
immediately after such transaction or series of transactions, and giving pro forma effect to any related financing
transactions, no Default or Event of Default exists;

 

(4)           
the Issuer has delivered to the Trustee (i) an Opinion of Counsel stating that such transaction and, if an assumption agreement
or other instrument is required in connection with such transaction, such assumption agreement or other instrument, complies with
Sections 5.1(a)(1) and 5.1(a)(2), and (ii) an Officer’s Certificate stating that all conditions precedent contained in this
Indenture relating to such transaction have been complied with;

 

 

(5)           
to the extent any assets of the Person which is amalgamated, merged or consolidated with or into another Person are assets
of the type which would constitute Collateral under the Collateral Documents, the Successor Company will take such action as may
be reasonably necessary to cause such property and assets to be made subject to the Lien of the Collateral Documents in the manner
and to the extent required in this Indenture or any of the Collateral Documents and shall take all reasonably necessary action
so that such Lien is perfected to the extent required by the Collateral Documents; and

 

(6)           
the Collateral owned by or transferred to the Successor Company (if other than the Issuer) or to which such sale, assignment,
transfer, conveyance, lease or other disposition has been made shall: (a) continue to constitute Collateral under this Indenture
and the Collateral Documents, (b) be subject to the Lien in favor of the Notes Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Notes Secured
Parties, and (c) not be subject to any Lien other than Permitted Liens.

 

(b)                    
The Successor Company will succeed to, and be substituted for, the Issuer, and the Issuer under this Indenture and the Notes
will automatically be released and discharged from its obligations under this Indenture and the Notes. Notwithstanding Section
5.1(a)(3):

 

(1)           
any Subsidiary of the Issuer may merge, consolidate or amalgamate with or into or sell, assign, transfer, lease, convey
or otherwise dispose of all or part of its properties and assets to the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries; and

 

(2)           
the Issuer may merge, consolidate or amalgamate with or into an Affiliate of the Issuer solely for the purpose of reincorporating
the Issuer in Canada or any province thereof or the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia.

 

(c)                    
A Guarantor may not, in any transaction or series of transactions: (I) amalgamate, consolidate or merge with or into another
Person (whether or not such Guarantor is the surviving Person); or (II) sell, assign, transfer, convey, lease or otherwise dispose
of all or substantially all of its properties or assets to another Person, other than the Issuer or a Restricted Subsidiary of
the Issuer (in the case of either (I) or (II) above), unless:

 

(1)           
immediately after giving effect to that transaction, and giving pro forma effect to any related financing transactions,
no Default or Event of Default exists;

 

(2)           
either:

 

(A)           
(x) such Guarantor is the surviving entity or (y) the Person acquiring the property in any such sale, assignment, transfer,
conveyance, lease or other disposition or the Person formed by or surviving any such amalgamation, merger or consolidation assumes
all the obligations of that Guarantor under its Note Guarantee, either by operation of law or pursuant to an assumption agreement
or other instrument reasonably satisfactory to the Trustee (in each of clauses (x) and (y), such Guarantor or such Person, as the
case may be, being herein called the “Successor Person”); or

 

 

(B)           
such sale, assignment, transfer, conveyance, lease or other disposition does not violate Section 4.5;

 

(3)           
the Issuer has delivered to the Trustee (i) an Opinion of Counsel stating that such transaction and, if an assumption agreement
or other instrument is required in connection with such transaction, such assumption agreement or other instrument, complies with
Section 5.1(c)(2)(A) and (ii) an Officer’s Certificate stating that all conditions precedent contained in this Indenture
relating to such transaction have been complied with;

 

(4)           
to the extent any assets of the Guarantor which is merged, consolidated or amalgamated with or into another Person are assets
of the type which would constitute Collateral under the Collateral Documents, the Successor Person will take such action as may
be reasonably necessary to cause such property and assets to be made subject to the Lien of the Collateral Documents in the manner
and to the extent required in this Indenture or any of the Collateral Documents and shall take all reasonably necessary action
so that such Lien in perfected to the extent required by the Collateral Documents; and

 

(5)           
the Collateral owned by or transferred to the Successor Person shall: (i) continue to constitute Collateral under this Indenture
and the Collateral Documents, (ii) be subject to the Lien in favor of the Notes Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Notes Secured
Parties, and (iii) not be subject to any Lien other than Permitted Liens.

 

(d)                    
The Successor Person will succeed to, and be substituted for, such Guarantor under this Indenture and such Guarantor’s
Note Guarantee and such Guarantor will automatically be released and discharged from its obligations under this Indenture and such
Guarantor’s Note Guarantee. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any Guarantor may (i) merge, consolidate or amalgamate with or
into an Affiliate of an Issuer solely for the purpose of reincorporating or reorganizing the Guarantor in Canada or any province
thereof or the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia, (ii) convert into a corporation, partnership, limited
partnership, limited liability company, trust or other entity organized or existing under the laws of the jurisdiction of organization
of such Guarantor or a jurisdiction in Canada or any province thereof or the United States, any state thereof or the District of
Columbia or (iii) liquidate or dissolve or change its legal form if the Board of Directors of the Issuer or the senior management
of the Issuer determines in good faith that such action is in the best interests of the Issuer and is not materially disadvantageous
to the Holders, in each case, without regard to the requirements set forth in Section 5.1(c).

 

(e)                    
For purposes of this Section 5.1, transfers among or between the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries will be disregarded.

 

 

Section 5.2.         
Successor Substituted.

 

Upon any consolidation or merger, or amalgamation,
or any sale, assignment, transfer, lease, conveyance or other disposition of all or substantially all of the properties or assets
of the Issuer and its Restricted Subsidiaries taken as a whole or a Guarantor in accordance with Section 5.1 hereof, the successor
formed by such consolidation or amalgamation or into which the Issuer or such Guarantor is merged or to which such sale, assignment,
transfer, lease, conveyance or other disposition is made (in each case, if not the Issuer or such Guarantor, as applicable) shall
succeed to, and may exercise every right and power of, the Issuer or such Guarantor under this Indenture, the Notes, the Note Guarantees
and any Collateral Document with the same effect as if such successor had been named as the Issuer or such Guarantor, as applicable,
herein and shall be substituted for the Issuer or such Guarantor, as applicable (so that from and after the date of such consolidation,
amalgamation, merger, sale, assignment, transfer, lease, conveyance or other disposition, the provisions of this Indenture referring
to the “Issuer” and the “Guarantor,” as applicable, shall refer instead to the successor and not to the
predecessor); and thereafter, except in the case of such a disposition by way of a lease, the Issuer or such Guarantor shall be
discharged and released from all obligations and covenants under this Indenture, the Notes, the Collateral Documents and the Note
Guarantees, other with respect to any Additional Amounts owing.

 

Article
VI

DEFAULTS AND REMEDIES

 

Section 6.1.         
Events of Default.

 

Each of the following is an “Event
of Default”:

 

(1)           
default for 30 days in the payment when due of interest on the Notes;

 

(2)           
default in the payment when due (at Stated Maturity, upon redemption or otherwise) of the principal of, or premium, if any,
on the Notes;

 

(3)           
failure by the Issuer or any Guarantor to comply with any of the other obligations, covenants or agreements (other than
a default referred to in Section 6.1(1) or Section 6.1(2)) in this Indenture for 60 days after written notice has been given to
the Issuer by the Trustee or to the Issuer and the Trustee by the Holders of at least 30% of the aggregate principal amount of
the Notes;

 

(4)           
default under any other mortgage, indenture or instrument under which there may be issued or by which there may be secured
or evidenced any Indebtedness by the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries (or the payment of which is guaranteed by the
Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries) whether such Indebtedness or guarantee existed on the Issue Date, or is created after
the Issue Date, if that default:

 

(A)           
is caused by a failure to pay principal of such Indebtedness prior to the expiration of the applicable grace or cure period
after final maturity provided in such Indebtedness (a “Payment Default”); or

 

(B)           
results in the acceleration of such Indebtedness prior to its Stated Maturity;

 

 

and, in each case, the principal
amount of any such Indebtedness, together with the principal amount of any other such Indebtedness under which there has been a
Payment Default, which remains outstanding or the maturity of which has been so accelerated, aggregates an amount greater than
$50.0 million; provided that if any such Payment Default is cured or waived or any such acceleration is rescinded, as the
case may be, such Event of Default under this Indenture and any consequential acceleration of the Notes shall be automatically
rescinded, so long as such rescission does not conflict with any judgment or decree;

 

(5)           
failure by the Issuer or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries to pay final judgments aggregating in excess of an amount greater
than $50.0 million in cash rendered against the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary by a court of competent jurisdiction, which
judgments are not paid, discharged or stayed for a period of 60 days after such judgments becomes final and non-appealable;

 

(6)           
except as permitted by this Indenture, any Note Guarantee of a Significant Subsidiary shall be held in any judicial proceeding
to be unenforceable or invalid or shall cease for any reason to be in full force and effect, or any Guarantor that is a Significant
Subsidiary or any Person acting on behalf of any such Guarantor shall deny or disaffirm its obligations under its Note Guarantee;

 

(7)           
the Issuer or any of its Significant Subsidiaries pursuant to or within the meaning of any Bankruptcy Law:

 

(A)           
commences a voluntary case or proceeding;

 

(B)           
applies for or consents to the entry of an order for relief against it in an involuntary case or proceeding;

 

(C)           
applies for or consents to the appointment of a Custodian of it or for all or substantially all of its assets; or

 

(D)           
makes a general assignment for the benefit of its creditors;

 

(8)           
a court of competent jurisdiction enters an order or decree under any Bankruptcy Law that:

 

(A)           
is for relief against the Issuer or any of its Significant Subsidiaries as debtor in an involuntary case or proceeding;

 

(B)           
appoints a Custodian of the Issuer or any of its Significant Subsidiaries or a Custodian for all or substantially all of
the assets of the Issuer or any of its Significant Subsidiaries; or

 

(C)           
orders the liquidation of the Issuer or any of its Significant Subsidiaries;

 

 

and, in any such case, the order or decree
remains unstayed and in effect for 60 consecutive days and, in the case of the insolvency of a Significant Subsidiary, such Significant
Subsidiary remains a Significant Subsidiary on such 60th day; or

 

(9)           
other than by reason of the satisfaction in full of all obligations under this Indenture and discharge of this Indenture
with respect to the Notes or the release of such Collateral with respect to the Notes in accordance with the terms of this Indenture
and the Collateral Documents,

 

(A)           
in the case of any security interest with respect to Collateral having a fair market value in excess of 5.0% of Total Assets,
individually or in the aggregate, such security interest under the Collateral Documents shall, at any time, cease to be a valid
and perfected security interest or shall be declared invalid or unenforceable and any such default continues for 30 days after
notice of such default shall have been given to the Issuer by the Trustee or the Holders of at least 30% of the principal amount
of the then outstanding Notes issued under this Indenture, except to the extent that any such default (A) results from the failure
of the Notes Collateral Agent to maintain possession of certificates, promissory notes or other instruments actually delivered
to it representing securities pledged under the Collateral Documents or (B) to the extent relating to Collateral consisting of
real property, is covered by a title insurance policy with respect to such real property and such insurer has not denied coverage;

 

(B)           
the Issuer or any Guarantor that is a Significant Subsidiary (or any group of Guarantors that, taken together, would constitute
a Significant Subsidiary) shall assert, in any pleading in any court of competent jurisdiction, that any security interest under
any Collateral Document is invalid or unenforceable; or

 

(C)           
the Liens created by the Collateral Documents shall at any time not constitute a valid and perfected Lien on any material
portion of the Collateral intended to be covered thereby (unless perfection is not required by this Indenture or the Collateral
Documents) other than (i)(A) in accordance with the terms of the relevant Collateral Document and this Indenture, (B) the satisfaction
in full of all obligations under this Indenture or (C) any loss of perfection that results from the failure of the Notes Collateral
Agent to maintain possession of certificates delivered to it representing securities pledged under the Collateral Documents and
(ii) such default continues for 30 days after notice of such default shall have been given to the Issuer by the Trustee or the
Holders of at least 30% of the principal amount of the then outstanding Notes issued under this Indenture.

 

 

Section 6.2.         
Acceleration of Maturity; Rescission and Annulment.

 

In the case of an Event of Default specified
in Section 6.1(7) or Section 6.1(8), all outstanding Notes will become due and payable immediately without further action or notice.
If any other Event of Default occurs and is continuing, the Trustee or the Holders of at least 30% in principal amount of the then
outstanding Notes may declare to be immediately due and payable, by notice in writing to the Issuer and (if given by the Holders)
to the Trustee, the principal amount of all the Notes then outstanding, plus accrued but unpaid interest to the date of acceleration;
provided, however, that after any such declaration of acceleration, the Holders of a majority in aggregate principal
amount of the Notes then outstanding may rescind and annul such declaration if: (a) all existing Events of Default, other than
the non-payment of the principal of, interest and premium (if any) on the Notes that have become due solely by the declaration
of acceleration, have been cured or waived; and (b) the rescission would not conflict with any judgment or decree of a court of
competent jurisdiction.

 

The Trustee may withhold from Holders notice
of any continuing Default or Event of Default if it determines that withholding notice is in their interest, except a Default or
Event of Default relating to the payment of principal or interest.

 

Section 6.3.         
Other Remedies.

 

If an Event of Default occurs and is continuing,
the Trustee may pursue any available remedy to collect the payment of principal of, premium (if any) or interest on the Notes or
to enforce the performance of any provision of the Notes or this Indenture.

 

The Trustee may maintain a proceeding even
if it does not possess any of the Notes or does not produce any of them in the proceeding. A delay or omission by the Trustee or
any Holder in exercising any right or remedy accruing upon an Event of Default shall not impair the right or remedy or constitute
a waiver of or acquiescence in the Event of Default. No remedy is exclusive of any other remedy. All available remedies are cumulative
to the extent permitted by law.

 

Section 6.4.         
Waiver of Past Defaults. The Holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the Notes then outstanding by
notice to the Trustee may on behalf of the Holders of all of the Notes waive any existing Default or Event of Default and its consequences
under this Indenture and the Collateral Documents except a continuing Default or Event of Default in the payment of interest on,
or the principal of, the Notes or a Default or Event of Default in respect of a provision that under Section 9.2 cannot be amended
without the consent of each Holder affected.

 

Section 6.5.         
Control by Majority.

 

The Holders of a majority in principal amount
of the then outstanding Notes have the right to direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for exercising any
remedy available to the Trustee or the Notes Collateral Agent or of exercising any trust or power conferred on the Trustee or the
Notes Collateral Agent. However, the Trustee or the Notes Collateral Agent, as applicable, may refuse to follow any direction that
conflicts with law or this Indenture or, subject to Section 7.1 hereof, that is unduly prejudicial to the rights of other Holders
or would involve the Trustee or Notes Collateral Agent in personal liability; provided, however, that the Trustee
or the Notes Collateral Agent, as applicable, may take any other action deemed proper by the Trustee or the Notes Collateral Agent,
as applicable, that is not inconsistent with such direction. Prior to taking any action hereunder, the Trustee or the Notes Collateral
Agent, as applicable, shall be entitled to receive indemnification satisfactory to it against all loss, liability and expense caused
by taking or not taking such action.

 

 

Section 6.6.         
Limitation on Suits.

 

Except to enforce payment of the principal
of, and premium (if any) or interest on any Note on or after the Stated Maturity of such Note (after giving effect to the grace
periods specified in Section 6.1(1) and Section 6.1(2)), a Holder will not have any right to institute any proceeding with respect
to this Indenture, or for the appointment of a receiver or trustee, or for any remedy thereunder, unless the Trustee:

 

(1)           
shall have failed to act for a period of 60 days after previously receiving written notice of a continuing Event of Default
from such Holder and a request to act from Holders of at least 30% in aggregate principal amount of the Notes then outstanding;

 

(2)           
has been offered indemnity and funding thereof, if requested, satisfactory to the Trustee in its reasonable judgment; and

 

(3)           
during such 60 day period, has not received from the Holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the Notes then
outstanding a direction inconsistent with such request.

 

A Holder may not use this Indenture to prejudice
the rights of another Holder or to obtain a preference or priority over another Holder (it being understood that the Trustee does
not have an affirmative duty to ascertain whether or not any such use by a Holder prejudices the rights of any other Holders or
obtains preference or priority over such other Holders).

 

Section 6.7.         
Rights of Holders to Receive Payment.

 

Notwithstanding any other provision of this
Indenture, the contractual right of any Holder to receive payment of principal of, premium, if any, and interest on the Notes held
by such Holder, on or after the respective due dates expressed in the Notes, or to bring suit for the enforcement of any such payment
on or after such respective dates, shall not be impaired or affected without the consent of such Holder. For the avoidance of doubt,
no amendment to, or deletion or waiver of, Article IV (other than Section 4.1), or any action taken by the Issuer or any Guarantor
that is not prohibited under this Indenture, shall be deemed to impair or affect any rights of any Holder of Notes to receive payment
of principal of, or premium, if any, or interest on, the Notes.

 

Section 6.8.         
Collection Suit by Trustee.

 

If an Event of Default specified in Section
6.1(1) or Section 6.1(2) hereof occurs and is continuing, the Trustee may recover judgment in its own name and as trustee of an
express trust against the Issuer or any Guarantor for the whole amount then due and owing (together with interest on any unpaid
interest to the extent lawful) and the amounts provided for in Section 7.6 hereof to cover the costs and expenses of collection,
including the reasonable compensation, disbursement and advances of the Trustee, its agents and counsel.

 

 

 

Section 6.9.         
Trustee May File Proofs of Claim.

 

The Trustee may file such proofs of claim
and other papers or documents as may be necessary or advisable in order to have the claims of the Trustee and the Holders allowed
in any judicial proceedings relative to the Issuer or any Guarantor or their respective creditors or properties, and any Custodian
in any such judicial proceeding is hereby authorized by each Holder to make payments to the Trustee and, in the event that the
Trustee shall consent to the making of such payments directly to the Holders, to pay to the Trustee any amount due it for the compensation,
expenses, disbursements and advances of the Trustee, its agents and its counsel, and any other amounts due the Trustee under Section
7.6 hereof. Nothing herein contained shall be deemed to authorize the Trustee to authorize or consent to or accept or adopt on
behalf of any Holder any plan of reorganization, arrangement, adjustment or composition affecting the Notes or the rights of any
Holder thereof or to authorize the Trustee to vote in respect of the claim of any Holder in any such proceeding.

 

Section 6.10.     
Priorities.

 

If the Trustee collects any money or property
pursuant to this Article VI, it shall pay out the money or property in the following order:

 

First: to the payment of all amounts
due to the Trustee under Section 7.6 hereof and all amounts due to the Notes Collateral Agent;

 

Second: to Holders for amounts
due and unpaid on the Notes for principal and interest and premium, if any, ratably, without preference or priority of any kind,
according to the amounts due and payable on the Notes for principal and interest and premium, if any, respectively; and

 

Third: to the Issuer or to such
party as a court of competent jurisdiction shall direct.

 

The Trustee may fix a record date and payment
date for any payment to Holders pursuant to this Section 6.10.

 

Section 6.11.     
Undertaking for Costs.

 

In any suit for the enforcement of any right
or remedy under this Indenture or in any suit against the Trustee for any action taken or omitted by it as Trustee, a court in
its discretion may require the filing by any party litigant in the suit of an undertaking to pay the costs of the suit, and the
court in its discretion may assess reasonable costs, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, against any party litigant in
the suit, having due regard to the merits and good faith of the claims or defenses made by the party litigant. This Section 6.11
does not apply to a suit by the Trustee, a suit by a Holder pursuant to Section 6.7 hereof or a suit by Holders of more than 10%
in outstanding principal amount of the Notes.

 

 

Article
VII

TRUSTEE

 

Section 7.1.         
Duties of Trustee.

 

(a)                    
If an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, the Trustee shall exercise the rights and powers vested in it by
this Indenture and use the same degree of care and skill in their exercise as a prudent man would exercise or use under the circumstances
in the conduct of his own affairs.

 

(b)                    
Except during the continuance of an Event of Default: (i) the Trustee undertakes to perform such duties and only such duties
as are specifically set forth in this Indenture and no implied covenants or obligations shall be read into this Indenture against
the Trustee; and (ii) in the absence of bad faith on its part, the Trustee may conclusively rely, as to the truth of the statements
and the correctness of the opinions expressed therein, upon certificates or opinions furnished to the Trustee and conforming to
the requirements of this Indenture; but in the case of any such certificates and opinions which by any provision hereof or thereof
are specifically required to be furnished to the Trustee, the Trustee shall be under a duty to examine the same to determine whether
or not they conform to the requirements of this Indenture (but need not confirm or investigate the accuracy of mathematical calculations
or other facts stated therein).

 

(c)                    
The Trustee may not be relieved from liability for its own negligent action, its own negligent failure to act or its own
willful misconduct, except that:

 

(1)           
this Section 7.1(c) does not limit the effect of Section 7.1(b) hereof;

 

(2)           
the Trustee shall not be liable for any error of judgment made in good faith by a Trust Officer unless it is proved that
the Trustee was negligent in ascertaining the pertinent facts; and

 

(3)           
the Trustee shall not be liable with respect to any action it takes or omits to take in good faith in accordance with a
direction received by it pursuant to Section 6.5 hereof.

 

(d)                    
Whether or not therein expressly so provided, every provision of this Indenture that in any way relates to the Trustee is
subject to this Section 7.1.

 

(e)                    
The Trustee shall not be liable for interest on any money received by it except as the Trustee may agree in writing with
the Issuer.

 

(f)                    
Money held in trust by the Trustee need not be segregated from other funds except to the extent required by law.

 

(g)                    
No provision of this Indenture shall require the Trustee to expend or risk its own funds or otherwise incur financial liability
in the performance of any of its duties hereunder or thereunder or in the exercise of any of its rights or powers, if it shall
have reasonable grounds to believe that repayment of such funds or adequate security or indemnity against such risk or liability
is not reasonably assured to it.

 

 

Section 7.2.         
Rights of Trustee.

 

(a)                    
The Trustee may rely on any document believed by it to be genuine and to have been signed or presented by the proper Person.
The Trustee need not investigate any fact or matter stated in the document.

 

(b)                    
Before the Trustee acts or refrains from acting, it may require an Officer’s Certificate or an Opinion of Counsel.
The Trustee shall not be liable for any action it takes or omits to take in good faith in reliance on the Officer’s Certificate
or Opinion of Counsel or both. Any request or direction of the Issuer mentioned herein shall be sufficiently evidenced by an Issuer
Order and any resolution of the Board of Directors may be sufficiently evidenced by a Board Resolution.

 

(c)                    
The Trustee may act through its attorneys and agents and shall not be responsible for the misconduct or negligence of any
agent appointed with due care. No Depositary shall be deemed an agent of the Trustee, and the Trustee shall not be responsible
for any act or omission by any Depositary.

 

(d)                    
The Trustee shall not be liable for any action it takes or omits to take in good faith which it believes to be authorized
or within its rights or powers conferred upon it by this Indenture.

 

(e)                    
The Trustee may consult with counsel, and the advice or opinion of counsel with respect to legal matters relating to this
Indenture and the Notes shall be full and complete authorization and protection from liability in respect to any action taken,
omitted or suffered by it hereunder in good faith and in accordance with the advice or opinion of such counsel.

 

(f)                    
Except for a default under Section 6.1(1) or Section 6.1(2) hereof (provided that the Trustee is the Paying Agent),
the Trustee shall not be deemed to have notice of any default or event of default unless written notice is received by a Trust
Officer of the Trustee at the Corporate Trust Office, and such notice references the Notes and this Indenture and states that it
is a notice of Default or Event of Default.

 

(g)                    
In no event shall the Trustee be responsible or liable for special, incidental, indirect, punitive or consequential loss
or damage of any kind whatsoever (including, but not limited to, loss of profit) irrespective of whether the Trustee has been advised
of the likelihood of such loss or damage and regardless of the form of action.

 

(h)                    
The Trustee shall be under no obligation to exercise any of the rights or powers vested in it by this Indenture at the request
or direction of any of the Holders pursuant to this Indenture, unless such Holders shall have offered to the Trustee security or
indemnity satisfactory to the Trustee against the costs, expenses and liabilities which might be incurred by it in compliance with
such request or direction.

 

 

(i)                    
The rights, privileges, protections, immunities and benefits given to the Trustee, including, without limitation, its right
to be indemnified, are extended to, and shall be enforceable by, the Trustee in each of its capacities hereunder, and each agent,
custodian and other Person employed to act hereunder, including the Notes Collateral Agent.

 

(j)                    
The Trustee shall not be required to give any bond or surety in respect of the performance of its powers and duties hereunder.

 

(k)                    
The Trustee may request that the Issuer deliver a certificate setting forth the names of individuals and/or titles of officers
authorized at such time to take specified actions pursuant to this Indenture.

 

Section 7.3.         
Individual Rights of Trustee.

 

The Trustee in its individual or any other
capacity may become the owner or pledgee of Notes and may otherwise deal with the Issuer or its Affiliates with the same rights
it would have if it were not Trustee. However, in the event that the Trustee acquires any conflicting interest (as defined in the
TIA) after a Default has occurred and is continuing, it must (i) eliminate such conflict within 90 days, (ii) apply to the Commission
for permission to continue or (iii) resign. The Trustee is also subject to Sections 7.9 and 7.10 hereof.

 

Section 7.4.         
Trustee’s Disclaimer.

 

The Trustee shall not be responsible for
and makes no representation as to the validity or adequacy of this Indenture or the Notes, it shall not be accountable for the
Issuer’s use of the proceeds from the Notes, it shall not be responsible for the use or application of any money received
by any Paying Agent (other than itself as Paying Agent), and it shall not be responsible for any statement of the Issuer in this
Indenture or in any document issued in connection with the sale of the Notes or in the Notes other than the Trustee’s certificate
of authentication.

 

The Trustee does not assume any responsibility
for any failure or delay in performance or any breach by the Issuer or any other Grantor under this Indenture, the First Intercreditor
Agreement and the Collateral Documents. The Trustee shall not be responsible to the Holders or any other Person for any recitals,
statements, information, representations or warranties contained in this Indenture, the Collateral Documents, the First Lien Intercreditor
Agreement or in any certificate, report, statement, or other document referred to or provided for in, or received by the Trustee
under or in connection with, this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement or any Collateral Document; the execution,
validity, genuineness, effectiveness or enforceability of the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and any Collateral Document of
any other party thereto; the genuineness, enforceability, collectability, value, sufficiency, location or existence of any Collateral,
or the validity, effectiveness, enforceability, sufficiency, extent, perfection or priority of any Lien therein; the validity,
enforceability or collectability of any Notes Obligations; the assets, liabilities, financial condition, results of operations,
business, creditworthiness or legal status of any obligor; or for any failure of any obligor to perform its Notes Obligations under
this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and the Collateral Documents.

 

 

Section 7.5.         
Notice of Defaults.

 

If a Default or Event of Default occurs
and is continuing and if a Trust Officer has actual knowledge thereof, the Trustee shall mail (or in the case of Global Notes,
deliver electronically in accordance with the Applicable Procedures of the Depositary) to each Holder notice of the Default or
Event of Default within 90 days after it occurs. Except in the case of a Default or Event of Default relating to payment of principal
of, premium, if any, or interest on, any Note (including payments pursuant to the redemption or required repurchase provisions
of such Note), the Trustee may withhold the notice if and so long as its board of directors, the executive committee of its board
of directors or a committee of its Trust Officers in good faith determines that withholding the notice is in the interests of Holders.

 

Section 7.6.         
Compensation and Indemnity.

 

(a)                    
The Issuer shall pay to the Trustee from time to time compensation for its services as the Issuer and the Trustee shall
from time to time agree upon in writing. The Trustee’s compensation shall not be limited by any law on compensation of a
trustee of an express trust. The Issuer shall reimburse the Trustee upon request for all reasonable out-of-pocket expenses, disbursements
and advances incurred or made by it, including but not limited to the costs of collection, costs of preparing and reviewing reports,
certificates and other documents, costs of preparation and mailing of notices to Holders and reasonable costs of counsel (in the
case of Canadian counsel, on a solicitor-client, full-indemnity basis) retained by the Trustee in connection with the delivery
of an Opinion of Counsel or otherwise, in addition to the compensation for its services. Such expenses shall include the reasonable
compensation and expenses, disbursements and advances of the Trustee’s agents and counsel (and in the case of Canadian counsel,
on a solicitor-client, full-indemnity basis). The Issuer shall indemnify and hold harmless the Trustee (in its individual and trustee
capacities) and its officers, directors, employees, shareholders and agents against any and all loss, liability, claims, action,
suit, cost or expense (including reasonable attorneys’ fees (and in the case of Canadian attorneys, on a solicitor-client,
full-indemnity basis)) of any kind and nature whatsoever incurred by it in connection with the acceptance or administration of
this trust and the performance of its duties hereunder, including the costs and expenses of enforcing this Indenture (including
this Section 7.6) and of defending itself against any claims or liability in connection with the exercise or performance of any
of its powers or duties hereunder or thereunder (whether asserted by any Holder, the Issuer or otherwise). The Trustee shall notify
the Issuer promptly of any claim for which it may seek indemnity. Failure by the Trustee to so notify the Issuer shall not relieve
the Issuer of its obligations hereunder. The Issuer shall defend the claim and the Trustee may have separate counsel and the Issuer
shall pay the fees and expenses of such counsel (and in the case of Canadian counsel, on a solicitor-client, full-indemnity basis).
The Issuer is not required to reimburse any expense or indemnify against any loss, liability claim, suit, cost or expense incurred
by the Trustee through the Trustee’s own willful misconduct or gross negligence.

 

(b)                    
To secure the Issuer’s payment obligations in this Section 7.6, the Trustee shall have a lien prior to the Notes on
all money or property held or collected by the Trustee other than money or property held in trust to pay principal of, premium
(if any) and interest on particular Notes.

 

(c)                    
The Issuer’s payment obligations pursuant to this Section 7.6 shall survive the discharge of this Indenture and the
resignation or removal of the Trustee. When the Trustee incurs expenses after the occurrence of a Default specified in Section
6.1(7) hereof with respect to the Issuer, the expenses are intended to constitute expenses of administration under any Bankruptcy
Law.

 

 

Section 7.7.         
Replacement of Trustee.

 

(a)                    
A resignation or removal of the Trustee and appointment of a successor Trustee will become effective only upon the successor
Trustee’s acceptance of appointment as provided in this Section 7.7.

 

(b)                    
The Trustee may resign at any time by so notifying the Issuer. The Holders of a majority in outstanding principal amount
of the Notes may remove the Trustee by so notifying the Trustee and the Issuer and may appoint a successor Trustee. The Issuer
may remove the Trustee if: (i) the Trustee fails to comply with Section 7.9 hereof; (ii) the Trustee is adjudged bankrupt or insolvent;
(iii) a Custodian or other public officer takes charge of the Trustee or its property; or (iv) the Trustee otherwise becomes incapable
of acting.

 

(c)                    
If the Trustee resigns or is removed by the Issuer or by the Holders of a majority in outstanding principal amount of the
Notes and such Holders do not reasonably promptly appoint a successor Trustee, or if a vacancy exists in the office of Trustee
for any reason (the Trustee in such event being referred to herein as the retiring Trustee), the Issuer shall promptly appoint
a successor Trustee.

 

(d)                    
A successor Trustee shall deliver a written acceptance of its appointment to the retiring Trustee and to the Issuer. Thereupon
the resignation or removal of the retiring Trustee shall become effective, and the successor Trustee shall have all the rights,
powers and duties of the Trustee under this Indenture. The successor Trustee shall mail or deliver electronically a notice of its
succession to the Holders. The retiring Trustee shall promptly transfer all property held by it as Trustee to the successor Trustee,
subject to the lien provided for in Section 7.6 hereof.

 

(e)                    
If a successor Trustee does not take office within 30 days after the retiring Trustee resigns or is removed, the retiring
Trustee or the Holders of 10% in outstanding principal amount of the Notes may petition any court of competent jurisdiction for
the appointment of a successor Trustee.

 

(f)                    
If the Trustee fails to comply with Section 7.9 hereof after written notice thereto, the Holders of at least 10% in principal
amount of the then outstanding Notes may petition any court of competent jurisdiction for the removal of the Trustee and the appointment
of a successor Trustee.

 

(g)                    
Notwithstanding the replacement of the Trustee pursuant to this Section 7.7, the Issuer’s obligations under Section
7.6 hereof shall continue for the benefit of the retiring Trustee.

 

Section 7.8.         
Successor Trustee by Merger.

 

(a)                    
If the Trustee consolidates with, merges or converts into, or transfers all or substantially all its corporate trust business
or assets to, another Person, the resulting, surviving or transferee Person without any further act shall be the successor Trustee.

 

 

(b)                    
If at the time such successor or successors by merger, conversion or consolidation to the Trustee shall succeed to the trusts
created by this Indenture, any of the Notes shall have been authenticated but not delivered, any such successor to the Trustee
may adopt the certificate of authentication of any predecessor Trustee, and deliver such Notes so authenticated; and if at that
time any of the Notes shall not have been authenticated, any successor to the Trustee may authenticate such Notes either in the
name of any predecessor hereunder or in the name of the successor to the Trustee; and in all such cases such certificates shall
have the full force which it is anywhere in the Notes or in this Indenture provided that the certificate of the Trustee shall have.

 

Section 7.9.         
Eligibility; Disqualification.

 

The Trustee shall at all times satisfy the
requirements of Trust Indenture Act Section 310(a) with the same effect as if this Indenture were qualified under the Trust Indenture
Act. There shall at all times be a Trustee hereunder that is a Person organized and doing business under the laws of the U.S. or
of any state thereof that is authorized under such laws to exercise corporate trustee power, that is subject to supervision or
examination by federal or state authorities and that has a combined capital and surplus (together with its Affiliates) of at least
$15 million as set forth in its most recent published annual report of condition. The Trustee shall comply with Trust Indenture
Act Section 310(b) with the same effect as if this Indenture were qualified under the Trust Indenture Act.

 

Section 7.10.     
Preferential Collection of Claims Against Company.

 

The Trustee shall comply with Trust Indenture
Act Section 311(a), excluding any creditor relationship listed in Trust Indenture Act Section 311(b). A Trustee who has resigned
or been removed shall be subject to Trust Indenture Act Section 311(a) to the extent indicated.

 

Section 7.11.     
Collateral Documents; First Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

 

By their acceptance of the Notes, the Holders
hereby authorize and direct the Trustee and Notes Collateral Agent, as the case may be, to execute and deliver the Joinder Agreement
and any other Collateral Documents in which the Trustee or the Notes Collateral Agent, as applicable, is named as a party, including
any Collateral Documents executed on or after the Issue Date. It is hereby expressly acknowledged and agreed that, in doing so,
the Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent are not responsible for the terms or contents of such agreements, or for the validity
or enforceability thereof, or the sufficiency thereof for any purpose. Whether or not so expressly stated therein, in entering
into, or taking (or forbearing from) any action under, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement or any other Collateral Documents,
the Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent each shall have all of the rights, privileges, benefits, immunities, indemnities and
other protections granted to it under this Indenture (in addition to those that may be granted to it under the terms of such other
agreement or agreements).

 

 

Article
VIII

DISCHARGE OF INDENTURE; DEFEASANCE

 

Section 8.1.         
Discharge of Liability on Notes; Defeasance.

 

(a)                    
Subject to Section 8.1(c) hereof, this Indenture, the Note Guarantees and the Collateral Documents will cease to be of further
effect as to all Notes issued hereunder when (i) either (x) all Notes that have been authenticated, except lost, stolen or destroyed
Notes that have been replaced or paid and Notes for whose payment money has been deposited in trust and thereafter repaid to the
Issuer, have been delivered to the Trustee for cancellation or (y) all Notes that have not been delivered to the Trustee for cancellation
have become due and payable by reason of the sending of a notice of redemption or otherwise or will become due and payable within
one year and the Issuer has irrevocably deposited or caused to be deposited with the Trustee as trust funds in trust solely for
the benefit of the Holders, cash in U.S. dollars, Government Securities, or a combination of cash in U.S. dollars and Government
Securities, in amounts as will be sufficient to pay and discharge the principal, premium, if any, and accrued interest to the date
of final maturity or redemption; provided that upon any redemption that occurs prior to the Par Call Date, the amount deposited
shall be sufficient for purposes of this Indenture to the extent that an amount is deposited with the Trustee equal to the Redemption
Price calculated as of the date of the notice of redemption, with any deficit as of the Redemption Date (any such amount, the “Redemption
Price Deficit
”) only required to be deposited with the Trustee on or prior to the Redemption Date; provided, further,
that any Redemption Price Deficit shall be set forth in an Officer’s Certificate delivered to the Trustee simultaneously
with the deposit of such Redemption Price Deficit that confirms that such Redemption Price Deficit shall be applied toward such
redemption; (ii) no Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing on the date of the deposit or will occur as a result
of the deposit other than a Default or Event of Default resulting from the borrowing of funds to be applied to such deposit and
the deposit will not result in a breach or violation of, or constitute a default under, any other material instrument to which
the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary is a party or by which the Issuer or any Restricted Subsidiary is bound, (iii) the Issuer
has paid or caused to be paid all sums then payable by it under this Indenture, and (iv) the Issuer has delivered irrevocable instructions
to the Trustee to apply the deposited money toward the payment of such Notes at Stated Maturity or the Redemption Date, as the
case may be.

 

(b)                    
Subject to Section 8.2 hereof, the Issuer at its option at any time may terminate (i) all its obligations, except as specified
in Section 8.1(c) hereof, under the Notes and this Indenture, the Collateral Documents and all obligations of the Guarantors with
respect to their Note Guarantees (“legal defeasance option”), and after giving effect to such legal defeasance,
any omission to comply with such obligations shall no longer constitute a Default or Event of Default or (ii) its obligations under
Section 4.2, Section 4.3, Section 4.4, Section 4.5, Section 4.6, Section 4.7 and Section 4.16 hereof, and the Issuer may omit to
comply with and shall have no liability in respect of any term, condition or limitation set forth in any such Section, whether
directly or indirectly, by reason of any reference elsewhere herein to any such Section or by reason of any reference in any such
Section to any other provision herein or in any other document and the operation of Section 6.1(3), Section 6.1(4), Section 6.1(5),
Section 6.1(6), Section 6.1(9) and the events specified in such Sections shall no longer constitute an Event of Default (this clause
(ii) being referred to as the “covenant defeasance option”), but otherwise the remainder of this Indenture and
the Notes shall be unaffected thereby. The Issuer may exercise its legal defeasance option notwithstanding its prior exercise of
its covenant defeasance option. If the Issuer exercises its legal defeasance option or its covenant defeasance option, each Guarantor
shall be released from its obligations with respect to its Note Guarantee as provided in Section 10.10 hereof.

 

 

If the Issuer exercises its legal defeasance
option, payment of the Notes may not be accelerated because of an Event of Default. If the Issuer exercises its covenant defeasance
option, payment of the Notes may not be accelerated because of an Event of Default specified in Section 6.1(3), Section 6.1(4)
and Section 6.1(5) hereof.

 

Upon satisfaction of the conditions set
forth herein and upon request of the Issuer, the Trustee shall acknowledge in writing the discharge of those obligations that the
Issuer terminates, on demand of the Issuer (accompanied by an Officer’s Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel, each stating
that all conditions precedent provided in this Indenture relating to the legal defeasance or covenant defeasance, as the case may
be, have been complied with) and at the cost and expense of the Issuer.

 

(c)                    
Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 8.1(a) and Section 8.1(b) hereof, the obligations of the Issuer in Section 2.3,
Section 2.4, Section 2.5, Section 2.6, Section 2.7, Section 2.9, Section 7.6, Section 7.7 hereof, and in this Article VIII shall
survive until the Notes have been paid in full. Thereafter, the following provisions shall survive until otherwise terminated or
discharged hereunder:

 

(1)           
the rights of Holders to receive payments in respect of the principal of, premium, if any, and interest on such Notes when
such payments are due solely out of the trust created pursuant to this Indenture referred to in Section 8.2;

 

(2)           
the Issuer’s obligations concerning issuing temporary Notes, mutilated, destroyed, lost, or stolen Notes and the maintenance
of a register in respect of the Notes;

 

(3)           
the rights, powers, trusts, duties and immunities of the Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent, and the Issuer’s
obligations in connection therewith; and

 

(4)           
this Section 8.1.

 

Section 8.2.         
Conditions to Defeasance.

 

The Issuer may exercise its legal defeasance
option or its covenant defeasance option only if:

 

(1)           
the Issuer shall have deposited or caused to be deposited with the Trustee as trust funds or property in trust for the purpose
of making payment on such Notes an amount of cash or Government Securities as will, together with the income to accrue thereon
and reinvestment thereof, be sufficient, in the opinion of a nationally recognized investment bank, appraisal firm, or firm of
independent public accountants, to pay, satisfy and discharge the entire principal, interest, if any, premium, if any and any other
sums due to the Stated Maturity or an optional redemption date of the Notes;

 

(2)           
no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing on the date of such deposit (other than a Default or
Event of Default resulting from the borrowing of funds to be applied to such deposit and the granting of Liens to secure such borrowing);

 

 

(3)           
the Issuer shall have delivered to the Trustee an Officer’s Certificate stating that the deposit was not made by the
Issuer with the intent of preferring the Holders over its other creditors or with the intent of defeating, hindering, delaying,
or defrauding any of its other creditors or others;

 

(4)           
the Issuer shall have delivered to the Trustee, (a) an Opinion of Counsel acceptable to the Trustee in its reasonable judgment
or an advance tax ruling from the Canada Revenue Agency (or successor agency) to the effect that the Holders of outstanding Notes
will not recognize income, gain or loss for Canadian income tax purposes as a result of such legal defeasance or covenant defeasance,
as the case may be, and will be subject to Canadian federal income tax on the same amounts, in the same manner, and at the same
times as would have been the case if such legal defeasance or covenant defeasance, as the case may be, had not occurred; (b) in
the case of legal defeasance, an Opinion of Counsel acceptable to the Trustee in its reasonable judgment to the effect that (i)
the Issuer has received from, or there has been published by, the Internal Revenue Service a ruling, or (ii) since the Issue Date,
there has been a change in the applicable U.S. federal income tax law, in either case to the effect that, and based thereon such
Opinion of Counsel will confirm that, the Holders of outstanding Notes will not recognize income, gain or loss for U.S. federal
income tax purposes as a result of such legal defeasance and will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on the same amounts, in
the same manner and at the same times as would have been the case if such legal defeasance had not occurred; and (c) in the case
of covenant defeasance, an Opinion of Counsel acceptable to the Trustee in its reasonable judgment to the effect that the Holders
of outstanding Notes will not recognize income, gain or loss for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a result of such covenant
defeasance and will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on the same amounts, in the same manner and at the same times as would
have been in the case if such covenant defeasance had not occurred;

 

(5)           
the Issuer shall have satisfied the Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent that it has paid, caused to be paid or made provisions
for the payment of all applicable expenses of the Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent;

 

(6)           
such legal defeasance option or covenant defeasance option will not result in a breach or violation of, or constitute a
Default under, any material agreement or instrument (other than this Indenture) to which the Issuer or any of its Subsidiaries
is a party or by which the Issuer or any of its Subsidiaries is bound; and

 

(7)           
the Issuer shall have delivered to the Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent an Officer’s Certificate stating that
all conditions precedent relating to the legal defeasance option or the covenant defeasance option, as the case may be, have been
complied with.

 

Section 8.3.         
Delivery and Application of Trust Money.

 

The Trustee shall hold in trust money or
Government Securities deposited with it pursuant to this Article VIII. It shall apply the deposited money and the money
from Government Securities in accordance with this Indenture to the payment of principal, premium, if any, of and interest on the
Notes.

 

 

Any funds or obligations deposited with
the Trustee pursuant to this Article VIII shall be (a) denominated in the currency or denomination of the Notes in respect
of which such deposit is made, (b) irrevocable, subject to certain exceptions, and (c) made under the terms of an escrow and/or
trust agreement in form and substance satisfactory to the Trustee and which provides for the due and punctual payment of the principal
of, premium, if any, and interest on the Notes being satisfied.

 

Section 8.4.         
Repayment to Company.

 

The Trustee and each Paying Agent shall
promptly turn over to the Issuer upon receipt of an Issuer Order any excess money or securities held by them upon payment of all
the obligations under this Indenture.

 

Subject to any applicable abandoned property
law, the Trustee and each Paying Agent shall pay to the Issuer upon request any money held by them for the payment of principal
of, or premium, if any, or interest on the Notes that remains unclaimed for two years (or any such money then held by the Issuer
or any Subsidiary shall be discharged from any trust hereunder), and, thereafter, Holders entitled to the money must look to the
Issuer for payment as unsecured general creditors; provided, however, that, if any Definitive Notes are then outstanding,
the Trustee or such Paying Agent, before being required to make any such repayment, may at the expense of the Issuer cause to be
published once, in The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal (national edition), notice that such money remains unclaimed
and that, after a date specified therein, which will not be less than 30 days from the date of such notification or publication,
any unclaimed balance of such money then remaining will be repaid to the Issuer.

 

Section 8.5.         
Indemnity for Government Securities.

 

The Issuer shall pay and shall indemnify
the Trustee against any tax, fee or other charge imposed on or assessed against deposited Government Securities or the principal
and interest received on such Government Securities.

 

Section 8.6.         
Reinstatement.

 

If the Trustee or any Paying Agent is unable
to apply any money in accordance with this Article VIII by reason of any legal proceeding or any order or judgment of any
court or governmental authority enjoining, restraining or otherwise prohibiting such application, the Issuer’s and the Guarantors’
obligations under this Indenture and the affected Notes shall be revived and reinstated as though no money had been deposited pursuant
to this Article VIII until such time as the Trustee or such Paying Agent is permitted to apply all such money or Government
Securities in accordance with this Article VIII; provided that if the Issuer has made any payment in respect of principal
of, premium, if any, or interest on Notes or, as applicable, other amounts because of the reinstatement of its obligations, the
Issuer shall be subrogated to the rights of the Holders of such Notes to receive such payment from the money or Government Securities
held by the Trustee.

 

 

Article
IX

AMENDMENTS

 

Section 9.1.         
Without Consent of Holders.

 

Notwithstanding Section 9.2 of this Indenture,
the Issuer, the Guarantors, the Trustee and/or the Notes Collateral Agent may amend or supplement this Indenture, the Notes, the
Note Guarantees and the Collateral Documents without notice to or consent of any Holder:

 

(1)           
to cure any ambiguity, defect or inconsistency;

 

(2)           
to provide for uncertificated Notes in addition to or in place of certificated Notes (provided, that the uncertificated
Notes are issued in registered form for purposes of Section 163(f) of the Code);

 

(3)           
to provide for the assumption of the Issuer’s or a Guarantor’s obligations to Holders of Notes in the case of
an amalgamation, merger or consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of the Issuer’s or a Guarantor’s assets
or otherwise to comply with Section 5.1;

 

(4)           
to add a co-issuer of the Notes, to add any additional Guarantors or to evidence the release of any Guarantor from its obligations
under its Note Guarantee to the extent that such release is permitted by this Indenture, or to secure the Notes and the Note Guarantees
or add collateral with respect to the Notes;

 

(5)           
to conform the text of this Indenture, the Notes, the Note Guarantees or the Collateral Documents to any provision of the
Description of Notes” set forth in the Offering Memorandum to the extent that such provision was intended to
be a verbatim recitation of a provision of this Indenture, the Notes, the Note Guarantees or the Collateral Documents;

 

(6)           
to provide for the issuance of Additional Notes in accordance with the limitations set forth in this Indenture;

 

(7)           
to surrender any right or power conferred upon the Issuer or make any change that would provide any additional rights or
benefits to the Holders of Notes or that does not materially adversely affect the legal rights under this Indenture of any such
Holder;

 

(8)           
to evidence or provide for the acceptance of appointment under this Indenture of a successor Trustee;

 

(9)           
to mortgage, pledge, hypothecate or grant any other Lien in favor of the Trustee and/or the Notes Collateral Agent for the
benefit of the Notes Secured Parties, as additional security for the payment and performance of all or any portion of the Notes
Obligations, in any property or assets, including any which are required to be mortgaged, pledged or hypothecated, or in which
a Lien is required to be granted to or for the benefit of the Trustee or the Notes Collateral Agent pursuant to this Indenture,
any of the Collateral Documents or otherwise;

 

(10)           
to add Additional First Lien Secured Parties to any Collateral Documents;

 

 

(11)           
to enter into any intercreditor agreement having substantially similar terms with respect to the Holders as those set forth
in the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, taken as a whole, or any joinder thereto; and

 

(12)           
in the case of any Collateral Document, to include therein any legend required to be set forth therein pursuant to the First
Lien Intercreditor Agreement or to modify any such legend as required by the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

 

Section 9.2.         
With Consent of Holders.

 

(a)                    
Except as provided in this Section 9.2, the Issuer, the Guarantors and the Trustee with the affirmative votes of the Holders
of at least a majority in principal amount of the Notes represented and voting at a meeting of Holders, or by a resolution in writing
of the Holders of at least a majority in principal amount of the Notes then outstanding (including, without limitation, consents
obtained in connection with a purchase of, or offer to purchase, or exchange offer for, Notes):

 

(1)           
this Indenture, the Notes, the Note Guarantees and the Collateral Documents may each be amended or supplemented; and

 

(2)           
any existing Default or Event of Default or lack of compliance with any provision of this Indenture, the Notes, the Note
Guarantees or the Collateral Documents may be waived.

 

(b)                    
Without the consent of, or a resolution passed by the affirmative votes of or signed by, each Holder affected, an amendment,
supplement or waiver may not (with respect to any Notes held by a non-consenting Holder):

 

(1)           
reduce the principal amount of Notes whose Holders must consent to an amendment, supplement or waiver;

 

(2)           
reduce the principal of any Note or change the time for payment thereof;

 

(3)           
reduce the rate of or change the time for payment of interest on any Note;

 

(4)           
make any Note payable in a currency other than that stated in the Notes;

 

(5)           
waive a Default or Event of Default in the payment of principal of, or interest or premium, if any, on the Notes (except
a rescission of acceleration of the Notes by the Holders of at least a majority in aggregate principal amount of the Notes and
a waiver of the payment default that resulted from such acceleration);

 

(6)           
amend the contractual right expressly set forth in this Indenture and the Notes of any Holder to institute suit for the
enforcement of any payment of principal, premium, if any, and interest on such Holders’ Notes on or after the due dates therefor;

 

(7)           
modify or change any provision of this Indenture or the related definitions affecting the ranking of the Notes or any Note
Guarantee in any manner adverse to the Holders;

 

 

(8)           
release any Guarantor from any of its obligations under its Note Guarantee or this Indenture otherwise than in accordance
with the terms of this Indenture; or

 

(9)           
modify these amending provisions.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, without the
consent of the Holders of at least 66⅔% in aggregate principal amount of the Notes then outstanding, no amendment or waiver
may (A) make any change in any Collateral Document or the provisions in this Indenture dealing with Collateral or application of
trust proceeds of the Collateral with the effect of releasing the Liens on all or substantially all of the Collateral which secure
the obligations in respect of the Notes or (B) change or alter the priority of the Liens securing the Notes Obligations in respect
of the Notes in any material portion of the Collateral in any way adverse to the Holders in any material respect, other than, in
each case, as provided under the terms of the Collateral Documents or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

 

Any item of business referred to in this
Indenture requiring the written approval or consent of the Holders may be obtained by means of the affirmative vote of the requisite
Holders represented at a duly constituted meeting of Holders or a resolution in writing of the requisite Holders of Notes then
outstanding.

 

The consent of the Holders is not necessary
under this Indenture to approve the particular form of any proposed amendment or waiver. It is sufficient if the consent approves
the substance of the proposed amendment or waiver.

 

After an amendment, supplement or waiver
under this Section 9.2 becomes effective, the Issuer shall send to each Holder of Notes affected thereby a notice briefly describing
such amendment. The failure to give such notice to any or all Holders, or any defect therein, shall not impair or affect the validity
of any amendment, supplement or waiver under this Section 9.2.

 

Section 9.3.         
Revocation and Effect of Consents.

 

Until an amendment, supplement or waiver
becomes effective, a consent to it by a Holder of a Note is a continuing consent by the Holder of a Note and every subsequent Holder
of a Note or portion of a Note that evidences the same debt as the consenting Holder’s Note, even if notation of the consent
is not made on any Note. However, any such Holder of a Note or subsequent Holder of a Note may revoke the consent as to its Note
if the Trustee receives written notice of revocation before the date the amendment, supplement or waiver becomes effective. An
amendment, supplement or waiver becomes effective in accordance with its terms and thereafter binds every Holder.

 

The Issuers may, but shall not be obligated
to, fix a record date for the purpose of determining the Holders entitled to consent to any amendment, supplement, or waiver. If
a record date is fixed, then, notwithstanding the preceding paragraph, those Persons who were Holders at such record date (or their
duly designated proxies), and only such Persons, shall be entitled to consent to such amendment, supplement, or waiver or to revoke
any consent previously given, whether or not such Persons continue to be Holders after such record date. No such consent shall
be valid or effective for more than 120 days after such record date unless the consent of the requisite number of Holders has been
obtained.

 

 

Section 9.4.         
Notation on or Exchange of Notes.

 

If an amendment or supplement changes the
terms of a Note, the Trustee may require the Holder of the Note to deliver it to the Trustee. The Trustee may place an appropriate
notation on the Note regarding the changed terms and return it to the Holder. Alternatively, if the Issuer or the Trustee so determines,
the Issuer in exchange for the Note shall issue and the Trustee, upon receipt of an Issuer Order, shall authenticate a new Note
that reflects the changed terms, but the failure to make the appropriate notation or to issue a new Note shall not affect the validity
and effect of such amendment or supplement.

 

Section 9.5.         
Trustee to Sign Amendments.

 

The Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent
shall sign any amendment or supplement authorized pursuant to this Article IX if the amendment or supplement does not adversely
affect the rights, duties, powers, liabilities or immunities of the Trustee or the Notes Collateral Agent, as applicable. If it
does, the Trustee may but need not sign it. In signing any amendment or supplement the Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent shall
receive, and (subject to Section 7.1 hereof) shall be fully protected in relying upon, an Officer’s Certificate and an Opinion
of Counsel, each stating that the execution of such amendment or supplement is authorized or permitted by this Indenture.

 

Article
X

NOTE GUARANTEES

 

Section 10.1.     
Note Guarantees.

 

Subject to this Article X, each of the Guarantors
hereby, jointly and severally, unconditionally guarantees to each Holder and to the Trustee and its successors and assigns, irrespective
of the validity and enforceability of this Indenture, the Notes or the obligations of the Issuer hereunder or thereunder, the full
and punctual payment of principal of, premium (if any) and interest on the Notes when due, whether at Stated Maturity, or upon
redemption, required repurchase pursuant to Section 4.5 or Section 4.7 hereof, acceleration or otherwise, and all other monetary
obligations owing by the Issuer under this Indenture (including obligations owing to the Trustee) and the Notes (all the foregoing
being hereinafter collectively called the “Obligations”). The Guarantors further agree that the Obligations
may be extended or renewed, in whole or in part, without notice or further assent from the Guarantors, and that the Guarantors
will remain bound under this Article X notwithstanding any extension or renewal of any Obligation. Failing payment when due of
any amount so guaranteed for whatever reason, the Guarantors shall be jointly and severally obligated to promptly pay the same.
Each Guarantor agrees that this is a guarantee of payment and not a guarantee of collection. All payments under each Note Guarantee
will be made in U.S. dollars.

 

 

The Guarantors waive presentation to, demand
of payment from and protest to the Issuer of any of the Obligations and also waive notice of protest for nonpayment. The Guarantors
waive notice of any Default under the Notes or the Obligations. The obligations of the Guarantors hereunder shall not be affected
by: (i) the failure of any Holder or the Trustee to assert any claim or demand or to enforce any right or remedy against the Issuer
or any other Person under this Indenture, the Notes, the Note Guarantees or any other agreement or otherwise; (ii) any extension
or renewal of any Obligation; (iii) any rescission, waiver, amendment, modification or supplement of any of the terms or provisions
of this Indenture (other than this Article X), the Notes, the Note Guarantees or any other agreement; (iv) the release of security,
if any, held by any Holder or the Trustee for the Obligations or any of them; (v) the failure of any Holder or the Trustee to exercise
any right or remedy against any other guarantor of the Obligations; (vi) any change in the ownership of the Issuer; or (vii) any
other act or thing or omission or delay to do any other act or thing which may or might in any manner or to any extent vary the
risk of the Guarantors or would otherwise operate as a discharge of the Guarantors as a matter of law or equity, except for payment
of the Notes in full.

 

The Guarantors, jointly and severally, further
agree that their Note Guarantees herein constitute a guarantee of payment when due (and not a guarantee of collection) and waive
any right to require that any resort be had by any Holder or the Trustee to security, if any, held for payment of the Obligations.

 

The obligations of the Guarantors hereunder
shall not be subject to any reduction, limitation, impairment or termination for any reason (except to the extent provided in Section
10.2 hereof), including any claim of waiver, release, surrender, alteration or compromise, and shall not be subject to any defense,
setoff, counterclaim, recoupment or termination whatsoever or by reason of the invalidity, illegality or unenforceability of the
Obligations or otherwise.

 

The Guarantors, jointly and severally, further
agree that their Note Guarantees herein shall continue to be effective or be reinstated, as the case may be, if at any time payment,
or any part thereof, of any Obligation is rescinded or must otherwise be restored by any Holder or the Trustee upon the bankruptcy
or reorganization of the Issuer or otherwise.

 

In furtherance of the foregoing and not
in limitation of any other right which any Holder or the Trustee has at law or in equity against the Guarantors by virtue hereof,
upon the failure of the Issuer to pay any Obligation when and as the same shall become due, whether at Stated Maturity, upon redemption,
required repurchase, acceleration or otherwise, the Guarantors hereby promise to and will, upon receipt of written demand by the
Trustee, forthwith pay, or cause to be paid, in cash, to the Trustee an amount equal to the sum of (i) the unpaid principal amount
of such Obligations, (ii) accrued and unpaid interest on such Obligations (but only to the extent not prohibited by law) and (iii)
all other monetary Obligations of the Issuer to the Holders and the Trustee.

 

The Guarantors, jointly and severally, agree
that, as between the Guarantors, on the one hand, and the Holders and the Trustee, on the other hand, (x) the maturity of the Obligations
may be accelerated as provided in Article VI for the purposes of the Note Guarantee herein, notwithstanding any stay, injunction
or other prohibition preventing such acceleration in respect of the Obligations, and (y) in the event of any declaration of acceleration
of such Obligations as provided in Article VI, such Obligations (whether or not due and payable) shall forthwith become due and
payable by the Guarantors for the purposes of this Section 10.1.

 

 

The Guarantors, jointly and severally, also
agree to pay any and all costs and expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees) incurred by the Trustee or any Holder
in enforcing any rights under this Section 10.1.

 

The Note Guarantee issued by any Guarantor
shall be a general senior secured obligation of such Guarantor and shall be pari passu in right of payment with all existing and
future senior Indebtedness of such Guarantor, if any.

 

Section 10.2.     
Limitation on Liability.

 

Each Guarantor, and by its acceptance of
Notes, each Holder, hereby confirms that it is the intention of all such parties that the Note Guarantee of such Guarantor not
constitute a fraudulent transfer or conveyance for purposes of Bankruptcy Law, the Uniform Fraudulent Conveyance Act, the Uniform
Fraudulent Transfer Act, the Fraudulent Preferences Act (Alberta), the Statute of Elizabeth or any similar federal, provincial
or state law to the extent applicable to any Note Guarantee. To effectuate the foregoing intention, the Trustee, the Holders and
the Guarantors hereby irrevocably agree that the obligations of each Guarantor will be limited to the maximum amount that will,
after giving effect to such maximum amount and all other contingent and fixed liabilities of such Guarantor that are relevant under
such laws, and after giving effect to any collections from, rights to receive contribution from or payments made by or on behalf
of any other Guarantor in respect of the obligations of such other Guarantor under this Article X, result in the obligations of
such Guarantor under its Note Guarantee not constituting a fraudulent transfer or conveyance.

 

Section 10.3.     
Execution and Delivery of Note Guarantee.

 

To evidence its Note Guarantee set forth
in Section 10.1, each Guarantor hereby agrees that this Indenture (or a supplemental indenture substantially in form of Exhibit
D
hereof) will be executed on behalf of such Guarantor by one of its Officers.

 

Each Guarantor hereby agrees that its Note
Guarantee set forth in Section 10.1 will remain in full force and effect notwithstanding any absence of a notation of such Note
Guarantee on any Note.

 

If an officer whose signature is on this
Indenture (or a supplemental indenture substantially in form of Exhibit D hereof) no longer holds that office at the time
the Trustee authenticates a Note, the Note Guarantee of such Guarantor shall be valid nevertheless.

 

The delivery of any Note by the Trustee,
after the authentication thereof hereunder, will constitute due delivery of the Note Guarantee set forth in this Indenture on behalf
of the Guarantors.

 

In the event that the Issuer or any of its
Restricted Subsidiaries acquires or creates another Restricted Subsidiary after the Issue Date, the Issuer shall comply with the
provisions of Section 4.6 hereof and this Article X, to the extent applicable.

 

 

Section 10.4.     
Successors and Assigns.

 

Except as otherwise provided in Section
10.9 hereof, this Article X shall be binding upon the Guarantors and their successors and assigns and shall inure to the benefit
of the successors and assigns of the Trustee and the Holders and, in the event of any transfer or assignment of rights in accordance
with the terms of this Indenture by any Holder or the Trustee, the rights and privileges conferred upon that party in this Indenture
and in the Notes shall automatically extend to and be vested in such transferee or assignee, all subject to the terms and conditions
of this Indenture, the Notes and the Note Guarantees.

 

Section 10.5.     
No Waiver.

 

Neither a failure nor a delay on the part
of either the Trustee or the Holders in exercising any right, power or privilege under this Article X shall operate as a waiver
thereof, nor shall a single or partial exercise thereof preclude any other or further exercise of any right, power or privilege.
The rights, remedies and benefits of the Trustee and the Holders herein expressly specified are cumulative and not exclusive of
any other rights, remedies or benefits which either may have under this Article X at law, in equity, by statute or otherwise.

 

Section 10.6.     
Right of Contribution.

 

Each Guarantor hereby agrees that to the
extent that a Guarantor shall have paid more than its proportionate share of any payment made hereunder, such Guarantor shall be
entitled to seek and receive contribution from and against any other Guarantor hereunder who has not paid its proportionate share
of such payment. Each Guarantor’s right of contribution shall be subject to the terms and conditions of this Article X. The
provisions of this Section 10.6 shall in no respect limit the obligations and liabilities of any Guarantor to the Trustee and the
Holders and each Guarantor shall remain liable to the Trustee and the Holders for the full amount guaranteed by such Guarantor
hereunder.

 

Section 10.7.     
No Subrogation.

 

Notwithstanding any payment or payments
made by any of the Guarantors hereunder, no Guarantor shall be entitled to exercise any rights of subrogation it may have to any
of the rights of the Trustee or any Holder against the Issuer or any other Guarantor or any collateral security or guarantee or
right of offset held by the Trustee or any Holder for the payment of the Obligations, nor shall any Guarantor seek or be entitled
to seek any contribution or reimbursement from the Issuer or any other Guarantor in respect of payments made by such Guarantor
hereunder, until all amounts owing to the Trustee and the Holders by the Issuer on account of the Obligations are paid in full.
If any amount shall be paid to any Guarantor on account of such subrogation rights at any time when all of the Obligations shall
not have been paid in full, such amount shall be held by such Guarantor in trust for the Trustee and the Holders, segregated from
other funds of such Guarantor, and shall, forthwith upon receipt by such Guarantor, be turned over to the Trustee in the exact
form received by such Guarantor (duly indorsed by such Guarantor to the Trustee, if required), to be applied against the Obligations.

 

 

Section 10.8.     
Benefits Acknowledged.

 

Each Guarantor acknowledges that it will
receive direct and indirect benefits from the financing arrangements contemplated by this Indenture and that the guarantee and
waivers made by it pursuant to its Note Guarantee are knowingly made in contemplation of such benefits.

 

Section 10.9.     
Modification.

 

No modification, amendment or waiver of
any provision of this Article X, nor the consent to any departure by the Guarantors therefrom, shall in any event be effective
unless the same shall be made in accordance with Article IX hereof. No notice to or demand on the Guarantors in any case shall
entitle the Guarantors to any other or further notice or demand in the same, similar or other circumstances.

 

Section 10.10. 
Release of Note Guarantees.

 

(a)                    
A Guarantor will be released from its obligations under its Note Guarantee upon the occurrence of any of the following:

 

(1)           
in the event of (i) a sale or other disposition of all or substantially all of the assets of such Guarantor, by way of consolidation,
merger, amalgamation, dividend, distribution or otherwise, to a Person that is not (either before or after giving effect to such
transaction) the Issuer or a Restricted Subsidiary, provided that upon the completion of such sale or other disposition,
such Guarantor ceases to exist, or (ii) a sale or other disposition of the Capital Stock of such Guarantor such that it ceases
to be a Restricted Subsidiary, in the case of each of the foregoing clauses (i) and (ii) to the extent that such sale or other
disposition is permitted under this Indenture;

 

(2)           
the release or discharge of the guarantee by, or direct obligation of, such Guarantor with respect to its obligations under
the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement (including as a result of such Guarantor being designated as an “Unrestricted Subsidiary”
under the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement), except a discharge or release by or a result of payment under such guarantee
or direct obligation;

 

(3)           
if such Guarantor is designated as an Unrestricted Subsidiary in accordance with the applicable provisions of the 2026 Secured
Notes Indenture, upon the effectiveness of such designation;

 

(4)           
upon payment in full in cash of the principal of, accrued and unpaid interest and premium (if any) on, the Notes; or

 

(5)           
upon the Issuer exercising its legal defeasance or covenant defeasance option in accordance with Section 8.1(b) hereof or
the Issuer’s obligations under this Indenture otherwise being discharged in accordance with the terms of this Indenture.

 

(b)                    
Upon delivery by the Issuer to the Trustee of an Officer’s Certificate stating that any of the conditions described
in Sections 10.10(a)(1) through (a)(5) has occurred, the Trustee shall execute any supplemental indenture or other documents reasonably
requested by the Issuer in order to evidence the release of any Guarantor from its obligations under its Note Guarantee and this
Indenture.

 

 

 

Article
XI

COLLATERAL

 

Section 11.1.     
Collateral Documents.

 

The due and punctual payment of the principal
of, premium and interest on the Notes when and as the same shall be due and payable, whether on an Interest Payment Date, at maturity,
by acceleration, repurchase, redemption or otherwise, and interest on the overdue principal of, premium and interest on the Notes
and performance of all other Notes Obligations of the Issuer and the Guarantors to the Holders, the Trustee or the Notes Collateral
Agent under this Indenture, the Notes, the Note Guarantees, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and the Collateral Documents,
according to the terms hereunder or thereunder, shall be secured as provided in the Collateral Documents, which provide for the
terms of the Liens that secure the Notes Obligations, subject to the terms of the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement. The Trustee,
the Issuer and the Guarantors hereby acknowledge and agree that the Notes Collateral Agent holds the Collateral in trust for the
benefit of the Notes Secured Parties and pursuant to the terms of the Collateral Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement.
Each Holder, by accepting a Note, consents and agrees to the terms of the Collateral Documents (including the provisions providing
for the possession, use, release and foreclosure of Collateral) and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement as the same may be in
effect or may be amended from time to time in accordance with their terms and this Indenture, and authorizes and directs the Notes
Collateral Agent to enter into the Collateral Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement on and after the Issue Date
and to perform its obligations and exercise its rights thereunder in accordance therewith. The Issuer shall deliver to the Notes
Collateral Agent copies of all documents required to be filed pursuant to the Collateral Documents, and will do or cause to be
done all such acts and things as may be reasonably required by the next sentence of this Section 11.1, to assure and confirm to
the Notes Collateral Agent the security interest in the Collateral contemplated hereby, by the Collateral Documents or any part
thereof, as from time to time constituted, so as to render the same available for the security and benefit of this Indenture and
of the Notes secured hereby, according to the intent and purposes herein expressed. On or following the Issue Date and subject
to the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, the Collateral Documents and this Indenture, the Issuer and the Guarantors shall execute
any and all further documents, financing statements (including continuation statements and amendments to financing statements),
agreements and instruments, and take all further action that may be reasonably required under applicable law, in order to grant,
preserve, maintain, protect and perfect (or continue the perfection of) the validity and priority of the Liens and security interests
created or intended to be created by the Collateral Documents in the Collateral, including by causing the Collateral Requirement
to be and remain satisfied; provided that for so long as there are outstanding any First Lien Revolving Credit Obligations
or First Lien Term Loan Obligations, no actions shall be required to be taken with respect to the perfection of the security interests
in the Collateral to the extent such actions are not required to be taken with respect to the First Lien Revolving Credit Obligations
or First Lien Term Loan Obligations, as applicable. Such security interests and Liens will be created under the Collateral Documents
and other security agreements, mortgages, deeds of trust and other instruments and documents. With respect to Collateral constituting
Material Real Property, the Issuer shall cause the Collateral Requirement to be satisfied within 90 days after the Issue Date.

 

 

Section 11.2.     
Release of Collateral.

 

(a)              
Collateral may be released from the Lien and security interest created by the Collateral Documents at any time and from time to
time in accordance with the provisions of the Collateral Documents, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and this Indenture.
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the Collateral Documents, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and this Indenture,
the Issuer and the Guarantors will be entitled to the automatic release of property and other assets constituting Collateral from
the Liens securing the Notes and the Notes Obligations under any one or more of the following circumstances:

 

(1)           
to consummate the sale, transfer or other disposition (including by the termination of capital leases or the repossession
of the leased property in a capital lease by the lessor) of such property or assets (to a Person that is not the Issuer or a Subsidiary
of the Issuer) to the extent not prohibited under Section 4.5;

 

(2)           
in the case of a Guarantor that is released from its Guarantee with respect to the Notes pursuant to this Indenture, the
release of the property and assets of such Guarantor;

 

(3)           
the release of Excess Proceeds or Collateral Excess Proceeds that remain unexpended after the conclusion of an Asset Sale
Offer conducted in accordance with this Indenture;

 

(4)           
if and to the extent such property constitutes an Excluded Asset; or

 

(5)           
as described under Article IX.

 

(b)              
The Liens on the Collateral securing the Notes and the Note Guarantees also will be released:

 

(1)           
upon payment in full of the principal of, together with accrued and unpaid interest on, the Notes and all other Notes Obligations
under this Indenture, the Note Guarantees and the Collateral Documents that are due and payable at or prior to the time such principal,
together with accrued and unpaid interest;

 

(2)           
upon a legal defeasance or covenant defeasance under this Indenture as described under Article VII, or a discharge of this
Indenture as described under Section 8.1; or

 

(3)           
pursuant to the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

 

(c)              
With respect to any release of Collateral, upon receipt of an Officer’s Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel each
stating that all conditions precedent under this Indenture, the Collateral Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement,
as applicable, to such release have been met and that it is permitted for the Trustee and/or Notes Collateral Agent to execute
and deliver the documents requested by the Issuer in connection with such release and any necessary or proper instruments of termination,
satisfaction or release prepared by the Issuer, the Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent shall, execute, deliver or acknowledge
(at the Issuer’s expense) such instruments or releases to evidence the release of any Collateral permitted to be released
pursuant to this Indenture or the Collateral Documents or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and shall do or cause to be done
(at the Issuer’s expense) all acts reasonably requested of them to release such Lien as soon as is reasonably practicable.
Neither the Trustee nor the Notes Collateral Agent shall be liable for any such release undertaken in reliance upon any such Officer’s
Certificate or Opinion of Counsel, and notwithstanding any term hereof or in any Collateral Document or in the First Lien Intercreditor
Agreement to the contrary, the Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent shall not be under any obligation to release any such Lien
and security interest, or execute and deliver any such instrument of release, satisfaction or termination, unless and until it
receives such Officer’s Certificate and Opinion of Counsel, upon which it shall be entitled to conclusively rely.

 

 

Section 11.3.     
Suits to Protect the Collateral.

 

Subject to the provisions of VII and the
Collateral Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, the Trustee may or may direct the Notes Collateral Agent to take
all actions it determines in order to:

 

(a)                    
enforce any of the terms of the Collateral Documents; and

 

(b)                    
collect and receive any and all amounts payable in respect of the Notes Obligations hereunder.

 

Subject to the provisions of the Collateral
Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, the Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent, at the Issuer’s sole cost
and expense, shall have power to institute and to maintain such suits and proceedings as the Trustee may determine to prevent any
impairment of the Collateral by any acts which may be unlawful or in violation of any of the Collateral Documents or this Indenture,
and such suits and proceedings as the Trustee may determine to preserve or protect its interests and the interests of the Holders
in the Collateral. Nothing in this Section 11.3 shall be considered to impose any such duty or obligation to act on the part of
the Trustee or the Notes Collateral Agent.

 

Section 11.4.     
Authorization of Receipt of Funds by the Trustee Under the Collateral Documents.

 

Subject to the provisions of the First
Lien Intercreditor Agreement, the Trustee is authorized to receive any funds for the benefit of the Holders distributed under the
Collateral Documents, and to make further distributions of such funds to the Holders according to the provisions of this Indenture.

 

Section 11.5.     
Purchaser Protected.

 

In no event shall any purchaser in good
faith of any property purported to be released hereunder be bound to ascertain the authority of the Notes Collateral Agent or the
Trustee to execute the applicable release or to inquire as to the satisfaction of any conditions required by the provisions hereof
for the exercise of such authority or to see to the application of any consideration given by such purchaser or other transferee;
nor shall any purchaser or other transferee of any property or rights permitted by this Article XI to be sold be under any obligation
to ascertain or inquire into the authority of the Issuer or the applicable Guarantor to make any such sale or other transfer.

 

 

Section 11.6.     
Powers Exercisable by Receiver or Trustee.

 

In case the Collateral shall be in the
possession of a receiver or trustee, lawfully appointed, the powers conferred in this Article XI upon the Issuer or a Guarantor
with respect to the release, sale or other disposition of such property may be exercised by such receiver or trustee, and an instrument
signed by such receiver or trustee shall be deemed the equivalent of any similar instrument of the Issuer or a Guarantor or of
any Officer or Officers thereof required by the provisions of this Article XI; and if the Trustee or Notes Collateral Agent shall
be in the possession of the Collateral under any provision of this Indenture, then such powers may be exercised by the Trustee
or the Notes Collateral Agent.

 

Section 11.7.     
[Reserved]

 

Section 11.8.     
Notes Collateral Agent.

 

(a)                    
The Issuer and each of the Holders by acceptance of the Notes hereby designates and appoints the Notes Collateral Agent
as its agent under this Indenture, the Collateral Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, and the Issuer and each
of the Holders by acceptance of the Notes hereby irrevocably authorizes the Notes Collateral Agent to take such action on its behalf
under the provisions of this Indenture, the Collateral Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and to exercise such
powers and perform such duties as are expressly delegated to the Notes Collateral Agent by the terms of this Indenture, the Collateral
Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, and consents and agrees to the terms of the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement
and each Collateral Document, as the same may be in effect or may be amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from
time to time in accordance with their respective terms. The Notes Collateral Agent agrees to act as such on the express conditions
contained in this Section 11.8. Each Holder agrees that any action taken by the Notes Collateral Agent in accordance with the provision
of this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and the Collateral Documents, and the exercise by the Notes Collateral
Agent of any rights or remedies set forth herein and therein shall be authorized and binding upon all Holders. Notwithstanding
any provision to the contrary contained elsewhere in this Indenture, the Collateral Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor
Agreement, the duties of the Notes Collateral Agent shall be ministerial and administrative in nature, and the Notes Collateral
Agent shall not have any duties or responsibilities, except those expressly set forth herein and in the Collateral Documents and
the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement to which the Notes Collateral Agent is a party, nor shall the Notes Collateral Agent have
or be deemed to have any trust or other fiduciary relationship with the Trustee, any Holder or any Grantor, and no implied covenants,
functions, responsibilities, duties, obligations or liabilities shall be read into this Indenture, the Collateral Documents and
the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement or otherwise exist against the Notes Collateral Agent. Without limiting the generality of
the foregoing sentence, the use of the term “agent” in this Indenture with reference to the Notes Collateral Agent
is not intended to connote any fiduciary or other implied (or express) obligations arising under agency doctrine of any applicable
law. Instead, such term is used merely as a matter of market custom, and is intended to create or reflect only an administrative
relationship between independent contracting parties.

 

 

(b)                    
The Notes Collateral Agent may perform any of its duties under this Indenture, the Collateral Documents or the First Lien
Intercreditor Agreement by or through receivers, agents, employees, attorneys-in-fact or with respect to any specified Person,
such Person’s Affiliates, and the respective officers, directors, employees, agents, advisors and attorneys-in-fact of such
Person and its Affiliates (a “Related Person”), and shall be entitled to advice of counsel concerning all matters
pertaining to such duties, and shall be entitled to act upon, and shall be fully protected in taking action in reliance upon any
advice or opinion given by legal counsel. The Notes Collateral Agent shall not be responsible for the negligence or misconduct
of any receiver, agent, employee, attorney-in-fact or Related Person that it selects as long as such selection was made in good
faith and with due care.

 

(c)                    
None of the Notes Collateral Agent or any of its respective Related Persons shall (i) be liable for any action taken or
omitted to be taken by any of them under or in connection with this Indenture or the transactions contemplated hereby (except for
its own gross negligence or willful misconduct) or under or in connection with any Collateral Document or the First Lien Intercreditor
Agreement or the transactions contemplated thereby (except for its own gross negligence or willful misconduct), or (ii) be responsible
in any manner to any of the Trustee or any Holder for any recital, statement, representation, warranty, covenant or agreement made
by the Issuer or any other Grantor or Affiliate of any Grantor, or any Officer or Related Person thereof, contained in this Indenture,
the Collateral Documents or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, or in any certificate, report, statement or other document
referred to or provided for in, or received by the Notes Collateral Agent under or in connection with, this Indenture, the Collateral
Documents or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, or the validity, effectiveness, genuineness, enforceability or sufficiency
of this Indenture, the Collateral Documents or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, or for any failure of any Grantor or any
other party to this Indenture, the Collateral Documents or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement to perform its obligations hereunder
or thereunder. None of the Notes Collateral Agent or any of its respective Related Persons shall be under any obligation to the
Trustee or any Holder to ascertain or to inquire as to the observance or performance of any of the agreements contained in, or
conditions of, this Indenture, the Collateral Documents or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement or to inspect the properties,
books, or records of any Grantor or any Grantor’s Affiliates.

 

(d)                    
The Notes Collateral Agent shall be entitled to rely, and shall be fully protected in relying, upon any writing, resolution,
notice, consent, certificate, affidavit, letter, telegram, facsimile, certification, telephone message, statement, or other communication,
document or conversation (including those by telephone or e-mail) believed by it to be genuine and correct and to have been signed,
sent, or made by the proper Person or Persons, and upon advice and statements of legal counsel (including, without limitation,
counsel to the Issuer or any other Grantor), independent accountants and other experts and advisors selected by the Notes Collateral
Agent. The Notes Collateral Agent shall not be bound to make any investigation into the facts or matters stated in any resolution,
certificate, statement, instrument, opinion, report, notice, request, direction, consent, order, bond, debenture, or other paper
or document. The Notes Collateral Agent shall be fully justified in failing or refusing to take any action under this Indenture,
the Collateral Documents or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement unless it shall first receive such advice or concurrence of
the Trustee or the Holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the Notes as it determines and, if it so requests, it
shall first be indemnified to its satisfaction by the Holders against any and all liability and expense which may be incurred by
it by reason of taking or continuing to take any such action. The Notes Collateral Agent shall in all cases be fully protected
in acting, or in refraining from acting, under this Indenture, the Collateral Documents or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement
in accordance with a request, direction, instruction or consent of the Trustee or the Holders of a majority in aggregate principal
amount of the then outstanding Notes and such request and any action taken or failure to act pursuant thereto shall be binding
upon all of the Holders.

 

 

(e)                    
The Notes Collateral Agent shall not be deemed to have knowledge or notice of the occurrence of any Default or Event of
Default, unless a responsible officer of the Notes Collateral Agent shall have received written notice from the Trustee or the
Issuer referring to this Indenture, describing such Default or Event of Default and stating that such notice is a “notice
of default.” The Notes Collateral Agent shall take such action with respect to such Default or Event of Default as may be
requested by the Trustee in accordance with Article VI or the Holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the Notes
(subject to this Section 11.8).

 

(f)                    
The Notes Collateral Agent may resign at any time by 30 days’ written notice to the Trustee and the Issuer, such resignation
to be effective upon the acceptance of a successor agent to its appointment as Notes Collateral Agent. If the Notes Collateral
Agent resigns under this Indenture, the Issuer shall appoint a successor collateral agent. If no successor collateral agent is
appointed prior to the intended effective date of the resignation of the Notes Collateral Agent (as stated in the notice of resignation),
the Trustee, at the direction of the Holders of a majority of the aggregate principal amount of the Notes then outstanding, may
appoint a successor collateral agent, subject to the consent of the Issuer (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld and
which shall not be required during a continuing Event of Default). If no successor collateral agent is appointed and consented
to by the Issuer pursuant to the preceding sentence within thirty (30) days after the intended effective date of resignation (as
stated in the notice of resignation) the Notes Collateral Agent shall be entitled to petition a court of competent jurisdiction
to appoint a successor. Upon the acceptance of its appointment as successor collateral agent hereunder, such successor collateral
agent shall succeed to all the rights, powers and duties of the retiring Notes Collateral Agent, and the term “Notes Collateral
Agent” shall mean such successor collateral agent, and the retiring Notes Collateral Agent’s appointment, powers and
duties as the Notes Collateral Agent shall be terminated. After the retiring Notes Collateral Agent’s resignation hereunder,
the provisions of this Section 11.8 (and Section 7.6) shall continue to inure to its benefit and the retiring Notes Collateral
Agent shall not by reason of such resignation be deemed to be released from liability as to any actions taken or omitted to be
taken by it while it was the Notes Collateral Agent under this Indenture.

 

(g)                    
Computershare Trust Company, N.A. shall initially act as Notes Collateral Agent and shall be authorized to appoint co-Notes
Collateral Agents as necessary in its sole discretion. Except as otherwise explicitly provided herein or in the Collateral Documents
or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, neither the Notes Collateral Agent nor any of its respective officers, directors, employees
or agents or other Related Persons shall be liable for failure to demand, collect or realize upon any of the Collateral or for
any delay in doing so or shall be under any obligation to sell or otherwise dispose of any Collateral upon the request of any other
Person or to take any other action whatsoever with regard to the Collateral or any part thereof. The Notes Collateral Agent shall
be accountable only for amounts that it actually receives as a result of the exercise of such powers, and neither the Notes Collateral
Agent nor any of its officers, directors, employees or agents shall be responsible for any act or failure to act hereunder, except
for its own gross negligence or willful misconduct.

 

 

(h)                    
The Notes Collateral Agent is authorized and directed to (i) enter into the Collateral Documents to which it is party, whether
executed on or after the Issue Date, (ii) enter into the Joinder Agreement, (iii) make the representations of the Holders set forth
in the Collateral Documents and First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, (iv) bind the Holders on the terms as set forth in the Collateral
Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and (v) perform and observe its obligations under the Collateral Documents
and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

 

(i)                    
If at any time or times the Trustee shall receive (i) by payment, foreclosure, set-off or otherwise, any proceeds of Collateral
or any payments with respect to the Notes Obligations arising under, or relating to, this Indenture, except for any such proceeds
or payments received by the Trustee from the Notes Collateral Agent pursuant to the terms of this Indenture, or (ii) payments from
the Notes Collateral Agent in excess of the amount required to be paid to the Trustee pursuant to Article VII, the Trustee shall
promptly turn the same over to the Notes Collateral Agent, in kind, and with such endorsements as may be required to negotiate
the same to the Notes Collateral Agent such proceeds to be applied by the Notes Collateral Agent pursuant to the terms of this
Indenture, the Collateral Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

 

(j)                    
The Notes Collateral Agent is each Holder’s agent for the purpose of perfecting the Holders’ security interest
in assets which, in accordance with Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code or the PPSA, as applicable, can be perfected only
by possession. Should the Trustee obtain possession of any such Collateral, upon request from the Issuer, the Trustee shall notify
the Notes Collateral Agent thereof and promptly shall deliver such Collateral to the Notes Collateral Agent or otherwise deal with
such Collateral in accordance with the Notes Collateral Agent’s instructions.

 

(k)                    
The Notes Collateral Agent shall have no obligation whatsoever to the Trustee or any of the Holders to assure that the Collateral
exists or is owned by any Grantor or is cared for, protected, or insured or has been encumbered, or that the Notes Collateral Agent’s
Liens have been properly or sufficiently or lawfully created, perfected, protected, maintained or enforced or are entitled to any
particular priority, or to determine whether all of the Grantor’s property constituting Collateral intended to be subject
to the Lien and security interest of the Collateral Documents has been properly and completely listed or delivered, as the case
may be, or the genuineness, validity, marketability or sufficiency thereof or title thereto, or to exercise at all or in any particular
manner or under any duty of care, disclosure, or fidelity, or to continue exercising, any of the rights, authorities, and powers
granted or available to the Notes Collateral Agent pursuant to this Indenture, any Collateral Document or the First Lien Intercreditor
Agreement other than pursuant to the instructions of the Trustee or the Holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of
the Notes or as otherwise provided in the Collateral Documents. Neither the Trustee nor the Notes Collateral Agent shall have any
duty or obligation to monitor the condition, financial or otherwise, of any Grantor.

 

(l)                    
If the Issuer or any Guarantor (i) incurs any First Lien Obligations at any time when no applicable intercreditor agreement
is in effect or at any time when Indebtedness constituting First Lien Obligations entitled to the benefit of an existing intercreditor
agreement is concurrently retired, and (ii) delivers to the Notes Collateral Agent an Officer’s Certificate so stating and
requesting the Notes Collateral Agent to enter into an intercreditor agreement (on substantially the same terms as the First Lien
Intercreditor Agreement) in favor of a designated agent or representative for the holders of the First Lien Obligations so incurred,
together with an Opinion of Counsel, the Holders acknowledge and agree that the Notes Collateral Agent shall (and is hereby authorized
and directed to) enter into such intercreditor agreement (at the sole expense and cost of the Issuer, including legal fees and
expenses of the Notes Collateral Agent), bind the Holders on the terms set forth therein and perform and observe its obligations
thereunder; provided that neither an Officer’s Certificate nor an Opinion of Counsel shall be required in connection
with the Joinder Agreement to be entered into by the Notes Collateral Agent on the Issue Date.

 

 

(m)                    
No provision of this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement or any Collateral Document shall require the Notes
Collateral Agent (or the Trustee) to expend or risk its own funds or otherwise incur any financial liability in the performance
of any of its duties hereunder or thereunder or to take or omit to take any action hereunder or thereunder or take any action at
the request or direction of Holders (or the Trustee in the case of the Notes Collateral Agent) unless it shall have received indemnity
satisfactory to the Notes Collateral Agent and the Trustee against potential costs and liabilities incurred by the Notes Collateral
Agent relating thereto. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement
or the Collateral Documents, in the event the Notes Collateral Agent is entitled or required to commence an action to foreclose
or otherwise exercise its remedies to acquire control or possession of the Collateral, the Notes Collateral Agent shall not be
required to commence any such action or exercise any remedy or to inspect or conduct any studies of any property under the mortgages
or take any such other action if the Notes Collateral Agent has determined that the Notes Collateral Agent may incur personal liability
as a result of the presence at, or release on or from, the Collateral or such property, of any hazardous substances. The Notes
Collateral Agent shall at any time be entitled to cease taking any action described in this clause if it no longer reasonably deems
any indemnity, security or undertaking from the Issuer or the Holders to be sufficient.

 

(n)                    
The Notes Collateral Agent (i) shall not be liable for any action taken or omitted to be taken by it in connection with
this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and the Collateral Documents or instrument referred to herein or therein,
except to the extent that any of the foregoing are found by a final, non-appealable judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction
to have resulted from its own gross negligence or willful misconduct, (ii) shall not be liable for interest on any money received
by it except as the Notes Collateral Agent may agree in writing with the Issuer (and money held in trust by the Notes Collateral
Agent need not be segregated from other funds except to the extent required by law) and (iii) may consult with counsel of its selection
and the advice or opinion of such counsel as to matters of law shall be full and complete authorization and protection from liability
in respect of any action taken, omitted or suffered by it in good faith and in accordance with the advice or opinion of such counsel.
The grant of permissive rights or powers to the Notes Collateral Agent shall not be construed to impose duties to act.

 

(o)                    
Neither the Notes Collateral Agent nor the Trustee shall be liable for delays or failures in performance resulting from
acts beyond its control. Such acts shall include but not be limited to acts of God, strikes, lockouts, riots, acts of war, epidemics,
governmental regulations superimposed after the fact, fire, communication line failures, computer viruses, power failures, earthquakes
or other disasters. Neither the Notes Collateral Agent nor the Trustee shall be liable for any indirect, special, punitive, incidental
or consequential damages (included but not limited to lost profits) whatsoever, even if it has been informed of the likelihood
thereof and regardless of the form of action.

 

 

(p)                    
The Notes Collateral Agent does not assume any responsibility for any failure or delay in performance or any breach by the
Issuer or any other Grantor under this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and the Collateral Documents. The Notes
Collateral Agent shall not be responsible to the Holders or any other Person for any recitals, statements, information, representations
or warranties contained in this Indenture, the Collateral Documents, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, any Notes or in any
certificate, report, statement, or other document referred to or provided for in, or received by the Notes Collateral Agent under
or in connection with, this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement or any Collateral Document; the execution, validity,
genuineness, effectiveness or enforceability of this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and any Collateral Documents
of any other party thereto; the genuineness, enforceability, collectability, value, sufficiency, location or existence of any Collateral,
or the validity, effectiveness, enforceability, sufficiency, extent, perfection or priority of any Lien therein; the validity,
enforceability or collectability of any Notes Obligations; the assets, liabilities, financial condition, results of operations,
business, creditworthiness or legal status of any obligor; or for any failure of any obligor to perform its Notes Obligations under
this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and the Collateral Documents. The Notes Collateral Agent shall have no obligation
to any Holder or any other Person to ascertain or inquire into the existence of any Default or Event of Default, the observance
or performance by any obligor of any terms of this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and the Collateral Documents,
or the satisfaction of any conditions precedent contained in this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and any Collateral
Documents. The Notes Collateral Agent shall not be required to initiate or conduct any litigation or collection or other proceeding
under this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and the Collateral Documents unless expressly set forth hereunder
or thereunder. The Notes Collateral Agent shall have the right at any time to seek instructions from the Holders with respect to
the administration of this Indenture, the Collateral Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

 

(q)                    
The parties hereto and the Holders hereby agree and acknowledge that neither the Notes Collateral Agent nor the Trustee
shall assume, be responsible for or otherwise be obligated for any liabilities, claims, causes of action, suits, losses, allegations,
requests, demands, penalties, fines, settlements, damages (including foreseeable and unforeseeable), judgments, expenses and costs
(including but not limited to, any remediation, corrective action, response, removal or remedial action, or investigation, operations
and maintenance or monitoring costs, for personal injury or property damages, real or personal) of any kind whatsoever, pursuant
to any environmental law as a result of this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, the Collateral Documents or any
actions taken pursuant hereto or thereto. Further, the parties hereto and the Holders hereby agree and acknowledge that in the
exercise of its rights under this Indenture, the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and the Collateral Documents, the Notes Collateral
Agent may hold or obtain indicia of ownership primarily to protect the security interest of the Notes Collateral Agent in the Collateral
and that any such actions taken by the Notes Collateral Agent shall not be construed as or otherwise constitute any participation
in the management of such Collateral. In the event that the Notes Collateral Agent or the Trustee is required to acquire title
to an asset for any reason, or take any managerial action of any kind in regard thereto, in order to carry out any fiduciary or
trust obligation for the benefit of another, which in the Notes Collateral Agent or the Trustee’s sole discretion may cause
the Notes Collateral Agent or the Trustee to be considered an “owner or operator” under the provisions of the Comprehensive
Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA”), 42 U.S.C. §9601, et seq., or otherwise
cause the Notes Collateral Agent or the Trustee to incur liability under CERCLA or any other federal, state, provincial or local
law, the Notes Collateral Agent and the Trustee each reserves the right, instead of taking such action, to either resign as the
Notes Collateral Agent or the Trustee or arrange for the transfer of the title or control of the asset to a court-appointed receiver.
Neither the Notes Collateral Agent nor the Trustee shall be liable to the Issuer, the Guarantors or any other Person for any environmental
claims or contribution actions under any federal, state, provincial or local law, rule or regulation by reason of the Notes Collateral
Agent or the Trustee’s actions and conduct as authorized, empowered and directed hereunder or relating to the discharge,
release or threatened release of hazardous materials into the environment. If at any time it is necessary or advisable for property
to be possessed, owned, operated or managed by any Person (including the Notes Collateral Agent or the Trustee) other than the
Issuer or the Guarantors, Holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the then outstanding Notes shall direct the Notes
Collateral Agent or the Trustee to appoint an appropriately qualified Person (excluding the Notes Collateral Agent or the Trustee)
who they shall designate to possess, own, operate or manage, as the case may be, the property.

 

 

(r)                    
Upon the receipt by the Notes Collateral Agent of a written request of the Issuer signed by an Officer (a “Collateral
Document Order
”), the Notes Collateral Agent is hereby authorized to execute and enter into, and shall execute and enter
into, without the further consent of any Holder or the Trustee, any Collateral Document or amendment or supplement thereto to be
executed after the Issue Date. Such Collateral Document Order shall (i) state that it is being delivered to the Notes Collateral
Agent pursuant to, and is a Collateral Document Order referred to in, this Section 11.8(r), and (ii) instruct the Notes Collateral
Agent to execute and enter into such Collateral Document. Any such execution of a Collateral Document shall be at the direction
and expense of the Issuer, upon delivery to the Notes Collateral Agent of an Officer’s Certificate and Opinion of Counsel
stating that all conditions precedent to the execution and delivery of the Collateral Document have been satisfied. The Holders,
by their acceptance of the Notes, hereby authorize and direct the Notes Collateral Agent to execute such Collateral Documents.

 

(s)                    
Subject to the provisions of the applicable Collateral Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, each Holder,
by acceptance of the Notes, agrees that the Notes Collateral Agent shall execute and deliver the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement
and the Collateral Documents to which it is a party and all agreements, documents and instruments incidental thereto, and act in
accordance with the terms thereof. For the avoidance of doubt, the Notes Collateral Agent shall have no discretion under this Indenture,
the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement or the Collateral Documents and shall not be required to make or give any determination,
consent, approval, request or direction without the written direction of the Holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount
of the then outstanding Notes or the Trustee, as applicable.

 

 

(t)                    
After the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, the Trustee, acting at the direction of the Holders
of a majority of the aggregate principal amount of the Notes then outstanding, may direct the Notes Collateral Agent in connection
with any action required or permitted by this Indenture, the Collateral Documents or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

 

(u)                    
The Notes Collateral Agent is authorized to receive any funds for the benefit of itself, the Trustee and the Holders distributed
under the Collateral Documents or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement and to the extent not prohibited under the First Lien
Intercreditor Agreement, for turnover to the Trustee to make further distributions of such funds to itself, the Trustee and the
Holders in accordance with the provisions of Section 6.10 and the other provisions of this Indenture.

 

(v)                    
In each case that the Notes Collateral Agent may or is required hereunder or under any Collateral Document or the First
Lien Intercreditor Agreement to take any action (an “Action”), including without limitation to make any determination,
to give consents, to exercise rights, powers or remedies, to release or sell Collateral or otherwise to act hereunder or under
any Collateral Document or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, the Notes Collateral Agent may seek direction from the Holders
of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the then outstanding Notes. The Notes Collateral Agent shall not be liable with
respect to any Action taken or omitted to be taken by it in accordance with the direction from the Holders of a majority in aggregate
principal amount of the then outstanding Notes. If the Notes Collateral Agent shall request direction from the Holders of a majority
in aggregate principal amount of the then outstanding Notes with respect to any Action, the Notes Collateral Agent shall be entitled
to refrain from such Action unless and until the Notes Collateral Agent shall have received direction from the Holders of a majority
in aggregate principal amount of the then outstanding Notes, and the Notes Collateral Agent shall not incur liability to any Person
by reason of so refraining.

 

(w)                    
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Indenture or in any Collateral Document or the First Lien Intercreditor
Agreement, in no event shall the Notes Collateral Agent or the Trustee be responsible for, or have any duty or obligation with
respect to, the recording, filing, registering, perfection, protection or maintenance of the security interests or Liens intended
to be created by this Indenture, the Collateral Documents or the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement (including without limitation
the filing or continuation of any UCC or PPSA financing or continuation statements or similar documents or instruments), nor shall
the Notes Collateral Agent or the Trustee be responsible for, and neither the Notes Collateral Agent nor the Trustee makes any
representation regarding, the validity, effectiveness or priority of any of the Collateral Documents or the First Lien Intercreditor
Agreement or the security interests or Liens intended to be created thereby.

 

(x)                    
Before the Notes Collateral Agent acts or refrains from acting in each case at the request or direction of the Issuer or
the Guarantors, it may require an Officer’s Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel, which shall conform to the provisions
of Section 12.4. The Notes Collateral Agent shall not be liable for any action it takes or omits to take in good faith in reliance
on such certificate or opinion.

 

 

 

(y)     Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, the Notes Collateral Agent shall act pursuant to the instructions
of the Holders and the Trustee solely with respect to the Collateral Documents and the Collateral.

 

(z)     The rights, privileges, benefits, immunities, indemnities and other protections given to the Trustee are extended to, and
shall be enforceable by, the Notes Collateral Agent as if the Notes Collateral Agent were named as the Trustee herein and the Collateral
Documents were named as this Indenture herein.

 

Article
XII

MISCELLANEOUS

 

Section 12.1.     
Notices.

 

Any notice or communication shall be in
writing in the English language and delivered in person or mailed by first-class mail, facsimile or overnight air courier guaranteeing
next day delivery, addressed as follows (unless the Issuer and the Trustee agree to another method of delivery):

 

if to the Issuer or the Guarantors:

 

GFL Environmental Inc.
100 New Park Place, Suite 500
Vaughan, Ontario L4K 0H9
Canada
Attention: Patrick Dovigi
Email: pdovigi@gflenv.com
Facsimile: (416) 673-9385

if to the Trustee or the Notes Collateral
Agent:

 

Computershare Trust Company, N.A.
6200 S. Quebec St.
Greenwood Village, CO 80111
Attention: Corporate Trust Department – GFL
Email: corporate.trust@computershare.com; jerry.urbanek@computershare.com
Facsimile: (303) 262-0608

 

with a copy to:

 

Computershare Trust Company, N.A.
480 Washington Boulevard, Jersey City, NJ 07310
Attention: General Counsel
Facsimile: (201) 680-4610

 

 

The Issuer or the Guarantors, by notice
to the Trustee, or the Trustee or the Notes Collateral Agent by notice to the Issuer and the Guarantors, may designate additional
or different addresses for subsequent notices or communications.

 

Any notice or communication to a Holder
shall be delivered to the Holder at the Holder’s address as it appears on the registration books of the Registrar by first
class mail, certified or registered, return receipt requested, or by overnight air courier guaranteeing next day delivery to its
address shown on the register kept by the Registrar. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Indenture or any Note, where
this Indenture or any Note provides for notice of any event (including any notice of redemption) to a Holder of a Global Note (whether
by mail or otherwise), such notice shall be sufficiently given if given to the Depositary for such Note (or its designee) pursuant
to the customary procedures of such Depositary.

 

All notices and communications shall be
deemed to have been duly given; at the time delivered by hand, if personally delivered; five (5) Business Days after being deposited
in the mail, postage prepaid, if mailed; (other than those sent to Holders) when confirmation is received, if facsimiled; and the
next Business Day after timely delivery to the courier, if sent by overnight air courier guaranteeing next day delivery.

 

Failure to deliver a notice or communication
to a Holder or any defect in it shall not affect its sufficiency with respect to other Holders. If a notice or communication is
delivered in the manner provided above, it is duly given, whether or not the addressee receives it.

 

Section 12.2.     
Communication by Holders with Other Holders.

 

Holders may communicate with other Holders
with respect to their rights under this Indenture or the Notes pursuant to the Trust Indenture Act Section 312(b) with the same
effect as if this Indenture were qualified under the Trust Indenture Act.

 

Section 12.3.     
Certificate and Opinion as to Conditions Precedent.

 

Upon any request or application by the Issuer
to the Trustee to take or refrain from taking any action under this Indenture or any Collateral Document, the Issuer shall furnish
to the Trustee or, if such action relates to a Collateral Document, the Notes Collateral Agent: (i) an Officer’s Certificate
(which shall include the statements set forth in Section 12.4 hereof) stating that, in the opinion of the signers, all conditions
precedent, if any, provided for in this Indenture or such Collateral Document, as applicable, relating to the proposed action have
been complied with; and (ii) an Opinion of Counsel (which shall include the statements set forth in Section 12.4 hereof) stating
that, in the opinion of such counsel, all such conditions precedent have been complied with.

 

Section 12.4.     
Statements Required in Certificate or Opinion.

 

Each certificate or opinion with respect
to compliance with a covenant or condition provided for in this Indenture shall include: (i) a statement that the individual making
such certificate or opinion has read such covenant or condition; (ii) a brief statement as to the nature and scope of the examination
or investigation upon which the statements or opinions contained in such certificate or opinion are based; (iii) a statement that,
in the opinion of such individual, he has made such examination or investigation as is necessary to enable him to express an informed
opinion as to whether or not such covenant or condition has been complied with; and (iv) a statement as to whether or not, in the
opinion of such individual, such covenant or condition has been complied with.

 

 

Section 12.5.     
When Notes Disregarded.

 

In determining whether the Holders of the
required principal amount of Notes have concurred in any direction, waiver or consent, Notes owned by the Issuer or by any Person
directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by or under direct or indirect common control with the Issuer shall be disregarded
and deemed not to be outstanding, except that, for the purpose of determining whether the Trustee shall be protected in relying
on any such direction, waiver or consent, only Notes which a Trust Officer of the Trustee actually knows are so owned shall be
so disregarded. Also, subject to the foregoing, only Notes outstanding at the time shall be considered in any such determination.

 

Section 12.6.     
Legal Holidays.

 

A “Legal Holiday” is
a day that is not a Business Day. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Indenture, the Notes, the Collateral Documents or
the Note Guarantees, if a payment date is a Legal Holiday, payment shall be made on the next succeeding day that is not a Legal
Holiday, and no interest shall accrue for the intervening period. If a record date is a Legal Holiday, the record date shall not
be affected.

 

Section 12.7.     
Governing Law; Submission to Jurisdiction.

 

(a)     THIS
INDENTURE, THE NOTES AND THE NOTE GUARANTEES ARE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK.

 

(b)     The
Issuer, each of the Guarantors and the Trustee agree that any suit, action or proceeding arising out of or based upon this Indenture,
the Notes or the Note Guarantees may be instituted in any State or U.S. federal court located in The City of New York and County
of New York, and waives any objection that such party may now or hereafter have to the laying of venue of any such proceeding,
and irrevocably submits to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of such courts in any suit, action or proceeding. Nothing in this Indenture,
the Notes or the Collateral Documents shall affect any right that the Trustee, the Notes Collateral Agent or any Holder may otherwise
have to bring any suit, action or proceeding relating to this Indenture, the Notes, any Collateral Document, the Guarantees or
the transactions contemplated hereby against the Issuer or any Guarantor or its properties in the courts of any jurisdiction.

 

 

(c)     The
Issuer has appointed Corporation Services Company, located at 1180 Avenue of the Americas, Suite 210, New York, New York 10036-8401,
United States, and each Guarantor incorporated, formed or otherwise organized outside of the United States (the “Foreign
Guarantors
”) has appointed GFL Environmental USA Inc., located at 26999 Central Park Blvd., Suite 200, Southfield, Michigan
48076, as their respective authorized agents (each, an “Authorized Agent”) upon whom process may be served
in any such action arising out of or based on this Indenture, the Notes, the Collateral Documents, the Note Guarantees or the
transactions contemplated hereby or thereby that may be instituted in any federal or state court in the Borough of Manhattan in
the City of New York, New York, expressly consents to the jurisdiction of any such court in respect of any such action, and waives
any other requirements of or objections to personal jurisdiction with respect thereto. Such appointment shall be irrevocable.
The Issuer represents and warrants that its Authorized Agent has agreed to act as such agent for service of process and agrees
to take any and all action, including the filing of any and all documents and instruments, which may be necessary to continue
such appointment in full force and effect as stated above. Service of process upon the Issuer’s Authorized Agent and written
notice of such service to the Issuer shall be deemed, in every respect, effective service of process upon the Issuer. Service
of process upon a Foreign Guarantor’s Authorized Agent and written notice of such service to such Foreign Guarantor shall
be deemed, in every respect, effective service of process upon such Foreign Guarantor.

 

Section 12.8.     
Waiver of Jury Trial.

 

EACH OF THE ISSUER, THE GUARANTORS, THE
TRUSTEE AND THE NOTES COLLATERAL AGENT HEREBY IRREVOCABLY WAIVES, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, ANY AND ALL
RIGHT TO TRIAL BY JURY IN ANY LEGAL PROCEEDING ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THIS INDENTURE, THE NOTES OR THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED
HEREBY.

 

Section 12.9.     
Force Majeure.

 

In no event shall the Trustee or the Notes
Collateral Agent be responsible or liable for any failure or delay in the performance of its obligations hereunder arising out
of or caused by, directly or indirectly, forces beyond its control, including, without limitation, strikes, work stoppages, accidents,
acts of war or terrorism, civil or military disturbances, nuclear or natural catastrophes or acts of God, and interruptions, loss
or malfunctions of utilities, communications or computer (software and hardware) services; it being understood that the Trustee
shall use reasonable efforts which are consistent with accepted practices in the banking industry to resume performance as soon
as practicable under the circumstances.

 

Section 12.10. 
No Personal Liability of Directors, Officers, Employees and Shareholders.

 

No past, present or future director, officer,
employee, incorporator, member, partner, trustee, beneficiary or shareholder of the Issuer, any Guarantor or any of their Affiliates,
as such, will have any liability for any obligations of the Issuer or any Guarantor under the Notes, this Indenture, or the Note
Guarantees, the Collateral Documents, or for any claim based on, in respect of, or by reason of, such obligations or their creation.
Each Holder by accepting a Note waives and releases all such liability. The waiver and release are part of the consideration for
issuance of the Notes.

 

 

Section 12.11. 
Successors.

 

All agreements of the Issuer and (except
as otherwise provided in Section 10.9 hereof) the Guarantors in this Indenture, the Notes, the Collateral Documents and the Note
Guarantees shall bind their respective successors. All agreements of the Trustee in this Indenture shall bind its successors.

 

Section 12.12. 
Multiple Originals; Counterparts.

 

The parties may sign any number of copies
of this Indenture. Each signed copy shall be an original, but all of them together represent the same agreement. One signed copy
is enough to prove this Indenture. This Indenture may be executed in multiple counterparts which, when taken together, shall constitute
one instrument. The exchange of copies of this Indenture and of signature pages by facsimile or PDF transmission shall constitute
effective execution and delivery of this Indenture as to the parties hereto and may be used in lieu of the original Indenture for
all purposes. Signatures of the parties hereto transmitted by facsimile or PDF shall be deemed to be their original signatures
for all purposes. The words “execution,” “signed,” “signature,” “delivery,” and
words of like import in or relating to this Indenture or any document to be signed in connection with this Indenture shall be deemed
to include electronic signatures, deliveries or the keeping of records in electronic form, each of which shall be of the same legal
effect, validity or enforceability as a manually executed signature, physical delivery thereof or the use of a paper-based recordkeeping
system, as the case may be, and the parties hereto consent to conduct the transactions contemplated hereunder by electronic means.

 

Section 12.13. 
Severability.

 

In case any provision in this Indenture
or in the Notes or the Collateral Documents or the Note Guarantees is invalid, illegal or unenforceable, the validity, legality
and enforceability of the remaining provisions will not in any way be affected or impaired thereby.

 

Section 12.14. 
Table of Contents; Headings.

 

The table of contents, cross-reference sheet
and headings of the Articles and Sections of this Indenture have been inserted for convenience of reference only, are not intended
to be considered a part hereof and shall not modify or restrict any of the terms or provisions hereof.

 

Section 12.15. 
No Adverse Interpretation of Other Agreements.

 

This Indenture may not be used to interpret
any other indenture, loan or debt agreement of the Issuer or its Subsidiaries or of any other Person. Any such indenture, loan
or debt agreement may not be used to interpret this Indenture.

 

Section 12.16. 
Acts of Holders.

 

(a)     Any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action provided by this Indenture to be
given or taken by the Holders may be embodied in and evidenced by one or more instruments of substantially similar tenor signed
by such Holders in person or by agents duly appointed in writing, and may be given or obtained in connection with a purchase of,
or tender offer or exchange offer for, outstanding Notes; and, except as herein otherwise expressly provided, such action shall
become effective when such instrument or instruments are delivered to the Trustee and, where it is hereby expressly required, to
the Issuer. Such instrument or instruments (and the action embodied therein and evidenced thereby) are herein sometimes referred
to as the “Act” of the Holders signing such instrument or instruments. Proof of execution of any such instrument
or of a writing appointing any such agent shall be sufficient for any purpose of this Indenture and conclusive in favor of the
Trustee and the Issuer if made in the manner provided in this Section 12.6.

 

 

(b)     The fact and date of the execution by any Person of any such instrument or writing may be proved by the affidavit of a witness
of such execution or by a certificate of a notary public or other officer authorized by law to take acknowledgments of deeds, certifying
that the individual signing such instrument or writing acknowledged to such witness, notary or officer the execution thereof. Where
such execution is by a signer acting in a capacity other than his individual capacity, such certificate or affidavit shall also
constitute sufficient proof of authority. The fact and date of the execution of any such instrument or writing, or the authority
of the Person executing the same, may also be proved in any other manner which the Trustee deems sufficient.

 

(c)     Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Section 12.6, the principal amount and serial numbers of Notes
held by any Holder, and the date of holding the same, shall be proved by the register of the Notes maintained by the Registrar
as provided in Section 2.3.

 

(d)     If
the Issuer shall solicit from the Holders any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other Act,
the Issuer may, at its option, by or pursuant to a resolution of its Board of Directors, fix in advance a record date for the
determination of Holders entitled to give such request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other Act,
but the Issuer shall have no obligation to do so. Such record date shall be the record date specified in or pursuant to such Board
Resolution, which shall be a date not earlier than the date 30 days prior to the first solicitation of Holders generally in connection
therewith or the date of the most recent list of Holders forwarded to the Trustee prior to such solicitation pursuant to Section
2.5 and not later than the date such solicitation is completed. If such a record date is fixed, such request, demand, authorization,
direction, notice, consent, waiver or other Act may be given before or after such record date, but only the Holders of record
at the close of business on such record date shall be deemed to be Holders for the purposes of determining whether Holders of
the requisite proportion of the then outstanding Notes have authorized or agreed or consented to such request, demand, authorization,
direction, notice, consent, waiver or other Act, and for that purpose the then outstanding Notes shall be computed as of such
record date; provided that no such authorization, agreement or consent by the Holders on such record date shall be deemed
effective unless it shall become effective pursuant to the provisions of this Indenture not later than eleven months after the
record date.

 

(e)     Any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other Act of the Holder of any Note shall bind
every future Holder of the same Note and the Holder of every Note issued upon the registration or transfer thereof or in exchange
therefor or in lieu thereof in respect of anything done, omitted or suffered to be done by the Trustee or the Issuer in reliance
thereon, whether or not notation of such action is made upon such Note.

 

 

(f)     Without
limiting the foregoing, a Holder entitled hereunder to take any action hereunder with regard to any particular Note may do so
itself with regard to all or any part of the principal amount of such Note or by one or more duly appointed agents each of
which may do so pursuant to such appointment with regard to all or any part of such principal amount.

 

(g)    For purposes of this Indenture, any action by the Holders which may be taken in writing may be taken by electronic means
or as otherwise reasonably acceptable to the Trustee.

 

Section 12.17. 
Indemnification for Non-U.S. Dollar Currency Judgments.

 

(a)     The obligations of the Issuer or any Guarantor to any Holder of Notes or the Trustee shall, notwithstanding any judgment
in a currency (the “Judgment Currency”) other than U.S. dollars (the “Agreement Currency”),
be discharged only to the extent that on the first Business Day following receipt by such Holder of Notes or the Trustee, as the
case may be, of any amount in the Judgment Currency, such Holder of Notes or the Trustee may in accordance with normal banking
procedures purchase the Agreement Currency with the Judgment Currency in New York, New York. If the amount of the Agreement Currency
that could be so purchased is less than the amount originally to be paid to such Holder of Notes or the Trustee, as the case may
be, in the Agreement Currency, the Issuer and each Guarantor agrees, as a separate obligation and notwithstanding such judgment,
to pay to such Holder of Notes or the Trustee, as the case may be, the difference, and if the amount of the Agreement Currency
that could be so purchased exceeds the amount originally to be paid to such Holder of Notes or the Trustee, as the case may be,
such Holder of Notes or the Trustee, as the case may be, agrees to pay to or for the account of the Issuer such excess, provided
that such Holder of Notes or the Trustee, as the case may be, shall not have any obligation to pay any such excess as long as a
default by the Issuer or any Guarantor in its obligations in respect of its obligations to pay when due any principal of, or interest,
premium, if any, liquidated damages, if any, or Additional Amounts, if any, on the Notes, or any other amounts due under this Indenture
or the Note Guarantees has occurred and is continuing, in which case such excess may be applied by such Holder of Notes or the
Trustee, as the case may be, to such payment obligations.

 

(b)    The provisions of this Section 12.17 shall apply irrespective of any indulgence granted to the Issuer or any Guarantor from
time to time and shall continue in full force and effect notwithstanding any payment by or on behalf of the Issuer or any Guarantor,
and any amount due from the Issuer under this Section 12.17 will be due as a separate payment and shall not be affected by any
judgment obtained or claims made for any other sums due under or in respect of this Indenture.

 

Section 12.18. 
Interest Act (Canada).

 

Solely for purposes of disclosure under
the Interest Act (Canada), the yearly rate of interest to which interest is calculated under a Note for any period in any calendar
year (the “Calculation Period”) is equivalent to the rate payable under a Note in respect of the Calculation
Period multiplied by a fraction the numerator of which is the actual number of days in such calendar year and the denominator of
which is the actual number of days in the Calculation Period.

 

 

[Signatures on following pages]

 

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have caused
this Indenture to be duly executed as of the date first written above.

 

GFL ENVIRONMENTAL INC.  
   
By:  /s/ Patrick Dovigi  
  Name: Patrick Dovigi  
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer  

 

 

1248544 ONTARIO LTD.

1877984 ONTARIO INC.

2191660 ONTARIO INC.

2289587 ALBERTA ULC

2481638 ONTARIO INC.

2779572 ONTARIO INC.

2779573 ONTARIO INC.

2779574 ONTARIO INC.

ACCUWORX INC.

ALPINE DISPOSAL, INC.

ALPINE HOLDINGS, INC.

AMERICAN WASTE TRANSFER STATION, LLC

AMERICAN WASTE, INC.

BALDWIN PONTIAC LLC

BESTWAY RECYCLING, INC.

BLACK CREEK RENEWABLE ENERGY, LLC

COUNTY RECYCLING, LLC

COUNTY WASTE FREDERICKSBURG, LLC

COUNTY WASTE OF PENNSYLVANIA, LLC

COUNTY WASTE OF VIRGINIA, LLC

COUNTY WASTE SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA, LLC

COUNTY WASTE, LLC

CWV HOLDCO, INC.

EARL HOLDINGS, LLC

EMA DEVELOPMENT, LLC

ETC OF GEORGIA, LLC

FIVE PART DEVELOPMENT, LLC

GFL EARTH SERVICES, INC.

GFL ENVIRONMENTAL HOLDINGS (US), INC.

GFL ENVIRONMENTAL INC. 2020

GFL ENVIRONMENTAL REAL PROPERTY, INC.

GFL ENVIRONMENTAL RECYCLING SERVICES LLC

GFL ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES USA, INC.

GFL ENVIRONMENTAL USA INC.

GFL HOLDCO (US), LLC

GFL INFRASTRUCTURE GROUP INC.

GFL MARITIMES INC.

GFL NORTH MICHIGAN LANDFILL, LLC

GFL SLIM JIM 2, LLC

GFL SLIM JIM 3, LLC

GFL SLIM JIM 4, LLC

GFL SLIM JIM 5, L.P.

HAW RIVER LANDCO, LLC

HAZAR-BESTOS CORPORATION

J&E RECYCLING, LLC

L&L DISPOSAL, LLC

 

[Signature Page
to Indenture] 

 

 

LAKEWAY LANDCO, LLC

LAKEWAY SANITATION & RECYCLING C&D, LLC

LAKEWAY SANITATION & RECYCLING MSW, LLC

LAURENS COUNTY LANDFILL, LLC

MEAD HOLDINGS, LLC

MID CANADA ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES LTD.

MOUNTAIN STATES PACKAGING, LLC

NORTH ANDREWS EMPLOYMENT PARK, LLC

NORTHEASTERN ENVIRONMENTAL, LLC

NORTHEASTERN EXPLORATION, INC.

NORTHERN A-1 INDUSTRIAL SERVICES, L.L.C.

OPTIMUM ENVIRONMENTAL CORP.

PONDEROSA LANDCO, LLC

RED ROCK DISPOSAL, LLC

SAFEGUARD LANDFILL MANAGEMENT, LLC

SAMPSON COUNTY DISPOSAL, LLC

SMITHRITE EQUIPMENT PAINTING & REPAIR LTD.

SOIL SAFE OF CALIFORNIA, INC.

SOIL SAFE, INC.

SOUTH ANDREWS EMPLOYMENT PARK, LLC

SOUTHEASTERN DISPOSAL, LLC

SWD SPECIALTIES, LLC

TRANSWASTE SERVICES, LLC

URBAN POLYMERS INC.

WAKE COUNTY DISPOSAL, LLC

WAKE RECLAMATION, LLC

WASTE INDUSTRIES ATLANTA, LLC

WASTE INDUSTRIES OF DELAWARE, LLC

WASTE INDUSTRIES OF MARYLAND, LLC

WASTE INDUSTRIES OF PENNSYLVANIA, LLC

WASTE INDUSTRIES OF TENNESSEE, LLC

WASTE INDUSTRIES RENEWABLE ENERGY, LLC

WASTE INDUSTRIES USA, LLC

WASTE INDUSTRIES, LLC

WASTE SERVICES OF DECATUR, LLC

WEXFORD COUNTY LANDFILL, LLC

WEXFORD WATER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC

WI BURNT POPLAR TRANSFER, LLC

WI HIGH POINT LANDFILL, LLC

WI SHILOH LANDFILL, LLC

WI TAYLOR COUNTY DISPOSAL, LLC

WILMINGTON LANDCO, LLC

WRANGLER BUYER LLC

WRANGLER FINANCE CORP.

WRANGLER HOLDCO CORP.

WRANGLER INTERMEDIATE LLC

 

[Signature Page
to Indenture]
 

 

 

WRANGLER SUPER HOLDCO CORP.

 

By:   /s/
Patrick Dovigi
 
  Name: Patrick Dovigi  
  Title: President    

 

[Signature Page
to Indenture]

 

 

MOUNT ALBERT PIT INC.
TOTTENHAM AIRFIELD CORPORATION INC.
 
   
By: /s/ John Bailey  
  Name:John Bailey  
  Title: President  

 

[Signature Page
to Indenture]

 

 

  COMPUTERSHARE TRUST COMPANY,
N.A., as Trustee  
   
  By:  /s/
Jerry Urbanek
    Name: Jerry Urbanek
    Title: Corporate Trust Manager, Trust
Officer

 

  COMPUTERSHARE TRUST COMPANY,
N.A., as Collateral Agent  
   
  By:  /s/
Jerry Urbanek
    Name: Jerry Urbanek
    Title: Corporate Trust Manager, Trust
Officer

 

[Signature
Page to Indenture]

 

 

SCHEDULE I

 

MATERIAL REAL PROPERTY

 

1. 5 Brydon Drive, Toronto, ON
2. 1070 Toy Avenue, Pickering, ON
3. 560 Seaman Street, Stoney Creek, ON
4. 39-41 Fenmar Drive, Toronto, ON
5. 8409 15 St. NW, Edmonton, AB
6. 6200 Elmridge, 6237, 6301, 6329 and 6363 Sims Drive, Sterling Heights, Michigan

 

 

Exhibit
A

 

[FACE OF NOTE]

 

[Insert the Global Note Legend, if applicable
pursuant to the provisions of the Indenture]

 

[Insert the Private Placement Legend, if
applicable pursuant to the provisions of the Indenture]

 

[Insert the ERISA Legend]

 

[Insert the Canadian Legend, if applicable
pursuant to the provisions of the Indenture]

 

 

 

GFL ENVIRONMENTAL INC.

 

[RULE 144A][REGULATION S] [GLOBAL]
NOTE
Representing [up to]
US$[___________]
3.500% SENIOR SECURED NOTES DUE 2028

 

CUSIP NO [36168QAM6]1

 

[C39217AL5]2

 

No. Initial
Principal Amount US$

 

GFL ENVIRONMENTAL INC., a corporation organized
under the laws of the Province of Ontario, promises to pay to                                 ,
or registered assigns, the principal sum of                 U.S.
dollars on September 1, 2028[, or such other principal amount as is indicated on the attached schedule]3.

 

Interest Payment Dates: March 1 and September
1, commencing September 1, 2021.

 

Record Dates: February 15 and August 15.

 

Additional provisions of this Note are set
forth on the other side of this Note.

 

               1 For Securities sold in reliance on Rule
144A.

 

               2 For Securities sold in reliance on Regulation
S.

 

               3 For Global Securities.

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Issuer has caused
this instrument to be duly executed. Dated:               ,
20

 

  GFL ENVIRONMENTAL INC.
By:  
    Name:      
    Title:    

 

 

This is one of the Notes referred to in
the within-mentioned Indenture:

 

Dated:             ,
20

 

  COMPUTERSHARE TRUST COMPANY,
N.A., as Trustee
By:  
    Name:      
    Title:   

 

 

[BACK OF NOTE]
GFL ENVIRONMENTAL INC.
3.500% SENIOR SECURED NOTES DUE 2028

 

Capitalized terms used herein have the meanings
assigned to them in the Indenture referred to below unless otherwise indicated.

 

1.          Interest.
GFL Environmental Inc., a corporation organized under the laws of the Province of Ontario (such Person, and its respective successors
and assigns under the Indenture hereinafter referred to, being herein called the “Issuer”), promises to pay
interest on the outstanding principal amount of this Note at the rate of 3.500% per annum from December 21, 20201
until maturity. The Issuer will pay interest semi-annually in arrears on March 1 and September 1 of each year, or if any such day
is not a Business Day, on the next succeeding Business Day (each, an “Interest Payment Date”); provided,
that the first Interest Payment Date will be September 1, 2021. Interest on the Notes will accrue from the most recent date to
which interest has been paid or, if no interest has been paid, from the date of issuance; provided that if there is no existing
Default in the payment of interest, and if this Note is authenticated between a record date referred to on the face hereof and
the next succeeding Interest Payment Date, interest will accrue from such next succeeding Interest Payment Date. The Issuer will
pay, to the extent lawful, interest (including post-petition interest in any proceeding under any Bankruptcy Law) on overdue principal
and premium, if any, at the rate then in effect; it will pay, to the extent lawful, interest (including post-petition interest
in any proceeding under any Bankruptcy Law) on overdue installments of interest (without regard to any applicable grace periods)
from time to time on demand at the same rate as on overdue principal. Interest will be computed on the basis of a 360-day year
of twelve 30-day months. Solely for purposes of disclosure under the Interest Act (Canada), the yearly rate of interest to which
interest is calculated under a Note for any period in any calendar year (the “Calculation Period”) is equivalent
to the rate payable under a Note in respect of the Calculation Period multiplied by a fraction the numerator of which is the actual
number of days in such calendar year and the denominator of which is the actual number of days in the Calculation Period.

 

2.         Method
of Payment
. The Issuer will pay interest on the Notes (except Defaulted Interest) to the Persons who are registered Holders
of Notes at the close of business on the February 15 or August 15 next preceding the Interest Payment Date, even if such Notes
are cancelled after such record date and on or before such Interest Payment Date, except as provided in Section 2.11 of the Indenture
with respect to Defaulted Interest. The Notes will be payable as to principal, premium, if any, and interest by, in the case of
Notes represented by the Global Notes, wire transfer of immediately available funds to the accounts specified by The Depository
Trust Company or its nominee and, in the case of Definitive Notes, wire transfer of immediately available funds to the accounts
specified by the Holders of the Notes or, if no such account is specified, by mailing a check to each such Holder at its address
set forth in the register of Holders. Such payment will be in such coin or currency of the United States of America as at the time
of payment is legal tender for payment of public and private debts. Holders must surrender their Notes to the Paying Agent to collect
payments of principal and premium, if any.

 

 

1 In the case of Notes issued
on the Issue Date.

 

 

3.         Paying
Agent and Registrar
. Initially, Computershare Trust Company, N.A. will act as Paying Agent and Registrar. The Issuer may appoint
and change any Paying Agent or Registrar without prior notice to any Holder, and the Issuer or any of its Subsidiaries may act
as Paying Agent or Registrar, all in accordance with the Indenture.

 

4.       Indenture.
The Issuer issued the Notes under an Indenture, dated as of December 21, 2020 (as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from
time to time, the “Indenture”), among the Issuer, the Guarantors and Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as the
Trustee and Notes Collateral Agent. The Notes are subject to all such terms, and Holders are referred to the Indenture for a statement
of such terms. To the extent any provision of this Note conflicts with the express provisions of the Indenture, the provisions
of the Indenture shall govern and be controlling (to the extent permitted by law). The Notes are secured obligations of the Issuer.
The Issuer initially has issued US$750,000,000 in aggregate principal amount of Notes. The Issuer may issue Additional Notes under
the Indenture.

 

5.         Optional
Redemption
.

 

(a)        At
any time prior to March 1, 2028 (the “Par Call Date”), the Issuer may on any one or more occasions redeem all
or a part of the Notes at a Redemption Price equal to the greater of (1) 100% of the principal amount of the Notes redeemed and
(2) the sum of the present values of the remaining scheduled payments of principal and interest thereon (not including any portion
of such payments of interest accrued as of the Redemption Date) that would be due if the Notes matured on the Par Call Date, discounted
to the Redemption Date for the Notes on a semi-annual basis (assuming a 360-day year consisting of twelve 30-day months) at the
Treasury Rate, plus 50 basis points, plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon to the Redemption Date.

 

(b)        Notwithstanding
Section 5(a), installments of interest on the Notes to be redeemed that are due and payable on Interest Payment Dates falling on
or prior to a Redemption Date will be payable on the Interest Payment Date to the registered Holders as of the close of business
on the relevant Record Date.

 

(c)        On
or after the Par Call Date, the Issuer may, on any one or more occasions, redeem all or a part of the Notes at a Redemption Price
equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Notes redeemed plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon to the Redemption Date.

 

(d)        If,
as a result of:

 

(1) any amendment to, or change in, the laws or treaties (or regulations or rulings promulgated thereunder) of any Relevant Taxing
Jurisdiction which is announced and becomes effective on or after the Issue Date (or, where a jurisdiction in question does not
become a Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction until a later date, such later date); or

 

(2) any amendment to, or change in, the existing official position or the introduction of an official position regarding the application,
interpretation, administration or assessing practices of any such laws, regulations or rulings of any Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction,
or a judicial decision rendered by a court of competent jurisdiction (whether or not made, taken or reached with respect to the
Issuer or any of the Guarantors) which is announced and becomes effective on or after the Issue Date (or, where a jurisdiction
in question does not become a Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction until a later date, such later date),

 

 

the Issuer or any Guarantor has become or
will become obligated to pay, on the next date on which any amount would be payable with respect to the Notes or a Note Guarantee,
as applicable, Additional Amounts or indemnification payments as described under Section 4.15 of the Indenture with respect to
the Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction, which payment the Issuer or the Guarantor cannot avoid with the use of reasonable measures available
to it (including making payment through a paying agent located in another jurisdiction), then the Issuer may, at its option, redeem
all but not less than all of the Notes, upon not more than 60 days’ notice prior to the earliest date on which the Issuer
or a Guarantor, as applicable, would be required to pay such Additional Amounts or indemnification payments, at a Redemption Price
of 100% of their principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the Redemption Date. Prior to the giving of any
notice of redemption described in Section 3.8 of the Indenture, the Issuer will deliver to the Trustee a written opinion of independent
legal counsel to the Issuer or the Guarantor, as applicable, of recognized standing to the effect that the Issuer or the Guarantor,
as applicable, has or will become obligated to pay such Additional Amounts or indemnification payments as a result of an amendment
or change as set forth in Section 3.8 of the Indenture.

 

(e)        The
Issuer may redeem all of the Notes that remain outstanding, at the Redemption Price and subject to the terms and conditions set
forth in Section 4.7(i) of the Indenture.

 

Unless the Issuer defaults in the payment
of the Redemption Price, interest will cease to accrue on the Notes or portions thereof called for redemption on the applicable
Redemption Date.

 

Except as set forth in paragraph 6, the
Issuer is not required to make mandatory redemption or sinking fund payments with respect to the Notes.

 

6.         Mandatory
Redemption
.

 

Except as provided in the Indenture, the
Issuer shall not be required to make any mandatory or sinking fund payments with respect to the Notes.

 

7.         Denominations,
Transfer, Exchange
. The Notes are in registered form without coupons in minimum denominations of US$2,000 and integral multiples
of US$1,000 in excess thereof. The Issuer shall notify the Trustee and any Holder promptly of a change to the minimum denomination
of any Notes. The transfer of Notes may be registered and Notes may be exchanged as provided in the Indenture. The Registrar or
the Trustee may require a Holder, among other things, to furnish appropriate endorsements and transfer documents and the Issuer
may require a Holder to pay any tax or similar charge or other fee required by law and payable in connection therewith or permitted
by the Indenture. The Issuer is not required to exchange or register the transfer of any Note or portion of a Note selected for
redemption, except for the unredeemed portion of any Note being redeemed in part. Also, the Issuer is not required to exchange
or register the transfer of any Notes for a period of 15 days before the day of any selection of Notes to be redeemed or during
the period between a record date and the corresponding Interest Payment Date.

 

 

8.         Persons
Deemed Owners
. The registered Holder of a Note may be treated as its owner for all purposes. Only registered Holders shall
have rights hereunder.

 

9.         Amendment,
Supplement and Waiver
. Subject to certain exceptions, the Indenture, the Notes and the Collateral Documents may be amended
or supplemented with the written consent of the Holders of at least a majority in outstanding principal amount of the Notes, and
any existing Default or compliance with any provision of the Indenture, the Notes, the Note Guarantees or the Collateral Documents
may be waived with the written consent of the Holders of at least a majority in outstanding principal amount of the Notes. Without
the consent of any Holder of a Note, the Indenture, the Notes, the Note Guarantees or the Collateral Documents may be amended or
supplemented with respect to certain matters specified in the Indenture.

 

10.       Defaults.
If an Event of Default shall occur and be continuing, the principal of all the Notes may be declared (or will become) due and payable
in the manner and with the effect provided in the Indenture.

 

11.       Defeasance.
The Indenture contains provisions for defeasance of (i) the entire indebtedness of the Issuer on this Note and (ii) certain restrictive
covenants and the related Events of Default, subject to compliance by the Issuer with certain conditions set forth in the Indenture,
which provisions apply to this Note.

 

12.       Note
Guarantees
. The Issuer’s obligations under the Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally,
by the Guarantors.

 

13.       Authentication.
This Note will not be valid until authenticated by the manual or electronic signature of the Trustee or an Authenticating Agent.

 

14.       Abbreviations.
Customary abbreviations may be used in the name of a Holder or an assignee, such as: TEN COM (= tenants in common), TEN ENT (=tenants
by the entireties), JT TEN (= joint tenants with right of survivorship and not as tenants in common), CUST (=Custodian), and U/G/M/A
(=Uniform Gifts to Minors Act).

 

15.       Governing
Law
. THE INDENTURE, THIS NOTE AND THE NOTE GUARANTEES ARE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF THE STATE
OF NEW YORK.

 

16.       CUSIP
Numbers
. Pursuant to a recommendation promulgated by the Committee on Uniform Security Identification Procedures, the Issuer
has caused CUSIP numbers to be printed on the Notes and the Trustee may use CUSIP, ISIN or similar numbers in notices of redemption
as a convenience to Holders. No representation is made as to the accuracy of such numbers either as printed on the Notes or as
contained in any notice of redemption and reliance may be placed only on the other identification numbers placed thereon.

 

 

The Issuer will furnish to any Holder upon
written request and without charge a copy of the Indenture.** Requests may be made to:

 

GFL Environmental Inc.
100 New Park Place, Suite 500
Vaughan, Ontario L4K 0H9
Canada
Attention: Patrick Dovigi

 

17.       Security.
The Notes and the Note Guarantees will be secured by the Collateral on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the
Indenture and the Collateral Documents. The Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent, as the case may be, hold the Collateral in
trust for the benefit of the Notes Secured Parties, in each case pursuant to the Collateral Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor
Agreement. Each Holder, by accepting this Note, consents and agrees to the terms of the Collateral Documents (including the provisions
providing for the foreclosure and release of Collateral) and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement, each as may be in effect or
may be amended from time to time in accordance with their terms and the Indenture, and authorizes and directs the Notes Collateral
Agent to enter into the Collateral Documents and the First Lien Intercreditor Agreement on the Issue Date, and the Collateral Documents
at any time after the Issue Date, if applicable, and to perform its obligations and exercise its rights thereunder in accordance
therewith.

 

* Delete for Additional
Securities.

 

 

 

ASSIGNMENT FORM

 

To assign this Note, fill in the form below:

 

(I) or (we) assign and transfer this Note
to:_____________________________________

(Insert assignee’s
legal name)

 

 
(Insert assignee’s soc. sec. or tax I. D. no.)

 

 

 
 
 
 
(Print or type assignee’s name, address and zip code)

 

and irrevocably appoint___________________________________________________________

 

to transfer this Note on the books of the Issuer. The agent
may substitute another to act for him.

 

Date:   Your Signature:  
       
      (Sign exactly as your name appears on the face of
this Note)

 

Signature Guarantee:**__________________

 

* Participant in a recognized Signature Guarantee Medallion Program (or other signature guarantor acceptable to the Trustee).

 

 

Option of Holder to Elect Purchase

 

If you want to elect to have this Note purchased
by the Issuer pursuant to Section 4.5 or Section 4.7 of the Indenture, check the appropriate box below:

 

¨          Section 4.5      ¨      Section 4.7

 

If you want to elect to have only part of
this Note purchased by the Issuer pursuant to Section 4.5 or Section 4.7 of the Indenture, state the amount you elect to have purchased:

 

$______________

 

Date:   Your Signature:  
       
      (Sign exactly as your name appears on the face of this Note)

 

Tax Identification No.:___________________

 

 

If Note is held through a custodian, name of the custodian through
which the Note is held:

 

Name of Beneficial Holder:               
     
DTC Custodian’s Name:    
   
DTC Custodian’s Participant Number:    
   
Custodian Contact Name:    
Address:  
Phone Number:    
Email Address:    
     
Signature Guarantee:**    

 

* Signature must be guaranteed by a participant in a recognized Signature Guarantee Medallion Program (or other signature guarantor program
acceptable to the Trustee).

 

 

[TO BE ATTACHED TO GLOBAL NOTES]

 

SCHEDULE OF EXCHANGES OF INTERESTS
IN THE GLOBAL NOTE

 

The initial outstanding principal amount
of this Global Note is US$___________. The following increases or decreases in this Global Note have been made:

 

Date
of Exchange

Amount
of Decrease in Principal Amount of this Global Note

Amount
of Increase in Principal Amount of this Global Note

Principal
Amount of this Global Note Following such Decrease or Increase

Signature
of Authorized Officer of Trustee or Notes Custodian

         

 

 

EXHIBIT B

 

FORM OF CERTIFICATE OF TRANSFER

 

GFL Environmental Inc.
100 New Park Place, Suite 500
Vaughan, Ontario L4K 0H9

Canada

 

Computershare Trust Company, N.A.
6200 S. Quebec St., Greenwood Village, CO 80111
Attention: Corporate Trust Department – GFL

 

Re: GFL Environmental Inc. 3.500% Senior Secured Notes due 2028

 

CUSIP

 

Reference is hereby made to the Indenture,
dated as of December 21, 2020 (as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the “Indenture”),
among GFL Environmental Inc. (the “Issuer”), the guarantors named therein and Computershare Trust Company, N.A.,
as trustee and as notes collateral agent. Capitalized terms used but not defined herein shall have the meanings given to them in
the Indenture.

 

                     ,
(the “Transferor”) owns and proposes to transfer the Note[s] or beneficial interest in such Note[s] in the principal
amount of $             (the “Transfer”), to           (the
Transferee”). In connection with the Transfer, the Transferor hereby certifies that:

 

[CHECK ALL THAT APPLY]

 

1.    ¨    Check
if Transferee will take delivery of a beneficial interest in the 144A Global Note or a Restricted Definitive Note pursuant to
Rule 144A
. The Transfer is being effected pursuant to and in accordance with Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933, as
amended (the “Securities Act”), and, accordingly, the Transferor hereby further certifies that the beneficial
interest or Definitive Note is being transferred to a Person that the Transferor reasonably believes is purchasing the beneficial
interest or Definitive Note for its own account, or for one or more accounts with respect to which such Person exercises sole
investment discretion, and such Person and each such account is a “qualified institutional buyer” within the meaning
of Rule 144A in a transaction meeting the requirements of Rule 144A, and such Transfer is in compliance with any applicable blue
sky securities laws of any state of the United States. Upon consummation of the proposed Transfer in accordance with the terms
of the Indenture, the transferred beneficial interest or Definitive Note will be subject to the restrictions on transfer enumerated
in the Private Placement Legend printed on the 144A Global Note and/or the Restricted Definitive Note and in the Indenture and
the Securities Act.

 

 

2.    ¨    Check if Transferee will
take delivery of a beneficial interest in the Regulation S Global Note or a Restricted Definitive Note pursuant to Regulation S
.
The Transfer is being effected pursuant to and in accordance with Rule 903 or Rule 904 under the Securities Act and, accordingly,
the Transferor hereby further certifies that (i) the Transfer is not being made to a Person in the United States and (x) at the
time the buy order was originated, the Transferee was outside the United States or such Transferor and any Person acting on its
behalf reasonably believed and believes that the Transferee was outside the United States or (y) the transaction was executed in,
on or through the facilities of a designated offshore securities market and neither such Transferor nor any Person acting on its
behalf knows that the transaction was prearranged with a buyer in the United States, (ii) no directed selling efforts have been
made in contravention of the requirements of Rule 903(b) or Rule 904(b) of Regulation S under the Securities Act, (iii) the transaction
is not part of a plan or scheme to evade the registration requirements of the Securities Act and (iv) if the Transfer is being
made prior to the expiration of the Restricted Period, the Transfer is not being made to a U.S. Person or for the account or benefit
of a U.S. Person (other than an Initial Purchaser). Upon consummation of the Transfer in accordance with the terms of the Indenture,
the transferred beneficial interest or Definitive Note will be subject to the restrictions on transfer enumerated in the Private
Placement Legend printed on the Regulation S Global Note and/or the Restricted Definitive Note and in the Indenture and the Securities
Act.

 

3.    ¨    Check if Transferee will
take delivery of a beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note or a Restricted Definitive Note pursuant to any provision of
the Securities Act other than Rule 144A or Regulation S
. The Transfer is being effected in compliance with the transfer restrictions
applicable to beneficial interests in Restricted Global Notes and Restricted Definitive Notes and pursuant to and in accordance
with the Securities Act (other than Rule 144A or Regulation S) and any applicable blue sky securities laws of any state of the
United States.

 

4.    ¨    Check
if Transferee will take delivery of a beneficial interest in an Unrestricted Global Note or of an Unrestricted Definitive Note
.

 

(a)  ¨  Check
if Transfer is pursuant to Rule 144
. (i) The Transfer is being effected pursuant to and in accordance with Rule 144 under
the Securities Act and in compliance with the transfer restrictions contained in the Indenture and any applicable blue sky securities
laws of any state of the United States and (ii) the restrictions on transfer contained in the Indenture and the Private Placement
Legend are not required in order to maintain compliance with the Securities Act. Upon consummation of the proposed Transfer in
accordance with the terms of the Indenture, the transferred beneficial interest or Definitive Note will no longer be subject to
the restrictions on transfer enumerated in the Private Placement Legend printed on the Restricted Global Notes, on Restricted
Definitive Notes and in the Indenture.

 

(b)  ¨   Check if Transfer is Pursuant
to Regulation S
. (i) The Transfer is being effected pursuant to and in accordance with Rule 903 or Rule 904 under the Securities
Act and in compliance with the transfer restrictions contained in the Indenture and any applicable blue sky securities laws of
any state of the United States and (ii) the restrictions on transfer contained in the Indenture and the Private Placement Legend
are not required in order to maintain compliance with the Securities Act. Upon consummation of the proposed Transfer in accordance
with the terms of the Indenture, the transferred beneficial interest or Definitive Note will no longer be subject to the restrictions
on transfer enumerated in the Private Placement Legend printed on the Restricted Global Notes, on Restricted Definitive Notes and
in the Indenture.

 

 

(c)     ¨    Check if Transfer is Pursuant
to Other Exemption
. (i) The Transfer is requirements of the Securities Act other than Rule 144, Rule 903 or Rule 904 and in
compliance with the transfer restrictions contained in the Indenture and any applicable blue sky securities laws of any State
of the United States and (ii) the restrictions on transfer contained in the Indenture and the Private Placement Legend are not
required in order to maintain compliance with the Securities Act. Upon consummation of the proposed Transfer in accordance with
the terms of the Indenture, the transferred beneficial interest or Definitive Note will not be subject to the restrictions on
transfer enumerated in the Private Placement Legend printed on the Restricted Global Notes or Restricted Definitive Notes and
in the Indenture.

 

This certificate and the statements contained
herein are made for your benefit and the benefit of the Issuer.

 

   
  [Insert Name of Transferor]
  By:  
  Name:
   
  Title:

 

Dated:

 

 

EXHIBIT C

 

FORM OF CERTIFICATE OF EXCHANGE

 

GFL Environmental Inc.
100 New Park Place, Suite 500
Vaughan, Ontario L4K 0H9
Canada

 

Computershare Trust Company, N.A.
6200 S. Quebec St., Greenwood Village, CO 80111
Attention: Corporate Trust Department – GFL

 

Re: GFL Environmental Inc. 3.500% Senior Secured Notes due 2028

 

CUSIP

 

Reference is hereby made to the Indenture,
dated as of December 21, 2020 (as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the “Indenture”),
among GFL Environmental Inc. (the “Issuer”), the guarantors named therein and Computershare Trust Company, N.A.,
as trustee and as notes collateral agent. Capitalized terms used but not defined herein shall have the meanings given to them in
the Indenture.

 

, (the “Owner”) owns
and proposes to exchange the Note[s] or beneficial interest in such Note[s] specified herein, in the principal amount of $                   (the
Exchange”). In connection with the Exchange, the Owner hereby certifies that:

 

1.       Exchange
of Restricted Definitive Notes or Beneficial Interests in a Restricted Global Note for Unrestricted Definitive Notes or Beneficial
Interests in an Unrestricted Global Note

 

(a)    ¨     Check if Exchange is from
beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note to beneficial interest in an Unrestricted Global Note
. In connection with the
Exchange of the Owner’s beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note for a beneficial interest in an Unrestricted Global
Note in an equal principal amount, the Owner hereby certifies (i) the beneficial interest is being acquired for the Owner’s
own account without transfer, (ii) such Exchange has been effected in compliance with the transfer restrictions applicable to the
Global Notes and pursuant to and in accordance with the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”),
(iii) the restrictions on transfer contained in the Indenture and the Private Placement Legend are not required in order to maintain
compliance with the Securities Act and (iv) the beneficial interest in an Unrestricted Global Note is being acquired in compliance
with any applicable blue sky securities laws of any state of the United States.

 

(b)     ¨   Check
if Exchange is from beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note to Unrestricted Definitive Note
. In connection with the
Exchange of the Owner’s beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note for an Unrestricted Definitive Note, the Owner hereby
certifies (i) the Definitive Note is being acquired for the Owner’s own account without transfer, (ii) such Exchange has
been effected in compliance with the transfer restrictions applicable to the Restricted Global Notes and pursuant to and in accordance
with the Securities Act, (iii) the restrictions on transfer contained in the Indenture and the Private Placement Legend are not
required in order to maintain compliance with the Securities Act and (iv) the Definitive Note is being acquired in compliance
with any applicable blue sky securities laws of any state of the United States.

 

 

(c)    ¨   Check
if Exchange is from Restricted Definitive Note to beneficial interest in an Unrestricted Global Note
. In connection with the
Owner’s Exchange of a Restricted Definitive Note for a beneficial interest in an Unrestricted Global Note, the Owner hereby
certifies (i) the beneficial interest is being acquired for the Owner’s own account without transfer, (ii) such Exchange
has been effected in compliance with the transfer restrictions applicable to Restricted Definitive Notes and pursuant to and in
accordance with the Securities Act, (iii) the restrictions on transfer contained in the Indenture and the Private Placement Legend
are not required in order to maintain compliance with the Securities Act and (iv) the beneficial interest is being acquired in
compliance with any applicable blue sky securities laws of any state of the United States.

 

(d)    ¨   Check
if Exchange is from Restricted Definitive Note to Unrestricted Definitive Note
. In connection with the Owner’s Exchange
of a Restricted Definitive Note for an Unrestricted Definitive Note, the Owner hereby certifies (i) the Unrestricted Definitive
Note is being acquired for the Owner’s own account without transfer, (ii) such Exchange has been effected in compliance
with the transfer restrictions applicable to Restricted Definitive Notes and pursuant to and in accordance with the Securities
Act, (iii) the restrictions on transfer contained in the Indenture and the Private Placement Legend are not required in order
to maintain compliance with the Securities Act and (iv) the Unrestricted Definitive Note is being acquired in compliance with
any applicable blue sky securities laws of any state of the United States.

 

2.       Exchange
of Restricted Definitive Notes or Beneficial Interests in Restricted Global Notes for Restricted Definitive Notes or Beneficial
Interests in Restricted Global Notes

 

(a)    ¨   Check
if Exchange is from beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note to Restricted Definitive Note
. In connection with the
Exchange of the Owner’s beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note for a Restricted Definitive Note with an equal principal
amount, the Owner hereby certifies that the Restricted Definitive Note is being acquired for the Owner’s own account without
transfer. Upon consummation of the proposed Exchange in accordance with the terms of the Indenture, the Restricted Definitive
Note issued will continue to be subject to the restrictions on transfer enumerated in the Private Placement Legend printed on
the Restricted Definitive Note and in the Indenture and the Securities Act.

 

(b)    ¨    Check
if Exchange is from Restricted Definitive Note to beneficial interest in a Restricted Global Note
. In connection with the
Exchange of the Owner’s Restricted Definitive Note for a beneficial interest in the [CHECK ONE]¨
144A Global Note, ¨ Regulation S Global Note with an equal principal amount,
the Owner hereby certifies (i) the beneficial interest is being acquired for the Owner’s own account without transfer
and (ii) such Exchange has been effected in compliance with the transfer restrictions applicable to the Restricted Global
Notes and pursuant to and in accordance with the Securities Act, and in compliance with any applicable blue sky securities
laws of any state of the United States. Upon consummation of the proposed Exchange in accordance with the terms of the
Indenture, the beneficial interest issued will be subject to the restrictions on transfer enumerated in the Private Placement
Legend printed on the relevant Restricted Global Note and in the Indenture and the Securities Act.

 

 

This certificate and the statements contained
herein are made for your benefit and the benefit of the Issuer.

 

   
  [Insert Name of Transferor]
  By:  
  Name:
   
  Title:

 

Dated:

 

 

EXHIBIT D

 

FORM OF SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE

TO BE DELIVERED BY SUBSEQUENT GUARANTORS

 

 

SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE (this “Supplemental
Indenture
”), dated as of [           ], 20__, among [Name of Subsequent
Guarantor(s)] (the “New Guarantor”), a subsidiary of GFL Environmental Inc., a corporation organized under the
laws of the Province of Ontario [or its permitted successor] (the “Issuer”), the Issuer and Computershare Trust
Company, N.A., a national banking association, as trustee under the Indenture referred to herein (the “Trustee”)
and as notes collateral agent under the Indenture referred to herein (the “Notes Collateral Agent”). The New
Guarantor and the existing Guarantors are sometimes referred to collectively herein as the “Guarantors,” or
individually as a “Guarantor.

 

W I T N E S S E T H

 

WHEREAS, the Issuer and the existing Guarantors
have heretofore executed and delivered to the Trustee an indenture, dated as of December 21, 2020, among the Issuer, the Guarantors
named therein and the Trustee (as further amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the “Indenture”),
relating to the 3.500% Senior Secured Notes due 2028 (the “Notes”) of the Issuer;

 

WHEREAS, Section 4.6 of the Indenture in
certain circumstances requires the Issuer to cause a Restricted Subsidiary (i) to become a Guarantor by executing a supplemental
indenture and (ii) to deliver an Officer’s Certificate and Opinion of Counsel to the Trustee as provided in such Section;
and

 

WHEREAS, pursuant to Section 9.1 of the
Indenture, the Issuer and the Trustee and Notes Collateral Agent are authorized to execute and deliver this Supplemental Indenture
to amend or supplement the Indenture without the consent of any Holder;

 

NOW THEREFORE, to comply with the provisions
of the Indenture and in consideration of the foregoing and for other good and valuable consideration, the receipt of which is hereby
acknowledged, the parties mutually covenant and agree for the equal and ratable benefit of the Holders as follows:

 

1.       Capitalized
Terms
. Capitalized terms used herein without definition shall have the meanings assigned to them in the Indenture.

 

2.       Agreement
to Guarantee
. The New Guarantor hereby agrees, jointly and severally, with all other Guarantors, to unconditionally Guarantee
to each Holder and to the Trustee the Obligations, to the extent set forth in the Indenture and subject to the provisions in the
Indenture. The obligations of the Guarantors to the Holders of Notes and to the Trustee pursuant to the Note Guarantees and the
Indenture are expressly set forth in Article X of the Indenture and reference is hereby made to the Indenture for the precise terms
of the Note Guarantees.

 

 

3.       Execution
and Delivery
. The New Guarantor agrees that its Note Guarantee shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding the
absence of an endorsement of any notation of such Note Guarantee on any Note.

 

4.       Governing
Law
. THIS SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE, THE INDENTURE, THE NOTES AND THE NOTE GUARANTEES ARE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE
WITH THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK.

 

5.       Counterparts.
The parties may sign any number of copies of this Supplemental Indenture. Each signed copy shall be an original, but all of them
together represent the same agreement. This Supplemental Indenture may be executed in multiple counterparts which, when taken together,
shall constitute one instrument. The exchange of copies of this Supplemental Indenture and of signature pages by facsimile or PDF
transmission shall constitute effective execution and delivery of this Supplemental Indenture as to the parties hereto and may
be used in lieu of the original Supplemental Indenture for all purposes. Signatures of the parties hereto transmitted by facsimile
or PDF shall be deemed to be their original signatures for all purposes.

 

6.       Effect
of Headings
. The Section headings herein are for convenience only and shall not affect the construction hereof.

 

7.       The
Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent
. Except as otherwise expressly provided herein, no duties, responsibilities or liabilities
are assumed, or shall be construed to be assumed, by the Trustee or the Notes Collateral Agent by reason of this Supplemental Indenture.
This Supplemental Indenture is executed and accepted by the Trustee and Notes Collateral Agent subject to all the terms and conditions
set forth in the Indenture with the same force and effect as if those terms and conditions were repeated at length herein and made
applicable to the Trustee and the Notes Collateral Agent, as applicable, with respect hereto.

 

8.       Benefits
Acknowledged
. The New Guarantor’s Note Guarantee is subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Indenture.
The New Guarantor acknowledges that it will receive direct and indirect benefits from the financing arrangements contemplated by
the Indenture and this Supplemental Indenture and that the guarantee and waivers made by it pursuant to this Note Guarantee are
knowingly made in contemplation of such benefits.

 

9.       Ratification
of Indenture; Supplemental Indentures Part of Indenture
. Except as expressly amended hereby, the Indenture is in all respects
ratified and confirmed and all the terms, conditions and provisions thereof shall remain in full force and effect. This Supplemental
Indenture shall form a part of the Indenture for all purposes, and every Holder of Notes heretofore or hereafter authenticated
and delivered shall be bound hereby.

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have
caused this Supplemental Indenture to be duly executed and attested, all as of the date first above written.

 

Dated: , 20__

 

  [NEW GUARANTOR]
  By:  
    Name:
    Title:

 

 

  GFL ENVIRONMENTAL INC.
  By:  
    Name:
    Title:

 

  COMPUTERSHARE TRUST COMPANY, N.A., as Trustee and Notes Collateral Agent
   
 

Authorized Signatory

 



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